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Public Broadcasting Service (PBS)
Type Broadcast television network
Country Flag of United States United States
Availability United States and Canada
Owner Public Broadcasting Service
Launch date 1969 (founded)
October 5, 1970 (network commences)
Website www.pbs.org

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States, with some member stations available by cable in Canada. While the term broadcast covers radio, PBS only covers TV; for radio the United States has National Public Radio, American Public Media and Public Radio International. Public Broadcasting Services Limited (PBS) is Maltas public broadcasting company, responsible for the TVM television channel and the Radio Malta and Radju Parlament(106. ... Image File history File links PBS_Logo. ... Terrestrial television (also known as over-the-air, OTA or broadcast television) was the traditional method of television broadcast signal delivery prior to the advent of cable and satellite television. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Year 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (279th in Leap years). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... Public broadcasting is a form of public service broadcasting (PSB) intended to serve the diverse needs of the listening public. ... A television station is a type of radio station that broadcasts both audio and video to television receivers in a particular area. ... Offical NPR logo National Public Radio (NPR) is an independent, private, non-profit membership organization of public radio stations in the United States. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a not-for-profit corporation based in the United States founded in 1983 to develop non-commercial audio programming for public radio and other audio venues. ...


PBS was founded in 1969, at which time it took over many of the functions of its predecessor, National Educational Television (NET) (which merged with station WNDT Newark, New Jersey to form WNET). It commenced broadcasting itself on Monday, October 5, 1970. In 1973, it merged with Educational Television Stations. The color NET logo was incorporated into a model building at the beginning and end of Mister Rogers Neighborhood from 1969 to 1970. ... WNET (Thirteen/WNET) is an American television station licensed by the FCC to serve Newark, New Jersey. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (279th in Leap years). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... The National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB) created the Educational Television Stations division at the 1963 convention. ...


PBS is a non-profit, private corporation which is owned collectively by its member stations. [1] However, its operations are largely funded by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, a separate entity funded by the U.S. federal government. Its headquarters are in Crystal City, Virginia. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... Satellite image of the interlocking highrises of Crystal City. ...

Contents

Organization

Further information: List of PBS member stations

PBS is not a broadcast network in the sense in which that term is usually used in the United States, though it is more like U.S. broadcast networks than other public broadcasters that own their stations. Unlike the commercial television broadcast model of American networks such as NBC, CBS, ABC and Fox, in which affiliates give up portions of their local advertising airtime in exchange for network programming, PBS member stations pay substantial fees for the shows acquired and distributed by the national organization. This is a list of member stations of the United States Public Broadcasting Service . ... NBC (an abbreviation for National Broadcasting Company, its former corporate name) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... CBS is derived from an abbreviation of Columbia Broadcasting System, the former legal name of a company Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired in 1995. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... For the animal, see Fox. ...


This relationship means that PBS member stations have greater latitude in local scheduling than their commercial counterparts. Scheduling of PBS-distributed series may vary greatly from market to market. This can be a source of tension as stations seek to preserve their localism and PBS strives to market a consistent national lineup. However, PBS has a policy of "common carriage" requiring most stations to clear the national prime time programs on a common schedule, so that they can be more effectively marketed on a national basis.


Unlike its radio counterpart, National Public Radio, PBS has no central program production arm or news department. All of the programming carried by PBS, whether news, documentary, or entertainment, is created by (or in most cases produced under contract with) other parties, such as individual member stations. WGBH in Boston is one of the largest producers of educational programming; news programs are produced by WETA-TV in Washington, D.C. and WPBT in Miami, and Cyberchase, the Charlie Rose interview show and Nature come from or through WNET in New York. Once a program is offered to and accepted by PBS for distribution, PBS (and not the member station that supplied the program) retains exclusive rights for rebroadcasts during the period for which such rights were granted; the suppliers do maintain the right to sell the program in non-broadcast media such as DVDs, books, and licensed merchandise (but sometimes grant such ancillary rights as well to PBS). Offical NPR logo National Public Radio (NPR) is an independent, private, non-profit membership organization of public radio stations in the United States. ... WGBH is an established public television and public radio broadcast service located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1 Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area    - City 232. ... WETA-TV is the PBS station serving the Washington, D.C., area. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Federal District District of Columbia  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack Evans... WPBT is the callsign of a television station in Miami, Florida. ... Miami redirects here. ... Cyberchase is a childrens American animated television series PBS Kids and PBS Kids GO!, produced by Thirteen/WNET New York and Nelvana. ... Charlie Rose is a television interview show, with Charlie Rose as executive producer, executive editor, and host. ... Nature is a long-running wildlife television program produced by Thirteen/WNET New York. ... WNET (Thirteen/WNET) is an American television station licensed by the FCC to serve Newark, New Jersey. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... DVD (commonly Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ... Pope Benedict XVI merchandise One definition of Merchandising is a marketing practice in which the brand or image from one product or service is used to sell another. ...


PBS stations are commonly operated by non-profit organizations, state agencies, local authorities (e.g., municipal boards of education), or universities in their community of license. In some states, PBS stations throughout the entire state may be organized into a single regional "subnetwork" (ex. Alabama Public Television). Unlike Canada's CBC/SRC, PBS does not own any of the stations that broadcast its programming. This is partly due to the origins of the PBS stations themselves, and partly due to historical license issues. A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... For a list of universities around the world, see Lists of colleges and universities Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Alabama Public Television is a network of educational television stations serving the US state of Alabama. ... CBC Television is the primary English language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Télévision de Radio-Canada, often simply Radio-Canada, is the main French language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ...


In the modern broadcast marketplace, this organizational structure is considered outmoded by some media critics. A common restructuring proposal is to reorganize the network so that each state would have one PBS affiliate which broadcast state-wide. However, this proposal is controversial, as it would reduce local community input into PBS programming, especially considering PBS stations are particularly more community-oriented than their commercial counterparts.


