FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Overtime (sports)

Overtime is an additional period of play specified under the rules of a sport in order to bring the game to a decision and avoid declaring the contest a tie or draw. Some sports refer to additional tie-breaking periods as extra time. To tie or draw is to finish a competition with identical or inconclusive results. ... Extra time is an additional period played at the end of some games of football (soccer) if the score is tied after the two standard periods (halves) of play. ...

Contents

Association football

Main article: Extra time

In association football (soccer) matches that require a clear winner (such as in elimination matches in the knockout stages of a tournament), if the score is tied at the end of the two standard playing periods (usually 45min), two periods of extra time (usually 15min) may be played. After this, if the score is still tied penalty shootouts may be used to declare who will proceed to the next stage. Extra time is an additional period played at the end of some games of football (soccer) if the score is tied after the two standard periods (halves) of play. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Penalty shootouts, officially named kicks from the penalty mark, are a method sometimes used to decide which team progresses to the next stage of a tournament (or wins the tournament) following a draw in a game of football. ...


American and Canadian football

In professional American football, if the score is tied after regulation time has concluded, an additional 15-minute period is played. The captains meet with the officials for a coin toss, and then one side kicks off to the other, as at the start of a game. The first side to score by any means wins (called in recent years a "walk-off"). In the regular season, if the overtime period is completed without either side scoring, the game ends in a tie. Because there can not be a tie in the playoffs, the teams switch ends of the field and start an additional 15-minute overtime period. The game is continued until one side scores. The NFL introduced overtime for the regular season in 1974, after doing so for the playoffs in 1941, and pre-season games in 1955. The Arena Football League uses a variant in which each team is guaranteed one possession. United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... A playoff in sports (North American professional sports in particular) is a game or series of games played after the regular season is over with the goal of determining a league champion, or a similar accolade. ... NFL redirects here. ... The 1974 NFL season was the 55th regular season of the National Football League. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ...


In college and high school football, as well as the Canadian Football League, an overtime procedure is used to determine the winner. This method is sometimes referred to as a "Kansas Playoff," due to its origins for high school football in that state. A brief summary of the rules: A college football game between Colorado State and Air Force. ... Note: The term football when used throughout this article refers exclusively to gridiron football. ... “CFL” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English[2] Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ...

  • A coin toss determines which side shall attempt to score first, and at which end zone the scores shall be attempted.
  • Each team in turn will receive one possession, starting with first-and-10 from a fixed point on the opponent's side of the field:
    • In college football, the possession begins at the opponent's 25-yard line.
    • In high school football, the ball begins at the 10-yard line, with the option for state high school associations to use different yardage (such as the 15, 20, or 25-yard line)
    • In the CFL, where a single point can be scored on a punt, the 35-yard line is used.
  • The game clock does not run during overtime; the play clock, however, is enforced.
  • A team's possession ends when it scores (touchdown or field goal), fails to gain a first down on fourth down, or loses the ball by turnover. As usual, a touchdown by the offense is followed by a try for one or two points. (In NCAA Football, teams must attempt a two-point conversion after a touchdown starting in the third overtime.)
  • In college football the defense may score on a play on which it gains possession by turnover. In high school football, the defense is generally not allowed to score if it gains possession, although the Oregon School Activities Association adopted the college rule experimentally in 2005.
  • Each team receives one charged time-out per overtime procedure (except in the CFL).
  • If the score remains tied at the end of the overtime procedure, an additional overtime procedure is played. The team with the second possession in one overtime procedure will have the first possession in the next overtime procedure.
  • In the CFL there is a limit of two overtime procedures in regular-season games (after which the game is a tie), but no limit in playoff games. In American college and high school football, the overtime procedures are continued until a winner is determined.

On two occasions, seven overtime procedures have been required in order to determine the winner of a college football game. In Canadian football, a single or single point is scored when the ball is kicked into the end zone by any legal means, other than a successful field goal, and the receiving team does not return the ball out of the end zone. ... For a landing Touchdown in aviation, see Touchdown (aviation) For the song by T.I. featuring Eminem, see Touchdown (song). ... A college football game between Colorado State and Air Force. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A college football game between Colorado State and Air Force. ... Note: The term football when used throughout this article refers exclusively to gridiron football. ... Made up of both public and private high schools, the ‘’’Oregon School Activities Association’’’ is a non-profit, board-governed organization that regulates equitable competition amongst its members. ...


On one occasion, just two plays were required to determine an overtime winner in a NCAA football game (a touchdown on the first possession and a turnover on the next). This occurred on September 27, 2003 when Georgia Tech defeated Vanderbilt 24-17. is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, is a public, coeducational research university, part of the University System of Georgia, and located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, with satellite campuses in Savannah, Georgia, Metz, France and Singapore. ... Vanderbilt University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in Nashville, Tennessee. ...


