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Encyclopedia > Oxidizer

An oxidizing agent is a substance that oxidizes another substance in electrochemistry or redox chemical reactions in general. In doing so, the oxidizing agent, sometimes called an oxidizer, becomes reduced. Because the oxidizing agent receives electrons it is also known as an electron acceptor. Redox reactions include all chemical processes in which atoms have their oxidation number (oxidation state) changed. ... Electrochemistry is the science of the reactions that can take place at the interface of an electronic conductor (the electrode, which can be a metal or a semiconductor including graphite) and an ionic conductor (the electrolyte). ... Redox reactions include all chemical processes in which atoms have their oxidation number (oxidation state) changed. ... A chemical reaction is a process involving one, two, or more substances, such as compounds or atoms. ...


Common oxidizing agents

Definition The hypochlorite ion is ClO-. A hypochlorite (compound) is a compound containing this group, with chlorine in oxidation state +1. ... Commercial chlorine bleach In chemistry, to bleach something generally means to whiten it or oxidize it. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iodine, I, 53 Chemical series halogens Group, Period, Block 17, 5, p Appearance violet-dark gray, lustrous Atomic mass 126. ... This discusses some chlorine compounds. ... Definition The chlorate ion ClO3-. A chlorate (compound) is a compound that contains this group, with chlorine in oxidation state +5. ... Perchlorates are the salts of perchloric acid (HClO4). ... The permanganate ion is MnO4-. A permanganate is a compound that contains this group. ... General Name, Symbol, Number cerium, Ce, 58 Chemical series lanthanides Group, Period, Block ?, 6, f Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 140. ... In chemistry, chromic acid (or Jones reagent) is a chromium (Cr) compound, yet to be isolated, that would have the formula H2CrO4. ... A Sample of Ammonium Dichromate Chromates and Dichromates are salts of chromic acid and dichromic acid, respectively. ... Peroxide has three distinct meanings: // Colloquial meaning In common usage, peroxide is an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide (HOOH or H2O2) sold for use as a disinfectant or mild bleach. ... ... The mild oxidation of primary or secondary alcohols to aldehydes or ketones with a mixture of oxalyl chloride, dimethylsulfoxide and triethylamine is called the Swern oxidation. ... The Kornblum oxidation is a chemical reaction of a primary halide with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to form an aldehyde. ... Ozone (O3) is an allotrope of oxygen, the molecule consisting of three oxygen atoms instead of the more stable diatomic O2. ... The chemical compound osmium tetroxide (OsO4) is an oxide of the element osmium, in which it attains its highest oxidation number of 8. ... Pyridinium chlorochromate (also known as Pyridinium chloride), Molecular Formula: C5H6NClCrO3, a reddish orange solid reagent, is used to oxidize primary or secondary alcohols to aldehydes or ketones. ...

Common oxidizing agents and their products

Agent Product
O2 oxygen Various including oxides, H2O, or CO2
O3 ozone Various including ketones and aldehydes, see ozonolysis
F2 fluorine F
Cl2 chlorine Cl
Br2 bromine Br
I2 iodine I
ClO hypochlorite Cl
ClO3 chlorate Cl
HNO3 nitric acid NO nitric oxide, NO2 nitrogen dioxide
Hexavalent chromium Cr3+
MnO4 permanganate Mn2+ (acidic) or MnO2 (basic)
H2O2, other peroxides Various including oxides, H2O

There are many other oxidizing agents too numerous to list here. General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless Atomic mass 15. ... Ozone (O3) is an allotrope of oxygen, the molecule consisting of three oxygen atoms instead of the more stable diatomic O2. ... In ozonolysis ozone cleaves an alkene into carbonyl compounds. ... General Name, Symbol, Number fluorine, F, 9 Chemical series halogens Group, Period, Block 17, 2, p Appearance pale greenish-yellow gas Atomic mass 18. ... General Name, Symbol, Number chlorine, Cl, 17 Chemical series halogens Group, Period, Block 17, 3, p Appearance yellowish green Atomic mass 35. ... General Name, Symbol, Number bromine, Br, 35 Chemical series halogens Group, Period, Block 17, 4, p Appearance gas/liquid: red-brown solid: metallic luster Atomic mass 79. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iodine, I, 53 Chemical series halogens Group, Period, Block 17, 5, p Appearance violet-dark gray, lustrous Atomic mass 126. ... Definition The hypochlorite ion is ClO-. A hypochlorite (compound) is a compound containing this group, with chlorine in oxidation state +1. ... Definition The chlorate ion ClO3-. A chlorate (compound) is a compound that contains this group, with chlorine in oxidation state +5. ... Flash point not applicable R/S statement R: ? S: ? RTECS number  ? Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... The chemical compound nitric oxide is a gas with chemical formula NO. It is an important signaling molecule in the body of mammals including humans, one of the few gaseous signaling molecules known. ... The chemical compound nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a red or orange/brown gas with a characteristic sharp, biting odor. ... The permanganate ion is MnO4-. A permanganate is a compound that contains this group. ... Peroxide has three distinct meanings: // Colloquial meaning In common usage, peroxide is an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide (HOOH or H2O2) sold for use as a disinfectant or mild bleach. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Catalytic Oxidizer System List - Sterilization sterilizing sterilize (207 words)
This system is completely automatic, monitors and controls multiple sterilizers and provides additional level of safety and economy to the operation of the equipment and sterilization facility.
Fresh air is introduced into the oxidizer through prefilters, heat exchanger, and heaters.
Heat can be recovered via a heat exchanger to heat aeration rooms and further add to the economic operation of the sterilization facility.
Thermal Oxidizer | Catalytic Products offers Thermal Oxidizers and Oxidation Equipment for Air Pollution Control (648 words)
These harmless by-products are released to atmosphere or use an energy recovery technique to further lower the operational costs.
The introduction and continued use of the QUADRANT Thermal Oxidizer product group are proof of our commitment to developing innovative and effective air pollution control equipment.
As soon as the required operating temperature is reached, the TSS enables the process lines to feed into the oxidizer or holds the system in idle mode until production is ready.
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