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Encyclopedia > Overseas territory

A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the British Commonwealth and European Union. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, UK or, inaccurately, as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent parts. Three of these parts... United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper ( Great Britain lies between Ireland and continental Europe. Great Britain is an island lying off the northwestern coast of Europe, comprising the main territory of the United Kingdom (UK). Great Britain is also used as a political term describing the combination of England, Scotland, and Wales, the three countries which... Great Britain and Northern Ireland is an administrative region and one of four parts of the United Kingdom. It has a land border with the Republic of Ireland in the island of Ireland and is otherwise bounded by sea. It covers 14,139 square kilometres (5,459 square miles) in the north-east... Northern Ireland).


Overseas territories should be distinguished from Crown dependencies are possessions of the British Crown, as opposed to overseas territories or colonies. They include the Channel Islands of Jersey and Guernsey and the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea. None forms a part of the United Kingdom, being separate jurisdictions, nor do they form part of... crown dependencies (the Alternative meaning: Channel Islands of California The Channel Islands are a group of islands off the coast of Normandy, France, in the English Channel. They comprise two separate Guernsey and the Bailiwick of Jersey. History Major articles: History of Jersey, History of Guernsey The Islands were annexed to the Duchy... Channel Islands and the See also the Isle of Mam. For the Isle of Man Cat, see Manx The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin in Manx), a British crown dependency, lies in the Irish Sea almost equidistant from England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It has an area of 572 km² (221 square miles... Isle of Man, which have a different constitutional relationship with the United Kingdom), and Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell See The Protectorate. 19th Century revival of term The British revived the term after 1815, in ordering and validating their de facto occupation of Corfu and the seven Ionian islands during the last days of Napoleonic hegemony. The islands were constituted by the Treaty of Paris... protectorates (which were not formally under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom). They should also not be confused with A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the 16 sovereign states that recognize Queen Elizabeth II as their Queen and head of state. In each state she acts as the monarch of that state and is titled accordingly. For example, in Australia she is known as Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth... Commonwealth realms, which are independent states sharing the same sovereign as the United Kingdom.


At one time, most crown colonies were directly administered by officials appointed by the British government. Today, however most overseas territories are A self-governing colony is a colony with an elected legislature, in which politicians are able to make most decisions without reference to the colonial power with formal or nominal control of the colony. In almost all cases self-governing colonies have responsible government. The term is most often used... self-governing colonies, only relying on Britain for defence, foreign affairs, and some trade issues.


Overseas territories have never been considered integral parts of the United Kingdom, and have never had representation in the The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). At its head is the Sovereign; it also includes an Upper House, called the House of Lords, and a Lower... British Parliament, on the grounds that they are separate jurisdictions. This is in contrast to other European countries, such as The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France, Denmark (disambiguation). The Kingdom of Denmark is geographically the smallest Nordic country and is part of the European Union. It is located in Scandinavia, which is in northern Europe. Denmark borders the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, and consists of a peninsula attached to Northern Germany named Jutland (Jylland... Denmark, and the The Netherlands ( Dutch: Nederland) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands ( Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden). The Netherlands is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the... Netherlands, whose dependencies have varying degrees of integration with their so-called 'mother countries'. Only in Overview of Maltese History Malta has been inhabited since around 5200 BC and a significant pre-historic civilisation existed on the islands prior to the arrival of the Phoenicians who named the main island Malat, meaning safe haven. The islands later came under the control of first Carthage (400 BC... Malta was integration ever seriously considered by the British Government, in 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday. Events January-April January 2 - Panama president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated. January 19 - The Scrabble board game debuts. February 8 - Nikolai Bulganin ousts Georgi Malenkov February 13 - Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls. February 23 - First meeting of... 1955, but this was later abandoned, while in Gibraltar (disambiguation). Motto: Nulli Expugnabilis Hosti ( Latin: Conquered By No Enemy) Languages English ( official), an English-influenced Spanish dialect called Llanito is also spoken Capital (Gibraltar) Coordinates 36°07′ N 5°21′ W Governor and Commander-in-Chief Sir Francis Richards Chief Minister Peter... Gibraltar it was rejected in 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 12 - UN Security Council votes 11-1 to admit the Palestinian Liberation Organization January 15 - Would-be Gerald Ford presidential assassin Sara Jane Moore is sentenced to life in prison January 16... 1976.


Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... Queen Elizabeth II is A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... head of state in the overseas territories in her role as Queen of the United Kingdom, not in right of each territory. This contrasts with independent realms of the Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of independent sovereign states, most of which were once governed by the United Kingdom and are its former colonies. It was formerly known as the British Commonwealth (or British Commonwealth of Nations), and many still call... Commonwealth of Nations, such as Canada or Australia, where the Queen has a separate and distinct role in each realm as "Queen of Canada" or "Queen of Australia".


Each territory has a A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. Most countries in the world have some sort of official known as a governor, though in some countries, the heads of the states, provinces and regions may have a different title... Governor (formally appointed by the Queen), who acts as a representative of the The agencies responsible for the government of the United Kingdom consist of a number of ministerial departments (usually headed by a Secretary of State) and non-ministerial departments headed by senior civil servants. Departments of the United Kingdom Government Ministerial Departments Cabinet Office (CO) [1] Her Majestys Stationery Office... UK government. Unlike Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. The title has been, and is still used... Governors-General in Commonwealth realms, the Governor may have real power, and is in charge of the territory's internal security matters, as well as acting as a delegate between the territory and the British government. He possesses the power to dissolve the legislature and must give all laws his personal The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which a Sovereign or the Sovereigns representative in the United Kingdom and in Commonwealth Realms completes the process of the enactment of legislation by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. While the power to withhold Royal Assent was... assent. Depending on the stage of the colony's evolution (see Stages of colonial evolution) these may be only exercised in a A figurehead is a person, usually in a political role, who may hold an important title or office yet executes little actual power. Common figureheads include constitutional monarchs, such as the Emperor of Japan, or presidents in parliamentary democracies, such as the President of Israel. While the authority of a... symbolic capacity. The Governor is usually from the United Kingdom.


UK government policy on overseas territories is set out in the 1999 White Paper Partnership for Progress and Prosperity: Britain and the Overseas Territories (http://www.fco.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1018028164839).


Over the years, colonial governments have evolved in stages, with the intent being eventual independence from Britain. Colonies with tiny populations rarely evolve beyond stage one.