The minimum number of plays required for overtime in college is one (possible when the team on defense secures a turnover and returns it for a touchdown), however this has yet to occur.


Basketball

In basketball, if the score is tied at the end of regulation play, the teams play a five-minute overtime period (four minutes in high school). As at the start of the game, this period begins with a jump ball between two opponents. The entire overtime period is played (there is no sudden-death provision). All counts of personal fouls against players are carried over for the purpose of disqualifying players. If the score remains tied after an overtime period, an additional overtime period is played. This article is about the sport. ...


As many as seven overtime periods have been necessary to determine a winner in the National Basketball Association. [citation needed] “NBA” redirects here. ...


In exhibition games (non-competitive play), it is upon the discretion of the coaches and/or organizers if an overtime is to be played, especially if it is a non-tournament game (a one-off event).


Ice hockey

Main article: Overtime (hockey)

In ice hockey, if the score is tied at the end of regulation play, certain leagues play overtime. Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ...

  • NHL (regular season): If a game is tied after regulation time (three 20-minute periods), the teams play in a sudden death 5-minute overtime period, with a goaltender and four skaters per side (as opposed to the standard five). If nobody scores in the overtime period, the teams engage in a "shootout" where 3 skaters, selected by the head coaches on the teams, go one-on-one against the opposing goaltender, taking the puck at center ice for a "penalty shot." If the shootout remains tied after the initial 3 rounds, the shootout continues in a sudden-death fashion. The greatest number of shooters in a single shootout was 30 during a game between the New York Rangers and Washington Capitals. Rangers defensemen Marek Malik gave New York a 3-2 shootout and game victory on a trick move.

The 5-minute overtime period was introduced for regular season games beginning with the 1983-84 NHL season, but with teams at full strength on the ice. The "shootout" was introduced for the 2005-06 NHL regular season, which also changed the overtime period to four skaters per side. “NHL” redirects here. ... Sudden death (or a sudden death round) is a way of providing a winner for a contest or game (typically a sport) which would otherwise end in a tie. ... The New York Rangers are a professional ice hockey team based in New York, New York, U.S.A. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ... The Washington Capitals are a professional ice hockey team based in Washington, D.C.. They are members of the Southeast Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ... Marek Malík (born June 23, 1975 in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia, now Czech Republic) is an ice hockey defenceman, currently playing for the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL). ...

  • NHL (post-season): Following an intermission, an additional full 20-minute period is played. Teams remain at full strength unless this is affected by penalties during the third period. A goal ends the game in sudden death; if neither team scores, another intermission is taken, followed by an additional overtime period. The teams change ends of the ice for each period. This has made for lengthy games in the history of the NHL playoffs, with some games going as far as five or six overtimes before the deciding goal is scored.
  • NCAA (regular season): If a game is tied at the end of regulation, the teams play a sudden-death 5-minute overtime. Both teams play at full strength, unless affected by penalties. If neither team scores during overtime, the game ends in a tie.
  • NCAA (in-season tournaments): For tournaments held during the season (such as the Beanpot and Great Lakes Invitational), in which advancement or determination of a champion is necessary, organizers have the option of either using the post-season overtime procedure or using the regular-season procedure followed by a penalty shootout. Statistics from a shootout are not counted by the NCAA, and a game decided by a shootout is considered a tie for NCAA tournament selection purposes.
  • NCAA (post-season): Same as the NHL overtime procedure above, except that all overtimes are played with the teams defending the same ends as for the third period. Games decided in overtime are considered wins or losses rather than ties, regardless of how many overtimes are played.
  • International (round robin): As of the 2007 IIHF World Championships, the IIHF instituted the "three point rule", which not only awarded the winning team three points for a regulation win, but awarded them two points for a win in a 5 minute overtime period or a Game Winning Shot (shootout). Games in IIHF round robins can therefore no longer end in a tie. In the World Cup of Hockey in 2004, the NHL's tiebreaking procedure at the time was followed: there was a five-minute sudden death period at four skaters per side, and if the score remained tied after the overtime period, it stood as a tie. The game between Sweden and Finland ended in a 4-4 tie after 65 minutes.
  • International (medal rounds): Various tiebreaking procedures have been used for international tournaments, with all of them save one (World Cup of Hockey 2004) following a common theme: one period varying in length of sudden-death overtime followed by a shootout of five skaters per side (as opposed to the NHL's three skaters per side). The length of the overtime period has varied between 5, 10, and 20 minutes, and 5-on-5 and 4-on-4 formats have been used. The most recent format used was at the 2006 Olympics; there were 20 minutes of 5-on-5 followed by a shootout. All men's games ended in regulation during the medal rounds, while the women's semifinal between the United States and Sweden required a shootout to determine the winner. At the World Cup of Hockey in 2004, the NHL's postseason tiebreaking procedure was used. The only overtime game in the playoff round was the semifinal between the Czech Republic and Canada. Canada won 4-3 with a goal 2 minutes and 16 seconds into the first overtime period.