Programming

PBS's evening schedule emphasizes fine arts (Great Performances), drama (Mystery! and Masterpiece Theatre), science (Nova and Scientific American Frontiers), history (American Experience), public affairs (Frontline, The Newshour with Jim Lehrer) and independent films (P.O.V. and Independent Lens). Fine art is a term used to refer to fields traditionally considered to be artistic. ... Great Performances was a television series devoted to the performing arts which ran on the US television station PBS from 1972. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Mystery! (also written MYSTERY!) is a long-running television series in the USA, which airs on PBS and is produced by WGBH. The show has brought a large number of detective series and television movies - most of them British productions from the BBC or various ITV companies - to air on... Masterpiece Theatre is a long-running television series produced by WGBH which premiered on PBS on January 10, 1971. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Nova is a popular science television series produced by the Public Broadcasting Service. ... Scientific American Frontiers is an American television program primarily focused on informing the public about new technologies and discoveries in science and medicine. ... HIStory: Past, Present and Future – Book I is a two-disc album by Michael Jackson released in 1995 by the Epic Records division of Sony BMG. The first disc (HIStory Begins) is a fifteen-track greatest hits (later released as Greatest Hits - HIStory Volume I), while the second disc (HIStory... American Experience (sometimes abbreviated AmEx) is a television program aired on the PBS network in the United States. ... Public affairs is a catch-all term that includes public policy as well as public administration, both of which are closely related to and draw upon the fields of political science as well as economics. ... Frontline is an hour-long public affairs television program produced at WGBH in Boston, Massachusetts, and distributed through the Public Broadcasting Service network in the United States. ... The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer is an evening television news program broadcast weeknights on PBS in the United States. ... An independent film, or indie film, is a film initially produced without financing or distribution from a major movie studio. ... P.O.V. (a cinema term for point of view) is televisions longest-running showcase for independent non-fiction films. ...


PBS (as PBS Kids) has distributed a number of highly regarded children's shows such as Sesame Street, The Electric Company, Villa Alegre, Zoom!, 3-2-1 Contact, Barney & Friends, Shining Time Station, Franny's Feet, Thomas & Friends, Ghostwriter, Reading Rainbow, Kratts' Creatures, and Mister Rogers' Neighborhood. Popular animated series have included Cyberchase, Clifford the Big Red Dog, Arthur, Liberty's Kids and The Magic School Bus. The service has also imported British kids' series including Teletubbies and Boohbah. Some of these programs have since migrated to commercial television, including Ghostwriter and The Magic School Bus. PBS Kids (often styled all-caps as PBS KIDS) is the umbrella brand for childrens programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service in the United States. ... A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... The Electric Company was an educational American childrens television series produced by the Childrens Television Workshop (now Sesame Workshop) for PBS in the United States. ... Villa Alegre was a bilingual (Spanish/English) television show for children, produced in the United States. ... ZOOM is a television show that aired on PBS between 1972 and 1979. ... 3-2-1 Contact was an American science educational television show which aired on PBS from 1980 to 1992. ... Barney & Friends is a popular childrens television show produced in the United States, mainly aimed at preschoolers. ... Shining Time Station was an American spin-off of Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends series, although it was co-created by Britt Allcroft. ... Frannys Feet is a 30-minute animated series for children. ... Thomas the Tank Engine Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends (Recently shortened to just Thomas & Friends) is a childrens television series which debuted in 1984, which technically is not animated, but is shot by taking closeups of functional toy trains moving about and emitting smoke while a narrator describes the... Ghostwriter was a television series co-produced by the Childrens Television Workshop and the BBC, originally aired on PBS in the United States from October 1992 to February 1995. ... The Reading Rainbow logo used between 1999 and 2005. ... Kratts Creatures is a childrens television program on PBS. The show is hosted by two brothers, Chris and Martin Kratt, who are later included in the spin-off Zoboomafoo, and Alison Baldwin (played by Shannon Duff), with Ron Rubin as the voice of Ttark the dinosaur. ... Mister Rogers Neighborhood or as spelled on IMDb (Internet Movie Database) MisteRogers Neighborhood was an American childrens television series that was created and hosted by Fred Rogers. ... Animation is the rapid display of a sequence of 2-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement. ... Cyberchase is a childrens American animated television series PBS Kids and PBS Kids GO!, produced by Thirteen/WNET New York and Nelvana. ... Clifford the Big Red Dog is an enduring American childrens book series that began being published in 1963. ... Arthur is the name of an animated series that airs on PBS in the United States. ... Libertys Kids is a 40-part animated television series produced by DiC Entertainment, originally broadcast on PBS Kids from September 2, 2002 to August 13, 2004. ... The Magic School Bus was a series of childrens books intended to teach scientific concepts to children. ... Teletubbies is a BBC childrens television series, particularly aimed at babies and preschool children, produced from 1997 to 2001 by Ragdoll Productions. ... Mr. ...


However, PBS is not the only distributor of public television programming to the member stations. Other distributors have emerged from the roots of the old companies that had loosely held regional public television stations in the 1960s. Boston-based American Public Television (former names include Eastern Educational Network and American Program Service) is second only to PBS for distributing programs to U.S. non-commercial stations. Another distributor is NETA (formerly SECA), whose properties have included The Shapies and Jerry Yarnell School of Fine Art. In addition, the member stations themselves also produce a variety of local shows, some of which subsequently receive national distribution through PBS or the other distributors. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1 Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area    - City 232. ... The Shapies is a childrens show about different-shaped toys forming a toybox band. ... Since 1999, Jerry Yarnell School of Fine Art has been providing master art lessons for public television audiences. ... In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ...


