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Encyclopedia > Pacific Electric Railway
Pacific Electric Railway
logo
Reporting marks PE
Locale Los Angeles, California, and its suburbs
Dates of operation 19011961
Track gauge ft 8½ in (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
Headquarters Los Angeles, CA
The Pacific Electric Railway main company depot at Sixth Street and Main Street in downtown Los Angeles, circa 1910. This building has been converted to residential lofts, with the first tenants moving in as of August 2005. The train shed from which trolley cars are seen exiting in this photo now serves as a parking garage for automobiles.
The Pacific Electric Railway main company depot at Sixth Street and Main Street in downtown Los Angeles, circa 1910. This building has been converted to residential lofts, with the first tenants moving in as of August 2005. The train shed from which trolley cars are seen exiting in this photo now serves as a parking garage for automobiles.
Three tickets for passage on the PE. The top two (front and back views) between downtown LA and Santa Monica, the bottom for a transfer from Hollywood to the San Fernando Valley.
Three tickets for passage on the PE. The top two (front and back views) between downtown LA and Santa Monica, the bottom for a transfer from Hollywood to the San Fernando Valley.

The Pacific Electric Railway (AAR reporting marks PE), also known as the Red Car system, was a mass transit system in Southern California using streetcars, light rail and buses. At its greatest extent, around 1925, the system connected cities in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, and to Riverside County and San Bernardino County in the Inland Empire. Pacific Electric Railway logo. ... Reporting marks on two CP Rail covered hoppers passing Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, June 20, 2004. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State California County Los Angeles County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rail gauge is the distance between two rails of a railroad. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State California County Los Angeles County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Pacific Electric Depot L.A. 1910 This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Pacific Electric Depot L.A. 1910 This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2240x2096, 1864 KB)Three tickets for passage on the Pacific Electric Railroad. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2240x2096, 1864 KB)Three tickets for passage on the Pacific Electric Railroad. ... Reporting marks on two CP Rail covered hoppers passing Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, June 20, 2004. ... In the United States of America, transit describes local area common carrier passenger transportation configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. ... For the urban complex straddling the United States-Mexico border, see Bajalta California. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... This article is about the form of transport. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is the most populous county in the United States. ... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ... Riverside County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of California, stretching from Orange County to the Colorado River, which is the border with Arizona. ... San Bernardino County is the largest county in the United States by area, containing more land than 9 states. ... The Inland Empire and its regions within The Inland Empire refers to the region in Southern California located in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in the United States. ...


The system was divided into three districts:

Originally, there was an Eastern District, but this was incorporated into the Northern District early in the company's existence. Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ... San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... Location of Newport Beach within Orange County, California. ... San Pedro is a community within Los Angeles, California, annexed in 1909 and a major seaport of the area. ... Location of Santa Ana within Orange County, California. ... ... Founded May 1, 1887 Incorporated July 8, 1911 General Information County Los Angeles County, California Latitude Longitude 34°1049 N 118°1942 W Area  - Total  - Water 45 km² (17. ... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica is a coastal city located in Los Angeles County, California USA, by the Pacific Ocean, south of Pacific Palisades and Brentwood, west of Westwood, Los Angeles, and north of Venice. ...

Contents

Origins

The Pasadena and Pacific railroad was an 1895 merger between the Pasadena and Los Angeles Ry and the Los Angeles and Pacific Ry. It boosted tourism by living up to its motto "from the mountains to the sea." Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


