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Encyclopedia > Pacific Coast Ranges

The Pacific Coast Ranges are the series of mountain ranges that stretch along the west coast of North America from Alaska to northern and central Mexico. They are also known as the Pacific Cordillera, especially in Canada, where this term also includes the Rockies and Columbia Mountains and others.[1] For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ...


The character of the ranges varies considerably, from the record-setting tidewater glaciers in the ranges of Alaska, to the low but rugged and scrub-covered hills of southern California, but the entire coast is consistent in dropping steeply into the sea, often resulting in photogenic views. Along the British Columbia and Alaska coast, the mountains intermix with the sea in a complex maze of fjords, with thousands of islands. Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Scrubland is plant community characterized by scrub vegetation. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... Lysefjorden in Norway A fjord (pronounced FEE-ord or fyord, SAMPA: [fi:3:d] or [faI3:d]; sometimes written fiord) is a glacially overdeepened valley, usually narrow and steep-sided, extending below sea level and filled with salt water. ...


There are a handful of small coastal plains at the mouths of rivers that have punched through the mountains, most notably at the Copper River in Alaska, the Fraser River in British Columbia, the Columbia River between Washington and Oregon, and the Sacramento River in California, the last creating San Francisco Bay. A fisherman (bottom center) dipnetting for salmon on the Copper River at Chitina. ... For other uses of this name see Fraser River (disambiguation). ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... The Sacramento River is the longest river in the U.S. state of California. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ...


From the vicinity of San Francisco Bay north, it is common in winter for cool unstable air masses from the Gulf of Alaska to make landfall in one of the Coast Ranges, resulting in heavy precipitation, both as rain and snow, especially on their western slopes. The Gulf of Alaska is an arm of the Pacific Ocean defined by the curve of the southern coast of Alaska, stretching from the Alaska Peninsula and Kodiak Island in the west to the Alexander Archipelago in the east, where Glacier Bay and the Inside Passage are found. ... This article is about precipitation. ... Snow is a type of precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes that fall from clouds. ...


Omitted from the list below, but often included is the Sierra Nevada, a major mountain range of eastern California that is separated by the Central Valley over much of its length from the California Coast Ranges and the Transverse Ranges.[2] Sierra Nevada, meaning snowy range in Spanish, is the name of at least three mountain ranges: Sierra Nevada (Spain) in Andalusia, Spain Sierra Nevada (US) in California and Nevada, United States Sierra Nevada (Mexico) in Mexico There are also two single mountains named Sierra Nevada in the Andes which are... The California Central Valley The California Central Valley dominates the central portion of the state of California. ...

Contents

Major ranges

These are the members of the Pacific Coast Ranges, from north to south:

The Kenai Mountains extends NE 192 km (120 mi) from the southern end of Kenai Peninsula in the Chugach Mountains of Alaska. ... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... The Chugach Mountains of southern Alaska are the northernmost of the several mountain ranges that make up the Coast Ranges of the western edge of North America. ... The Talkeetna Mountains ( ) are a mountain range in Alaska. ... Wrangell Mountains The Wrangell Mountains are a high mountain range in southeast Alaska in the United States and the southwest Yukon Territory in Canada. ... The Saint Elias Mountains is a mountain range located in southeastern Alaska (United States) and southwestern Yukon (Canada). ... Motto: none Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Whitehorse Largest city Whitehorse Commissioner Jack Cable Premier Dennis Fentie (Yukon Party) Area 482,443 km² (9th)  - Land 474,391 km²  - Water 8,052 km² (1. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... The Alsek Ranges are the southeasternmost subdivision of the Saint Elias Mountains of the Pacific Cordillera. ... The Saint Elias Mountains is subgroup of the Pacific Coast Ranges located in southeastern Alaska (United States), southwestern Yukon and the very far northwestern part of British Columbia (Canada). ... A view of the southern end of the Takshanuk Mountains. ... Haines is a city located in Haines Borough, Alaska, United States. ... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... The Chilkat River is a river in British Columbia and southeastern Alaska that flows southward from its head in the Coast Range to its outlet at the Lynn Canal. ... The Chilkat River is a river in British Columbia and southeastern Alaska that flows southward from its head in the Coast Range to its outlet at the Lynn Canal. ... The Coast Mountains are the westernmost range of the Pacific Cordillera, running along the south western shore of the North American continent, extending south from the Alaska Panhandle and covering most of coastal British Columbia. ... The Boundary Ranges, also known in the singular and as the Alaska Boundary Range, are the largest and most northerly subrange of the Coast Mountains. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... The Juneau Icefield or Juneau Icecap is an ice field located just north of Juneau, Alaska and continues north through the border with British Columbia and the fifth-largest ice field in the Western Hemisphere[1]. View of the Juneau Icefield. ... The Spectrum Range is one of four large stratovolcanoes that make Mount Edziza-Spectrum Range complex. ... Loctional map of major features of the Alaska Panhandle area including the Stikine Icecap The Stikine Icecap (sometimes referred to as the Stikine Icefield) is a large icefield straddled on the Alaska-British Columbia boundary in the Alaska Panhandle region. ... The Kitimat Ranges are one of the main subdivisions of the Coast Mountains. ... The Pacific Ranges are the southernmost subdivision of the Coast Mountains portion of the Pacific Cordillera. ... The Rainbow Range is on the western edge of the Chilcotin Plateau, adjoining the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains to the south, and the Kitimat Ranges of the Coast Mountains to the north. ... The Interior Plateau comprises a large region of central British Columbia, and lies between the Cariboo and Monashee Mountains on the east, and the Hazelton Mountains, Coast Mountains and Cascade Range on the west. ... The Pantheon Range is a subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in British Columbia. ... The Niut Range is 3600 sq km (c. ... The Waddington Range is a subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains of British Columbia. ... The Whitemantle Range is a subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in British Columbia. ... The Bendor Range is a small but once-famous subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains, about It is approximately 70,000 ha (7,000 sq km or 2,700 sq mi) in area and about 40 km long (NW to SE) and about 18 km at its... Garibaldi Ranges are the next-to-southwesternmost subdivision of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains; only the North Shore Mountains are farther south. ... The Clendenning Range is a subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains of British Columbia. ... Tantalus Range The Tantalus Range is a small but spectacular subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in southern British Columbia, Canada. ... The Chilcotin Ranges are a subdivision of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains (in some classifications they are a separate subdivision). ... The Dickson Range is a subrange of the Chilcotin Ranges subset of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in southwest-central British Columbia. ... The Shulaps Range is a subrange of the Chilcotin Ranges subset of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in southwest-central British Columbia. ... The Camelsfoot Range is a subrange of the Chilcotin Ranges subdivision of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in British Columbia. ... The Lillooet Ranges are the southeasternmost subdivision of the Coast Mountains of British Columbia. ... The Cantilever Range is a subrange of the Lillooet Ranges subgrouping of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains. ... The Cayoosh Range is the northernmost section of the Lillooet Ranges, which are a subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in British Columbia. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The North Shore Mountains are a subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains overlooking the Greater Vancouver Regional District to the south. ... The Vancouver Island Ranges extend the length of Vancouver Island which has an area of 31,788 km². The Vancouver Island Ranges comprise the central and largest part of the island. ... The Olympic Mountains The Olympic Mountains are a mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... “Cascades” redirects here. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Oregon Coast Range is a mountain range running north-south in western Oregon, United States. ... The Northern Oregon Coast Range is the northern section of the Oregon Coast Range located in the northwest portion of the state of Oregon, United States. ... The Central Oregon Coast Range is the middle section of the Oregon Coast Range located in the west-central portion of the state of Oregon, United States roughly between the Salmon River and the Umpqua River and the Willamette Valley and the Pacific Ocean. ... The Southern Oregon Coast Range is the southernmost section of the Oregon Coast Range located in the southwest portion of the state of Oregon, United States roughly between the Umpqua River and the middle fork of the Coquille River, beyond which are the Klamath Mountains. ... The Calapooya Mountains are a short mountain range in southwestern Oregon in the United States. ... The Klamath-Siskiyou forests are a temperate coniferous forest ecoregion of northwestern California and southwestern Oregon. ... The Trinity Alps near Granite Lake in July 2005 Rogue River Gorge, Oregon The Klamath Mountains, sometimes called the salmon mountains, are a rugged lightly populated mountain range in northwest California and southwest Oregon, the highest peaks being Mount Eddy (6 ft / 2 m) in Siskiyou County, California, Thompson peak... Siskiyou Mountains The Siskiyou Mountains are a coastal mountain range in the northern Klamath Mountains in northwestern California and southwestern Oregon in the United States. ... The Trinity Alps near Granite Lake in July 2005 The Trinity Alps are mountains in Northern California. ... The Coast Ranges of California constitute one of the eleven traditional geomorphic provinces of California. ... The King Range is a mountain range of northern coastal California. ... The Mendocino Range is one of several coastal mountain ranges which compose the Pacific Coast Range. ... The Mayacamas Mountains are located in northwestern California in the United States. ... The Marin Hills are a series of steep high ridges and peaks in southern Marin County. ... Mount Tamalpais (Mount Tam) is a peak in Marin County, California, USA. It is a popular hiking destination for residents of the San Francisco Bay Area, home to the Edgewood Botanic Garden, and often considered symbolic of Marin County. ... The Coast Ranges of California constitute one of the eleven traditional geomorphic provinces of California. ... The Diablo Range is a large group of mountain chains and ranges in western California. ... The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, are a mountain range in central California, United States. ... The Santa Lucia Mountains or Santa Lucia Range is a mountain range in coastal California, running from Monterey southeast for 170 km to San Luis Obispo. ... The Temblor Range lies at the southwestern end of the San Joaquin Valley in California in the United States. ... Home to the highest peak in San Luis Obispo County, the 1556 meter (5106 foot) Caliente Peak, the Caliente Range is a west-east trending zone of uplift along the Pacific Coast Ranges. ... The Transverse ranges are a group of mountain ranges of southern California, part of the North American Coast Ranges that run along the Pacific coast from Alaska to Mexico. ... The Sierra Madre Mountains are a mountain range of southern California, located 120 degrees North and 35 degrees west. ... The Sierra Pelona Mountains are a rocky mountain range of the Transverse Ranges in Southern California. ... The San Emigdio Mountains is a mountain range of the Transverse Ranges. ... The San Rafael Mountains are a mountain range in central Santa Barbara County, California, USA. They are a portion of the Transverse Ranges, which are themselves part of the Pacific Coast Ranges of western North America. ... The Santa Ynez Mountains are a portion of the Transverse Ranges, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges of the west coast of North America, and are one of the northernmost mountain ranges in Southern California. ... The Santa Susana Mountains are a transverse range of mountains in southern California, north of the city of Los Angeles, in the United States. ... The Topatopa Mountains are located in Ventura County in southern California, north of Santa Paula. ... The Simi Hills are a low rocky mountain range in Southern California. ... Santa Monica Mountains The Santa Monica Mountains are a low transverse range in southern California in the United States. ... Tehachapi Mountains The Tehachapi Mountains are a short transverse range in southern California in the United States, running SW-NE to connect the Coast Ranges on the west with the southern end of the Sierra Nevada mountains on the east. ... The San Gabriel Mountains are located in northern Los Angeles County and western San Bernardino County, California, USA. The mountain range forms a barrier between the Greater Los Angeles Area and the Mojave Desert. ... San Bernardino Mountains The San Bernardino Mountains are short transverse mountain range northeast of Los Angeles in southern California in the United States. ... The Peninsular Ranges are a group of mountain ranges which stretch 900 miles from southern California to the southern tip of Baja California, part of the North American Coast Ranges that run along the Pacific coast from Alaska to Mexico. ... Santa Ana Mountains The Santa Ana Mountains are short peninsular mountain range along the coast of southern California in the United States. ... North slope of San Jacinto Peak San Jacinto Mountains The San Jacinto Mountains are short mountain range east of Los Angeles in southern California in the United States. ... The Palomar Mountain Range is a high range in northern San Diego County of Southern California. ... The Sierra Juárez is a mountain range on the Baja California Peninsula, in northern Mexico. ... The Sierra San Pedro Martir is a mountain chain that runs north-south along the northern part of Baja California in northwest Mexico. ... The Sierra de la Laguna is a mountain range on the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. ... This picture shows an aerial view of the Sierra Madre Occidental crossing the territory of Durango, western Mexico The Sierra Madre Occidental is a mountain range in western Mexico and the extreme southwest of the United States, extending 1500 km from southeast Arizona (south and east of Tucson) southeast through...