PBS stations are known for rebroadcasting British television costume dramas and comedies (acquired from the BBC and other sources) — these shows are generally seen on Saturday evenings, generally regarded as the least-watched evening of the week due to viewers doing outside activities such as going to a movie, a concert, or other functions; so much of the exposure (or lack thereof) of American audiences to British television (particularly comedies) comes through PBS it has been joked that PBS means "Primarily British Series." However, a significant amount of sharing takes place. The BBC and other media outlets in the region such as Channel 4 often cooperate with PBS stations, producing material that is shown on both sides of the Atlantic. Also, though less frequently, Canadian and Australian, among other international, programming appears on PBS stations (such as The Red Green Show, currently distributed by syndicator Executive Program Services); the public-broadcasting syndicators are more likely to offer this programming to the U.S. public stations. A costume drama is a period piece in which elaborate costumes, sets and properties are featured in order to capture the ambience of a particular era. ... A British sitcom is a situation comedy (sitcom) produced in the United Kingdom. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is one of the largest broadcasting corporations in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of more than £4 billion. ... A British sitcom is a situation comedy (sitcom) produced in the United Kingdom. ... Channel 4 is a public-service television broadcaster in the United Kingdom (see British television). ... Look up Atlantic Ocean in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Red Green Show is a television comedy that aired on CBC Television in Canada and on PBS in the United States from 1991 until the series finale April 7, 2006 on CBC. Reruns currently air on CBC Television, CBC Country Canada, The Comedy Network, and various PBS stations. ...


Stations that produce a significant amount of PBS network programming include:

See article: List of programs broadcast by Public Broadcasting Service WKNO-TV, channel 10, is a PBS member station in Memphis, Tennessee and serves the Mid-South area with quality and innovative programming. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... WGBH is an established public television and public radio broadcast service located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1 Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area    - City 232. ... WNET (Thirteen/WNET) is an American television station licensed by the FCC to serve Newark, New Jersey. ... Nickname: The Brick City Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area    - City 67. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Oregon Public Broadcasting (OPB) is the primary public broadcasting network for most of Oregon as well as southern Washington, with (as of 2006) over one million viewers throughout that region and an average of over 380,000 radio listeners each week. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... WETA-TV is the PBS station serving the Washington, D.C., area. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... For the Japanese computer game developer, see Konami Computer Entertainment Tokyo KCET is one of four PBS member stations serving Los Angeles and Southern California, the others being KVCR-TV, KOCE-TV, and KLCS. Broadcasting on channel 28, the studio is located at 4401 West Sunset Boulevard. ... Nickname: City of Angels Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa Area    - City 1290. ... WQED (channel 13, digital channel 38) is a PBS television station based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: Steel City, Iron City, City of Champions, City of Bridges, City of Colleges, P-Burgh, The Burgh Motto: Benigno Numine Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Allegheny County Founded 1758 Mayor Luke Ravenstahl (D) Area    - City 151. ... WPBT is the callsign of a television station in Miami, Florida. ... Miami redirects here. ... Nickname: Venice of America Location of Fort Lauderdale in Broward County, Florida. ... WEDU (the call letters short for EDUcation) is a PBS station, serving Tampa and Saint Petersburg, Florida. ... Nickname: Cigar City, The Big Guava, T-Town, Jook City Location in Hillsborough County and the state of Florida. ... WMFE is a public television station that is served as a 24-hour daily broadcast database in Orlando, Florida. ... Nickname: The City Beautiful, O-Town, 407 Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ... WCEU is a PBS member station in Daytona Beach, Florida. ... Daytona Beach in 2005 Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. As of 2004, the population estimates recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,422. ... KQED is a public broadcasting company based in San Francisco, California. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... Nancy Karibjanian on WHYY Delaware Tonight in 2006. ... Nickname: Chemical Capital of the World Motto: A Place To Be Somebody Coordinates: County New Castle County incorporated 1739 Mayor James M. Baker (D) Area    - City 44. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... WTTW (Channel 11) is the Chicago, Illinois, member station of the Public Broadcasting Service. ... This article is about Illinois largest city. ... WFYI is the call sign of two stations operated by a not-for-profit corporation, Metropolitan Indianapolis Public Broadcasting, Inc. ... Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: County Marion Founded 1821 Mayor Bart Peterson (D) Area    - City 963. ... KLRU is the local PBS public television member station in Austin, Texas, in the United States of America. ... Nickname: Live Music Capital of the World Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Country United States State Texas County Travis County Mayor Will Wynn Area    - City 669. ... KCTS-TV is a public television station in Seattle, Washington, that is a member of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), that broadcasts on analog channel 9; digital broadcasts are on channel 41. ... Nickname: The Emerald City Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King Incorporated December 2, 1869 Mayor Greg Nickels (NP) Area    - City 369. ... KPBS is a public broadcasting organization based in San Diego, California. ... Nickname: Americas Finest City Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego Mayor Jerry Sanders City Attorney Michael Aguirre City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer Ben Hueso Area    - City 963. ... OETA (Oklahoma Educational Television Authority), is a statewide network of PBS stations covering the enitre state of Oklahoma. ... WCET-TV (CET) is the PBS station serving Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Nickname: The Queen City Location in Hamilton County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Hamilton Founded 1788 Incorporated 1819 Mayor Mark L. Mallory (D) Area    - City 206. ... The Kentucky Educational Television network is Kentuckys statewide public television network. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,732 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... WUFT is the callsign of both the television and FM radio stations that operate from the University of Floridas main campus in Gainesville. ... Downtown Clock Tower, housing the restored clock bell from the 1885 courthouse Gainesville is the largest city and county seat of Alachua County, Florida. ... WGTE went on the air in June of 1981 as the PBS affiliate for Toledo, an affiliation it has retained to this day. ... Nickname: The Glass City Location in the state of Ohio Country United States State Ohio County Lucas Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (D) Area    - City 217. ... The following is a list of programs presently or formerly broadcast by the American Public Broadcasting Service (PBS). ...


Criticism and controversy

PBS has been the subject of some controversy. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Look up Controversy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

  • Federal funding cuts: PBS is subject to repeated attempts to reduce federal funding. On June 8, 2006, the Los Angeles Times reported that a key House committee had "approved a $115 million reduction in the budget for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, that could force the elimination of some popular PBS and NPR programs." This would reduce the Corporation's budget by 23%, to $380 million, for 2007. A similar budget cut was attempted in 2005, but was defeated by intense lobbying from the PBS stations and opposition from the Democratic Party.
  • Outdated justifications: PBS was founded to provide diversity in programming at a time when all television was broadcast (as opposed to today's cable or satellite transmission methods) and most communities received only three or four signals. Today many households subscribe to cable TV or have satellite dishes that receive tens or hundreds of signals, including varied educational and children's programs.[1] But according to public television proponents, the service should be intended to provide universal access, particularly to poor and rural viewers. They also say that many cable and satellite productions are of lower quality, including children's programs.
  • Disruptive fundraising: Most stations solicit individual donations by methods including pledge drives or telethons which can disrupt regularly scheduled programming. Although many viewers find it useful to raise funds, others think this is a source of annoyance since they replace the normal programs with specials aimed at a wider audience[2], while some find the commercial stations' ads even more annoying. This has been parodied many times on other television shows such as the Simpsons.
  • Airing Corporate Commercials Claims of being a non-commercial and commercial-free outlet for quality programming have been made false as of the 1980s–90s, as minute-long ads for corporate and private sponsors have been broadcast before and after (and oftentimes in between longer) shows. PBS has been accepting money from such controversial sponsors such as ExxonMobil and Wal-Mart for years.

June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Note: broadcasting is also a term for hand sowing. ... Coaxial cable is an electrical cable consisting of a round conducting wire, surrounded by an insulating spacer, surrounded by a cylindrical conducting sheath, usually surrounded by a final insulating layer. ... An Earth observation satellite, ERS 2 For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... Cable television or Community Antenna Television (CATV) (and often shortened to cable) is a system of providing television, FM radio programming and other services to consumers via radio waves transmitted directly to people’s televisions through fixed coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in... Sky Digital mini-dish Astros mini-dish. Special dish for up to 16 satellite positions (Ku-band) Satellite dish antenna for C-Band Satellite Dishes installed on a apartment complex A satellite dish is a type of parabolic antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and... Fundraising is the process of soliciting and gathering money or other gifts in kind by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies. ... The 2005 Telethon on Seven Perth. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... A non-commercial enterprise is work that values other considerations above and beyond that of making a profit. ... XOM, this companys ticker symbol, redirects here. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ...

Political and ideological bias

  • The Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 [2] required a "strict adherence to objectivity and balance in all programs or series of programs of a controversial nature." It also prohibited the federal government from interfering or controlling what is broadcast. This set up an obvious tension where the government that created the CPB would not be able to do anything about a perceived failure to meet its obligation for objectivity and balance without interfering in some way.
  • At a more basic and problematic level is how and who should determine what constitutes objectivity and balance when there are massive disagreements over what that would be. There seems to be no consensus or even attempts at forming a consensus to resolve this dilemma.
  • Some conservatives perceive it to have a liberal bias and criticize its tax-based revenue and have periodically but unsuccessfully attempted to discontinue funding of CPB. Although state and federal sources account for a minority percentage of public television funding, the system remains vulnerable to political pressure. Kenneth Tomlinson, former chairman of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting who resigned amid controversy, in November 2004 in Baltimore, told PBS officials, "They should make sure their programming better reflected the Republican mandate." Tomlinson later said that his comment was in jest and that he could not imagine how remarks at a fun occasion were taken the wrong way. A report whose results were publicized in November 2005 sharply criticized Tomlinson for the way he used CPB resources to "go after" this perceived liberal bias.[3]
  • Some of its documentaries on Islam and the Arab world, such as Empire of Faith, have been attacked as either fawning or factually challenged.
  • Kenneth Tomlinson, who took over at CPB in 2003, began his tenure by asking for Karl Rove's assistance in overturning a regulation that half the CPB board have practical experience in radio or television. Later he appointed an outside consultant to monitor the regular PBS program NOW with Bill Moyers. Told that the show had "liberal" leanings, Moyers eventually resigned after more than three decades as a PBS regular, saying Tomlinson had mounted a "vendetta" against him. Subsequently, PBS made room for neo-con commentator Tucker Carlson (now of MSNBC, a former co-host of CNN's Crossfire), and Journal Editorial Report with Paul Gigot, an editor of the Wall Street Journal editorial page (this show has since moved to FOX News Channel). On November 3, 2005 CPB announced the resignation of Tomlinson amid investigations of improper financial dealings with consultants.