During this time, the Pacific Electric Railway was established by railroad and real estate tycoon Henry Huntington in 1901. Henry's uncle, Collis P. Huntington, was one of the founders of the Southern Pacific Railroad and had bequeathed Henry a huge fortune upon his death. Only a few years after the company's formation, most of Pacific Electric's stock was purchased by the Southern Pacific Railroad, which Henry Huntington had tried and failed to gain control of a decade earlier. In 1911, Southern Pacific bought out Huntington except for the LARy and also purchased several other passenger railways Huntington owned in the Los Angeles area including Pasadena and Pacific, resulting in the "Great Merger" of 1911. At this point the Pacific Electric became the largest operator of interurban electric railway passenger service in the world, with over 1,000 miles of track. The Pacific Electric also ran frequent freight trains under electric power throughout its service area, including one of the few electrically-powered Railway Post Office routes in the country. The PE was also responsible for an innovation in grade crossing safety that was quickly adopted by other railroads, a fully automatic electromechanical grade crossing signal nicknamed the "wigwag." Henry Edwards Huntington (February 27, 1850 - May 23, 1927) was an American railroad pioneer and art collector. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Collis Potter Huntington (October 22, 1821 – August 13, 1900) was one of the Big Four of western railroading (along with Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins and Charles Crocker) who built the Southern Pacific Railroad and other major interstate train lines. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. ... Henry Edwards Huntington (February 27, 1850 - May 23, 1927) was an American railroad pioneer and art collector. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... An interurban, also called a radial railway in parts of Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas or from urban to rural areas. ... This article is about the wigwag railroad crossing signal. ...


After the Great Merger, Henry Huntington kept the company which provided local streetcar service in central Los Angeles and nearby communities, the Los Angeles Railway (LARy). These trolleys were known as the "Yellow Cars," and actually carried more passengers than the PE's "Red Cars" since they ran in the most densely populated portion of Los Angeles. During World War II, the LARy replaced the mission bell tower in its logo with the slogan Dedicated to Victory. ...


The company generated a good deal of profit from the land developments created by the Pacific Electric Land Company and linked by the railway.


Fleet

Interurban cars

  • Blimp MU (61 - Pullmans)
    • St Louis Car Co Blimp MU 1930-1959
    • Pullman Car Co Blimp MU coach 1913-1961
    • Pullman Car Co Blimp MU baggage coach 1913-1959
  • St Louis Car Co MU coach 1907-1950
  • Jewett Car Co officer's car 1913-1947
  • Jewett Car Co ten MU coach 1913-1954
  • American Car Co trailer coach 1908-1934
  • American Car Co trailer coach 1908-1934
  • Pullman Car Co officer's car 1912-1958
  • J.G. Brill Portland RPO-baggage 1913-1959
  • 500-class interurban cars
  • Jewett Car Co 1000-class interurban cars
  • American Car Co 800 class interurban cars
  • Standard Steel Car Co. 1100-class interurban car - Hammond, Indiana

City and suburban cars

  • St Louis Car Co double-truck Birney 1925-1941
  • Pullman Car Co Submarine 1912-1928
  • J. G. Brill Birney 1918-1941 (69)
  • St Louis Car Co baby five MU coach 1901-1934
  • St Louis Car Co medium five MU coach 1909-1934
  • St Louis Car Co Hollywood car MU 1922-1959 (15)
  • Pullman Standard DE PCC
  • St. Louis Car Co. 500 class DE streecars

Work cars

  • LAP trolley wire greaser 1898-1957
  • PE tower car 1915-1957

Locomotives

  • PE steeplecab PE 1925-1958
  • 1600 class electric locomotives

Freight cars

  • LA&R flat-top caboose 1896
  • PE flat-top caboose PE 1939
  • LS&MS caboose 1915
  • LV caboose 1926
  • RF&P caboose 1905
  • SSC box car 1924

Buses

  • GM yellow coach

Facilities

  • West Hollywood Car Barn and Yard
  • Ocean Park Car Barn and Yard
  • Torrance Shops
  • Main Terminal
  • Hollywood Subway

Decline of the Red Cars

Map of the Pacific Electric Railway routes, 1920.

