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Encyclopedia > PLO and Hamas

One issue in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the charge that the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the main political organization of the Palestinians, is allied with Hamas, a Palestinian fundamentalist paramilitary and political organization, which is accused of organizing suicide bombers and other attacks against Israel, often targeting civilians. Hamas is officially characterized as a terrorist group by Israel, the United States, Canada and the European Union. // Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip are at the center of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... A suicide bombing is a bomb attack on people or property, committed by a person who knows the explosion will cause his or her own death in addition to the attacks primary purpose (see suicide, suicide weapons). ... A civilian is a person who is not a member of a military. ... A terrorist organisation is an organisation that engages in terrorist tactics, they are also (perhaps more neutrally) referred to as militant organisations. ...


The PLO takes measures to distance itself from Hamas, but because of the widespread popular support of Hamas, the PLO has historically been reluctant to directly confront the organization. While both the PLO and Hamas share a similar goal of different treatment of Palestinians, their rhetoric, methodology, and end-goals have vastly differed at times, leading to ideological and political rifts between the two groups. Hamas has described itself as posing a challenge to the PLO's authority, and charges that many of its leaders have been arrested by the Palestinian Authority (PA). The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ...


Playing down the differences between the two organizations, Palestinian officials resist Israel's characterization of Hamas as a terrorist organization. The former Palestinian Authority Cabinet Minister Hanan Ashrawi has said "it is not up to Israel to decide or define who is our enemy. Hamas is not the enemy, it is part of the political fabric." (Jerusalem Post, July 25, 1995). The PLO may also at times see Hamas as a strategic asset for pressuring Israel. As Abbas Zakai of the Fatah Central Committee said: "[Hamas's attacks] strengthen the Palestinian position... It would be dangerous to stop these actions, because the accords will crumble if there is nothing to make Israel go forward." (Al Hayat, April 17, 1995) Hanan Ashrawi Hanan Ashrawi (born 8 October 1946) is a Palestinian scholar who is well-known as a Palestinian spokesperson. ... The Fatah official emblem shows two fists holding rifles and a hand grenade superimposed on a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ...


Under the Oslo Accords, the PLO was obligated to refrain from incitement to terrorism and to act against terrorism. Critics charge, however, that the PLO has violated this agreement by continuing to support Hamas. For example, former PLO leader Yasser Arafat publicly praised Yahya Ayyash, the master Hamas bomb-maker who killed at least 60 Israelis, as "the struggler, the martyr" (New York Times, January 8, 1996) and "a martyr" (Jerusalem Post, July 28, 1996). Following the collapse of the Oslo Accords and the start of the Al Aqsa intifada, on March 22, 2004, the Palestinian Authority declared an official three days of mourning for the former Hamas leader, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, after he was killed by an Israeli Air Force airstrike. Following Israeli air-strike which killed 14 Hamas members on September 17, 2004, Palestinian prime minister Ahmed Qurei said that: "I'm sure there will be responses and such responses will be justified". [1] The Oslo Accords, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles (DOP), finalized in Oslo, Norway by August 20, 1993, and subsequently officially signed at a public ceremony in Washington D.C. on September 13, 1993 with Mahmoud Abbas signing for the Palestine... Yasser Arafat Yasser Arafat (August 4 or August 24, 1929 – November 11, 2004), born Muhammad `Abd ar-Rauf al-Qudwa al-Husayni (Arabic محمد عبد الرؤوف القدوة الحسيني) and also known as Abu `Ammar (ابو عمّار), was co-founder and Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (1969–2004); President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA... Yahya Ayyash (March 6, 1966 - January 5, 1996) was a member and chief bombmaker of the Hamas terrorist organization. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ... The Jerusalem Post is an Israeli newspaper in the English language. ... The Oslo Accords, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles (DOP), finalized in Oslo, Norway by August 20, 1993, and subsequently officially signed at a public ceremony in Washington D.C. on September 13, 1993 with Mahmoud Abbas signing for the Palestine... The al-Aqsa Intifada is the wave of violence and political conflict that began in September 2000 between Palestinian Arabs and Israelis; it is also called the Second Intifada (see also First Intifada). ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). ... 2004 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Sheikh Ahmed Ismail Yassin (~1937 — March 22, 2004) was the leader of Hamas until he was killed by an Israeli helicopter gunship. ... The Israeli Air Force (IAF) (Hebrew: חיל האוויר Heyl haAvir) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 2004 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Ahmed Ali Mohammed Qurei (or Qureia), also known as Abu Alaa, was the Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council and is currently Prime Minister and holds the security portfolio of the Palestinian Authority. ...


