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Encyclopedia > Ouzo
A small souvenir bottle of ouzo
A small souvenir bottle of ouzo

Ouzo (ούζο) is a Greek anise-flavored liqueur that is widely consumed in Greece. The name dates back to the late 19th century, but is of uncertain origin (however, see Ouzo name below). It is similar to French pastis, or Italian Anice and Turkish rakı, but a little sweeter and smoother, and can be drunk either "straight" or, less often, mixed with water. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Pimpinella species, but the name anise is frequently applied to Fennel. ... Bottles of strawberry liqueur A liqueur is a sweet alcoholic beverage, often flavoured with fruits, herbs, spices, flowers, seeds, roots, plants, barks, and sometimes cream. ... A glass of diluted pastis French pastis Pastis is an anise-flavored liqueur and apéritif from France, typically containing 40-45% alcohol by volume, although there exist alcohol-free varieties. ... Rakı becomes cloudy white when mixed with water. ...


A related drink is Tsipouro. Tsipouro (Greek: Τσίπουρο) is a distilled alcoholic beverage, more precisely a pomace brandy, from Greece and in particular Thessaly, Epirus, Macedonia, and the island of Crete, where the same spirit with a stronger aroma is known as tsikoudia. ...

Contents

History

The history of ouzo is somewhat murky, but some claim it may date back in one form or another to ancient times. Its precursor is tsipouro (known by some Easterners as raki), a drink distilled throughout the Byzantine [1] and continued into Ottoman Empires after the fall of the Byzantine Empire. Tsipouro (Greek: Τσίπουρο) is a distilled alcoholic beverage, more precisely a pomace brandy, from Greece and in particular Thessaly, Epirus, Macedonia, and the island of Crete, where the same spirit with a stronger aroma is known as tsikoudia. ... Rakı becomes cloudy white when mixed with water. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI...


Modern ouzo distillation largely took off in the 19th century following Greek independence, with much production centered on the island of Lesbos, which claims to be the originator of the drink and remains a major producer. When absinthe fell into disfavour in the early 20th century ouzo is one of the products whose popularity may have gained (it was once called "a substitute for absinthe without the wormwood".)[1] In 1932, ouzo producers developed the method of distillation using copper stills, which is now considered the canonically proper method of production. One of the largest producers of ouzo today is Varvayiannis (Βαρβαγιάννης), located in the town of Plomari in the southeast portion of the island, while in the same town pitsiladi (Πιτσιλαδή), a variety of high quality ouzo, is also distilled. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lesbos, shown off the coast of the Anatolian peninsula (Asiatic Turkey), northwest of Ä°zmir. ... A reservoir glass filled with a naturally colored verte next to an absinthe spoon. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Plomari (Πλωμάρι) is the only sizable coastal settlement in the south, and indeed the second largest town on Lesbos, a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea. ...


Commonly, but not at all traditional in the western world, ouzo is served with cola either in premixed cans or bottles or simply mixed to the desired taste. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


On October 25, 2006, Greece won the right to label ouzo as an exclusively Greek product. The European Union now recognizes ouzo, as well as the Greek drinks tsipouro and tsikoudia, as products with a protected designation of origin, which prohibits makers outside Greece from using the name. October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Protected designation of origin (PDO), protected geographical indication (PGI) and Traditional Speciality Guaranteed (TSG) are geographical indications defined in European Union Law to protect regional foods. ...


Name

Perhaps the most probable origin of the name "ouzo" is discussed in a 1959 article in The Times of Thessaly. Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

During a visit to Thessaly in 1896, the late professor Alexander Filadelfefs delivered to us valuable information on the origins of the word 'ouzo', which has come to replace the word 'tsipouro'. According to the professor, tsipouro gradually became ouzo after the following event: Thessaly exported fine cocoons to Marseilles during the 19th century, and in order to distinguish the product, outgoing crates would be stamped with the words 'uso Massalia' - Italian for 'to be used by Marseilles'. One day, the Turkish consulate physician, named Anastas Bey, happened to be visiting the town of Tyrnavos and was asked to sample the local tsipouro. Upon tasting the drink, the physician immediately exclaimed: 'This is uso Massalia, my friends' - referring to its high quality. The term subsequently spread by word of mouth, until tsipouro gradually became known as ouzo.

www.bellaonline.com Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... The Doctor by Luke Fildes This article is about the term physician, one type of doctor; for other uses of the word doctor see Doctor. ...

How ouzo is made

Ouzo starts by distilling 96 percent alcohol by volume (ABV) pure ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin (or 96 percent pure ethyl alcohol in which 0.05 percent natural anethole has been added), in copper stills together with anise and optionally other flavorings previously mentioned by others (star anise, coriander, cloves, cinnamon, etc.). The product is a flavored alcoholic solution known as flavored ethyl alcohol or, more commonly as ouzo yeast - μαγιά ούζου in Greek - (a misnomer really, as no fermentation has taken or will take place). Ouzo yeast is then usually mixed with 96 percent pure ethyl alcohol (the Greek law dictates that at least 20 percent of total final alcohol must originate from ouzo yeast) , and finally sugar may be added and the mix is diluted with water (final ABV must be at least 37.5 percent), usually around 40 percent ABV. Some producers such as Varvayiannis, Babatzim (ouzo classic) and Pitsiladis do not add any further ethyl alcohol, they simply dilute ouzo yeast with water (and add sugar if needed). This latter type of ouzo is considered the highest quality and -quite predictably- of the highest price as well. Alcohol by volume (ABV) is an indication of how much alcohol (expressed as a percentage) is included in an alcoholic beverage. ... Anethole Anethole (or trans-anethole) is an aromatic compound that accounts for the distinctive licorice flavor of anise, fennel, and star anise. ... Binomial name Illicium verum Hook. ... Binomial name Coriandrum sativum L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... This article is about spices, the word clove is also used to describe a segment of a head of garlic and a clove hitch is a useful kind of knot. ... Binomial name J.Presl Cassia (Chinese cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the topic of this article may be unencyclopedic. ...