Throughout their existence, the Pacific Electric and its predecessor railroads frequently lost money on passenger operations. There were few years when the company's income statement showed a profit, most notably during World War II, when gasoline was rationed and automobiles were not manufactured. Huntington's involvement with urban rail was intimately tied to his real estate development operations. In the pre-automobile era, electric interurban rail was the only way to connect outlying suburban and exurban parcels to central cities, and residential development of these was so lucrative that Huntington and Southern Pacific could use the Red Car as a loss leader. However, most of the company's holdings had been developed by 1920. As the company's major income source began to deplete, profitability required that the least-used Red Car lines be converted to cheaper buses as early as 1925. Those lines that had enough ridership to remain profitable began to suffer from traffic congestion. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 391 pixelsFull resolution (1468 × 717 pixel, file size: 188 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://ark. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 391 pixelsFull resolution (1468 × 717 pixel, file size: 188 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://ark. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Gasoline or petrol is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting mostly of hydrocarbons and enhanced with benzene or iso-octane to increase octane ratings, primarily used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... An interurban, also called a radial railway in parts of Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas or from urban to rural areas. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey to travel to New York City A commuter town, is an urban community that is primarily residential, from which most of the workforce commute to a nearby metropolis to earn their livelihood. ... In marketing, a loss leader is an item that is sold below cost in an effort to stimulate other profitable sales. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Although the railway owned extensive private rights-of-way, usually between urban areas, much of the Pacific Electric trackage in urban areas was in streets shared with automobiles and trucks, and virtually all street crossings were at-grade, and increasing automobile traffic led to decreasing Red Car speeds on much of its trackage. At its nadir, the busy Santa Monica Boulevard line, which connected Santa Monica and Hollywood, had an average speed of 13 miles per hour, similar to the average speed today on Los Angeles area freeways. The company carried increased passenger loads during World War II, when Los Angeles County's population nearly doubled as war industries concentrated in the region and attracted millions of workers. Aware that most new arrivals planned to stay in the region after the war, local governments agreed that a massive infrastructure improvement program was necessary. At that time the public demanded, and politicians agreed to construct, a web of freeways across the region. This was seen as a better solution than a new mass transit system or an upgrade of the Pacific Electric, and large-scale destruction of neighborhoods for freeway construction began in 1951. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ...


Dismantling and rebirth

The Pacific Electric passenger service was sold off in 1953 to a company known as Metropolitan Coach Lines, whose intention was to convert all rail service to bus service as quickly as possible. Many of the Pacific Electric passenger lines were shut down in 1954, but the California state government would not allow the most popular lines to be discontinued. In 1958, Metropolitan Coach Lines relinquished control of the remaining rail lines to a government agency, the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority, known as the MTA, which had been formed in 1951 for the purpose of studying the possibility of establishing a publicly-owned monorail line that would have run from Long Beach to Panorama City via Downtown Los Angeles. In 1954, the agency's powers were expanded to allow it to propose a more extensive regional mass transit system. In 1957, its powers were again expanded, this time to allow it to operate transit lines. Using this authority, the MTA purchased Metropolitan Coach Lines and the remaining streetcar lines of the successor of the Los Angeles Railway, the Los Angeles Transit Lines, and began operating all lines as a single system on March 3, 1958. The system continued to operate under the name MTA until the agency was reorganized and relaunched as the Southern California Rapid Transit District in September of 1964.(2.6MB PDF file) Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority was a public agency formed in 1951. ... During World War II, the LARy replaced the mission bell tower in its logo with the slogan Dedicated to Victory. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Southern California Rapid Transit District (SCRTD) was the public sector transportation planning body and transit service provider for Southern California ...


Only a handful of electric train lines remained operating at the time the MTA took over the system and the conventional wisdom held that their days were numbered. The last passenger line of the Pacific Electric, the line from Los Angeles to Long Beach, continued until April 9, 1961. With the closure of the Long Beach line, the final link in the system as well as the PE's first line some sixty years prior, was eliminated. The PE's freight service was continued by the Southern Pacific Railroad and operated under the Pacific Electric name through 1964. The few remaining former Los Angeles Railway streetcar lines were removed in 1963. The majority of the surviving Pacific Electric rolling stock can be seen and ridden at the Orange Empire Railway Museum in Perris. is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Orange Empire Railway Museum was founded in 1956 in Perris, California as the Orange Empire Trolley Museum. ... Perris is a city located in Riverside County, California. ...

Pacific Electric Railway car approaching intersection of Pioneer Blvd. and South Street in Cerritos, California circa 1915
Pacific Electric Railway car approaching intersection of Pioneer Blvd. and South Street in Cerritos, California circa 1915
Pacific Electric Replica 501 in San Pedro
San Francisco Municipal Railway #1061, a rebuilt PCC streetcar painted in honor of the Pacific Electric Railway, is seen in service on the F Market heritage line in December, 2004. This single-ended car was originally built for the City of Philadelphia in 1946 (Pacific Electric only operated double-ended PCC's).
San Francisco Municipal Railway #1061, a rebuilt PCC streetcar painted in honor of the Pacific Electric Railway, is seen in service on the F Market heritage line in December, 2004. This single-ended car was originally built for the City of Philadelphia in 1946 (Pacific Electric only operated double-ended PCC's).
A streetcar of the Pacific Electric Railway makes a stop at Mission San Gabriel Arcángel (just outside the City of Los Angeles), circa 1905.