Israel also accuses the PA of not fighting Hamas terrorism, as they committed to do in the Oslo Accords. In 1996 the PA did a major crackdown on Hamas cells (following 1996 Hamas's wave of suicide bombings which removed dovish Shimon Peres from office) but all the activists were released between 2000 to 2001. Israel says that the PA is taking a "revolving door" policy in which activists are arrested following international pressure and shortly afterwards are being released quietly. At Operation Defensive Shield Israel claimed to found a documemt signed by PA officials asking to release 27 prisoners from Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad. [2] The Oslo Accords, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles (DOP), finalized in Oslo, Norway by August 20, 1993, and subsequently officially signed at a public ceremony in Washington D.C. on September 13, 1993 with Mahmoud Abbas signing for the Palestine... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Shimon Peres Shimon Peres (Hebrew שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס) (born August 21, 1923), an Israeli politician, is the head of the Israeli Labour Party and served as 8th Prime Minister of Israel from 1984-1986 and 1995-1996 and Foreign Affairs Minister of Israel from 2001-2002, and became Vice Premier in a coalition... Operation Defensive Shield (In Hebrew, מבצע חומת מגן) was a large-scale military operation conducted by the Israeli Defence Forces in April 2002. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ...


Following the al-Aqsa intifada, Israel accused the Palestinian Authority for giving Hamas a "green light" to commit "terrorist attacks" against Israel. Israeli Minister of Defense former IDF General Shaul Mofaz told in a convention in Nes Ziona that on February 2001 "Arafat gathered the leaders of the terrorist organizations and asked why there are no more deads in Israel... and told them: 'You know what should be done'." [3] The wreckage of a commuter bus in West Jerusalem after a suicide bombing on Tuesday, 18 June 2002. ... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... A defence minister ( Commonwealth English) or defense minister ( American English) is a cabinet portfolio (position) which regulates the armed forces in a sovereign nation. ... Israeli Minister of Defense Shaul Mofaz Shaul Mofaz (b. ... Nes Ziyyona (נס ציונה; unofficially also spelled Nes Ziona) is a city in the Center District of Israel in Israel. ... February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey 2001 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Joint violent attacks

The al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, a militant faction of Yasser Arafat's Fatah, which claimed by Israel to be funded by the Palestinian Authority, have carried numerous attack in cooperation with Hamas against Israel targets, including attacks targeting civilians. After these attacks, the Brigades and Hamas took joint responsibility. The Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (كتائب شهداء الاقصى) are one of the militias of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafats al-Fatah faction. ... The Fatah official emblem shows two fists holding rifles and a hand grenade superimposed on a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... A civilian is a person who is not a member of a military. ...


List of joint terrorist and guerrilla attacks

  • A combined attack of explosive jeep, gun assault and Qassam shelling on Erez crossing and a Palestinian Police post was committed on March 6, 2004. A source in the militant group Hamas said it carried out the operation along with al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (one of the Fatah's armed branch), and Palestinian Islamic Jihad.
  • On August 3, 2004 two Hamas guerrillas and one al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades guerrilla tried to blow up an Israeli armored Caterpillar D9 bulldozer. The blast killed them and wounded 10 bypassers, causing no damage to the bulldozer and its crew. [6]