It should be noted that ouzo production does not include any fermentation or multiple distillations whatsoever; this is the case for tsipouro, another well known Greek alcoholic drink which is actually more related to Italian grappa than ouzo. Tsipouro (Greek: Τσίπουρο) is a distilled alcoholic beverage, more precisely a pomace brandy, from Greece and in particular Thessaly, Epirus, Macedonia, and the island of Crete, where the same spirit with a stronger aroma is known as tsikoudia. ... Grappa is a fragrant grape-based pomace brandy of between 40% and 70% alcohol by volume (80 to 140 proof), of Italian origin. ...


Aperitif drink

In modern Greece, ouzeries (the suffix -erie is imported from French) can be found in nearly all cities, towns, and villages. These cafe-like establishments serve ouzo with mezedes -- appetizers such as octopus, salad, sardines, calamari, fried zucchini, and clams, among others. It is traditionally slowly sipped (usually mixed with water or ice) together with mezedes shared with others over a period of several hours in the early evening. The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations in the United States, first enacted by Congress in 1975, exist to regulate and improve the average fuel economy of cars and light trucks (trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles) sold in the US. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is the sales weighted... Meze goes well with ouzo/raki   It should be possible to replace this fair use image with a freely licensed one. ... Suborders †Pohlsepia (incertae sedis) †Proteroctopus (incertae sedis) †Palaeoctopus (incertae sedis) Cirrina Incirrina Synonyms Octopoida Leach, 1817 The octopus (Greek , eight-legs) is a cephalopod of the order Octopoda that inhabits many diverse regions of the ocean, especially coral reefs. ... Salad Platter Salad is a term applied broadly to many food preparations that are a mixture of chopped or sliced ingredients. ... Sardines in the Pacific An open Sardines can Sardines on a plate grilled Sardines For the hide and seek-like game, see Hide and seek. ... Look up Calamari in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Binomial name L. Zucchini (IPA: , in North American and Australian English) or courgette (IPA: , in New Zealand and British English) is a small summer squash. ... Littleneck clams; the pictured mollusks are of the species Mercenaria mercenaria. ...


Appearance

When water or ice is added to ouzo, which is clear in color, it turns milky white; this is because anethole, the essential oil of anise, is soluble in alcohol but not in water. Diluting the spirit causes it to separate creating an emulsion, whose fine droplets scatter the light. This process is called louching, and is also found while preparing absinthe. Anethole Anethole (or trans-anethole) is an aromatic compound that accounts for the distinctive licorice flavor of anise, fennel, and star anise. ... An essential oil is a concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aromatic compounds from plants. ... Pimpinella species, but the name anise is frequently applied to Fennel. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A. Two immisicible liquids, not emulsified; B. An emulsion of Phase B dispersed in Phase A; C. The unstable emulsion progressively separates; D. The surfactant (purple outline) positions itself on the interfaces between Phase A and Phase B, stabilizing the emulsion An emulsion is a mixture of two immiscible (unblendable... Scattering is a general physical process whereby some forms of radiation, such as light, sound or moving particles, for example, are forced to deviate from a straight trajectory by one or more localized non-uniformities in the medium through which it passes. ... A reservoir glass filled with a naturally colored verte next to an absinthe spoon. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica: Micropaedia article on "ouzo".

See also

// Greece produces more than 430,000 tons of olive oil annually, and more than 75% of that is extra virgin. ... Greek cuisine is the cuisine of Greece and of the Greeks. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lesvos:A Guide to Ouzo (2753 words)
Ouzo Pitsiladi is another excellnet distilled ouzo and one of the favorites of my friend Vagios at his ouzerie in Keratsini, Pireaus.
Ouzo Plomari of Isidorou Arvanitou is the ouzo with the cork in it.
Though we had all sampled ouzo before this was the first time we had come to a cafeneon with the intent of using it as our primary source of entertainment, (not counting the dance itself.) At 7:30 I knew I had enough and began walking the quarter of a mile to the school gym.
Ouzo drink of Lesvos island, Greece (904 words)
However ouzo, which is certified the drink of revolution and freedom, demands discipline at the time of drinking it, and attention in the way you drink it.
A good and balanced ouzo, may contents until 46% alcohol, to be able to travel all over the world, unaffected from the climate and to be strong against the affection of the time, keeping its aroma and the flavor.
Ouzo with anise, is drinking straight, or with ice, accompanied with nuts, but mostly accompanied with traditional snacks as appetizer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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