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Encyclopedia > Our Gang
A poster for the 1931 Our Gang comedy Love Business featuring depictions of (from left to right): Pete the Pup, Jackie Cooper, and Norman "Chubby" Chaney.

Our Gang, also known as The Little Rascals or Hal Roach's Rascals, was a long-lived series of American comedy short films about a troupe of poor neighborhood children and the adventures they had together. Created by comedy producer Hal Roach, Our Gang was produced at the Roach studio starting in 1922 as a silent short subject series. Roach changed distributors from Pathé to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in 1927, went to sound in 1929, and continued production until 1938, when he sold the series to MGM. MGM continued producing the comedies until 1944. A total of 220 shorts and one feature film, General Spanky, were eventually produced, featuring over forty-one child actors. In the mid-1950s, the 80 Roach-produced shorts with sound were syndicated for television under the title The Little Rascals, as MGM retained the rights to the Our Gang trademark. A poster for the 1931 Our Gang comedy Love Business featuring depictions of (l to r) Pete the Pup, Jackie Cooper, and Norman Chubby Chaney File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A poster for the 1931 Our Gang comedy Love Business featuring depictions of (l to r) Pete the Pup, Jackie Cooper, and Norman Chubby Chaney File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Pete the Pup, in a scene from 1931s Fly My Kite. ... Jackie Cooper (born John Cooper, Jr. ... Norman Myers Chaney (January 18, 1918 - May 29, 1936) was an American child actor, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang comedies as Chubby from 1929 to 1931. ... The word comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humor with an intent to provoke laughter in general). ... Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... “Children” redirects here. ... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... Harold Eugene Roach, Sr. ... Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... General Spanky is a 1936 motion picture produced by Hal Roach. ... The term child actor is generally applied to a child acting in motion pictures or television, but also to an adult who began his or her acting career as a child; to avoid confusion the latter is also called a former child actor. ...


The series, one of the best-known and most successful in cinema history, is noted for showing children behaving in a relatively natural way. While child actors are often groomed to imitate adult acting styles, steal scenes, or deliver "cute" performances, Hal Roach and original director Robert F. McGowan worked to film the unaffected, raw nuances apparent in regular kids. Our Gang also notably put boys, girls, whites, and blacks together in a group as equals, something that "broke new ground," according to film historian Leonard Maltin.[1] Such a thing had never been done before in cinema, but was commonplace after the success of Our Gang. The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Robert Francis McGowan (July 11, 1882 - January 27, 1955) was an American film director and producer, best known as the senior director of the Our Gang short subjects film series from 1922 until 1933. ... “Lads” redirects here. ... Two girls smiling A girl is a female child, as opposed to a boy, a male child. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Leonard Maltin (born December 18, 1950 in New York City) is a widely known and respected American film critic. ...

Contents

About the series

Some of the most popular Our Gang members, in a scene from 1937's Hearts are Thumps: (from left to right) George "Spanky" McFarland, Carl "Alfalfa" Switzer, Billie "Buckwheat" Thomas, and Darla Hood.

Unlike many other motion pictures featuring children that are based in fantasy, producer/creator Hal Roach rooted Our Gang in real life: the majority of the kids were poor, and the gang was often put at odds with snobbish rich kids, officious adults and parents, and other such adversaries. The series was notable in that the gang included both African-Americans and females in leading parts at a time when discrimination against both groups was commonplace. Our Gang also paved the way for many Children's Series to come including, Peanuts Our Gangs Hearts are Thumps This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... Our Gangs Hearts are Thumps This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... George Robert Phillips McFarland (October 2, 1928 - June 30, 1993) was an American actor most famous for his childhood role as Spanky in the depression era childrens comedy movie series Our Gang, also known as the Little Rascals. ... Carl Dean Switzer (August 7, 1927 – January 21, 1959) was an American former child actor, professional dog breeder and expert hunting guide, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang short subjects series as Alfalfa, one of the series most popular and best-remembered characters. ... Billie Thomas (originally William Thomas, Jr. ... Darla Jean Hood (November 8, 1931 – June 13, 1979) was an American child actress. ... See fantasy for an account of the literary genre involving the development of common or popular fantasies. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Predominantly Christianity and Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Female is a sex that denotes an animal which produces egg cells in order to reproduce. ... This article is about discrimination in the social science context. ... Peanuts is a syndicated daily and Sunday comic strip written and illustrated by Charles M. Schulz, which ran from October 2, 1950, to February 13, 2000 (the day after Schulzs death). ...


Directorial approach

Senior director Robert F. McGowan helmed most of the Our Gang shorts until 1933, assisted by his nephew Anthony Mack. He worked hard to develop a style that allowed the kids to be as natural as possible, downplaying the importance of the filmmaking equipment. Scripts were written for the shorts by the Hal Roach comedy writing staff, which included at various times Leo McCarey, Frank Capra, Walter Lantz, and Frank Tashlin, among others.[2] The kids, some of them too young to read, very rarely saw the scripts; instead McGowan would explain the scene to be filmed to each kid right before it was shot, directing the children using a megaphone and encouraging improvisation. Of course, when sound came in at the end of the 1920s, McGowan was forced to modify his approach slightly, but scripts were not adhered to until McGowan left the series. Later Our Gang directors such as Gus Meins and Gordon Douglas used a more streamlined approach to McGowan's methods, in order to meet the demands of the increasingly sophisticated movie industry of the mid to late 1930s. Douglas in particular was forced to streamline his films, as he directed Our Gang after Roach was forced to halve the running times of the shorts from two reels (20 minutes) to one reel (10 minutes). The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Robert Francis McGowan (July 11, 1882 - January 27, 1955) was an American film director and producer, best known as the senior director of the Our Gang short subjects film series from 1922 until 1933. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Robert Anthony McGowan (May 22, 1901 - June 20, 1955) was an American screenwriter amd film director. ... Sample from a screenplay, showing dialogue and action descriptions. ... Leo McCarey (October 3, 1898 - July 5, 1969) was a movie director, screenwriter and producer. ... This article is about the film director. ... Walter Lantz in 1983, with painting of Woody Woodpecker Walter Lantz (April 27, 1900 – March 22, 1994) was an American cartoonist and animator, best known for founding the Walter Lantz Studio and creating Woody Woodpecker. ... Frank Tashlin (February 19, 1913 - May 5, 1972) was an animator, screenwriter, and director. ... A megaphone, with a three-inch lighter to scale. ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... Gus Meins (March 6, 1893 - August 1, 1940) was a German-American film director. ... Gordon Douglas (Gordon Douglas Brickner) (December 15, 1907 – September 29, 1993) was an American film director, who directed many different genres of films over the course of a five-decade career in motion pictures. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ...

Pete the Pup, in a scene from 1931's Fly My Kite.

Our Gangs Fly My Kite. ... Our Gangs Fly My Kite. ... Pete the Pup, in a scene from 1931s Fly My Kite. ...

Finding kid talent

As the children grew too old to be in the series, they were replaced by new kids, usually from the Los Angeles area. Eventually, Our Gang talent scouting was done using large-scale national contests, where thousands of kids (often at the behest of their parents) tried out for one open role. Norman "Chubby" Chaney (who replaced Joe Cobb), Matthew "Stymie" Beard (who replaced Allen "Farina" Hoskins), and Billie "Buckwheat" Thomas (who replaced Stymie) all won major contests to become members of the gang. Even when there was not a massive talent search going on, the Roach studio was bombarded by requests from parents who were certain their children were perfect for the series. Among these were future child stars Mickey Rooney and Shirley Temple, neither of whom made it into the gang. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Norman Myers Chaney (January 18, 1918 - May 29, 1936) was an American child actor, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang comedies as Chubby from 1929 to 1931. ... Joe Frank Cobb (November 7, 1917 - May 21, 2002) was a former American child actor, most notable for appearing as the original fat boy in the Our Gang comedies from 1922 to 1929. ... Matthew Beard, Jr. ... Allen Clayton Hoskins (August 9, 1920 – July 26, 1980) was an African American child actor, most famous for portraying the character of Farina in the Our Gang short films from 1922 to 1931. ... Billie Thomas (originally William Thomas, Jr. ... Actor Mickey Rooney speaks at the Pentagon in 2000 during a ceremony honoring the USO. Mickey Rooney (born Joseph Yule, Jr. ... Shirley Jane Temple (born April 23, 1928) later known as Shirley Temple Black, is an American former child actress. ...

An original theatrical poster for the Our Gang comedy Baby Brother (1927). The premise of this short has Allen "Farina" Hoskins (center) paint a black baby with white shoe polish so that he can sell him to Joe Cobb (right) as a baby brother.
An original theatrical poster for the Our Gang comedy Baby Brother (1927). The premise of this short has Allen "Farina" Hoskins (center) paint a black baby with white shoe polish so that he can sell him to Joe Cobb (right) as a baby brother.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 380 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (456 × 720 pixel, file size: 218 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is of a poster, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher or the creator of the work... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 380 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (456 × 720 pixel, file size: 218 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is of a poster, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher or the creator of the work... Allen Clayton Hoskins (August 9, 1920 – July 26, 1980) was an African American child actor, most famous for portraying the character of Farina in the Our Gang short films from 1922 to 1931. ... Joe Frank Cobb (November 7, 1917 - May 21, 2002) was a former American child actor, most notable for appearing as the original fat boy in the Our Gang comedies from 1922 to 1929. ...

African Americans in Our Gang

The Our Gang series is notable for being one of the first times in movie history that African-Americans and Caucasians were portrayed as equals, though a number of people, including members of the African-American community, do not look favorably upon the characters of the black children today.[3] The four black child actors who held main-character roles in the series were Ernie "Sunshine Sammy" Morrison, Allen "Farina" Hoskins, Matthew "Stymie" Beard (whose trademark oversized derby hat was a gift from fellow comedian Stan Laurel), and Billie "Buckwheat" Thomas. Ernie Morrison was, in fact, the first black actor signed to a long-term contract in Hollywood history,[4] and was the first major black star in Hollywood history as well.[5] This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Ernie Morrison (Ernest Fredric Morrison) (December 20, 1912 - July 24, 1989) was an African-American child actor who performed under the stage name Sunshine Sammy. He was the first Black actor to be signed to a long-term contract, signing with comedy producer Hal Roach in 1919. ... Allen Clayton Hoskins (August 9, 1920 – July 26, 1980) was an African American child actor, most famous for portraying the character of Farina in the Our Gang short films from 1922 to 1931. ... Matthew Beard, Jr. ... A comedian, or comic, is an entertainer who amuses an audience by making them laugh. ... Stan Laurel (born Arthur Stanley Jefferson; 16 June 1890 – 23 February 1965) was an English comic actor, writer and director, famous as part of the comedy double act Laurel and Hardy, whose career stretched from the silent films of the early 20th Century until post-World War II. // Stan Laurel... Billie Thomas (originally William Thomas, Jr. ... ...


The black children in Our Gang often epitomized the early Hollywood pickaninny[6] stereotype. These characters provided comic relief by speaking a mangled form of English, and by frequently being so frightened that either their hair stood on end, or they turned white with fear (a special effect created with negative film exposure techniques). The black children's fathers were perpetually mentioned as being in and out of jail, and the children themselves habitually ate watermelon and fried chicken in the shorts. Comedian Eddie Murphy controversially parodied Buckwheat and the stereotypical aspects of his character in a series of skits for Saturday Night Live. ... Pickaninny (also pickaninnie) is a pidgin word form which may be derived from the Portuguese pequenino (little) via Lingua franca. ... Comic relief is the inclusion of a humorous character or scene or witty dialogue in an otherwise serious work, often to relieve tension. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Groundbreaking special effects were used in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to realize scenes that cannot be achieved by live action or normal means. ... Binomial name (Thunb. ... KFCs Fried chicken with french fries. ... A comedian, or comic, is an entertainer who amuses an audience by making them laugh. ... Edward Eddie Regan Murphy (born April 3, 1961, Brooklyn, New York City[1]) is an Academy Award nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and comedian. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 90 minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City that has been broadcast live by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ...


In their adult years, Ernie Morrison, Matthew Beard, and Billie Thomas became some of Our Gang's staunchest defenders, maintaining that its integrated cast and innocent story lines were far from racist. They explained that the white children's characters in the series were similarly stereotyped: the "freckled kid," the "fat kid," the "pretty blond girl," and the "mischievous toddler." "We were just a group of kids who were having fun," Stymie Beard recalled.[7] Ernie Morrison stated that "when it came to race, Hal Roach was color-blind".[8] Other minorities, including Asian Americans (Sing Joy, Allen Tong, and Edward Zoo Hoo) and Italian Americans (Mickey Gubitosi), were also depicted in the series, with varying levels of stereotyping. 1. ... In modern usage, a stereotype is a simplified mental picture of an individual or group of people who share a certain characteristic (or stereotypical) qualities. ... Color blindness in humans is the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent. ... Robert Blake on the cover of the Baretta Season 1 DVD set. ...




History

(From left to right) Ernie "Sunshine Sammy" Morrison, Andy Samuel, Allen "Farina" Hoskins, Mickey Daniels, and Joe Cobb in a 1923 still from one of the earliest Our Gang comedies.
(From left to right) Ernie "Sunshine Sammy" Morrison, Andy Samuel, Allen "Farina" Hoskins, Mickey Daniels, and Joe Cobb in a 1923 still from one of the earliest Our Gang comedies.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ernie Morrison (Ernest Fredric Morrison) (December 20, 1912 - July 24, 1989) was an African-American child actor who performed under the stage name Sunshine Sammy. He was the first Black actor to be signed to a long-term contract, signing with comedy producer Hal Roach in 1919. ... Allen Clayton Hoskins (August 9, 1920 – July 26, 1980) was an African American child actor, most famous for portraying the character of Farina in the Our Gang short films from 1922 to 1931. ... Mickey Daniels was a regular on the Our Gang short series during the silent film era. ... Joe Frank Cobb (November 7, 1917 - May 21, 2002) was a former American child actor, most notable for appearing as the original fat boy in the Our Gang comedies from 1922 to 1929. ...

Early years

According to Roach, the idea for Our Gang came to him in 1921, when he was auditioning a child actress to appear in one of his films. The girl was, in his opinion, overly made up and overly rehearsed, and Roach patiently waited for the audition to be over. After the girl and her mother left the office, Roach looked out of his window to a lumberyard across the street, where he saw a group of children having an argument. The children had all taken sticks from the lumberyard to play with, but the smallest kid had taken the biggest stick, and the others were trying to force him to give it to the biggest kid. After realizing that he had been watching the kids bicker for 15 minutes, Roach thought a short film series about kids just being themselves might be a success.[9]


Under the supervision of Charley Chase, work began on the first two-reel shorts in the new "kids-and-pets" series, which was to be called Hal Roach's Rascals, later that year. Director Fred Newmeyer helmed the first version of the pilot film, entitled Our Gang, but Roach scrapped Newmeyer's work and had former fireman Robert F. McGowan re-shoot the short. Roach tested it at various theaters around Hollywood. The attendees were very receptive, and the press clamored for "lots more of those 'Our Gang' comedies." The colloquial usage of the term Our Gang led to its becoming the series' second (yet more popular) official title, with the title cards reading "Our Gang Comedies: Hal Roach presents His Rascals in..." The series was officially called both Our Gang and Hal Roach's Rascals until 1932, when Our Gang became the sole title of the series. Charley Chase (October 20, 1893-June 20, 1940) was an American comedian, screenwriter and film director, best known for his work in Hal Roach short film comedies. ... Fred C. Newmeyer (August 9, 1888 - April 24, 1967) was an American actor and film director. ... Look up fireman in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The first cast of Our Gang kids was recruited primarily from children recommended to Roach by studio employees, including photographer Gene Kornman's daughter Mary Kornman, their friends' son Mickey Daniels, Roach child actor Ernie "Sunshine Sammy" Morrison, and family friends Allen "Farina" Hoskins, Jack Davis, Jackie Condon, and Joe Cobb. Most of the early shorts were shot outdoors and on location, and also featured a menagerie of comic animal characters, such as Dinah the Mule. Mary Kornman (December 27, 1915 - June 1, 1973) was an American child actress who was the leading female star of the Our Gang series during the Pathé silent era. ... Mickey Daniels was a regular on the Our Gang short series during the silent film era. ... Ernie Morrison (Ernest Fredric Morrison) (December 20, 1912 - July 24, 1989) was an African-American child actor who performed under the stage name Sunshine Sammy. He was the first Black actor to be signed to a long-term contract, signing with comedy producer Hal Roach in 1919. ... Allen Clayton Hoskins (August 9, 1920 – July 26, 1980) was an African American child actor, most famous for portraying the character of Farina in the Our Gang short films from 1922 to 1931. ... Jackie Davis (John H. Davis) (April 5, 1914 - November 3, 1992), a native of Los Angeles, California, was an American child actor, notable for appearing in Hal Roachs Our Gang series. ... Jackie Condon (John Condon) (March 25, 1918 - October 13, 1977) was an American child actor who was a regular on the Our Gang short series during the Pathé silent era. ... Joe Frank Cobb (November 7, 1917 - May 21, 2002) was a former American child actor, most notable for appearing as the original fat boy in the Our Gang comedies from 1922 to 1929. ...


Roach's distributor Pathé released One Terrible Day, the fourth short to be produced for the series, as the first Our Gang short on September 10, 1922; the pilot Our Gang was not released until November 5. The Our Gang series was a success from the start, with the kids' naturalism, the funny animal actors, and McGowan's direction making a successful combination. The shorts did well at the box office, and by the end of the decade the Our Gang kids were pictured on numerous product endorsements. Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The biggest Our Gang stars in this period were Sunshine Sammy, around whom the series was structured; Mickey Daniels; Mary Kornman; and little Farina, who eventually became both the most popular member of the 1920s gang[10] and the most popular African-American child star of the 1920s.[11] Mickey and Mary were also very popular, and were often paired together in both Our Gang and a later teenaged version of the series called The Boy Friends, which Roach produced from 1930 to 1932. Other early Our Gang kids were Eugene "Pineapple" Jackson, Scooter Lowry, and Andy Samuel. Eugene Jackson (December 25, 1916 - October 26, 2001) was an African-American former child actor who was a regular of the Our Gang short series during the silent Pathé era. ... Andy Samuel (April 10, 1909 - March 5, 1992), a native of Los Angeles, California was a child actor who appeared in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1923 to 1925. ...

Farina, Mary Ann Jackson, and Joe Cobb in the 1928 short Old Gray Hoss.
Farina, Mary Ann Jackson, and Joe Cobb in the 1928 short Old Gray Hoss.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mary Ann Jackson (January 14, 1923-December 17, 2003) was an American former child actress who appeared in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1928 to 1931. ... Joe Frank Cobb (November 7, 1917 - May 21, 2002) was a former American child actor, most notable for appearing as the original fat boy in the Our Gang comedies from 1922 to 1929. ...

Changing distributors

After Sammy, Mickey, and Mary left the series in the mid-1920s, the Our Gang series entered a transitional period. McGowan was often sick and unable to work on the series, leaving nephew Robert A. McGowan (credited as Anthony Mack) to direct many of the shorts from this period. The Mack-directed shorts are considered to be among the lesser entries in the series.[12] New faces included Bobby "Wheezer" Hutchins, Harry Spear, Jean Darling, and Mary Ann Jackson, while stalwart Farina served as the series' anchor. Robert Anthony McGowan (May 22, 1901 - June 20, 1955) was an American screenwriter amd film director. ... Bobby Hutchins (Robert E. Hutchins) (March 29, 1925 - March 17, 1945) was an American child actor who was a regular in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1926 to 1933. ... Harry Spear (born December 16, 1921 in Los Angeles) is a former child actor, notable for appearing in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1927 to 1929. ... Jean Darling (born Dorothy Jean LeVake on August 23, 1922) is a former American child actress who was regular in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1927 to 1929. ... Mary Ann Jackson (January 14, 1923-December 17, 2003) was an American former child actress who appeared in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1928 to 1931. ...


Also at this time, the Our Gang kids acquired an American Pit Bull Terrier with a ring around his eye; originally named "Pansy", the dog soon became known as Pete the Pup, the most famous Our Gang pet. During this period, Hal Roach ended his distribution arrangement with the Pathé company, instead releasing future products through newly formed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. MGM released its first Our Gang comedy in September 1927. The move to MGM offered Roach larger budgets, and the chance to have his films packaged with MGM features to the giant Loews Theatres chain. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Pete the Pup, in a scene from 1931s Fly My Kite. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... Loews Theatres, founded in 1904 by Marcus Loew, is the oldest theatre chain still operating in North America today. ...


Some of the shorts around this time, particularly Spook Spoofing (1928, one of only two three-reelers in the Our Gang canon) contained extended scenes of the gang tormenting and teasing Farina, scenes which helped spur the claims of racism which many other shorts did not warrant. These shorts marked the departure of Jackie Condon, who had been with the group from the beginning of the series. Jackie Condon (John Condon) (March 25, 1918 - October 13, 1977) was an American child actor who was a regular on the Our Gang short series during the Pathé silent era. ...

Jackie Cooper in the 1930 short When the Wind Blows.
Jackie Cooper in the 1930 short When the Wind Blows.

Jackie Cooper in Our Gangs When the Wind Blows. ... Jackie Cooper in Our Gangs When the Wind Blows. ... Jackie Cooper (born John Cooper, Jr. ...

The sound era

Starting in 1928, Our Gang comedies were distributed with phonographic discs that contained synchronized music-and-sound-effect tracks for the shorts. In spring 1929, the Roach sound stages were converted for sound recording, and Our Gang made its "all-talking" debut in April 1929 with the three-reel Small Talk. It took a year for McGowan and the gang to fully adjust to talking pictures, during which time they lost Joe, Jean, and Harry, and added Norman "Chubby" Chaney, Dorothy DeBorba, Matthew "Stymie" Beard, Donald Haines, and Jackie Cooper. Jackie proved to be the personality the series had been missing since Mickey left, and he was featured in three 1930/1931 Our Gang shorts, Teacher's Pet, School's Out, and Love Business.These three shorts explored Jackie's crush on the new schoolteacher Miss Crabtree, played by June Marlowe. Jackie soon won the lead role in Paramount's feature film Skippy, and Roach sold his contract to MGM in 1931. Edison cylinder phonograph ca. ... 1902 poster advertising Gaumonts sound films, depicting an optimistically vast auditorium A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. ... Norman Myers Chaney (January 18, 1918 - May 29, 1936) was an American child actor, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang comedies as Chubby from 1929 to 1931. ... Dorothy Adelle DeBorba (born March 28, 1925) is a former American child actress who was a regular in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1930 to 1933. ... Matthew Beard, Jr. ... Donald Haines (born in 1918) was an American child actor who was a regular in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1930 to 1933. ... Jackie Cooper (born John Cooper, Jr. ... Teachers Pet is a two-reel comedy short subject; part of the Our Gang (Little Rascals) series. ... June Marlowe ([[1]]) was born Gisella Goetten (November 6, 1903 - March 10, 1984), and was an American actress, most notable for appearing in six Our Gang short subjects as the lovely schoolteacher Miss Crabtree. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Skippy is one of the first films nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, in 1931. ...


Beginning with When the Wind Blows (1930), background music scores were added to the soundtracks of most of the Our Gang films. Initially, the music consisted of orchestral versions of then popular tunes. This type of scoring was used in the next couple episodes. Marvin Hatley had become music director of Hal Roach studios in 1929. Leroy Shield joined as a part-time studio musical director in mid 1930. At this point Hatley and Shield began composing and playing their own jazz influenced music for the films. This music became a recognizable trademark of Our Gang, Laurel and Hardy, and the other Roach series and films. Hatley's and Shield's jazz-influenced scores, which made their debut with Pups is Pups (1930), are particularly associated with Our Gang. Teacher's Pet marked the first appearance of the now-popular Our Gang theme song, "Good Old Days", composed by Leroy Shield and featuring a notable saxophone solo. Shield and Hatley's scores would support Our Gang's on-screen action regularly through 1934, after which series entries with background scores became less frequent. Thomas Marvin Hatley (April 3, 1905 - August 23, 1986) was an American film composer and musical director, best known for his work for the Hal Roach studio from 1929 until 1940. ... Leroy Shield was an American film score and radio composer. ... Laurel and Hardy, in a promotional still from their 1937 feature film Way Out West. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Pups Is Pups is a two-reel comedy short subject; part of the Our Gang (Little Rascals) series. ... The theme music of a radio or television program is a melody closely associated with the show, and usually played during the title sequence and/or end credits. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family, usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece like the clarinet. ...


In 1930, Roach began production on The Boy Friends, a short-subject series which was essentially a teenaged version of Our Gang. Featuring Our Gang alumni Mickey Daniels and Mary Kornman among its cast, The Boy Friends was produced by Roach for two years, with fifteen installments in total. The Boy Friends was a short-lived series of fifteen American comedy short films released between 1930 and 1932. ...

The gang races rich-kid Jerry Tucker in their makeshift fire engine in the 1934 short Hi'-Neighbor!
The gang races rich-kid Jerry Tucker in their makeshift fire engine in the 1934 short Hi'-Neighbor!

Our Gangs Hi-Neighbor!. This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... Our Gangs Hi-Neighbor!. This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... Jerry Tucker (born Jerome H. Schatz on November 1, 1925 in Chicago, Illinois) is a former American child actor, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang short subjects series semi-regularly from 1931 to 1938. ... A fire engine of the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service, England. ...

Transition

Jackie Cooper left Our Gang in early 1931 at the cusp of another major shift in the lineup, as Farina, Chubby, and Mary Ann all departed a few months afterward. Our Gang entered another transitional period, similar to that of the mid-1920s. Stymie, Wheezer, and Dorothy carried the series during this period, aided by veteran child actors Dickie Moore and Kendall "Breezy Brisbane" McComas. Unlike the mid-20s period, McGowan was able to sustain the quality of the series, with the help of the kids and the Roach writing staff. Dickie Moore (born John Richard Moore on September 12, 1925) is a former American child actor. ... Kendall McComas (October 29, 1916 - October 15, 1981) was an American former child actor. ...


New Roach discovery George "Spanky" McFarland joined the gang in 1931 at the age of three and, excepting a brief hiatus during the summer of 1938, remained an Our Gang kid for the next eleven years. At first appearing as the tag-along toddler of the group, and later finding an accomplice in Scotty Beckett in 1934, Spanky quickly became Our Gang's biggest child star. He won parts in a number of outside features, appeared in many of the now-numerous Our Gang product endorsements and spin-off merchandise items, and popularized the expressions "Okey-dokey!" and "Okey-doke!"[13] George Robert Phillips McFarland (October 2, 1928 - June 30, 1993) was an American actor most famous for his childhood role as Spanky in the depression era childrens comedy movie series Our Gang, also known as the Little Rascals. ... Scotty Beckett (Scott Hastings Beckett) (October 4, 1929 - May 10, 1968) was an American child actor. ...


In late 1933, Robert McGowan, worn out from the stress of working on the kids' comedies, left the series and the Roach studio, going over to direct features at Paramount. German-born Gus Meins assumed McGowan's role starting with Hi'-Neighbor! in 1934, working with assistant director Gordon Douglas and alternating directorial duties with Fred Newmeyer. At this point, the films became more dialogue intensive. While most episodes continued to use background music, a few did not while some used music for part of the episode. Gus Meins (March 6, 1893 - August 1, 1940) was a German-American film director. ... Gordon Douglas (Gordon Douglas Brickner) (December 15, 1907 – September 29, 1993) was an American film director, who directed many different genres of films over the course of a five-decade career in motion pictures. ...


At this point, Wally Albright and Jackie Lynn Taylor joined the gang at this time; as did Billie Thomas, who within a few months of joining would begin playing the character of Stymie's sister "Buckwheat" (even though Thomas was a male). The Buckwheat character morphed subtley into a male in 1935 after Stymie left the series. The same year, Carl Switzer and his brother Harold joined the gang after impressing Roach with an impromptu performance at the studio commissary, the Our Gang Cafe, which was open to the public. While Harold would eventually be relegated to the role of a background player, Carl, nicknamed "Alfalfa", became Scotty Beckett's replacement as Spanky's sidekick. Darla Hood and Eugene "Porky" Lee also joined the gang in 1935. Billie Thomas (William Thomas, Jr. ... Switzer (right) as Alfalfa in Our Gang Follies of 1938, with fellow Our Gang characters Spanky and Darla Carl Dean Alfalfa Switzer (August 7, 1927 – January 21, 1959) was an American former child actor, professional dog breeder and expert hunting guide, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang short... Darla Jean Hood (November 8, 1931 – June 13, 1979) was an American child actress. ... Eugene Gordon Lee (October 25, 1933–October 16, 2005) was a former American child actor, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang (Little Rascals) comedies as Porky from 1935 to 1939. ...


The final Roach years

Our Gang was hugely successful during the 1920s and the early 1930s. However, by 1934, movie theater owners were increasingly dropping two-reel (twenty minute) comedies like Our Gang and the Laurel and Hardy series from their bills, and running double feature programs instead. Although the Laurel and Hardy series was discontinued in mid-1935 (and Laurel and Hardy moved into feature films full-time), MGM head Louis B. Mayer urged Hal Roach to continue making the Our Gang shorts. Roach agreed, and began producing Our Gang comedies as one-reel shorts (ten-minutes in length instead of twenty). The first one-reel Our Gang short, Bored of Education, won the Academy Award for Best Live-Action Short Subject (One Reel) in 1936. Bored of Education also marked the directorial debut of former assistant director Gordon Douglas. The double feature, also known as a double bill, was a motion picture industry phenomenon in which theatre managers would exhibit two films for the price of one, supplanting an earlier format in which one feature film and various short subject reels would be shown. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Bored of Education is a one-reel comedy short film; part of the Our Gang (Little Rascals) series. ... This name for the Academy Award for Live Action Short Film was introduced in 1974. ...

Spanky, Darla, and Alfalfa in the "Club Spanky" dream sequence from the 1937 short Our Gang Follies of 1938

Also in 1936, the first (and only) full-length feature film starring the Our Gang kids was released, entitled General Spanky. Directed by Douglas and Fred Newmeyer, it starred Spanky, Buckwheat, and Alfalfa in a sentimental, Shirley Temple-esque story set during the Civil War. The film focused more on its adult leads (Phillip Holmes and Rosina Lawrence) than the kids, and was a box office disappointment. A screenshot from Our Gang Follies of 1938, a 1937 Our Gang comedy. ... A screenshot from Our Gang Follies of 1938, a 1937 Our Gang comedy. ... General Spanky is a 1936 motion picture produced by Hal Roach. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Rosina Lawrence (December 30, 1912 - June 23, 1997) was a Canadian-born American actress, singer, and dancer. ...


Tommy Bond, an off-and-on member of the gang since 1932, returned to the series as the neighborhood bully Butch, beginning with the 1937 short Glove Taps. Glove Taps also featured the first appearance of Darwood Kaye as the bookish Waldo. In later shorts, both Butch and Waldo would become Alfalfa's main rivals in his pursuit of Darla's affections. Tommy Bond as Butch during his second Our Gang tenure. ... [[1]]Darwood Kaye (Darwood Kenneth Smith) (September 8, 1929 - May 15, 2002) was an American former child actor, most notable for his semi-regular role as the snooty rich kid Waldo in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1937 to 1940. ...


Roach produced one last two-reel Our Gang short, the lavish Our Gang Follies of 1938, in 1937 as a parody of MGM's Broadway Melody of 1938. In Follies of 1938, Alfalfa, who aspires to be an opera singer, falls asleep and dreams that his old pal Spanky has become the rich owner of a swanky Broadway nightclub, where Darla and Buckwheat perform and make "hundreds and thousands of dollars." In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... Broadway Melody of 1938 is a 1937 musical film, produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, directed by Roy Del Ruth. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... A view of Broadway in 1909 Broadway, as the name implies, is a wide avenue in New York City. ...


Most casual fans of Our Gang remember the 1936–1938 shorts the best, especially the "He-Man Woman Haters Club" from Hearts are Thumps and Mail and Female (both 1937), the Laurel and Hardy-ish interaction between Alfalfa and Spanky, Alfalfa and Darla's on-again-off-again romance, and the comic team of Porky and Buckwheat.


As the profit margins continued to decline due to double features,[14] Roach could no longer afford to produce the series, and sold the entire Our Gang unit (including the rights to the name, the Our Gang film backlog from 1927 to 1938, and the contracts for the actors, writers, and director Douglas) to MGM in May 1938.

The cover to Our Gang Comics #1. Cartoon versions of (l to r) Robert Blake (aka Mickey Gubitosi), Janet Burston, Spanky, Billy "Froggy" Laughlin, and Buckwheat appeared in the comic series, which also featured animated MGM stars Tom and Jerry and Barney Bear.
The cover to Our Gang Comics #1. Cartoon versions of (l to r) Robert Blake (aka Mickey Gubitosi), Janet Burston, Spanky, Billy "Froggy" Laughlin, and Buckwheat appeared in the comic series, which also featured animated MGM stars Tom and Jerry and Barney Bear.

Download high resolution version (509x739, 174 KB)The cover to Our Gang Comics #1. ... Download high resolution version (509x739, 174 KB)The cover to Our Gang Comics #1. ... Robert Blake on the cover of the Baretta Season 1 DVD set. ... Janet Burston (January 11, 1935 - March 3, 1998) was an American child actress who was the final leading lady in the Our Gang short subjects series, replacing Darla Hood in 1942. ... Billy Laughlin (William Robert Laughlin) (July 5, 1932 - August 31, 1948) played the character Froggy in the Our Gang short films in its final stretch, from 1940 to 1944. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Barney Bear in the opening sequence. ...

The MGM era

The MGM-produced Our Gang shorts were not as well-received as the Roach-produced shorts had been, due to both MGM's inexperience with the brand of slapstick comedy Our Gang was famous for and MGM's insistence on keeping Alfalfa, Spanky, and Buckwheat in the series until they were in their early teens. After a frustrated Gordon Douglas left MGM to return to Roach after completing only two films, MGM began using Our Gang as a training ground for future feature directors; George Sidney, Edward Cahn, Herbert Glazer, and Cy Endfield all worked on Our Gang before moving on to features. Nearly all of the 52 MGM-produced Our Gangs were written by Hal Law and former junior director Robert A. McGowan (Anthony Mack). McGowan was credited for these shorts as "Robert McGowan"; as a result, moviegoers have been confused for decades about whether this Robert McGowan and the senior director of the same name back at Roach were two separate people or not. This article is about comedic slapstick. ... Geoge Sidney ( October 4, 1916 - May 5, 2002) was a prolific American film director, who directed many notable films, mostly for the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio. ... Edward L. Cahn (February 12, 1899 - August 25, 1963) was an American film director. ... Cyril Raker Endfield (November 10, 1914 – April 16, 1995) was an American screenwriter, film director, theatre director and sometime inventor, based in Britain from 1953. ...


The Our Gang films produced by MGM are considered by many Our Gang historians, and even the Our Gang kids themselves, to be lesser films than the Roach entries.[15] The kids' performances are considered to exhibit a "cutesy" style of child acting that was the antithesis of the original gang.[16] Porky was replaced in 1939 by Mickey Gubitosi, later better known by the stage name of Robert Blake. Butch, Waldo, and Alfalfa all left the series in 1940, and Billy "Froggy" Laughlin (with his Popeye-esque trick voice) and Janet Burston were added to the cast. By the end of 1941, Darla had also departed from the series, and Spanky followed her within a year. Buckwheat remained in the cast until the end of the series as the only holdover from the Roach era. Robert Blake on the cover of the Baretta Season 1 DVD set. ... Billy Laughlin (William Robert Laughlin) (July 5, 1932 - August 31, 1948) played the character Froggy in the Our Gang short films in its final stretch, from 1940 to 1944. ... For other uses, see Popeye (disambiguation). ... Janet Burston (January 11, 1935 - March 3, 1998) was an American child actress who was the final leading lady in the Our Gang short subjects series, replacing Darla Hood in 1942. ...


The series dropped in financial success after 1939,[17] and when six of the thirteen shorts released between 1942 and 1943 sustained losses rather than turning profits,[18] MGM discontinued Our Gang, releasing the final short, Dancing Romeo on April 29, 1944. Dancing Romeo is a one-reel comedy short film; part of the Our Gang (Little Rascals) series. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Since 1937, Our Gang had been featured as a licensed comic strip in the UK comic The Dandy, drawn by Dudley D. Watkins. Starting in 1942, MGM licensed Our Gang to Dell Comics for the publication of Our Gang Comics, featuring the gang, Barney Bear, and Tom and Jerry. The strips in The Dandy ended three years after the demise of the Our Gang shorts, in 1947. Our Gang Comics outlasted the series by five years, finally changing its name to Tom and Jerry Comics in 1949. In 2006, Fantagraphics Books began issuing a series of volumes reprinting the Our Gang stories, most of which were written and drawn by Pogo creator Walt Kelly. This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... The Dandy is a British childrens comic published by D. C. Thomson & Co. ... Dudley D. Watkins was born on February 27, 1907 in Manchester, England. ... Dell Comics was the comic book publishing arm of Dell Publications, which got its start in pulp magazines. ... Barney Bear in the opening sequence. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Fantagraphics Books is an American publisher of alternative comics, classic comic strip anthologies, magazines, graphic novels, and the adult-oriented Eros Comix imprint. ... Pogo as drawn by Walt Kelly. ... Walter Crawford Kelly, Jr (August 25, 1913 - October 18, 1973), known simply as Walt Kelly, was a cartoonist notable for his comic strip Pogo featuring characters that inhabited a portion of the Okefenokee Swamp in Georgia. ...


Post-history (The Little Rascals)

The Little Rascals television package

A poster for the Monogram Pictures re-releases of the Our Gang shorts under the title The Little Rascals in 1951. All of the shorts were reissued using similar poster designs, with only the name of each short - in this case, The First Round-Up (1934) - changing.
A poster for the Monogram Pictures re-releases of the Our Gang shorts under the title The Little Rascals in 1951. All of the shorts were reissued using similar poster designs, with only the name of each short - in this case, The First Round-Up (1934) - changing.

When Hal Roach sold Our Gang to MGM, he had retained the option to buy back the rights to the Our Gang trademark, provided he did not produce any more kids' comedies in the Our Gang vein. In the mid-1940s, he decided that he wanted to create a new film property in the Our Gang mold, and forfeited his right to buy back the Our Gang name in order to produce two Cinecolor featurettes, Curley and Who Killed Doc Robbin. Neither film was critically or financially successful, and Roach instead turned his plans toward re-releasing the original Our Gang comedies. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Cinecolor is an early subtractive color-model two color film process, based upon the Multicolor system of the 1920s. ... Curley is a 1947 film produced by Hal Roach as a re-imagining of his Our Gang series. ... Who Killed Doc Robbin is a 1948 film produced by Hal Roach as a reimagining of his Our Gang series. ...


In 1949, MGM allowed Roach to buy back the rights to the 1927–1938 Our Gang shorts, while retaining the rights to both the Our Gang films it produced and General Spanky. As per the terms agreed during the sale, Roach was required to remove the MGM Lion studio logo and all instances of the names or logos "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer," "Loews Incorporated," and Our Gang from the reissued film prints. Using a modified version of the series' original name, Roach packaged the 80 sound Our Gang shorts as The Little Rascals. Monogram Pictures and its successor, Allied Artists, reissued the films to theaters beginning in 1950. Allied Artists' television department, Interstate Television, syndicated the films to TV in 1955. For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Allied Artists Pictures Corporation (AAPC) was a subsidiary of Monogram Pictures that was founded in 1946. ...


Under its new name, The Little Rascals enjoyed renewed popularity on television, and new Little Rascals comic books, toys, and other licensed merchandise was made available for purchase. Seeing the potential of the property, MGM began distributing its own Our Gang shorts to television in 1956, and as a result, the two separate packages of Our Gang films competed with each other in syndication for three decades. Some stations bought both packages and played them alongside each other. In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ...


The television rights for the original silent Pathé Our Gang comedies were sold to National Telepix and other distributors, who distributed the films under titles such as The Mischief Makers and Those Lovable Scallawags with Their Gangs. Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ...


King World's acquisition and edits

In the 1960s a then-new distributor named King World Entertainment returned the films to television, and the success of The Little Rascals paved the way for King World to become one of the biggest television syndicators in the world; distributing, along with the Rascals, The Oprah Winfrey Show, Jeopardy, and Wheel of Fortune. King World Productions (aka King World Entertainment or simply King World) is the leading syndicator of U.S. television programming. ... The Oprah Winfrey Show (also known as Oprah) is an American nationally syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey and is the highest-rated talk show in American television history. ... This article describes the British horror/suspense television series. ... The daytime Wheel of Fortune was an American game show that aired on NBC from January 6, 1975 to June 30, 1989. ...


In 1971, because of controversy over their presumably racist content, as well as other content deemed to be in bad taste, King World made significant edits to its Little Rascals TV prints. Many of the series entries were trimmed by two to four minutes, while several others (among them Spanky, Bargain Day, The Pinch Singer, Mush & Milk, and Three Smart Guys) were cut down to nearly half of their original length.


At the same time, eight Little Rascals shorts were removed from the King World television package altogether. Lazy Days (1929), Moan & Groan, Inc. (1929), the Stepin Fetchit-guest-starred A Tough Winter (1930), Little Daddy (1931), A Lad An' A Lamp (1933), The Kid From Borneo (1933), and Little Sinner (1935) were all deleted from the syndication package because of perceived racism, while Big Ears (1931) was deleted for dealing with the subject of divorce. The early talkie Railroadin (1929) was never part of the television package, not because of potentially offensive content, but because its sound tracks (recorded on phonographic records) could not be found and were considered lost. Stepin Fetchit Stepin Fetchit was the stage name of American comedian and film actor Lincoln Theodore Monroe Andrew Perry (May 30, 1902–November 19, 1985). ... For the record label, see Divorce Records. ...


In the early 2000s, the 71 films in the King World package were re-edited, reinstating many (though not all) of the edits made in 1971 and the original Our Gang title cards. These new television prints made their debut on the American Movie Classics cable network in 2001. AMC was originally a basic cable channel that aired classic movies, largely pre-1950s, in a commercial-free, generally unedited format. ...


New Little Rascals productions

In 1977, Norman Lear tried to revive the Rascals franchise, taping three pilot episodes of the The Little Rascals. The pilots were not bought, but the pilots were notable for giving an early start to Gary Coleman. The cover to the DVD for the 1994 film The Little Rascals This is a DVD cover. ... The cover to the DVD for the 1994 film The Little Rascals This is a DVD cover. ... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... The DVD cover for the 1994 feature film version of The Little Rascals. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


1979 brought The Little Rascals Christmas Special, an animated holiday special based on the gang and featuring voice work from Darla Hood (who pased away before the special aired) and Matthew "Stymie" Beard. Hanna-Barbera brought the animated gang back from 1982 to 1984 in a series of Little Rascals television cartoons for ABC Saturday Mornings. Many producers, including Our Gang alumnus Jackie Cooper, made pilots for new Our Gang TV shows, but none of them ever went into production. Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ... The Little Rascals was the name of a 1982-1984 Saturday morning cartoon series produced jointly by Hanna-Barbera Productions and King World, and broadcast on ABC. Based upon the classic Our Gang comedy short films, it was part of a 90-minute package program, The Pac-Man/Little Rascals... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... Jackie Cooper (born John Cooper, Jr. ...


In 1994, Amblin Entertainment and Universal Pictures released The Little Rascals, a feature film based upon the series and featuring interpretations of classic Our Gang shorts, including Hearts are Thumps, Rushin' Ballet, and Hi'-Neighbor! The film, directed by Penelope Spheeris, starred Travis Tedford as Spanky, Bug Hall as Alfalfa, and Ross Bagley as Buckwheat; and featured cameos by the Olsen twins, Whoopi Goldberg, Mel Brooks, Reba McEntire, Donald Trump, and Raven-Symoné. The Little Rascals was a moderate success for Universal, bringing in $51,764,950 at the box office[19] Amblin Entertainment logo. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... The Little Rascals is a feature length film produced by Amblin Entertainment and released by Universal Pictures. ... Penelope Spheeris (born December 2, 1945) is an American director, producer, and screenwriter. ... Travis William Tedford (born August 19, 1988) is an American actor. ... Brandon Bug Hall (born on February 4, 1985) is an American actor and musician. ... Ross Elliot Bagley (born December 5, 1988 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actor. ... Mary-Kate Olsen and Ashley Fuller Olsen (born June 13, 1986) are twin American actresses who have appeared in television and films since the age of 3 months. ... Whoopi Goldberg performing stand-up at a benefit for Rainforest Action Network. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946 in Queens, New York) is an Emmy Award-nominated American business executive, entrepreneur, television personality and author. ... Raven-Symoné Christina Pearman (born December 10, 1985 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American actress, R&B and pop singer, songwriter, dancer, television producer, and fashion designer, best known for her roles as Olivia Kendall on The Cosby Show and her own show Thats So Raven as Raven Baxter. ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ...


Legacy and influence

The characters in this series became well-known cultural icons, and could often be identified solely by their first names. The characters of Alfalfa, Spanky, Buckwheat, Darla, and Froggy were especially well-known. Like many child actors, the Our Gang kids were subsequently typecast and had trouble outgrowing their Our Gang images. For other meanings, see typecasting. ...


Several Our Gang alumni, among them Carl "Alfalfa" Switzer, Scotty Beckett, Norman "Chubby" Chaney, Billy "Froggy" Laughlin, and Bobby "Wheezer" Hutchins, met with untimely deaths before the age of forty. This led to rumors that there was an Our Gang/Little Rascals "curse", a rumor popularized by a 2002 E! True Hollywood Story documentary entitled The Curse of the Little Rascals. [20] The Snopes.com website debunks the rumor that there is an Our Gang curse, stating that there was no evidence of a pattern of unusual deaths when taking all of the major Our Gang stars into account, despite the tragic deaths of a select few. [21] E! True Hollywood Story is a TV documentary series on the E! Entertainment Television cable and DBS channel that deals with famous Hollywood celebrities, movies, TV shows and well-known public figures. ... The Urban Legends Reference Pages (also known as snopes. ...


The kids' work in the series went largely unrewarded in later years, although Spanky McFarland received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame posthumously in 1994. Neither he nor any of the other Our Gang kids ever got any residuals or royalties from reruns of the shorts or licensed products with their likenesses. The only remittances they received were their weekly salaries during their time in the gang, which ranged from $40 a week for newcomers to $300 or more a week for stars like Farina, Spanky, and Alfalfa.[22] A band plays on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ... A residual is a payment made to the creator of performance art (or the performer in the work) for subsequent showings or screenings of the (usually filmed) work. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Rerun van Pelt is the name of Linus and Lucys younger brother in the comic strip Peanuts. ...


One notable exception is Jackie Cooper, who was later nominated for an Academy Award and had a full career as an adult actor. Cooper is best known today for portraying Perry White in the Superman movies starring Christopher Reeve, as well as for directing episodes of TV series such as M*A*S*H and Superboy. Robert Blake also went on to success as an adult in cinema (In Cold Blood) and more notably in television (Baretta). In 2002, Blake was arrested on suspicion of murdering his wife, Bonnie Lee Bakely. He was acquitted of his charges on March 16, 2005. Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Perry White is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics, and is the editor-in-chief of the Metropolis newspaper the Daily Planet. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Christopher DOlier Reeve[1] (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... M*A*S*H is an American television series developed by Larry Gelbart, inspired by the 1968 Richard Hooker (penname for H. Richard Hornberger) novel M*A*S*H: A Novel About Three Army Doctors and its sequels, but primarily by the 1970 film MASH, and influenced by the 1961... Superboy was a half-hour, live-action TV series based on the fictional DC Comics character. ... The 1967 film In Cold Blood was based on Capotes novel of the same name. ... The cover of the Baretta Season 1 DVD set. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The 1930 Our Gang short Pups is Pups was deemed "culturally significant" by the United States Library of Congress, and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry in 2004. Pups Is Pups is a two-reel comedy short subject; part of the Our Gang (Little Rascals) series. ... The Library of Congress is the de facto national library of the United States and the research arm of the United States Congress. ... The National Film Registry is the registry of films selected by the United States National Film Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of Congress. ...


Imitators and frauds

Due to the popularity of Our Gang, a number of imitation kid comedy short film series were created by competing studios. Among the most notable of these are The Kiddie Troupers, featuring future comedian Eddie Bracken; Baby Burlesks, featuring Shirley Temple; the Buster Brown comedies (from which Our Gang received Pete the Pup and Gus Meins); and Our Gang's most successful competitor, the Toonerville Trolley-based Mickey McGuire series starring Mickey Rooney. Some less notable imitations series include The McDougall Alley Gang (Bray Productions, 1927–1928), The Us Bunch and Our Kids. The word comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humor with an intent to provoke laughter in general). ... Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... Eddie Bracken (born February 7, 1915; died November 14, 2002) was an American comic actor. ... Baby Burlesks was a series of short films produced by Educational Pictures in the early 1930s. ... Shirley Jane Temple (born April 23, 1928) later known as Shirley Temple Black, is an American former child actress. ... Buster Brown is a comic strip character created in 1902 by Richard Felton Outcault which is known for his association with the Brown Shoe Company. ... Pete the Pup, in a scene from 1931s Fly My Kite. ... Gus Meins (March 6, 1893 - August 1, 1940) was a German-American film director. ... A Toonerville Folks strip from 1917 Toonerville Folks (sometimes known as Toonerville Trolley) was a comic strip by Fontaine Fox which ran from 1908 to 1955. ... Actor Mickey Rooney speaks at the Pentagon in 2000 during a ceremony honoring the USO. Mickey Rooney (born Joseph Yule, Jr. ... Bray Productions was the dominant animation studio based in the United States in the years before World War I. // History The studio was founded in December of 1914 by J. R. Bray, perhaps the first studio entirely devoted to animation, and series animation at that (he was probably beaten a...


In later years, a large number of adults falsely claimed to have been members of Our Gang. A long list of people, including persons famous in other capacities such as Nanette Fabray and Eddie Bracken, have all claimed to be or have been publicly called former Our Gang kids.[23] Bracken's official biography was once altered to state that he appeared in Our Gang instead of The Kiddie Troupers, although he himself had no knowledge of the change. There are many other persons who have falsely claimed to have been Our Gang kids such as Spanky, Alfalfa, Froggy, and often other characters who never existed. Nanette Fabray (born October 27, 1920 in San Diego, California) is an American actress. ... Eddie Bracken (born February 7, 1915; died November 14, 2002) was an American comic actor. ...


Among the most notable Our Gang impostors is Jack Bothwell, who claimed to have portrayed a character named "Freckles"[24], and went so far as to appear on the game show To Tell The Truth in 1957 perpetuating this fraud. Another is Bill English, a grocery store employee who appeared on the October 5, 1990, episode of the ABC investigative television newsmagazine 20/20 claiming to have been Buckwheat. Following the broadcast, Spanky McFarland informed the media of the truth, and in December, William Thomas, Jr., the son of the actual actor who played Buckwheat, filed a lawsuit against ABC for negligence. Nipsey Russell, Peggy Cass, Bill Cullen and Kitty Carlisle from the 1969-78 version. ... Simon William Bill English is a New Zealand politician, and former leader of the National Party from October 2001 to October 2003. ... This Flagship Randalls store in Houston, Texas is an example of a supermarket. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... A newsmagazine, sometimes called news magazine, is a usually weekly magazine featuring articles on current events. ... 20/20 is an American television newsmagazine broadcast on ABC since June 6, 1978. ... A common dictionary definition of truth is agreement with fact or reality.[1] There is no single definition of truth about which the majority of philosophers agree. ... It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ...


Persons and entities named after Our Gang

A number of other groups, companies, and entities have been inspired by or named after Our Gang. For example, the folk-rock group Spanky and Our Gang was named in honor of the troupe, but had no other connection with it. In addition, there are a number of (unauthorized) Little Rascals and Our Gang restaurants and day care centers in various locations throughout the United States. Folk rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... Spanky and Our Gang was an American 1960s folk-rock band led by Elaine Spanky McFarlane. ... Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to order, to be consumed on the premises. ... Day care is the care of a child during the day by a person other than the childs parents or legal guardians, often someone outside the childs immediate family. ...


Home video releases and rights to the films

16 mm, VHS, and DVD releases

For more details on this topic, see Our Gang filmography.

From the 1960s to the 1980s, copies of all eighty Hal Roach Little Rascals talkies, and a handful of the silents, were available on 16 mm film through Blackhawk Films. The only edits made to the films were the replacements of the original Our Gang title cards with Little Rascals titles. Like the other Little Rascals distributors, Blackhawk was required to use custom title cards in place of the originals, and the conversion of Railroadin', whose soundtrack could not be found, into a silent. In the early 1980s, Blackhawk made two-thirds of the Little Rascals shorts available by catalog on VHS home video. Blackhawk Films was acquired in 1983 by Republic Pictures, who repackaged about thirty Little Rascals shorts in various VHS compilations for sale in retail stores in 1984. This is a complete listing of all 221 Our Gang (Little Rascals) films produced by the Hal Roach studio or Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer between 1922 and 1944. ... 16 mm film was introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1923 as an inexpensive amateur alternative to the conventional 35 mm film format. ... Republic Pictures Corporation (aka Republic Entertainment) is an independent film, television, and video distribution company that was originally a movie production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, best known for its specialization in quality B pictures, westerns and movie serials. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS is a recording and playing standard for analog video cassette recorders (VCRs), developed by Victor Company of Japan, Limited (JVC) and launched... The home video business rents and sells videocassettes and DVDs to the public. ... Republic Pictures Corporation (aka Republic Entertainment) is an independent film, television, and video distribution company that was originally a movie production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, best known for its specialization in quality B pictures, westerns and movie serials. ...


Cabin Fever Entertainment acquired the Little Rascals home video rights from Republic in 1993, and between 1994 and 1995 issued all eighty Roach talkies (including a restored sound version of Railroadin') in a twenty-two volume Little Rascals VHS tape set. Each volume, hosted by film historian Leonard Maltin, featured four digitally restored and uncut shorts, complete with their original Our Gang title cards. In 1998, Cabin Fever shut down and sold the Little Rascals home video rights to Hallmark Entertainment, who re-isssued the first ten volumes of the Cabin Fever VHS set, and released two Little Rascals DVD compilations. A third DVD, entitled Little Rascals Collectors' Series Volume III, was issued on November 15, 2005, and includes ten sound shorts. Leonard Maltin (born December 18, 1950 in New York City) is a widely known and respected American film critic. ... Hallmark Cards, a privately owned company based in Kansas City, Missouri, is the largest manufacturer of greeting cards in the United States. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Meanwhile, MGM had released several non-comprehensive VHS tapes of its shorts, as well as the feature General Spanky. There are many other unofficial Our Gang and Little Rascals home video collections available from several other distributors, comprised of shorts (both silent and sound) which have fallen into the public domain. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


Status of ownership

Currently, the rights to the Our Gang/Little Rascals shorts are scattered. Hallmark Entertainment holds the theatrical and home video rights to the Roach-produced Our Gang shorts, which it acquired after absorbing Hal Roach Studios, Roach's estate, and Cabin Fever Entertainment in the late 1990s. King World continues to hold the rights to the Little Rascals trademark and the Little Rascals television package; it offers both original black-and-white and colorized prints for syndication. King World's Little Rascals package was recently featured as exclusive programming (in the United States) for the American Movie Classics network from August 2001 to December 2003, with Frankie Muniz as the host. Hallmark Cards, a privately owned company based in Kansas City, Missouri, is the largest manufacturer of greeting cards in the United States. ... Harold Eugene Roach ( January 14, 1892 – November 2, 1992) was an American film and television producer from 1910s to 1980s, born in Elmira, New York. ... A colorized image of Laurel and Hardy, from March of the Wooden Soldiers (formally Babes in Toyland). ... AMC was originally a basic cable channel that aired classic movies, largely pre-1950s, in a commercial-free, generally unedited format. ... Frankie Muniz (born Francisco James Muniz IV on December 5, 1985, in Ridgewood, New Jersey) is an Emmy Award and a Golden Globe Award nominated American actor, who is now a full time Champ Car driver. ...


The MGM-produced Our Gang shorts, General Spanky, and the rights to the Our Gang name have been owned by Turner Entertainment (today a subsidiary of Time Warner) since 1986. Turner made a deal with King World in the early 1990s to jointly market the Little Rascals and Our Gang films and properties, instead of competing with one another. The MGM Our Gangs now appear regularly on the AmericanLife TV Network, and periodically on the Turner Classic Movies cable network. General Spanky is a 1936 motion picture produced by Hal Roach. ... Turner Entertainment Company was established August 4, 1986 to oversee Turner Broadcastings film library after its acquisition of MGM/UA. In addition to the studio, Turner got its library, which included all of MGMs films, Warner Bros. ... Time Warner Inc. ... The AmericanLife TV Network, formerly the GoodLife TV Network, describes itself as the only cable television network devoted to the baby boomer generation. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ...


The widely-circulated rumor that entertainer Bill Cosby bought up the rights to Our Gang to keep the racial stereotypes off of television is false. Cosby has never owned any rights to the series at any time.[25] William Henry Bill Cosby, Jr. ...

Spanky disguises himself as an adult (standing on Alfalfa's shoulders) in a scene from 1935's Teacher's Beau. This gag, a standard of the series, was borrowed in the 1994 Little Rascals feature film.

Spanky McFarland in the 1935 Our Gang comedy Teachers Beau This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... Spanky McFarland in the 1935 Our Gang comedy Teachers Beau This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ...

Our Gang kids, pets, and personnel

For a detailed listing of the Our Gang kids, recurring adult actors, directors, and writers, please see Our Gang personnel. Our Gang in 1936, arguably the most popular period for the series. ...


The following is a listing of the best-known child actors in the Our Gang comedies. They are grouped by the era during which they joined the gang:


Roach silent period

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Our Gang

Ernie Morrison (Ernest Fredric Morrison) (December 20, 1912 - July 24, 1989) was an African-American child actor who performed under the stage name Sunshine Sammy. He was the first Black actor to be signed to a long-term contract, signing with comedy producer Hal Roach in 1919. ... Mickey Daniels was a regular on the Our Gang short series during the silent film era. ... Mary Kornman (December 27, 1915 - June 1, 1973) was an American child actress who was the leading female star of the Our Gang series during the Pathé silent era. ... Jackie Condon (John Condon) (March 25, 1918 - October 13, 1977) was an American child actor who was a regular on the Our Gang short series during the Pathé silent era. ... Allen Clayton Hoskins (August 9, 1920 – July 26, 1980) was an African American child actor, most famous for portraying the character of Farina in the Our Gang short films from 1922 to 1931. ... Joe Frank Cobb (November 7, 1917 - May 21, 2002) was a former American child actor, most notable for appearing as the original fat boy in the Our Gang comedies from 1922 to 1929. ... Jay R. Smith (August 29, 1915 - October 5, 2002) was an American former child actor who replaced Mickey Daniels as the freckle-faced kid of the Our Gang series in 1925. ... Jean Darling (born Dorothy Jean LeVake on August 23, 1922) is a former American child actress who was regular in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1927 to 1929. ... Bobby Hutchins (Robert E. Hutchins) (March 29, 1925 - March 17, 1945) was an American child actor who was a regular in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1926 to 1933. ... Mary Ann Jackson (January 14, 1923-December 17, 2003) was an American former child actress who appeared in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1928 to 1931. ... Pete the Pup, in a scene from 1931s Fly My Kite. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ...

Roach talkie period

Norman Myers Chaney (January 18, 1918 - May 29, 1936) was an American child actor, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang comedies as Chubby from 1929 to 1931. ... Jackie Cooper (born John Cooper, Jr. ... Dorothy Adelle DeBorba (born March 28, 1925) is a former American child actress who was a regular in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1930 to 1933. ... Matthew Beard, Jr. ... George Robert Phillips McFarland (October 2, 1928 - June 30, 1993) was an American actor most famous for his childhood role as Spanky in the depression era childrens comedy movie series Our Gang, also known as the Little Rascals. ... Tommy Bond as Butch during his second Our Gang tenure. ... Scotty Beckett (Scott Hastings Beckett) (October 4, 1929 - May 10, 1968) was an American child actor. ... Billie Thomas (originally William Thomas, Jr. ... Carl Dean Switzer (August 7, 1927 – January 21, 1959) was an American former child actor, professional dog breeder and expert hunting guide, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang short subjects series as Alfalfa, one of the series most popular and best-remembered characters. ... Darla Jean Hood (November 8, 1931 – June 13, 1979) was an American child actress. ... Eugene Gordon Lee (October 25, 1933–October 16, 2005) was a former American child actor, most notable for appearing in the Our Gang (Little Rascals) comedies as Porky from 1935 to 1939. ... [[1]]Darwood Kaye (Darwood Kenneth Smith) (September 8, 1929 - May 15, 2002) was an American former child actor, most notable for his semi-regular role as the snooty rich kid Waldo in the Our Gang short subjects series from 1937 to 1940. ...

MGM period

Robert Blake on the cover of the Baretta Season 1 DVD set. ... Billy Laughlin (William Robert Laughlin) (July 5, 1932 - August 31, 1948) played the character Froggy in the Our Gang short films in its final stretch, from 1940 to 1944. ... Janet Burston (January 11, 1935 - March 3, 1998) was an American child actress who was the final leading lady in the Our Gang short subjects series, replacing Darla Hood in 1942. ...

Notable Our Gang comedies

The poster for 1933's The Kid From Borneo. The film features a native "wild man" and, while available on home video, has not been part of the King World Little Rascals television package since 1971.

For a complete Our Gang filmography, see Our Gang filmography. the poster to The Kid From Borneo a 1933 Our Gang comedy. ... the poster to The Kid From Borneo a 1933 Our Gang comedy. ... The home video business rents and sells videocassettes and DVDs to the public. ... King World Productions (aka King World Entertainment or simply King World) is the leading syndicator of U.S. television programming. ... This is a complete listing of all 221 Our Gang (Little Rascals) films produced by the Hal Roach studio or Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer between 1922 and 1944. ...


The following is a listing of selected Our Gang comedies, considered by Leonard Maltin and Richard W. Bann (in their book The Little Rascals: The Life and Times of Our Gang) to be among the best and most important in the series. Leonard Maltin (born December 18, 1950 in New York City) is a widely known and respected American film critic. ...

  • 1923: The Champeen and Derby Day
  • 1924: High Society
  • 1925: Your Own Back Yard and One Wild Ride
  • 1929: Cat, Dog & Co. and Small Talk
  • 1930: The First Seven Years, Pups Is Pups, Teacher's Pet, and School's Out
  • 1931: Love Business, Little Daddy, Fly My Kite, and Dogs Is Dogs
  • 1932: Readin' and Writin', The Pooch, Hook And Ladder, Free Wheeling, and Birthday Blues
  • 1933: The Kid From Borneo, