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Encyclopedia > PLUNA
PLUNA
IATA
PU
ICAO
PUA
Callsign
PLUNA
Founded 1936
Hubs Carrasco Int'l Airport
Focus cities Punta del Este Airport
Frequent flyer program Smiles
Member lounge Blue Lounge
Fleet size 7
Destinations 8
Parent company PLUNA Ente Autárquico
Headquarters Montevideo, Uruguay
Key people Carlos Bouzas (President)
Website: http://www.pluna.com.uy

PLUNA (Primeras Líneas Uruguayas de Navigación Aérea) is Uruguay's national and international airline, based in Montevideo. It operates scheduled services within South America and to Spain, as well as unscheduled cargo and charter services. Its main base is Carrasco International Airport, Montevideo.[1] Image File history File links PLUNA_logo. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... Carrasco International Airport (IATA: MVD, ICAO: SUMU) is the largest airport in Uruguay. ... In the airline industry, a focus city is a location that is not a hub, but from which the airline has flights to at least several destinations other than its hubs. ... Capitan Corbeta CA Curbelo International Airport () is an aviation facility located in Maldonado, Uruguay. ... Membership cards of FFP This article is about airline frequent flyer programs. ... The lounge at ZRH, Switzerland An airport lounge is a lounge owned by a particular airline (or jointly operated by several carriers). ... A holding company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors. ... Department Montevideo Department Altitude 43 m Coordinates 34º 53S 56º 10W Founded 1726 Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala Population 1,325,968 (2004) (1st) Demonym Montevideano Phone Code +02 Postal Code 10000 Montevideo (IPA: ) is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Uruguay. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Department Montevideo Department Altitude 43 m Coordinates 34º 53S 56º 10W Founded 1726 Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala Population 1,325,968 (2004) (1st) Demonym Montevideano Phone Code +02 Postal Code 10000 Montevideo (IPA: ) is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Uruguay. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Carrasco International Airport (IATA: MVD, ICAO: SUMU) is the largest airport in Uruguay. ...

Contents

History

Pluna Boeing 767-300
Pluna Boeing 767-300

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Boeing 767 is a commercial passenger airplane manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...

1930- 1939

The airline was established in September 1936 and started operations on November 20, 1936. It was formed by the brothers Jorge Márquez Vaesa and Alberto Márquez Vaesa, who had obtained the necessary financial and technical support through the ambassador of the United Kingdom to Uruguay at the time, Sir Eugen Millington-Drake. The airline flew two De Havilland 5-passenger Dragonfly aircraft, from Montevideo to Salto and Paysandú.[2] The two planes were baptized Churrinche and San Alberto, the latter in honor of the brothers' father. PLUNA flew 2,600 passengers in their first fiscal year, a huge success for that era. It also flew 20,000 pieces of mail and 70,000 newspapers. is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... British diplomat Sir Eugen John Henry Vanderstegen Millington-Drake, KCMG, was born 26 February 1889, the son of Henry Millington-Drake. ... For other uses, see De Havilland (disambiguation). ... Department Montevideo Department Altitude 43 m Coordinates 34º 53S 56º 10W Founded 1726 Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala Population 1,325,968 (2004) (1st) Demonym Montevideano Phone Code +02 Postal Code 10000 Montevideo (IPA: ) is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Uruguay. ... Salto may refer to: Places Brazil Salto, Brazil (pop: 103,844 2004), São Paulo Cape Verde Salto, Cape Verde, a parish in the municipality of São Filipe in the southern part of Fogo Island Portugal Salto, Portugal, a parish in the municipality of Montalegre Uruguay Salto, Uruguay, a... Paysandú is the capital of the department of Paysandú in Uruguay. ...


1940-1979

The 1940s saw PLUNA's expansion into the international field, with the airline's first regular service to Brazil in December, 1947, which linked the cities of Montevideo and Punta del Este with Porto Alegre, Brazil. This route was later extended to include São Paulo as well. Also added to PLUNA's network were Santa Cruz in Bolivia, as well as the Argentine destinations of Buenos Aires, Rosario and Córdoba. The airline was nationalised in 1951. [2] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Department Montevideo Department Altitude 43 m Coordinates 34º 53S 56º 10W Founded 1726 Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala Population 1,325,968 (2004) (1st) Demonym Montevideano Phone Code +02 Postal Code 10000 Montevideo (IPA: ) is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Uruguay. ... Department Maldonado Department Altitude 0m Coordinates 34º 58S 54º 57W Founded 1907 Population 8,252 (2004) Demonym Puntaesteño Phone Code +042 Postal Code 20100 Skyline of Punta del Este looking from Punta Ballena Image:Sunrise punta ballena 2006 january. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ... São Paulo (the Portuguese name of Saint Paul) is the capital of the state of São Paulo in southeastern Brazil. ... This article is about the Bolivian city. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Rosario is the largest city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, and the third most populous in the country, after Buenos Aires and Córdoba. ... Córdoba is a city located near the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas mountains on the Suquía River, about 700 km west-northwest from Buenos Aires. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Pluna Boeing 737-200
Pluna Boeing 737-200

PLUNA's growth slowed considerably for the next three decades, but it entered the jet age soon after jets were introduced to the world, and added John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, and Miami, Florida to its destinations, using McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and Boeing 737 aircraft. Image File history File links Pluna. ... Image File history File links Pluna. ... 737 in new Boeing Colors. ... The jet age is a common description of an historical period beginning with the introduction of airliners powered by turbojets and turbofans for scheduled passenger service. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK), originally known as Idlewild Airport and colloquially known as Kennedy or simply JFK, is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 km) from Lower Manhattan. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... “Miami” redirects here. ... The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is an American three-engine medium- to long-range widebody airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ...