This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... City nicknames: The Geographic Center of Southern California The Freeway City County: Los Angeles County, California Mayor: Paul W. Bowlen (re-elected 2003) Mayor Pro Tem: Laura Lee (elected 2003) City Council: Jim Edwards (elected 2005) Gloria A. Kappe (re-elected 2003) John F. Crawley (re-elected 2005) Mottos: A... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Download high resolution version (2032x1524, 647 KB)Refurbished Pacific Electric #1061 running on San Franciscos Muni line in December, 2004. ... Download high resolution version (2032x1524, 647 KB)Refurbished Pacific Electric #1061 running on San Franciscos Muni line in December, 2004. ... Two forms of public transport operated by the San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni): on the left, a bus (the 38 Geary line) and, on the right, the F Market historic streetcar. ... A Twin City Rapid Transit PCC streetcar in museum operation. ... F Market PCC cars at Jones Street terminal. ... A scene on a heritage railway. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links A streetcar of the Pacific Electric Railway makes a stop adjacent to Mission San Gabriel (just outside Los Angeles) circa 1905. ... Image File history File links A streetcar of the Pacific Electric Railway makes a stop adjacent to Mission San Gabriel (just outside Los Angeles) circa 1905. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... Mission San Gabriel Arcángel was founded on The Feast of the Birth of Mary (September 8) in 1771. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ...

The "General Motors conspiracy"

The end of the Red Cars has been tied by some to the alleged General Motors streetcar conspiracy, in which a consortium of General Motors, Standard Oil, and others formed a front company, National City Lines, in order to buy streetcar lines, shut them down, and replace them with buses. The plot of the movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit is loosely based on this theory. While the overwhelming body of evidence shows that National City Lines did perform such actions, many other factors also contributed to the decline of electric traction in the United States, including rising real estate values, federal regulations that power utilities could not own trolley systems, and the inability of traction lines to modernize their aging equipment and rolling stock due to low revenues. Pacific Electric was operating buses as early as the 1920s, and began removing streetcar lines as early as the early 1930s. The General Motors streetcar conspiracy refers to a contention that General Motors (GM), acting in conjunction with several other companies and through the National City Lines (NCL) holding company, illegally acquired many streetcar systems in various cities around the United States, dismantled and replaced them with buses for the express... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Standard Oil (Esso) was a predominant integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. ... Between 1936 and 1950, National City Lines (NCL), a holding company sponsored and funded by General Motors, Firestone Tire, Standard Oil of California and Phillips Petroleum, bought out more than 100 electric surface-traction (streetcar) systems in 45 cities (including New York, Philadelphia, St. ... Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a 1988 film produced by Amblin Entertainment and The Walt Disney Company (on its Touchstone Pictures banner), Using traditional animation and live action. ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ...


Electric rail revival

Throughout the Pacific Electric's history, a variety of improvements in service or new systems were proposed, including subway trains and monorails. Political and business will transformed the Los Angeles megalopolis to one based primarily on automotive transit, paved with hundreds of miles of superhighways. Few lamented the decline and disappearance of rail-based mass transit in Los Angeles. A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... The Walt Disney World Monorail A monorail is a metro or railroad with a track consisting of a single rail (actually a beam), as opposed to the traditional track with two parallel rails. ...


Beginning in the 1970s, a variety of factors, including environmental concerns, an increasing population and the price of gasoline led to calls for mass transit other than buses. In 1976 the State of California formed the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission to coordinate the SCRTD's efforts with those of various municipal transit systems in the area and to take over planning of countywide transportation systems. The SCRTD continued planning of the Metrorail Subway (the Red Line), while the LACTC developed plans for the light rail system. After decades, the wheels of government began to move forward, and construction began on the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system in 1985. In 1988, the two agencies formed a third entity under which all rail construction would be consolidated. In 1993, the SCRTD and the LACTC were finally merged into the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The Los Angeles County Metro Rail is the mass transit rail system of Los Angeles County. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (also known as Metro, MTA or LACMTA) is the state chartered regional transportation planning and public transportation operating agency for the county of Los Angeles. ...