Objectivity is frequently held to be essential to journalistic professionalism (particularly in the United States); however, there is some disagreement about what the concept consists of. ... Look up Dilemma in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For the Nelly song, see Dilemma (song). ... Conservatism is a political philosophy that usually favors traditional values and strong foreign defense. ... American liberalism—that is, liberalism in the United States of America—is a broad political and philosophical mindset, favoring individual liberty, and opposing restrictions on liberty, whether they come from established religion, from government regulation, from the existing class structure, or from multi-national corporations. ... For other senses of this word, see bias (disambiguation). ... A tax (also known as a duty) is a financial charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ... The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... Kenneth Y. Tomlinson is an American journalist and government official. ... November 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: November 2004 in sports November 2004 in science Events Deaths in November • 30 Pierre Berton • 29 John Drew Barrymore • 26 Bill Alley • 24 Arthur Hailey • 23 Rafael Eitan • 18 Bobby Frank Cherry • 16 John... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Wall $treet Week (W$W) was a respected, long-running investment news and information TV program broadcast weekly each Friday on PBS in the United States. ... Corporate redirects here. ... A Trade Union (Labour union) ... is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ... Commanding Heights: The Battle for the World Economy is a book by Daniel Yergin and Joseph Stanislaw, first published in 1998. ... // A typical - but restrictive - definition can be taken from the International Monetary Fund, which stresses the growing economic interdependence of countries worldwide through increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in goods and services, free international capital flows, and more rapid and widespread diffusion of technology. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Homosexuality refers to sexual and romantic attraction between two individuals of the same sex. ... The United States Secretary of Education is the head of the Department of Education. ... Margaret Spellings (born Margaret Dudar on November 30, 1957) is the current Secretary of Education under the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush and was previously Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy to Bush. ... Kenneth Y. Tomlinson is an American journalist and government official. ... Karl Rove Karl Christian Rove (born December 25, 1950) is Deputy Chief of Staff to President George W. Bush. ... NOW is a PBS newsmagazine especially covering social and political issues. ... Bill Moyers Bill D. Moyers (born June 5, 1934 as Billy Don Moyers) is an American journalist and public commentator. ... Neoconservatism describes several distinct political ideologies which are considered new forms of conservatism. ... Tucker Carlson, from a December 6, 2004 broadcast of CNNs Crossfire. ... MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... December 6, 2004 edition of Crossfire. ... The Journal Editorial Report is a half-hour program on the Fox News Channel that airs on six oclock every Saturday. ... Paul A. Gigot is a Pulitzer Prize-winning conservative political commentator and the editor of the editorial pages for The Wall Street Journal. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... The Fox News Channel (FNC) is a United States-based cable and satellite news channel. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

New networks

PBS has also spun off a number of TV networks, often in partnership with other media companies: PBS YOU (ended January 2006, and largely succeeded by American Public Television's Create network), PBS KIDS (ended October 1, 2005), PBS KIDS Sprout, and PBS DT2 (a feed of HDTV and letterboxed programming for digitally equipped member stations), along with packages of PBS programs that are similar to local stations' programming, the PBS-X feeds. PBS Kids Go! was promised for October, 2006, but PBS announced in July that they would not be going forward with it as an independent network feed (as opposed to the pre-existing two-hour week daily block on PBS). (See List of United States over-the-air television networks.) Some or all are available on many digital cable systems, on free-to-air TV via communications satellites [4], as well as via DirecTV direct broadcast satellite. With the transition to terrestrial digital television broadcasts, many are also often now available as "multiplexed" channels on some local stations' standard-definition digital signals, while DT2 is found among the HD signals. PBS Kids announced that they will have an early-morning Miss Lori and Hooper block with four PBS Kids shows usually around 8:00 AM (school time, though kids this age usually do not go to school.) PBS endings usually end with something like "This Is PBS." A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... PBS YOU (the latter word is an acronym for Your Own University) was founded in the late 1990s as a 24/7 channel/network featuring formal and informal educational programs and college-related fare, largely to take advantage of available rights and satellite transponder space and eager customers for carriage... American Public Television (APT) is a distributor and source of programming for public television stations in the United States and networks worldwide. ... ... PBS Kids (often styled all-caps as PBS KIDS) is the umbrella brand for childrens programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service in the United States. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... PBS KIDS Sprout is a US digital cable television channel, video-on-demand (VOD) service, and website providing PBS KIDS shows and original programming for preschoolers and their families. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... A 2. ... PBS-X (also known as PBS Schedule X) is 24-hour alternate network from the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) that provides a mixed variety of programming selected from PBSs regular network service. ... PBS Kids GO! Is an educational television brand used by PBS for programs intended at early elementary school children, an older demographic than the separate PBS Kids banner. ... // In the United States, for most of the history of broadcasting, there were only four major national broadcasting networks. ... Digital cable is a term for a type of cable digital television that delivers more channels than possible with analog cable by using digital video compression. ... Free-to-air is a phrase used to describe television and radio broadcasts which are available without subscription and without decryption (pay-TV). ... U.S. military MILSTAR communications satellite A communications satellite (sometimes abbreviated to comsat) is an artificial satellite stationed in space for the purposes of telecommunications. ... A standard DirecTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States and Latin America except for Mexico. ... Direct broadcast satellite (DBS) is a term used to refer to satellite television broadcasts intended for home reception, also referred to as direct-to-home signals. ... Digital television (DTV) is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound by means of digital signals, in contrast to analogue signals in analogue (traditional) T.V. It uses digital modulation data, which is digitally compressed and requires decoding by a specially designed television set or a...


References

  1. ^ About PBS, PBS.org, accessed November 25, 2006
  2. ^ Getler, Michael (2006-03-24). Pledging Allegiance, or March Madness?. PBS Ombudsman. Retrieved on 2006-05-22.

2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ...

Further reading

  • B. J. Bullert, Public Television: Politics and the Battle over Documentary Film, Rutgers Univ Press 1997
  • Barry Dornfeld, Producing Public Television, Producing Public Culture, Princeton University Press 1998
  • Ralph Engelman, Public Radio and Television in America: A Political History, Sage Publications 1996
  • James Ledbetter, Made Possible by: The Death of Public Broadcasting in the United States, Verso 1998

See also

Instructional television (ITV) is a type of television program that is designed for use in schools. ... This is a list of member stations of the United States Public Broadcasting Service . ... In the United States, analog over-the-air television channels are numbered 2 through 69, and occupy the following frequencies: 54-88 MHz (Channels 2-6) 174-216 MHz (Channels 7-13) 470-806 MHz (Channels 14-69) See list of local television stations in North and Central America. ... Offical NPR logo National Public Radio (NPR) is an independent, private, non-profit membership organization of public radio stations in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about television in the United States, specifically its history, art, business and government regulation. ... Louis O. Stewart (January 1, 1915 to March 26, 2002) was a prominent labor leader in Washington. ... Below is a numerical representation of the DirecTV channel lineup. ... This is a list of the channels receivable from DISH Network. ...