A suicide bombing is a bomb attack on people or property, committed by a person who knows the explosion will cause his or her own death in addition to the attacks primary purpose (see suicide, suicide weapons). ... The Israeli Gaza Strip barrier is a separation barrier along the armistice line of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War between the Gaza Strip and Israel. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (كتائب شهداء الاقصى) are one of the militias of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafats al-Fatah faction. ... The Israeli Gaza Strip barrier is a separation barrier along the armistice line of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War between the Gaza Strip and Israel. ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 2004 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Fatah official emblem shows two fists holding rifles and a hand grenade superimposed on a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ... Ashdod (Hebrew אַשְׁדּוֹד, Standard Hebrew Ašdod;, Tiberian Hebrew ʾAšdôḏ, Arabic إسدود ʾIsdūd) is a port city in Israel located halfway between Tel Aviv and Gaza, in the Southern District of Israel. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... A suicide bombing is a bomb attack on people or property, committed by a person who knows the explosion will cause his or her own death in addition to the attacks primary purpose (see suicide, suicide weapons). ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... 2004 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Fatah official emblem shows two fists holding rifles and a hand grenade superimposed on a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... Hezbollah militant Guerrilla carrying Hezbollah Flag Hezbollah (Arabic ‮حزب الله‬, meaning Party of God) is a political and military organization in Lebanon founded in 1982 to fight Israel in southern Lebanon. ... Al-Manar logo Al Manar is the TV station of the controversial Lebanese organization Hezbollah (sometimes spelled Hizbullah). ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The Fatah official emblem shows two fists holding rifles and a hand grenade superimposed on a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ... Netzarim: Netzarim may relate to members of Nazarene Judaism, which is a religious sect. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... 2004 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... August 3 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 2004 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Caterpillar D9 is a large track-type tractor (commonly referred to as a bulldozer) with caterpillar tracks designed and manufactured by Caterpillar Tractor Company. ... October 2nd is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... 2004 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Palestinians are a mainly Arabic-speaking people with family origins in Palestine. ... The Israeli Engineering Corps are the combat engineering forces of צהל - the Israeli Defence Forces. ... Sayeret (Hebrew סיירת, pl. ... Ruins in the Negev desert The Negev (Hebrew נֶגֶב, Tiberian Hebrew Néḡeḇ; Arabic النقب an-Naqab) is the desert region of southern Israel. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (كتائب شهداء الاقصى) are one of the militias of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafats al-Fatah faction. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The Palestinians are a mainly Arabic-speaking people with family origins in Palestine. ... A suicide bombing is a bomb attack on people or property, committed by a person who knows the explosion will cause his or her own death in addition to the attacks primary purpose (see suicide, suicide weapons). ... A car bomb is a bomb that is placed in a car or truck and is intended to be exploded while there. ... The Karni Crossing is a cargo terminal in the Israeli Gaza Strip barrier. ... Ambulance An ambulance is a vehicle designated for the transport of sick or injured people. ... The Fatah official emblem shows two fists holding rifles and a hand grenade superimposed on a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (كتائب شهداء الاقصى) are one of the militias of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafats al-Fatah faction. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... Mahmoud Abbas (Arabic: محمود عباس) (born March 26, 1935), commonly known as Abu Mazen (ابو مازن), was elected President (Raees) of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on January 9, 2005 and took office on January 15, 2005. ...

Other alleged links between the Hamas and the PLO

Israeli domestic press have asserted that they found some signs of joint activities:

  • Ninety Hamas members were hired to man the PA police force's 'vice department' (Jerusalem Times, November 25, 1994.)
  • In local elections in the West Bank, Arafat's Fatah faction has campaigned on joint lists with Hamas. (Jerusalem Times, June 23, 1995)
  • Mua'in Atallah, an officer in the Palestinian Authority's "preventive-security" force, which was responsible for securing the Karni cargo crossing from the Palestinian side, was arrested for helping Hamas and al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades commit the suicide bombing in Ashdod seaport which killed 10 people. Atallah admitted guilty in investigation and revealed that by closing off the crossing, Israel have thwarted a huge terror attack planned by Hamas. [13], [14]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hamas (6065 words)
Hamas tries to maintain a clear distinction between the covert activity of its various sections and its overt activity, which serves primarily to broaden the ranks of the movement.
Hamas makes extensive use of many of these charity associations and committees, which (together with the mosques, unions, etc.) also serve as the overt facade of the organization's activity, operating parallel to and serving its covert operations.
Hamas took responsibility for the attack, saying it was "a response to the massacre at the Erez checkpoint".August 14, 1994 - Ron Soval, 18, of Lehavim, north of Beersheba, was shot to death in an ambush near Kissufim junction in the Gaza Strip.
PLO and Hamas (655 words)
Hamas is not the enemy, it is part of the political fabric.' (Jerusalem Post, July 25, 1995)
A unidentified Hamas official calling himself "Abu Husām" claimed a joint operational center was established by Hamas and Fatah, PLO's military wing.
In late 2001 and early 2002, the PA shut down a number of Hamas offices, and arrested a number of mid-level Hamas activists.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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