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Encyclopedia > Outer Banks
North Carolina's Outer Banks separating the Atlantic Ocean (east) from Albemarle Sound (north) and Pamlico Sound (south). Orbital photo courtesy NASA.
North Carolina's Outer Banks separating the Atlantic Ocean (east) from Albemarle Sound (north) and Pamlico Sound (south). Orbital photo courtesy NASA.

The Outer Banks are a 100-mile (160-km) long string of narrow barrier islands off the coast of North Carolina, on the East Coast of the United States. They cover approximately the northern half of North Carolina's coastline, separating the Albemarle Sound and Pamlico Sound from the Atlantic Ocean. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Albemarle Sound with the northern Outer Banks. ... Pamlico Sound with the southern Outer Banks. ...


The Outer Banks are a major tourist destination, and are known for temperate weather and wide expanses of open beachfront.


The Wright Brothers' first flights in a powered, heavier-than-air vehicle took place on the Outer Banks on December 17, 1903, at Kill Devil Hills, near the sea-front town of Kitty Hawk. The Wright Brothers National Monument commemorates the historic flights, and First Flight Airport is a small, general-aviation airfield located there. The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871–January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867–May 30, 1912), were two Americans generally credited with building the worlds first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and heavier-than-air human flight on December 17, 1903. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Kitty Hawk could mean: Kitty Hawk, North Carolina USS Kitty Hawk The Command module of the Apollo 14 spacecraft. ... Wright Brothers National Memorial, located in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, commemorates the first successful sustained powered flights in a heavier-than-air machine. ... First Flight Airport (IATA: FFA, ICAO: KFFA, FAA LID: FFA) is a general aviation airport located in Kill Devil Hills, a town in Dare County, North Carolina, United States. ...


An English colony --where the first person of English descent Virginia Dare was born on American soil [1] vanished without a trace from Roanoke Island in 1587. The treacherous seas off the Outer Banks and the large number of shipwrecks that have occurred there have given these seas the nickname Graveyard of the Atlantic. The Graveyard of the Atlantic Museum in Hatteras Village near the United States Coast Guard facility and Hatteras ferry. Virginia Dare (born August 18, 1587) was the first child born in the Americas to English parents, Eleanor (or Ellinor/Elyonor) and Ananias Dare. ... Roanoke Island is an island in Dare County near the coast of North Carolina, United States. ... Listen to this article (info) play in browser This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2005-12-10, and may not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... Hatteras is a community of approximately 1000 people on the Outer Banks island of Hatteras. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces and is involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ...

Contents

Geography

The Outer Banks are a series of islands: from north to south -- Bodie Island, Roanoke Island, Hatteras Island, and Ocracoke Island. The northern part of the Outer Banks, from Oregon Inlet northward, is usually considered part of the North American mainland, although it is technically separated by the Intracoastal Waterway, which passes through the Great Dismal Swamp occupying much of the mainland west of the Outer Banks. Road access to the northern Outer Banks ends in Corolla, North Carolina, with communities such as Carova Beach accessible only by four-wheel drive vehicles. North Carolina State Highway 12 links most of the popular Outer Banks communities. The easternmost point is Cape Point at Cape Hatteras on Hatteras Island, site of the famous candy-striped Cape Hatteras Lighthouse. Oregon Inlet is an inlet along North Carolinas Outer Banks. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Tug and barge on the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway Navigation on the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway (GIWW), where it intersects with Bayou Perot, in the vicinity of New Orleans The Intracoastal Waterway is a 4,800-km (3,000-mile) recreational and commercial waterway along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the... The Great Dismal Swamp is located in southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina in the United States on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. ... Corolla is an unincorporated community located in Fruitville Township[1], Currituck County, North Carolina, along the northern Outer Banks. ... Carova Beach or Carova is an unincorporated community in Currituck County in the extreme northeast corner of North Carolina, USA. The community, which is found on Bodie Island, can only be accessed by boat or by four-wheel drive vehicle since there are no paved roads connecting Carova Beach to... This article is missing citation of sources. ... NC 12 is a North Carolina state highway that traverses the northeastern shoreline of North Carolina, linking the islands of the Outer Banks. ... An aerial view of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse prior to its 1999 relocation. ... Hatteras Island is an island in the Atlantic Ocean that runs parallel to the coast of North Carolina, forming a bend at Cape Hatteras. ... Cape Hatteras Lighthouse (467x700) At 193 feet, 2 inches in height, the Cape Hatteras lighthouse is recognized by the National Park Service as the tallest lighthouse in America. ...


The Outer Banks are not anchored to offshore coral reefs like some other barrier islands, and as a consequence often suffer significant beach erosion during major storms. In fact, their location jutting out into the Atlantic makes them the most hurricane-prone area north of Florida, for both landfalling storms and brushing storms offshore. Hatteras Island was cut in half on September 18, 2003, when Hurricane Isabel washed a 3000 feet (900 m) wide and 30 feet (9 m) deep channel called Isabel Inlet through the community of Hatteras Village on the southern end of the island. The tear was subsequently repaired and restored by sand dredged by the Army Corps of Engineers. Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef. ... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. For erosion as an operation of Mathematical morphology, see Erosion (morphology) Erosion is displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) by the agents of ocean currents, wind, water, or ice by downward or down-slope movement... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hurricane Isabel was the ninth named storm, the fifth hurricane, the second major hurricane, and the only Category 5 hurricane of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Effects of Hurricane Isabel in North Carolina. ... United States Army Corps of Engineers logo The United States Army Corps of Engineers, or USACE, is made up of some 34,600 military men and women. ...