In 1990, electric rail passenger train service once again returned to Los Angeles with the opening of the Blue Line. This line runs from downtown Los Angeles to Long Beach, using much of the same right of way as the original Pacific Electric line that was discontinued in 1961. Since then, the LACMTA has opened more lines. The subway Red Line opened in three parts, connecting North Hollywood to Union Station in central Los Angeles. In 1995, the Green Line opened, running in the median of Interstate 105. The latest light rail line is the mostly at-grade Gold Line, connecting Pasadena to downtown Los Angeles along former Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad (ATSF) trackage, including a historic 1895 railroad bridge across the Arroyo Seco. Metro Blue Line The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station and Downtown Long Beach. ... Diagram of the Metro Red Line. ... Other service Kiss & Ride passenger drop-off area Platforms Red Line: Island platform Orange Line: Side platform Parking 1,101 Park and Ride lot spaces Bicycle facilities 68 Bike Rack Spaces 8 Locker Spaces Other information Opened Red Line: June 24, 2000 Orange Line: October 29, 2005 Accessible North Hollywood... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Metro Green Line The Metro Green line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Redondo Beach and Norwalk. ... Interstate 105 (abbreviated I-105) is an interstate highway that runs east-west in southern Los Angeles County, California. ... Diagram of the Metro Gold Line. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AAR reporting mark ATSF), often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the largest railroads in the United States. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Arroyo Seco refers to Arroyo Seco (Los Angeles County), a watercourse in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ...


On July 19, 2003, a 1.5 mile streetcar line connecting the cruise ship terminal with other attractions along the San Pedro waterfront began operation. This currently functions as a tourist attraction. Two newly constructed Red Car replicas provide service along the line. In addition, a restored 1907-vintage Pacific Electric car is available for special operations. This was financed and constructed by the Port of Los Angeles as part of its waterfront revival effort. There are plans to extend this line approximately two more miles to the Cabrillo Aquarium. Trackage is in place, but funding for additional improvements has not been identified at this time. Some transit advocates have proposed linking this line to the Blue Line in Long Beach, but this would be a much more intensive and expensive project. is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... San Pedro is connected to Los Angeles by a thin strip of land called the Harbor Gateway which roughly follows the 110 freeway. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... Metro Blue Line The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station and Downtown Long Beach. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ...


More rail lines are in the planning and building stages. In 2009, the Gold Line Eastside Extension will connect East Los Angeles to Downtown. If construction funds are identified, the "Foothill Extension" of the Gold Line will extend the service to Montclair, or possibly all the way to LA/Ontario International Airport by 2015. 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L.A. or East Los or in Spanish El Este) is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Location of Montclair in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County San Bernardino Incorporated (city) 1956-04-25 [3] Government  - Mayor Paul M. Eaton [1]  - City Manager Lee C. McDougal [2] Area  - City  5. ... This article is about an airport in California in the United States. ... 2015 (MMXV) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are several proposals for connecting the congested West Los Angeles area with rail service. The LACMTA will construct the Expo Line, a light-rail line. A color has not yet been assigned to this line. The LACMTA has announced that money is available for construction, which has begun, with surveying activities beginning in May 2006, and construction commencing in October 2006. Service is scheduled to begin as far as Culver City in 2010. West Los Angeles (West L.A. in the short form) or the Westside is generally considered to be the portion of Los Angeles, California and its suburbs that lies east of the Pacific Ocean, west of La Cienega Boulevard (or, occasionally, Fairfax or even La Brea Avenue), south of the... The Metro Expo Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a planned light-rail line in Los Angeles which would run from Downtown Los Angeles to Culver City, and eventually to Santa Monica. ... May 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → May 1, 2006 (Monday) Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association outraged Vatican by planning to ordain another bishop, Liu Xinhong in Anhui Province. ... October 2006 is the tenth month of that year and has yet to occur. ... Motto: The Heart of Screenland Location of Culver City in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1917-09-07 [2] Government  - City Manager Jerry Fulwood [1] Area  - City  5. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Other groups are lobbying to extend the renamed Purple Line to the west on Wilshire Boulevard, the city's most densely populated corridor, as was originally planned in mass transit plans designed as early as the late 1960s. In 2005, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa made as one of his most publicized campaign promises a pledge to set the wheels in motion for eventual construction of the "Subway to the Sea" as he called it. Diagram of the Metro Purple Line. ... Wilshire Boulevard in the Miracle Mile District, looking east toward Downtown Los Angeles Wilshire Boulevard in Westwood, looking east toward the Millionaires Mile Wilshire Boulevard is one of the principal east-west arterial roads in Los Angeles, California. ... Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio (Tony) Ramon Villar, Jr. ...