Contents

Stages of colonial evolution

  1. In the first stage, there is no elected A government is an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws for a certain territory. There are several definitions on what exactly constitutes a government. In its broadest sense, govern means the power to administrate, whether over an area of land, a set group of people, or... government of any sort. A governor, administrator or commissioner and his advisors run the affairs of the colony single-handedly.
  2. In the second stage, a small elected Chamber of the Estates-General, the Dutch legislature. A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. Legislatures are known by many names, including: parliament, congress, diet and national assembly. In parliamentary systems of government, the legislature is formally supreme and appoints the executive. In presidential... legislature, usually called the legislative council, is founded. From the legislature, the governor appoints an executive council, chaired by himself. The highest ranking bureaucrat is known as the the term General Secretary (alternatively First Secretary) denotes a leader of various unions, parties or associations. The most notable usages are the following. The official title of the de-facto leader of the Soviet Union was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Joseph Stalin is... chief secretary.
  3. In the third stage the legislature becomes larger, and A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. In party-list proportional representation, parties (and sometimes multi-party cartels) can play a functional role in the voting system. Individuals who are members of political parties defend the partys values... political parties usually begin to appear. The Alternate meanings in cabinet (disambiguation) A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. It can also sometimes be referred to as the Council of Ministers or the Executive Council. In some countries, particularly those with parliamentary systems, the cabinet collectively decides the... cabinet is led by a A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. The title is also used in the Crown Dependency of the Isle of Man. In the other Crown Dependencies in the Channel Islands, the office of Chief Minister was introduced in... Chief Minister, who is the leader of the majority party in Alternative meanings: Parliamentary system, Parliament (band), Parliament (cigarette). A parliament is a legislative body, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system derived from that of the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the French parlement , the action of parler (to speak) ... parliament. The governor's powers are weakened, and deal mostly with foreign affairs and economic issues, while the elected government controls most "domestic" concerns.
  4. In the fourth stage the Chief Minister becomes known as the A premier is an executive official of government. In many nations the term premier is used interchangeably with the title of prime minister. For example, the Italian Premier or the Japanese Premier. In the Peoples Republic of China it is used somewhat more commonly but still interchangeably with Prime... Premier, and by this time virtually all executive authority has been delegated from the governor. At this stage or possibly the third stage, such a state may be described as a A self-governing colony is a colony with an elected legislature, in which politicians are able to make most decisions without reference to the colonial power with formal or nominal control of the colony. In almost all cases self-governing colonies have responsible government. The term is most often used... self-governing colony. The colony may be given ' An associated state is a territory that effectively has independence, but chooses to have constitutional links with another, larger, country that handles its external affairs, unless it decides to seek full independence. This is also known as free association. Examples Examples of this include the relationship of the Cook Islands... Associated Statehood', as in the case of Antigua and Barbuda is an island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.  Antigua and Barbuda are part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago with the island of Guadeloupe to the south, Montserrat to the southwest, Saint Kitts and Nevis to the west... Antigua and Barbuda, The Commonwealth of Dominica is a borderless country in the Caribbean, a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth. Unlike other former British colonies in the region, Dominica was never a Commonwealth realm with the British monarch as head of state, as it instead became a republic on independence. The name is... Dominica, Grenada is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea including the southern Grenadines, is the second smallest independent country in the Western Hemisphere (after Saint Kitts and Nevis). It is located in the southeastern part of the sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago, and south of Saint Vincent and the... Grenada, This article is about the country in the Caribbean; for the Catholic saint, see Saint Lucy Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north of the islands of Saint Vincent and... Saint Lucia, Saint Kitts and Nevis is an island nation in the Caribbean. National motto: Country Above Self Official language English Capital Basseterre Queen Elizabeth II Governor General Sir Cuthbert Sebastian Prime Minister Dr. Denzil Douglas Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 186th 261 km² Negligible Population  - Total  - Density Ranked... Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Saint Vincent is an island in the Caribbean, part of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. It is located in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago. It was disputed territory between France and the United Kingdom in the 18th century, but was ceded to the UK in 1783. It... Saint Vincent, before they were granted full independence.
  5. The final stage is complete Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region or group of people, such as a nation or a tribe. Sovereignty is generally vested in a government or other political agency, though there are cases where it is held by an individual. A monarch who rules... sovereignty and independence from Britain. The Premier becomes the Alternative meaning: Prime Minister (band) A prime minister is the leading member of the cabinet of the top level government in a parliamentary system of government of a country, alternatively A prime minister is an official in a presidential system or semi-presidential system whose duty is to execute the... Prime Minister, and the Governor becomes a Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. The title has been, and is still used... Governor General. The new nation only maintains superficial ties to Britain as a A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the 16 sovereign states that recognize Queen Elizabeth II as their Queen and head of state. In each state she acts as the monarch of that state and is titled accordingly. For example, in Australia she is known as Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth... Commonwealth Realm, with the British monarch as head of state and (in some cases) the This article concerns the British Sovereigns Privy Council. See also Privy Council (disambiguation). Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. Formerly, the Council was a powerful institution, but is now largely ceremonial. Most of its power is held by one... Privy Council as the highest court of appeal. Alternatively, a Commonwealth country may become a In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people that dont found their power status on any principle beyond the control of the people living in that state or country. This definition encompasses most of the specific definitions that are (or were... republic upon independence, as did Cyprus (in Greek Kypros Κύπρος and in Turkish Kıbrıs) is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, 113 kilometres (70 miles) south of Turkey and around 120 km west of the Syrian coast. National motto: None National anthem: Ύμν... Cyprus, Zambia is a republic in south central Africa. It borders the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, and Angola. Zambias capital and largest city is Lusaka. National motto: One Zambia, One Nation Official languages English Capital Lusaka 15° 00′ S, 30° 00... Zambia, the The Republic of Seychelles (Creole: Repiblik Sesel) is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, some 1,600 km east of mainland Africa, northeast of the island of Madagascar. Other nearby island countries and territories include Mauritius and Réunion to the south, Comoros to the southwest, and the Maldives... Seychelles and The Republic of Zimbabwe is a country located in the southern part of the continent of Africa, between the Victoria Falls, Zambezi river, Kariba Dam and Limpopo river. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the west, Zambia to the north and Mozambique to the east... Zimbabwe, or have its own For related meanings see also Monarch (disambiguation) A monarchy, (from the Greek monos, one, and archein, to rule) is a form of government that has a monarch as Head of State. The distinguishing characteristic of monarchies is that the Head of State holds his office for life, unlike in republics... monarchy, like Malaya (now part of The Federation of Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. It consists of two geographical regions divided by the South China Sea: West Malaysia, commonly known as Peninsular Malaysia/Malay Peninsula, shares a land frontier on the north with Thailand and is connected by a causeway and a bridge on... Malaysia).