External links

Preceded by
National Educational Television
Public Broadcasting Service
1970-Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Broadcast television networks in the United States
ABC | CBS | Fox | NBC | PBS | The CW | MyNetworkTV

Specialty networks: A1 | ION | ImaginAsian | MTV2 | OBN | RTN | CAS | Asia Vision | RSN The color NET logo was incorporated into a model building at the beginning and end of Mister Rogers Neighborhood from 1969 to 1970. ... // In politics The incumbent, in politics, is the current holder of a political office. ... PBS Kids (often styled all-caps as PBS KIDS) is the umbrella brand for childrens programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service in the United States. ... Barney & Friends is a popular childrens television show produced in the United States, mainly aimed at preschoolers. ... The Berenstain Bears is a 2003 animated television series based on Stan and Jan Berenstains Berenstain Bears childrens book series. ... Between the Lions is a PBS childrens puppet show designed to promote reading. ... Mr. ... Caillou is a 1998 half-hour childrens television animated cartoon about a 4-year-old bald-headed boy named Caillou who lives with his 2-year-old little sister, Rosie (Mousseline in the original French version), his parents, his cat named Gilbert, and his stuffed animals. ... Clifford the Big Red Dog is an enduring American childrens book series that began being published in 1963. ... Cliffords Puppy Days is an animated television series on PBS. It features Clifford the Big Red Dog, a popular cartoon character and it is set when Clifford was a puppy. ... Curious George is a 2006 animated television series based on the popular Curious George childrens book series and motion picture, which features Jeff Bennett as the voice of Ted, the Man in the Yellow Hat. ... Image:Dragon Snails. ... Frannys Feet is a 30-minute animated series for children. ... George Shrinks is a television series based on the childrens book by William Joyce. ... Its A Big Big World is a childrens television show on PBS Kids, that debuted January 2, 2006. ... Jakers! The Adventures of Piggley Winks is a Childrens television series, animated using Computer-generated imagery, and broadcast in the United States on PBS Kids, in Ireland on RTÉ Two, as part of The Den, in Australia on ABC2, in Ontario on TVOKids and in the UK on BBC... // Jay Jay the Jet Plane is a CGI childrens television cartoon fiction series. ... Mister Rogers Neighborhood or as spelled on IMDb (Internet Movie Database) MisteRogers Neighborhood was an American childrens television series that was created and hosted by Fred Rogers. ... The Reading Rainbow logo used between 1999 and 2005. ... Sagwa the name of a cat in the childrens book Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat by author Amy Tan (who wrote her novel The Joy Luck Club). ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... Teletubbies is a BBC childrens television series, particularly aimed at babies and preschool children, produced from 1997 to 2001 by Ragdoll Productions. ... Thomas & Friends (formerly Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends) is a British childrens television series which was first broadcast in 1984. ... Zoboomafoo is an educational PBS Kids television program designed to introduce preschoolers to the animal world. ... PBS Kids GO! Is an educational television brand used by PBS for programs intended at early elementary school children, an older demographic than the separate PBS Kids banner. ... Arthur is an American and Canadian educational children’s television series which airs primarily on PBS in the United States, and on CBC, Knowledge Network, and TVO in Canada, although it has been syndicated to numerous other stations throughout the world. ... Cyberchase is a childrens American animated television series PBS Kids and PBS Kids GO!, produced by Thirteen/WNET New York and Nelvana. ... DragonflyTV is an award-winning multi-media science education program combining television, community outreach, the Web, and fun. ... FETCH! with Ruff Ruffman is a new show on PBS Kids GO! that premiered Memorial Day 2006 (May 29, 2006). ... Maya & Miguel is a half-hour American childrens television animated series produced by Scholastic Studios. ... Postcards from Buster, also called Busters Postcards, is a 2004 Canadian-produced 42-episode childrens television series, containing both animation and live-action that airs on PBS, and is a spin-off of the Arthur cartoon series. ... Opening from the original Zoom. ... 3-2-1 Contact was an American science educational television show which aired on PBS from 1980 to 1992. ... The Adventures From The Book of Virtues was an animated television series that developed education for viewers who could make their support for learning for their children who were between the ages of 2 and 9 years old. ... Anne of Green Gables is a 1985 television film, based on the novel Anne of Green Gables by Lucy Maud Montgomery. ... Bill Nye the Science Guy is an Emmy Award-winning educational television program, hosted by Bill Nye. ... Big Comfy Couch is a childrens TV show. ... Bob the Builder Bob the Builder is a childrens television character created by Keith Chapman. ... Captain Kangaroo (Bob Keeshan) Captain Kangaroo was a childrens television series which aired weekday mornings on the American television network CBS from 1955 until 1984, then moved to the American Program Service (now American Public Television, Boston) to air syndicated reruns of past episodes in 1992. ... The Electric Company was an educational American childrens television series produced by the Childrens Television Workshop (now Sesame Workshop) for PBS in the United States. ... Gerbert is a Christian-based childrens television series, the namesake of which is a puppet reflecting moral