Major icefields

These are not named as ranges, but amount to the same thing. The Pacific Coast Ranges are home to the largest temperate-latitude icefields in the world.

Only the largest icefields are listed above; smaller icefields may be listed on the various range pages. Formally unnamed icefields are not listed The Harding Icefield is an expansive icefield located in the Kenai Mountains of the Kenai Peninsula in Alaska. ... The Sargent Icefield is a large icefield located on the eastern portion of the Kenai Peninsula bordering Prince William Sound in Alaska. ... The Juneau Icefield or Juneau Icecap is an ice field located just north of Juneau, Alaska and continues north through the border with British Columbia and the fifth-largest ice field in the Western Hemisphere[1]. View of the Juneau Icefield. ... Loctional map of major features of the Alaska Panhandle area including the Stikine Icecap The Stikine Icecap (sometimes referred to as the Stikine Icefield) is a large icefield straddled on the Alaska-British Columbia boundary in the Alaska Panhandle region. ... The Ha-Iltzuk Icefield is an icefield in British Columbia, Canada. ... The Waddington Range is a subrange of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains of British Columbia. ... The Lillooet Icecap, also called the Lillooet Icefield or the Lillooet Crown, is a large icefield in the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. ...


References

  1. ^ [USGS GNIS: Pacific Coast Ranges Feature Detail Report]. Geographic Names Information System. USGS. Retrieved on 2007-07-30.
  2. ^ Pacific mountain system. Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 2007-09-29.

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Canadian Mountain Encyclopedia entry on the Pacific Cordillera

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pacific Coast Ranges - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (320 words)
The Pacific Coast Ranges are the series of mountain ranges that stretch along west coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico.
The character of the ranges varies considerably, from the record-setting tidewater glaciers in the ranges of Alaska, to the low but rugged and scrub-covered hills of southern California, but the entire coast is consistent in dropping steeply into the sea, often resulting in photogenic views.
Along the British Columbia and Alaska coast, the mountains intermix with the sea in a complex maze of fjords, with thousands of islands.
Coast Ranges --  Encyclopædia Britannica (1003 words)
The Coast Ranges are separated from the higher mountains of the Cascade Range and the Sierra...
On the west the Coast Ranges slope down to the Pacific Ocean; on the east, to the Central Valley.
This region encompasses the coast of the Pacific Ocean and ranges from tropical islands to the freezing temperatures.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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