Most other countries have become republics after independence, as a sort of sixth step, in which A constitutional amendment is an alteration to the constitution of a nation or a state. In jurisdictions with entrenched constitutions this requires a special procedure different from that used for enacting ordinary laws. Flexible constitutions A flexible constitution is one that may be amended by a simple act of the... constitutional amendments are passed removing the British monarch as Head of State. The Republic of India is the second most populous country in the world, with a population of more than one billion, and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. India has grown significantly, both in population and in strategic importance in the last two decades. The Indian economy is... India was the first country to become a republic while remaining in the Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of independent sovereign states, most of which were once governed by the United Kingdom and are its former colonies. It was formerly known as the British Commonwealth (or British Commonwealth of Nations), and many still call... Commonwealth, recognising the British monarch as "Head of the Commonwealth". This set a precedent for most other former British colonies, which have since become republics within the Commonwealth.


Current overseas territories

Stage Four: This article is about the island of Bermuda. See Bermuda sloop and Bermuda rig for the associated sailing terms. Bermuda is a self-governing island United Kingdom, situated in the Atlantic Ocean. It has become one of the worlds most important offshore financial centres. See Economy of Bermuda. Bermuda... Bermuda,
Stage Three: Alternative meaning: Anguilla is a genus of freshwater eel (sole genus in the family Anguillidae). National motto: Each Endeavouring, All Achieving Official language English Political status Non-sovereign, Overseas territory of the U.K Capital The Valley Governor Alan Huckle Chief Minister Osbourne Fleming Area  - Total  - % water Ranked... Anguilla, The British Virgin Islands are a group of islands located in the northeast Caribbean. They include Tortola, Virgin Gorda, Anegada, Jost Van Dyke, Peter Island, Salt Island, Beef Island, Cooper Island, Ginger Island, Norman Island, and many other small islands all clustered around Sir Francis Drake Channel. They are an... British Virgin Islands, National motto: He hath founded it upon the seas Official language English Capital George Town Capitals coordinates Largest city Governor Bruce Dinwiddy Leader of Govt Business McKeeva Bush Political system Constitutional monarchy Area  - Total   - % water Ranked 221th 260 km 1.6% Population   - Total (2002)  ... Cayman Islands, National motto: Each Endeavouring, All Achieving Official language English Political status Non-sovereign, Overseas territory of the U.K Capital Plymouth (now uninhabited) Governor Deborah Barnes Jones Chief Minister John Osborne Area   - Total   - % water Ranked n/a 91 km² Negligible Population   - Total (2003)   - Density Ranked n... Montserrat, Gibraltar (disambiguation). Motto: Nulli Expugnabilis Hosti ( Latin: Conquered By No Enemy) Languages English ( official), an English-influenced Spanish dialect called Llanito is also spoken Capital (Gibraltar) Coordinates 36°07′ N 5°21′ W Governor and Commander-in-Chief Sir Francis Richards Chief Minister Peter... Gibraltar, The Turks and Caicos Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom consisting of two groups of tropical islands in the Caribbean, southeast of the Bahamas, at 21°45N, 71°35W. The thirty islands total 166 sq. mi. (430 km²), primarily of low, flat limestone with extensive... Turks and Caicos Islands
Stage Two: The Falkland Islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic consisting of two main islands known as East Falkland and West Falkland and a number of smaller islands. The capital Port Stanley is on East Falkland. Sovereignty of the islands is also claimed by Argentina... Falkland Islands, For alternate uses, see Saint Helena (disambiguation). This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Saint Helena refers to both an island in the South Atlantic Ocean 2,800 km off the west coast of Africa belonging to the United Kingdom... Saint Helena, National motto: ? Official language English (Pitcairnese also spoken) Capital Adamstown Governor Richard Fell Mayor Jay Warren (elected on December 15 2004) Area  - Total  - % water 47 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2003)  - Density 48 1/km² Dependent area of United Kingdom Currency New Zealand dollar Time zone... Pitcairn Islands
Stage One: National motto: In tutela nostra Limuria (Limuria is in our charge) Official language English Capital Diego Garcia Largest city Diego Garcia Island Commissioner Tony Crombie Administrator Charles A. Hamilton Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 78 (United Kingdom) 60 km² 0 Population  - Total  - Density uninhabited N/Akm² GDP... British Indian Ocean Territory, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, also claimed by Argentina. They are administered from the Falkland Islands by UK civil commissioner Howard Pearce, representing Queen Elizabeth II. Defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom. Since 1982, the territory celebrates Liberation... South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, British claim to land and islands in Antarctica, and is the oldest territorial claim on the continent. It includes Graham Land at the end of the Antarctic Peninsula, the South Shetland Islands, and the South Orkney Islands. The territory has no permanent inhabitants, but there may be up to 200_odd... British Antarctic Territory