As many as six overtime periods have been necessary to determine a winner in the NHL. The Beanpot refers primarily to a college mens ice hockey tournament between four major college hockey schools of the Boston, Massachusetts area, held annually since the 1952-53 season. ... The Great Lakes Invitational is a four-team NCAA mens ice hockey tournament held annually at Joe Louis Arena in Detroit between Christmas and New Year as part of College Hockey at The Joe. ...


Handball

  • When a tie needs to be broken in handball, an overtime period of 2x5 minuites is played. If the teams are still tied after that, another overtime period of 2x5 minuites is played.
  • If the teams are still tied after the latter period, there takes place either a penalty shootout or a sudden death period, where the first team to score a goal wins the match, depending on the tournament.

Handball is the name of several different sports: Team handball, or Olympic/European Handball is a game somewhat similar to association football, but the ball is played with the hand, not the foot. ...

Longest games

This article is about the sport. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72, Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 19, 34, 42, 44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Other nicknames True Blue Brew Crew, The Brew Crew, The Crew, Beermakers Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970–2000) Sick... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... Class-Level Triple-A (1973-Present) Double-A (1970-1972) Minor League affiliations International League North Division Eastern League (1970-1972) Major League affiliation Boston Red Sox (1970-Present) Current uniform Name Pawtucket Red Sox (1970-Present) Ballpark McCoy Stadium (1970-Present) Minor League titles League titles 1973, 1984 Division... Class-Level Triple-A (1929-Present) Minor League affiliations International League North Division Major League affiliation Minnesota Twins (2003-Present) Baltimore Orioles (1961-2002) St. ... This article is about the sport. ... The National Basketball Association of the United States and Canada, commonly known as the NBA, is the premier professional basketball league in North America. ... The Indianapolis Olympians were a National Basketball Association team based in Indianapolis, Indiana. ... The Sacramento Kings are a National Basketball Association team based in Sacramento, California. ... College basketball most often refers to the American basketball competitive governance structure established by the National Collegiate Athletic Association, or NCAA. Game between Illinois State Redbirds & Ball State Cardinals, February 17, 2007 in an ESPN Bracketbuster contest. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The Los Angeles Express was a team in the United States Football League, an attempt to form a second major professional football league in the United States to compete with the established National Football League. ... Michigan Panthers were a professional American football team that played in the United States Football League in the mid 1980s. ... “USFL” redirects here. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach Cam Cameron Owner H. Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference... City Kansas City, Missouri Team colors Red, white and yellow Head Coach Herman Edwards Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt, chairman)[1] General manager Carl Peterson Mascot K.C. Wolf (1989-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League... A college football game between Colorado State and Air Force. ... Bethune-Cookman University or simply BCC (as it was formerly called) or BCU (as it is called as of Feb. ... Virginia State University is an historically black university located in Ettrick, Virginia (near Petersburg, in the Richmond area), and was founded on March 6, 1882. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... The Detroit Red Wings are a professional ice hockey team based in Detroit, Michigan. ... Montreal Maroons white logo Montreal Maroons dark logo The Montreal Maroons were a professional ice hockey team from Montreal, Quebec. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Overtime (sport) (709 words)
Overtime is an additional period of play specified under the rules of a sport in order to bring the game to a decision and avoid declaring the contest a tie or draw.
In Association football (soccer) matches that require a clear winner (such as in elimination matches in the knockout stages of a tournament), if the score is tied at the end of the two standard playing periods (usually 45min), two periods of extra time (usually 15min) may be played.
In college football, an overtime procedure is used to determine the winner.
Overtime | Topic Definition | Find the Meaning and Define the Answer of Overtime (465 words)
Overtime is the amount of time someone works beyond normal working hours; these may be determined in several ways, by custom (what is considered healthy or reasonable by society), by practices of a given trade or profession, by legislation, or by agreement between employers and workers or their representatives.
Overtime laws vary greatly from country to country, as do attitudes to overtime and hours of work in different economic sectors.
The overtime laws were overhauled by President George W. Bush and the Department of Labor, on August 23 2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m