1980-1989

In the 1980s, PLUNA began flying to Madrid, Asunción, Rio de Janeiro and Santiago de Chile, but services to JFK and Miami were suspended. The city of Punta del Este, in Uruguay's southeast, flourished as a major tourist destination, and PLUNA benefited from that. During this time, an office was also opened in Tel Aviv, Israel. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Government  - Mayor César Maia (Democrats) Area  - City 1,260 km²  (486. ... Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ... Department Maldonado Department Altitude 0m Coordinates 34º 58S 54º 57W Founded 1907 Population 8,252 (2004) Demonym Puntaesteño Phone Code +042 Postal Code 20100 Skyline of Punta del Este looking from Punta Ballena Image:Sunrise punta ballena 2006 january. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ...


1990-2007

The 1990's saw financial trouble loom for PLUNA, and in 1994 the government sold a 49% stake to a Varig-led consortium. Many people know the company as PLUNA-Varig. Nevertheless, PLUNA remains active with over 200 weekly flights from Montevideo's international airport, using Boeing 737, Boeing 757 and Boeing 767 equipment. Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Varig Boeing 737-300 Varig (Viação Aérea RIo Grandense) is an airline owned by Gol Transportes Aéreos based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Carrasco International Airport (IATA: MVD, ICAO: SUMU) is the largest airport in Uruguay. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ...


Ownership of the airline until June 2005 comprised the Government of Uruguay (48%), Varig (49%), Victor Mesa (2%) and Pluna's employees (1%). When VARIG entered Chapter 11 bakruptcy protection on June 11, 2005, it sought a bidder for its 49% stake in PLUNA. For almost a year, it looked as if it might go to Venezuela's state-run Conviasa, but the deal officially fell through in July 2006. In September 2006, the Uruguayan Government bought 98% of PLUNA, reducing VARIG's share to just 2%. Varig Boeing 737-300 Varig (Viação Aérea RIo Grandense) is an airline owned by Gol Transportes Aéreos based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Varig Boeing 737-300 Varig (Viação Aérea RIo Grandense) is an airline owned by Gol Transportes Aéreos based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Conviasa (Consorcio Venezolano de Industrias Aeronauticas y Servicios Aereos) is a state-owned airline based in Caracas, Venezuela. ...

PLUNA 737 logo poster

In January 4, 2007, the Government of Uruguay started negotiations to sell 75% of it shares to a private investors consortium from Germany, United States, Uruguay and Argentina called Leadgate Investment, that will invest US$177 millions in the company. [3] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Pluna Boeing 757-200
Pluna ATR 42-300
Pluna ATR 42-300

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x676, 136 KB) Pluna Boeing 757 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x676, 136 KB) Pluna Boeing 757 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Boeing 757 is a medium-range transcontinental commercial passenger airplane manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Categories: Stub | International airliners 1980-1989 ...

Destinations

PLUNA operates the following services (as of October 2006): [citation needed] Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

PLUNA Cargo Logo

Department Montevideo Department Altitude 43 m Coordinates 34º 53S 56º 10W Founded 1726 Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala Population 1,325,968 (2004) (1st) Demonym Montevideano Phone Code +02 Postal Code 10000 Montevideo (IPA: ) is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Uruguay. ... Department Maldonado Department Altitude 0m Coordinates 34º 58S 54º 57W Founded 1907 Population 8,252 (2004) Demonym Puntaesteño Phone Code +042 Postal Code 20100 Skyline of Punta del Este looking from Punta Ballena Image:Sunrise punta ballena 2006 january. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Paraguay Pante n de los H roes in Asunci n Asunci n, population 500,939 (1992), is the capital of Paraguay. ... TAM Mercosur also know as Transportes Aéreos del Mercosur S.A. formerly known as LAP (Líneas Aéreas Paraguayas), is an airline based in Paraguay. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Government  - Mayor César Maia (Democrats) Area  - City 1,260 km²  (486. ... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Santiago Metropolitan Region Province Santiago Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Nickname: Motto: Non ducor, duco(Latin) I am not led, I lead Location in the São Paulo state. ...

Fleet

The fleet currently consists of (as of August 2007)[4]: Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

    • Is expected to receive in 2008, eight Bombardier CRJ-700/900 of a fifteen airplanes order; and incorporate at least another Boeing 762/3-ER and a cargo plane.

The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ...

Incidents and accidents

As of september 2007, Pluna has never crashed a single plane. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


External links

  • PLUNA - Company website
  • PLUNA Boeing Fleet Detail

References

  1. ^ "Directory: World Airlines", Flight International, 2007-04-10, p. 64. 
  2. ^ a b Pluna's history
  3. ^ Ambitious project to recover Uruguay's flag carrier
  4. ^

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