In addition there are the Map of Akrotiri (Western) SBA Akrotiri (also known as the Western Sovereign Base Area or WSBA) and Dhekelia (also known as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area or ESBA) are UK Sovereign Base Areas (SBAs) in Cyprus, a former British Crown Colony. Akrotiri is located in the south of the island... Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia in Cyprus.


Alphabetically:

  • Map of Akrotiri (Western) SBA Akrotiri (also known as the Western Sovereign Base Area or WSBA) and Dhekelia (also known as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area or ESBA) are UK Sovereign Base Areas (SBAs) in Cyprus, a former British Crown Colony. Akrotiri is located in the south of the island... Akrotiri and Dhekelia
  • Alternative meaning: Anguilla is a genus of freshwater eel (sole genus in the family Anguillidae). National motto: Each Endeavouring, All Achieving Official language English Political status Non-sovereign, Overseas territory of the U.K Capital The Valley Governor Alan Huckle Chief Minister Osbourne Fleming Area  - Total  - % water Ranked... Anguilla
  • This article is about the island of Bermuda. See Bermuda sloop and Bermuda rig for the associated sailing terms. Bermuda is a self-governing island United Kingdom, situated in the Atlantic Ocean. It has become one of the worlds most important offshore financial centres. See Economy of Bermuda. Bermuda... Bermuda
  • British claim to land and islands in Antarctica, and is the oldest territorial claim on the continent. It includes Graham Land at the end of the Antarctic Peninsula, the South Shetland Islands, and the South Orkney Islands. The territory has no permanent inhabitants, but there may be up to 200_odd... British Antarctic Territory
  • National motto: In tutela nostra Limuria (Limuria is in our charge) Official language English Capital Diego Garcia Largest city Diego Garcia Island Commissioner Tony Crombie Administrator Charles A. Hamilton Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 78 (United Kingdom) 60 km² 0 Population  - Total  - Density uninhabited N/Akm² GDP... British Indian Ocean Territory
  • The British Virgin Islands are a group of islands located in the northeast Caribbean. They include Tortola, Virgin Gorda, Anegada, Jost Van Dyke, Peter Island, Salt Island, Beef Island, Cooper Island, Ginger Island, Norman Island, and many other small islands all clustered around Sir Francis Drake Channel. They are an... British Virgin Islands
  • National motto: He hath founded it upon the seas Official language English Capital George Town Capitals coordinates Largest city Governor Bruce Dinwiddy Leader of Govt Business McKeeva Bush Political system Constitutional monarchy Area  - Total   - % water Ranked 221th 260 km 1.6% Population   - Total (2002)  ... Cayman Islands
  • The Falkland Islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic consisting of two main islands known as East Falkland and West Falkland and a number of smaller islands. The capital Port Stanley is on East Falkland. Sovereignty of the islands is also claimed by Argentina... Falkland Islands
  • Gibraltar (disambiguation). Motto: Nulli Expugnabilis Hosti ( Latin: Conquered By No Enemy) Languages English ( official), an English-influenced Spanish dialect called Llanito is also spoken Capital (Gibraltar) Coordinates 36°07′ N 5°21′ W Governor and Commander-in-Chief Sir Francis Richards Chief Minister Peter... Gibraltar
  • National motto: Each Endeavouring, All Achieving Official language English Political status Non-sovereign, Overseas territory of the U.K Capital Plymouth (now uninhabited) Governor Deborah Barnes Jones Chief Minister John Osborne Area   - Total   - % water Ranked n/a 91 km² Negligible Population   - Total (2003)   - Density Ranked n... Montserrat
  • National motto: ? Official language English (Pitcairnese also spoken) Capital Adamstown Governor Richard Fell Mayor Jay Warren (elected on December 15 2004) Area  - Total  - % water 47 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2003)  - Density 48 1/km² Dependent area of United Kingdom Currency New Zealand dollar Time zone... Pitcairn Islands
  • For alternate uses, see Saint Helena (disambiguation). This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Saint Helena refers to both an island in the South Atlantic Ocean 2,800 km off the west coast of Africa belonging to the United Kingdom... Saint Helena
    • Ascension Island is an island in the South Atlantic Ocean, and one of a number of hotspot oceanic islands in the South Atlantic (which include the sister islands of Saint Helena and Tristan da Cunha. The capital is Georgetown. The island became a dependency of Saint Helena in 1922 after... Ascension Island
    • Tristan da Cunha is a remote island in the south Atlantic Ocean, at latitude 37°S, longitude 12°W. It is a dependency of St. Helena (United Kingdom), from which it is 2,000 km distant. In 1961, a volcanic eruption on the island resulted in the bulk of the... Tristan da Cunha
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, also claimed by Argentina. They are administered from the Falkland Islands by UK civil commissioner Howard Pearce, representing Queen Elizabeth II. Defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom. Since 1982, the territory celebrates Liberation... South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  • The Turks and Caicos Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom consisting of two groups of tropical islands in the Caribbean, southeast of the Bahamas, at 21°45N, 71°35W. The thirty islands total 166 sq. mi. (430 km²), primarily of low, flat limestone with extensive... Turks and Caicos Islands

