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Encyclopedia > Pacentro
Pacentro

Municipal coat of arms
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province L'Aquila (AQ)
Mayor Dott. Fernando Caparso
Elevation 650 m
Area 71 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December, 2001) 1279
 - Density 18/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 42°03′N, 14°03′E
Gentilic Pacentrani
Dialing code 0864
Postal code 67030
Frazioni Passo San Leonardo
Patron San Marco, Madonna della Misericordia
 - Day April 25

Pacentro is a comune of 1279 inhabitants of the province of L'Aquila in Abruzzo, Italy. It is a medieval village located in the central part of Italy about 170km east of Rome. It has recently been nominated as one of the "Borghi più belli d'Italia" (the most beautiful villages in Italy). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Abruzzo is a region of Italy bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Aquila (It. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (116th in leap years). ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Aquila (It. ... Abruzzo is a region of Italy bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ...


Pacentro lies in the Apennine Mountain Range on a plateau below Mount Morrone and just above the Peligna Valley and the City of Sulmona. It is part of the National Park of the Majella. The town is renowned for its fresh clean mountain water that comes from the snow of the Majella. Pacentro is one of several towns in the area with a medieval castle. The castle dates from the 14th Century and was built by the Cantelmo lords. It is partially ruined but is still remarkably preserved with three of the four towers mostly intact. The town was in the feudal domain of the Caldora's, Orsini's, the Baron De Sanctis, the Colonna's, Princes Barberini, and lastly the Marchese Recupito di Raiano. The local nobility and gentry such as the powerful Rossi family controlled most local affairs while their masters remained in Rome or Naples.


Pacentro also features some excellent examples of medieval, renaissance, and baroque architecture. The main church of Santa Maria della Misericordia dates from the 16th Century and contains great works of religious art, statuary, and stucco. The church has the second tallest bell tower in the area and is visible for miles. The church is the sanctuary of the relics of San Crescenzo, a Roman Legionary who converted to Christianity. It has a wonderful baroque carved wood pulpit and side altars commissioned by the local nobility. It is remarkably large and well ornamented for a village of this size. Other churches include the 12th Century San Marcello Church, The 18th Century Church of the Madonna di Loreto, the small Church of San Marco Evangelista (originally the Rossi Family Chapel of the Madonna dei Sette Dolori)and the fantastic 16th Century Convent Church of SS. Concezione. The convent church contains a rare painting of the Immaculate Conception by the famous Flemish artist Bartholomeus Spranger, finely carved choir stalls and the side altars and crypts of the Di Lorenzo, Lucci and Granata families of Pacentro. For more details on the churches of Pacentro see the parish website: Parrocchia di S. Maria della Misercordia Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Bartholomeus Spranger (c. ...


The town also contains many fine 16th-19th Century palaces and houses. The most famous include the Palazzi Cipriani-Avolio, Giacchesio, Cercone, Lisio, Massa, Trasmondi-Abate, Pitassi (now Ristorante Taverna Caldora)and Borsilli. The town has two main squares: Piazza del Popolo by the Main Church with its famous 17th Century fountain and Piazza Umberto I (also known as Piazza Jaringhi) with its fine houses.


There are several major festas during the year. The feast of San Marco Evangelista is on April 25th, Corpus Christi falls a month or so after Easter, in July is the Rievocazione Storica, a medieval festival celebrating the times of the Caldora lords, the Festa of the Madonna di Loreto is the first Sunday in September and is very popular with a procession and an exciting barefoot race (Corsa degli Zingari) from the Mountains to the Church. In November is the Feast of San Carlo Borromeo with a procession and the inflating of a giant hot air balloon in the Piazza Jaringhi.


Pacentro is also known for being the village of origin of the father of the entertainer Madonna. Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as simply Madonna, is a six-time Grammy[1] and one-time Golden Globe award winning American pop singer, songwriter, record and film producer, dancer, actress, author and fashion icon. ...


There are several fine restaurants in town including the "Taverna de li Caldora" in the Palazzo Pitassi, Ristorante Zio Carlo and the Bars Furnacella and De Martinis. In the Passo San Leonardo, a ski resort above Pacentro, is another fine restaurant named Celidonio.


The population peaked in 1911 with over 4000 inhabitants. Today with the population just under 1300, most of the population emigrated after World War II. Many went to the United States, Latin America and Australia. There are many clubs and cultural associations for Pacentrani and their descendants around the world. The Associazione Culturale Pacentrana is based in Pacentro and publishes a monthly magazine named "Un Mese in Pacentro" that is sent all over the world. You can read some articles from "Un Mese in Pacentro" online on the Pacentro Weblog In Detroit, Michigan there is the Club Pacentro of Detroit. There are similar clubs in Youngstown, OH, Paterson, NJ and other cities.


For a list of common surnames from the Comune of Pacentro today and in 1755 see the Abruzzo 2000 website For surnames of people who have emigrated from Pacentro see the Avitrees website


Municipal Contact Information Mayor: Fernando Caparso Address: Municipio, 67030 Pacentro (AQ), Italy Email: comune.pacentro@tin.it

Pacentro


Image File history File links Size of this preview: 701 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 684 pixel, file size: 210 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)This image was copied from wikipedia:nl Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 701 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 684 pixel, file size: 210 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)This image was copied from wikipedia:nl Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation...


 
 

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