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Encyclopedia > Overseas Filipino Workers

An Overseas Filipino Worker (often abbreviated OFW) is a term for a Filipino who is employed in work outside the Philippines. Some eight million Filipinos, out of a population of 84 million, have left the country to seek work abroad, attracted by jobs with salaries that far exceed those of jobs available in the Philippines. These jobs often include nursing, technology, fishing and teaching. Money sent by OFWs back to the Philippines is a major factor in the country's economy, amounting to more than US$10 billion in 2005. [1] This makes the country the fifth largest recipient behind India, China, Mexico, and France. The amount represents 13.5% of the country's GDP, the largest in proportion to the domestic economy among the five countries. [2]

However, the exodus of workers from the country includes an increasing number of skilled workers taking on unskilled work overseas, resulting in serious brain drain, particularly in the health and education sectors. Also, the exodus can result in underemployment, especially in cases where doctors undergo retraining to become nurses. A brain drain or human capital flight is an emigration of trained and talented individuals (human capital) for other nations or jurisdictions, due to conflict or lack of opportunity or health hazards where they are living. ... In economics, the term underemployment has at least three different meanings. ...

See also

Peoples of the Philippines The Philippine Flag
Ilokano | Pangasinense | Kapampangan | Tagalog | Bicolano | Bisaya

Moro | Mountainfolk | Chinese | Hispanic | Filipinos Abroad | Minorities The agricultural industry of the Philippines is one of the fastest growing economies in South East Asia. ... There are on average around 140,000 Filipinos in Hong Kong, of whom most are domestic helpers (30,000 of them being members of the Filipino Migrant Workers Union). ... An Overseas Filipino is a person of Philippine origin who lives and works outside the Philippines. ... The Filipinos or the Filipino people are the native inhabitants and citizens of the Republic of the Philippines located in Southeast Asia. ... Image File history File links Large flag of the Philippines. ... As of July 1, 2005, the population of the Philippines is estimated to be 87,857,473. ... The Pangasinense people are the eighth largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Kapampangan, also called Pampangan, are a people of the Philippines. ... The Tagalogs are the largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Bicolanos are the fifth largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Bisaya people or Visayans are a group of people of Malay ancestry who originate from the central and southern regions of the Philippines. ... The Philippine territory was under Islamic rule when the Spaniards arrived and colonized it. ... Sambal Cordillerano Palawano Lumad Negrito Tasaday ... Hispanic culture in the Philippines mestiso Spaniards in the Philippines Tornatras Zobel de Ayalas ... Filipino Americans Filipinos in Hong Kong Filipino Canadians Filipino-Australian Overseas Filipino Workers Overseas Filipino ... Americans South Asians Indonesians Koreans Japanese Arabs Europeans Jews ...



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