Former crown colonies

For a list of countries which were formerly crown colonies, or which include former crown colonies, see Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of independent sovereign states, most of which were once governed by the United Kingdom and are its former colonies. It was formerly known as the British Commonwealth (or British Commonwealth of Nations), and many still call... Commonwealth of Nations. Note that many Commonwealth countries were Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell See The Protectorate. 19th Century revival of term The British revived the term after 1815, in ordering and validating their de facto occupation of Corfu and the seven Ionian islands during the last days of Napoleonic hegemony. The islands were constituted by the Treaty of Paris... protectorates rather than colonies, such as The Sultanate of Brunei, more commonly referred to as Brunei Darussalam or simply Brunei, is an oil-rich country located on the island of Borneo, in southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, it is completely surrounded by Malaysia. Brunei is one of the members of... Brunei. Some members were previously administered by other Commonwealth countries, such as The Independent State of Samoa (conventional long form) or Samoa (conventional short form) is a country comprising a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean. Previous names are Western Samoa from 1914 to 1997 and German Samoa from 1900 to 1914. National motto: Samoa is founded on God Official... Samoa (by For alternative meanings, see New Zealand (disambiguation). New Zealand is a country formed of two major islands and a number of Pacific Ocean. A common Māori name for New Zealand is Aotearoa, popularly translated as Land of the Long White Cloud. New Zealand also maintains responsibility for the... New Zealand), Papua New Guinea is a country in Oceania, occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea (the other half is the Papua province of Indonesia). It is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, north of Australia, and west of the Solomon Islands. National motto: Official languages English... Papua New Guinea (by Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only one to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/ Oceania. It also includes a number of secondary islands, the largest of which is Tasmania, an Australian State. Australia is... Australia) and The Republic of Namibia is a country in southwest Africa, on the Atlantic coast. It is bordered by Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east, and South Africa to the south. It gained independence from South Africa in 1990, and as such it is one of the... Namibia (by The Republic of South Africa (pronunciation) is a large republic in Southern Africa. It is located at the southern tip of the continent, and borders Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Swaziland. The small nation of Lesotho is entirely contained within South African territory. Its economy is the largest and most... South Africa), while Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries and the Commonwealth of Nations. Its capital and largest city is Maputo, located in the southern edge of the country. National motto: n... Mozambique was formerly a The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic... Portuguese colony.