It is unlikely that the Metro Rail system (without including the hundreds of miles of Metrolink commuter line track) will ever have as much track as the Pacific Electric, with increasing construction costs and the complexity of environmental regulations. Mass transit advocates have heralded as necessary and successful whatever rail trackage has been rebuilt. If all current proposals are built, by 2015 Los Angeles will have the third highest amount of mass transit track mileage in the United States, after New York City and Chicago. The Los Angeles County Metro Rail is the mass transit rail system of Los Angeles County. ... Metrolink (AAR reporting marks SCAX) is a commuter rail system that serves the Southern California region. ... 2015 (MMXV) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ...


See also

The General Motors streetcar conspiracy refers to a contention that General Motors (GM), acting in conjunction with several other companies and through the National City Lines (NCL) holding company, illegally acquired many streetcar systems in various cities around the United States, dismantled and replaced them with buses for the express... During World War II, the LARy replaced the mission bell tower in its logo with the slogan Dedicated to Victory. ... Between 1936 and 1950, National City Lines (NCL), a holding company sponsored and funded by General Motors, Firestone Tire, Standard Oil of California and Phillips Petroleum, bought out more than 100 electric surface-traction (streetcar) systems in 45 cities (including New York, Philadelphia, St. ... The Pacific Electric Building was Los Angeles first skyscraper and the tallest building west of the Mississippi River when it was built in 1905. ... The Subway Terminal Building is a Renaissance Revival building in Downtown Los Angeles located at 417 South Hill Street. ... The San Diego Electric Railway Company (SDERy) was a mass transit system in Southern California using streetcars and (in later years) buses. ...

References

Further reading

  • Bottles, Scott (1991). Los Angeles and the Automobile: The Making of the Modern City. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-07395-9. 
  • Crump, Spencer (1977). Ride the big red cars: How trolleys helped build southern California. Trans-Anglo Books. ISBN 0-87046-047-1. 
  • Thompson, Gregory Lee (1993). The Passenger Train in the Motor Age: California's Rail and Bus Industries, 1910–1941. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, OH. ISBN 0-8142-0609-3. 

Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pacific Electric Railway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1289 words)
Pacific Electric passenger service was sold off in 1953 to a company known as Metropolitan Coach Lines, whose intention was to convert all rail service to bus service as quickly as possible.
San Francisco Municipal Railway #1061, a rebuilt PCC streetcar painted in honor of the Pacific Electric Railway, is seen in service on the F Market heritage line in December, 2004.
In 1990, electric rail passenger train service once again became available to the citizens of Los Angeles with the opening of the Metro Blue Line, which runs from downtown Los Angeles to Long Beach using mostly the same trackage as the original Pacific Electric line that was removed in 1961.
Canadian Pacific Railway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5684 words)
Now primarily a freight railway, the CPR was for many decades the only practical means of long distance passenger transport in many regions of Canada, and was instrumental in the settlement and development of western Canada.
A beaver was chosen as the railway's logo because it is one of the national symbols of Canada and represents the hardworking character of the company.
In 1881 construction progressed at too slow a pace for the railway's officials, who in 1882 hired the renowned railway executive William Cornelius Van Horne, who was recruited to oversee construction with the inducement of a generous salary and the intriguing challenge of handling such a difficult railway project.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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