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Encyclopedia > Pacific Coast Conference
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The Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) was a college athletic conference in the United States, now defunct. Though the Pac-10 claims the PCC as part of its history the PCC had a completely different charter, and was disbanded in 1959 due to a major crisis and scandal. NCAA conferences Division I Division I-A football Bowl Championship Series conferences Atlantic Coast Conference Big Ten Conference Big Twelve Conference Big East Conference Pacific Ten Conference Southeastern Conference Non BCS conferences Conference USA Mid-American Conference Mountain West Conference Sun Belt Conference Western Athletic Conference NCAA Division I-A... The Pacific Ten Conference (Pac-10) is a college athletic conference which operates in the western United States. ... A charter is a document bestowing certain rights on a town, city, university or institution; sometimes used as a loan of money. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Established on December 15, 1915, its charter members were the Univeristy of California, the University of Washington, the University of Oregon, and Oregon State College (now Oregon State University). Jump to: navigation, search 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as Cal, UC Berkeley, UCB, or simply Berkeley) is a prestigious, public, coeducational university situated in the foothills of Berkeley, California to the east of San Francisco Bay, overlooking the Golden Gate and its bridge. ... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a major public research university in the Seattle metropolitan area. ... Jump to: navigation, search University of Oregon The University of Oregon (UO) is a Public University located in Eugene. ... Jump to: navigation, search Oregon State University Oregon State University (OSU) is a public research and degree-granting four-year university located in Corvallis, Oregon. ...

Contents


Conference Members

Jump to: navigation, search University of California, Berkeley The University of California, Berkeley (also known as Cal, UC Berkeley, The University of California, or simply Berkeley) is a public coeducational university situated east of the San Francisco Bay in Berkeley, California, overlooking the Golden Gate. ... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a major public research university in the Seattle metropolitan area. ... Jump to: navigation, search University of Oregon The University of Oregon (UO) is a Public University located in Eugene. ... Jump to: navigation, search Oregon State University Oregon State University (OSU) is a public research and degree-granting four-year university located in Corvallis, Oregon. ... Jump to: navigation, search Washington State University   Aerial View of Pullman Campus For the state of Washington in the United States, see Washington Washington State University (WSU) is a public research university in Pullman, Washington, United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search For other meanings of Stanford, see Stanford (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search The University of Idaho is a land-grant university formed by the Territorial Legislature of Idaho in 1889, located in Moscow, Idaho. ... Jump to: navigation, search The University of Southern California (also known as USC, SC, Southern California, and Southern Cal), Californias oldest private research university, is located in the urban center of Los Angeles, California. ... University of Montana The University of Montana campus, 1999. ... Jump to: navigation, search The University of California, Los Angeles, popularly known as UCLA, is a public, coeducational university situated in the neighborhood of Westwood within the city of Los Angeles. ...

Before the Crisis

Many people think of the Pac-10 today as a collection of five regional rivalries, but this fails to take into account the other campus animosities and state rivalries which defined the Pacific Coast Conference. There were tensions between California and the Northwest schools. Edwin Pauley, a regent of the University of California, stated his disdain for universities in the Pacific Northwest and advocated that the California institutions leave the Pacific Coast Conference to form a "California Conference". There were also academic conflicts. Pauley felt that University of California campuses deserved to play against colleges with comparably high academic standards. The PCC had a history of being very strict with regards to its standards, it suspended USC from the conference in 1924, performed a critical self study in 1932, and compiled a voluminous Atherton Report in 1939. The PCC had a paid commisioner, an elaborate constitution, a formal code of conduct, and a system for reporting student-athelete eligibility. Things took a turn for the worse when in 1951 charges were made and confirmed that the University of Oregon football coach had violated the conference coade for financial aid and athletic subsidies. After firing the violating coach, Oregon urged the PCC to look at the abuses by UCLA football coach, Red Sanders. After years of trying to reform, reports were finally leaked to the press in 1956 of reliance on slush funds for systematic, unauthorized payments to college football players by the universities of Washington, Southern California, California - Los Angeles, and California - Berkeley. Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... Jump to: navigation, search Darker red states are always part of the Pacific Northwest. ... The University of California (UC) is a public university system within the State of California. ...


The Crisis

The scandal first broke in Washington, when in January 1956, several discontented players staged a mutiny agaist their coach. After the coach was fired, the PCC followed up on charges of a slush fund. The PCC found evidence of the illegal activities of the Greater Washington Advertising Fund, and in May imposed sanctions. In March allegations of illegal payments made by the Bruin Bench and the Youn Men's Club of Westwood were published in LA newspapers. UCLA refused for ten weeks to allow PCC officials to proceed in their investigation. Finally UCLA admitted that, "all members of the football coaching staff had, for several years, known of the unsanctioned payments to student athletes and had cooperated with the booster club members or officers, who actually administered the program by actually preferring student athletes to them for such aid." The scandal thickened as a UCLA alumnus and member of the UCLA athletic advisory board blew the whistle on a secret fund for illegal payments to USC players, known as the Southern California Educational Foundation. This same alumnus also blew the whistle on the University of California - Berkeley's phony work program for athletes known as the San Francisco Gridiorn Club, with an extension in the Los Angeles area known as the South Seas Fund.


Aftershocks and Disbandment

The first major reaction came from the University of California system. Robert Sproul, president of the University of California, along with the chancellors of Berkeley and UCLA drafted a "Five Point Plan", emphasizing academic eligibility standards, setting the UC campuses apart from the PCC and laying the groundwork for their departure. For Sproul the PCC dispute was not just about athletics; at stake was the ideal of a unified University of California that enjoyed statewide support. This ideal collided with aspirations of UCLA alumni who believed that Sproul's vision would always favor the Berkeley campus at the expense of the younger UCLA campus Robert Gordon Sproul (May 22, 1891 – ?) was 11th President of the University of California (1930-1958). ...


Oregon State College president Strand wrote, "The reasons for California and UCLA dropping out are as different as night and day...the significance of the whole affair was the union of Berkeley and UCLA...admissions and scholarship had nothing to do with the withdrawls..." Berkeley's desire to schedule athletic contests only with academic equals is real, thought it seldom has been expressed. "The marriage of this desire on the part of Berkeley with the known ambitions and necessities of its sister institution has produced a bastard that has the bard of a purebred but the innards and hair of a mongrel."


By 1957 the conference had fallen apart, leading to the decision to disolve in 1959. Soon after the PCC was dissolved, several of its former members (Califonia, Washington, UCLA, USC, and Stanford) created the Academic Association of Western Universities (AAWU). Eventually Oregon, Oregon State, and Washinton State would join this coalition, but members were not required to play other members. Tensions were high between UCLA and Stanford, as Stanford had voted for UCLA's expulsion from the PCC.


Despite all this, the AAWU eventually strengthened its bonds and became the Pac-8, and the rest is history.


Source

  • Games Colleges Play : Scandal and Reform in Intercollegiate Athletics, The Johns Hopkins University Press 1996, ISBN# 0801855047

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The Pacific Ten Conference (Pac-10) is a college athletic conference which operates in the western United States.
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The Pac-10 is an anomaly in college sports, in that each school within the conference has its own in-state, conference rivalry.
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