Colonies that did not join the Commonwealth are The Union of Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. The country has been ruled by a military government since a coup in 1988. The country is a developing nation. It has a population of approximately forty-two million (July 2003 est.). National motto: none Official... Burma, Aden is a city in Yemen. It is a natural port, built on an old volcanic site and first used by the ancient Kingdom of Awsan between the 5th and 7th centuries BC. Aden consists of a number of small towns: the port city, the industrial city known as Little... Aden (now part of The Republic of Yemen is a country in the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, and is a part of the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia. National motto: none Official language Arabic Capital Sanaa President Ali Abdullah Saleh... Yemen), and the original thirteen For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). The United States of America, also referred to as the United States, U.S.A., U.S., US, America¹, or the States, is a federal republic of fifty states, mostly in central North America. The U.S. has three land... United States of America. The Republic of Zimbabwe is a country located in the southern part of the continent of Africa, between the Victoria Falls, Zambezi river, Kariba Dam and Limpopo river. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the west, Zambia to the north and Mozambique to the east... Zimbabwe, a former crown colony, was formerly a member of the Commonwealth but has since left.


There has been one case in which a former colony was not granted independence, but rather, its sovereignty was transferred to another country: Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. (The other one is Macau.) Administratively, the name Hong Kong... Hong Kong. It was handed over to the The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) comprises most of the cultural, historic, and geographic area known as China. Since its founding in 1949, it has been led by the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is the worlds most populous country, with a population of over 1.3... People's Republic of China on July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1097 - Battle of Dorylaeum Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Turkish army under Qilich Arslan I. 1690 - Battle of the Boyne as reckoned under Julian... 1 July 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. Events January January 3 - NBCs Today Show Bryant Gumbel signs off for the last time January 8 - Mister Rogers receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame... 1997 by the The Sino-British Joint Declaration on the Question of Hong Kong (The Joint Declaration), was signed by the Prime Ministers of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and the United Kingdom (UK) governments on December 19, 1984 in Beijing. The Declaration entered into force with the exchange of instruments... Sino-British Joint Declaration.


Singapore was also previously a British crown colony.


See also

  • The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 is an Act of Parliament passed in the United Kingdom in 2002. It makes provision for the renaming of the British Dependent Territories to the British Overseas Territories, and the renaming of the associated citizenship. It further grants British citizenship to anyone holding British... British Overseas Territories Act 2002
  • The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. The British Empire was the worlds first global power; by 1921, it held sway over a population of 400–500 million people — roughly a quarter of the worlds population... British Empire
  • Crown dependencies are possessions of the British Crown, as opposed to overseas territories or colonies. They include the Channel Islands of Jersey and Guernsey and the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea. None forms a part of the United Kingdom, being separate jurisdictions, nor do they form part of... Crown dependency
  • A self-governing colony is a colony with an elected legislature, in which politicians are able to make most decisions without reference to the colonial power with formal or nominal control of the colony. In almost all cases self-governing colonies have responsible government. The term is most often used... Self-governing colony
  • This is a page about Dominions of the British Empire/Commonwealth. For other meanings, please see Dominion (disambiguation). A Dominion is a wholly self-governing or virtually self-governing state of the British Empire or British Commonwealth, particularly one which reached that stage of constitutional development in the late 19th... Dominion

  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: British overseas territory (1011 words)
A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland).
Overseas territories should be distinguished from crown dependencies (the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, which have a different constitutional relationship with the United Kingdom), and protectorates (which were not formally under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom).
Overseas territories have never been considered integral parts of the United Kingdom, and have never had representation in the British Parliament, on the grounds that they are separate jurisdictions.
British Overseas Territories Act 2002 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (191 words)
It further grants, from 21 May 2002, British citizenship to anyone holding British Overseas Territories citizenship on that date (with the exception of those solely connected with the Cyprus Sovereign Base Areas), whereas this was only available to people from Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands.
Those acquiring British overseas territories citizenship after 21 May 2002 may usually be registered as British citizens under s4A of the 1981 Act.
While citizens of all the Overseas Territories now have the right of abode in the UK, this is not reciprocal, as UK citizens visiting Overseas Territories are subject to local immigration controls, and require residence or work permits.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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