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Encyclopedia > Package holiday

A package holiday or package tour consists of transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator. Other services may be provided like a rental car, activities or outings during the holiday. Transport can be via charter airline to a foreign country. Package holidays are a form of product bundling. 1. ... A tour operator typically combines components to create a holiday. ... Rental cars are generally recent model cars that are available, in exchange for a fee, for periods typically ranging from a day to a week or longer. ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ... Product bundling is a marketing strategy that involves offering several products for sale as one combined product. ...


Package holidays are organised by a tour operator and sold to a consumer by a travel agent. Some travel agents are employees of tour operators, others are independent. A tour operator typically combines components to create a holiday. ... A travel agency is a store where individuals or families go to buy travel packages. ...

Contents

Organised Tours

The first organised tours dated back to Thomas Cook who, on 5 July 1841, chartered a train to take a group of temperance campaigners from Leicester to a rally in Loughborough, twenty miles away. Thomas Cook - the company - grew to become one of the largest and most well known travel agents before being nationalised in 1948. With the gradual decline of visits to British seaside resorts after the Second World War, Thomas Cook began promoting foreign holidays (particularly Italy, Spain and Switzerland) in the early 1950s. Information films were shown at town halls throughout Britain. However, they made a costly decision by not going into the new form of cheap holidays which combined the transport and accommodation arrangements into a single 'package'. The company went further into decline and were only rescued by a consortium buy-out on 26 May 1972[1] For other uses, see Thomas Cook (disambiguation). ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... railroads redirects here. ... A cartoon from Australia ca. ... This article discusses Leicester in England. ... Loughboroughs carillon Loughborough parish church The Brush engineering works Loughborough University Loughborough (pronounced locally as either , LUFF-burra or , LUFF-bruh, and more widely as [ˈlʌfˌb(ə)ɹə]) is a town in Leicestershire, central England with a population of 57,600 as of 2004. ... For other uses, see Thomas Cook (disambiguation). ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The seafront of Torquay, a seaside resort in Devon, England. ... For other uses, see Thomas Cook (disambiguation). ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Package Tours

Vladimir Raitz, the co-founder of the Horizon Holiday Group, pioneered the first mass package holidays abroad with charter flights between Gatwick airport and Corsica in 1950, and organised the first package holiday to Palma in 1952, Lourdes in 1953, and the Costa Brava and Sardinia in 1954. In addition, the amendments made in Montreal to the Convention on International Civil Aviation on June 14, 1954 was very liberal to Spain, allowing impetus for mass tourism using charter planes. Vladimir Gavrilovich Raitz (born May 23, 1922) is the co-founder of the Horizon Holiday Group, who pioneered the first mass package holidays abroad. ... Gatwick Airport (IATA: LGW, ICAO: EGKK) is Londons second largest airport and the second busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow. ... For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Palma (Catalan) Spanish name Palma de Mallorca Postal code 070XX Area code 34 (Spain) + 971 (Balearic Islands) Website http://www. ... This article is about the French pilgrimage location. ... Lloret de Mar, the largest resort in the Costa Brava The Costa Brava is a coastal region of northeastern Catalonia, Spain, in the comarques of Alt Empordà, Baix Empordà and La Selva, in the province of Girona. ... For the place in the United States, see Sardinia, Ohio. ... The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


By the late 1950s and 1960s, these cheap package holidays - which combined flight, transfers and accommodation - provided the first chance for most people in the United Kingdom to have affordable travel abroad. One of the first charter airlines was Euravia, which commenced flights from Manchester Airport in 1961 and Luton Airport in 1962. Despite opening up mass tourism to Crete and the Algarve in 1970, the package tour industry declined during the 1970s. On 15 August 1974, the industry was shaken when the second-largest tour operator, Court Line which operated under the brand names of Horizon and Clarksons, collapsed. Nearly 50,000 tourists were stranded overseas and a further 100,000 faced the loss of booking deposits. The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... Britannia Boeing 757-200 shortly after take-off Britannia Airways was the largest charter airline in the United Kingdom, rebranded as Thomsonfly in 2005. ... For City Airport Manchester, UK, see City Airport Manchester. ... London Luton Airport (IATA: LTN, ICAO: EGGW) (previously called Luton International Airport)[3] is an international airport located on the edge of the town of Luton, Bedfordshire, England approximately north of London. ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ...


Recently a growing number of consumers are avoiding package holidays and instead are travelling with budget airlines and booking their own accommodation. In the UK, the downturn in the package holiday market led to the consolidation of the tour operator market, which is now dominated by a few large tour operators. The major operators are Thomson Holidays, part of TUI AG, Thomas Cook AG, MyTravel, and First Choice. Under these umbrella brands there exists a whole range of different holiday operators catering to different markets, such as Club 18-30 or Simply Travel. Boeing 737-200 of low-cost Irish airline Ryanair A low-cost carrier (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier) is an airline that offers low fares but eliminates most traditional passenger services. ... Thomson Holidays is a UK based travel operator and part of TUI AG. The company was founded as part of the Thomson Travel Group in 1965 following the acquisiton of various package holiday companies and the airline Britannia Airways by Roy Thomson. ... TUI AG (Touristik Union International) (ISIN: DE000TUAG000) is a German based company. ... Thomas Cook AG is the parent company of Thomas Cook, Condor Airlines and other such subsidiaries. ... MyTravel Group PLC is a package holiday company based in the United Kingdom. ... First Choice PLC revenue £2. ... Club 18-30 is a holiday company owned by Thomas Cook that offers cut-price holidays for young men and women who are out for what they claim to be a good time. It takes around 110,000 guests each year with turnover of around £50m a year. ...


Dynamic packaging

Dynamic Packaging is a method that is becoming increasingly used in package holiday booking procedures that enables consumers to build their own package of flights, accommodation and hire car instead of a pre-defined package.[2]

Main article: Dynamic packaging

Dynamic Packaging is a method that is becoming increasingly used in package holiday bookings that enables consumers to build their own package of flights, accommodation, and a hire car instead of a pre-defined package. ...

Free Independent Traveler

Free Independent Traveler/Tourist (or FIT) refers to both a way of traveling and, from an industry viewpoint, a sector within the tourism market. FITs practise a form of Dynamic packaging but the emphasis is from the end-user point of view and includes the wider economic effects that FITs "spread" in their destination country as opposed to more traditional, consolidated forms of travel. Dynamic Packaging is a method that is becoming increasingly used in package holiday bookings that enables consumers to build their own package of flights, accommodation, and a hire car instead of a pre-defined package. ...

// With world travel market having undergone significant changes over the last few years a new type of tourist has emerged known as the Free Independent Traveler or Tourist (FIT). ...

References

  1. ^ Thomas Cook packaged and sold (HTML). BBC (1972). Retrieved on 26 May, 1972.
  2. ^ Travel Agents Could Lose Out in the Dynamic Packaging Battle (HTML). First Conferences Ltd. (2005). Retrieved on 19 January, 2005.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Package holiday - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (222 words)
A package holiday or package tour consists of transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator.
Package holidays are organised by a tour operator and sold to a consumer by a travel agent.
The first package tour was organised by Thomas Cook who, on 5 July 1841 chartered a train to take a group of temperance campaigners from Leicester to a rally in Loughborough, twenty miles away.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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