Culture

Recognizing the popular abbreviation "OBX" for the Outer Banks, residents petitioned for automobile license plates with an OBX prefix. After this was done in 2001, the complete run of plates (OBX-0000 through OBX-9999) was quickly exhausted. Since North Carolina plates can include eight characters, locals protested and were rewarded with an extended series of plates beginning with OBX10000. Although the "OBX" plates are available to any NC resident, they are only available at the Dare County License plate agency. The islands are home to colonies of wild horses, sometimes called "banker ponies", which according to local legend are descended from Spanish Mustangs washed ashore centuries ago in shipwrecks. Colonies exist near Corolla and on Ocracoke Island. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Mustang is a hardy, free-roaming horse of the North American west, descended primarily from horses brought to the Americas by the Spanish invaders known as Conquistadors. ... Ocracoke is a census-designated place and town located at the southern end of Ocracoke Island, in Hyde County, North Carolina. ...


Ocracoke was also the home base of pirate Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard. Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Blackbeard (1680? – November 22, 1718) was the nickname of Edward Teach alias Edward Thatch, a notorious English pirate who had a short reign of terror in the Caribbean Sea between 1716 and 1718. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Communities

Towns and communities along the Outer Banks include (listed from north to south):


Bodie Island

Corolla is an unincorporated community located in Fruitville Township[1], Currituck County, North Carolina, along the northern Outer Banks. ... The Town of Duck is an community located in Dare County, North Carolina along the Northern Outer Banks. ... Southern Shores is a town located in Dare County, North Carolina. ... Kitty Hawk is a town located in Dare County, North Carolina. ... Kill Devil Hills is a town in Dare County, North Carolina, USA. The population was 5,897 at the 2000 census. ... It has been suggested that Nags Head be merged into this article or section. ...

Roanoke Island

Manteo is a town in Dare County, North Carolina, United States. ... Wanchese is a census-designated place located in Dare County, North Carolina. ...

Hatteras Island

Sunset over Avon
Sunset over Avon

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1556 × 1167 pixel, file size: 169 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Image by Yeti Hunter Sunset over northern outskirts of Avon, May 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1556 × 1167 pixel, file size: 169 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Image by Yeti Hunter Sunset over northern outskirts of Avon, May 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute... Categories: Stub | Dare County, North Carolina | Unincorporated communities in North Carolina ... Categories: US geography stubs | Dare County, North Carolina | Unincorporated communities in North Carolina ... Categories: Stub | Dare County, North Carolina | Unincorporated communities in North Carolina ... Categories: US geography stubs | Villages in North Carolina | Dare County, North Carolina ... Buxton is a community of almost 1500 people on Hatteras Island, part of the Outer Banks. ... Frisco, North Carolina is a small community on the barrier islands of Hatteras Island, in between the cities of Avon and Ocracoke. ... Hatteras is a community of approximately 1000 people, on the Outer Banks island of Hatteras. ...

Ocracoke Island

Ocracoke Island. ...

Cape Lookout National Seashore

  • Portsmouth Island (Uninhabited)
  • Core Banks (Uninhabited)
  • Shackleford Banks (Uninhabited)

Portsmouth Island, NC, is a presently uninhabited barrier island running southwest to northeast along the North Carolina shore. ...

Parks

Cape Hatteras National Seashore is a United States national park in North Carolina. ... Cape Lookout National Seashore preserves a 56 mile (90 km) long section of the Outer Banks of North Carolina, USA, running from Ocracoke Inlet on the northeast to Beaufort Inlet on the southeast. ... Fort Raleigh National Historic Site preserves the location of the first English settlement in North America. ... Jockeys Ridge State Park is a state park of the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Fort Macon State Park is a state park of the U.S. state of North Carolina. ...

Notable residents

Not to be confused with Andy Griffiths. ... Michael Collins (born October 31, 1930) is a former American astronaut and test pilot. ...

See also

NC 12 is a North Carolina state highway that mostly traverses the northeastern shoreline of North Carolina, linking the islands of the Outer Banks. ... North Carolinas Inner Banksâ„¢ lie between Virginia to the North, South Carolina to the South, Interstate-95 to the West, and the North Carolina Outer Banks to the East. ... The Crystal Coast is a stretch of coastline in North Carolina from Cape Lookout eastward to the New River. ... Currituck County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ...

External links

  • Outer Banks Visitors Bureau
  • Outer Banks Web Cams

  Results from FactBites:
 
Outer Banks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (706 words)
The Outer Banks are also the site where the unsuccessful British colony termed the Lost Colony [1] vanished without a trace from Roanoke Island in 1587, where the first Briton was born on American soil (Virginia Dare).
The northern part of the Outer Banks from Oregon Inlet northward is considered part of the North American mainland, although it is technically cut apart from the mainland by the Intracoastal Waterway passing through the Great Dismal Swamp, which occupies much of the mainland to the west of the Outer Banks.
Outer Banks is popularly abbreviated OBX; Outer Banks residents petitioned their state representative Marc Basnight, who is also the North Carolina Senate President, to intervene on their behalf and have automobile license plates issued with the prefix OBX.
Outer Banks - definition of Outer Banks in Encyclopedia (340 words)
Bordered by bodies of brackish water on the west (known as "sounds") and by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, these fragile islands are accessible by plane, boat, or by driving over one of several bridges that provide links to the mainland.
The northern part of the Outer Banks (Nags Head and northward) is technically part of the North American mainland; it is part of a continuous sand ridge extending well into the city of Virginia Beach, Virginia and joining the mainland there.
Many consider the banks a vacation paradise, owing to its wide sandy beaches, unspoiled natural terrain, abundant clean water, and relatively mild temperatures.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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