positivity. ... Ghostwriter was a television series co-produced by the Childrens Television Workshop and the BBC, originally aired on PBS in the United States from October 1992 to February 1995. ... In the Mix is an award-winning television program for teenagers that has been airing on PBS since 1992. ... Katie and Orbie is an animated television series aimed at preschoolers, originally broadcast in Canada in 1994 by Global and later in America on the Disney Channel. ... Kidsongs was either of the following: a series of Music Video Stories that were first released on home video, then syndicated, and later run on the Disney Channel for 26 weeks in 1992, or a TV show that aired from April 1994 onward on many PBS stations, produced by WTTW... Kratts Creatures is a childrens television program on PBS. The show is hosted by two brothers, Chris and Martin Kratt, who are later included in the spin-off Zoboomafoo, and Alison Baldwin (played by Shannon Duff), with Ron Rubin as the voice of Ttark the dinosaur. ... Lamb Chops Play-Along was a childrens television show that was shown on PBS in the United States from 1992 to 1997. ... Libertys Kids is a 40-part animated television series produced by DiC Entertainment, originally broadcast on PBS Kids from September 2, 2002 to August 13, 2004. ... An opening screenshot from Long Ago and Far Away Long Ago and Far Away is an award-winning TV series that aired on PBS Television from 1989 until 1993. ... The Magic School Bus was a series of childrens books intended to teach scientific concepts to children. ... Mark Kistlers PBS series taught children, and adults, to draw using techniques such as perspective and shading. ... Newtons Apple was an educational television program distributed to PBS stations in the United States that ran for fifteen seasons from 1983 to 1998. ... Noddy in a scene from the 2004 CGI series Make Way For Noddy with Officer (P.C.) Plod. ... Pappyland was a childrens live action television show that began on September 1, 1994 and ended a few years later. ... PBS Kids Bookworm Bunch was a three-hour Saturday morning lineup of shows produced by Nelvana and based on the popular childrens books Corduroy, George Shrinks, Elliot Moose, Marvin the Tap-Dancing Horse, Seven Little Monsters, and Timothy Goes to School. ... The Puzzle Place was a childrens American television show which premiered on PBS on January 16, 1995, (although production was dated starting 1994) and ran through 1998. ... Shining Time Station was an American spin-off of Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends series, although it was co-created by Britt Allcroft. ... Square One, also known as Square One Television, was a television show produced by the Childrens Television Workshop to teach mathematics and abstract mathematical concepts to young viewers. ... Seven Little Monsters is a kids television program about how seven monsters are a family. ... Theodore Tugboat is a television show for children about a little tugboat, his friends, and their adventures in the Big Harbour. ... Tots TV was a television show, produced by Ragdoll Productions and first shown in 1993, that ran for eight series (276 episodes). ... Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego was a popular childrens television game show, loosely based off the computer game of the same name. ... Where in Time Is Carmen Sandiego was a U.S. game show, loosely based off the computer game of the same name. ... Wishbone was a television show which aired from 1995 to 1998 in the United States featuring a Jack Russell Terrier of the same name. ... Zoobilee Zoo, a childrens television program, originally aired from 1986 - 2001. ... KLCS Channel 58 is a member station of the Public Broadcasting Service, and is owned by the Los Angeles Unified School District. ... Terrestrial television (also known as over-the-air, OTA or broadcast television) was the traditional method of television broadcast signal delivery prior to the advent of cable and satellite television. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... CBS is derived from an abbreviation of Columbia Broadcasting System, the former legal name of a company Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired in 1995. ... For the animal, see Fox. ... NBC (an abbreviation for National Broadcasting Company, its former corporate name) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... The CW redirects here. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is a television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which began operations on September 5, 2006 in television. ... America One is a minor over-the-air television network in the United States. ... ION Television is a broadcast and cable television network first broadcast on August 31, 1998 under the name PAX TV (early on in its development, it was called PaxNet). ... ImaginAsian Entertainment is a multi-media company based out of New York City. ... MTV2 is a cable network that is widely available in the United States on digital cable and satellite television, and is progressively being added to basic cable lineups across the nation. ... The Omni Broadcasting Network is a small over-the-air broadcast television network in the United States (Do not confuse this with the Canadian broadcast system OMNI Television). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Classic Arts Showcase is a 24-hour noncommercial satellite channel broadcasting a mix of various classic arts including animation, architectural art, ballet, chamber and choral music, dance, folk art, museum art, musical theater, opera, orchestral, recital, solo instrumental, solo vocal, and theatrical performances, as well as classic film and archival... Asia Vision is a small multicultural/ethnic network of three Mid-Atlantic states. ... RSN Television was established in 1986 as Resort Sports Network. ...


Digital-only specialty networks: qubo | NBC Weather Plus | The Tube | Create
Religious networks: 3ABN | CTN | Church | CTVN | Daystar | EWTN | Faith TV | FamilyNet | GLC | GEB
Hope | JCTV | LeSEA/WHTV | Smile of a Child | TBN | TCT | TLN | UBN | Word Network | Worship

Major Spanish networks: Telemundo | Univision
Spanish specialty networks: Azteca América | HITN | HTV | LAT TV | MTV Tr3́s | Multimedios | TeleFutura
Spanish religious networks: Almavisión | Fe-TV | LFN | TBN Enlace USA

Home shopping networks: America's Store | Corner Store TV | HSN | Jewelry TV | Shop at Home | ShopNBC | Gems TV
Major defunct broadcast networks: DuMont | The WB | UPN | NET | PTEN qubo (kyoo-bo, originally Smart Place for Kids until August 23, 2006 [1]) is the name of the chlidrens programming endeavor involving three broadcast networks, a new digital television network, and numerous childrens entertainment producers. ... NBC Weather Plus is a 24-hour weather-oriented broadcast/cable television network jointly owned by NBC Universal and its broadcast affiliates. ... The Tube Music Network is a music video network carried on select digital television subchannels and digital cable systems. ... Create (sometimes branded as Create![citation needed]) is a digital television network in the United States, run as a joint venture by PBS and American Public Television. ... Religious broadcasting is broadcasting religious organizations, usually with a religious message. ... The Three Angels Broadcasting Network, or 3ABN for short, is a not-for-profit, 24-hour multimedia Christian ministry, an American television and radio network which primarily focuses on Christian programming. ... Logo Christian Television Network (CTN) is a minor broadcast television station that broadcasts religious programming. ... The Church Channel (TCC) is a Christian television network owned by Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN). ... The Cornerstone Television Network is a minor over-the-air television broadcast network in the United States. ... The Daystar Television Network is a small terrestrial and cable television network in the United States. ... EWTN - or The Eternal Word Television Network - is a television and radio operation that broadcasts Catholic religious programming, via satellite and shortwave radio. ... Faith TV is a Christian movie, documentary and biography channel featuring drama, comedy, action, and educational programs and feature films drawn from inspirational media libraries. ... FamilyNet is a television network based in Fort Worth, Texas. ... Gods Learning Channel (or GLC) is a Christian television network which is based in the Southwestern United States. ... // Golden Eagle Broadcasting Golden Eagle Brodacasting is a small digital satellite television network based out of Tulsa, Oklahoma which airs primarily Christian and family oriented programming. ... Seventh-day Adventist TV network. ... Network logo. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... World Harvest Television is an American religious television network with 40 affiliates. ... Smile of a Child TV offers quality Christian childrens programming 24 hours per day, seven days a week. ... The Trinity Broadcasting Network, or TBN, is the largest Christian (and largest religious) television network in the world. ... Tri-State Christian Television (TCT) is a Christian television network and owner of television stations, primarily in the Midwest. ... Total Living Network is a religious network in the United States. ... The Unity Broadcasting Network is an over-the-air religious television network seen in a handful of southern U.S. states. ... The Word Network is a small urban religious network in the United States. ... The Worship Network, or Worship, is a broadcast television service that provides alternative Christian worship-themed programming 24 hours a day, seven days a week. ... Telemundo is an American television network based in Hialeah, Florida. ... Univision (pronounced Univisión in Spanish; NYSE: UVN) is the largest Spanish-language television network in the United States, and overall, the fifth-largest American network (right behind Fox, ABC, NBC, and CBS); and is one of ten major mainstream/commercial broadcast networks in the United States, alongside NBC, CBS... Azteca América is an American Spanish language broadcasting network which is jointly-owned by the Mexican television network TV Azteca and Pappas Telecasting. ... The Hispanic Information Telecommunicaitons Network is a Spanish Language and English Language cable and satellite network, also broadcasting to a few over the air television stations. ... HTV is a Hispanic music video television network in the United States. ... LAT TV is a Spanish-language television network emphasizing family-oriented and educational programming. ... MTV Tr3́s (tres, Spanish for the number three) is an American cable, satellite and over-the-air network that prides itself as a bi-cultural entertainment destination. ... Multimedios Television is a system of two Spanish language television stations in Monterrey,Mexico. ... Telefutura is a Spanish-language television network owned by Univision with headquarters in Miami, Florida. ... Almavision is a U.S. television network broadcasting Christian programming in Spanish. ... Fe-TV is a Spanish-language broadcast television network providing Christian programming to the Hispanic community. ... La Familia Network, or LFN, is a Spanish-language, family-oriented television network based in Harlingen, Texas. ... TBN Enlace USA, also known as TBN Enlace or Enlace USA, is a Spanish-language cable television network providing Christian progamming to the Hispanic community. ... Shopping channels are television specialty channels that present shopping related content. ... Americas Store is a US shopping television network. ... Corner Store TV is a Shopping channel in the United States, similar to Home Shopping Network or Jewelry TV. The station has one affiliate confirmed. ... The Home Shopping Network (HSN) is a mostly 24-hour shopping network that is seen on cable, satellite, and some terrestrial channels in the United States. ... Jewelry Television is an American broadcast television network, similar to the Home Shopping Network. ... The Shop at Home Network, more commonly known as just Shop at Home, is a television network in the United States that has been owned by The E.W. Scripps Company since 2002. ... ShopNBC is an American broadcast and cable shopping network, owned by NBC Universal and based out of Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Gems TV is a British based shopping channel available on Sky Digital, NTL and Telewest (including a second channel Gems TV2 on Sky Digital). ... The DuMont Television Network was the worlds first commercial television network, beginning operation in the United States in 1946. ... The WB Television Network, casually referred to as The WB, the acronym for Warner Brothers, or sometimes as The Frog (referring to the networks former mascot, the animated character Michigan J. Frog), was a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... The color NET logo was incorporated into a model building at the beginning and end of Mister Rogers Neighborhood from 1969 to 1970. ... The Prime Time Entertainment Network (also known as PTEN) was a television network launched in 1993 by the Prime Time Consortium, a joint venture between Warner Bros. ...

See also: List of American over-the-air networks | Local American TV stations (W) | Local American TV stations (K) | Canadian networks | Local Canadian TV stations | Mexican networks | Local Mexican TV stations | Superstations | North American TV | List of local television stations in North America | Fox affiliate switches of 1994 | 2006 United States broadcast TV realignment // In the United States, for most of the history of broadcasting, there were only four major national broadcasting networks. ... This is a list of television stations in the United States having call signs beginning with the letter W. See also the list of TV stations beginning with K and the list of TV stations beginning with X. // North American call sign Categories: | | ... This is a list of full-power television stations in the United States having call signs beginning with the letter K. Most low-power TV stations, those with designations such as KAGN-LP or K11XQ, have not been included in this list. ... Categories: | ... This is a list of full-power television stations bordering the United States having call signs beginning with the letter X and run by Mexican companies or universities. ... Map of United States Designated Market Areas (DMAs). ... The Fox affiliate switches of 1994 constituted some of the most sweeping changes in American television history. ... Between January 24 and September 18, 2006, the United States broadcast television industry was realigned. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pbs Videos - Metacafe (260 words)
Bumpers for PBS Saturday Morning used for the 1979-80 season.
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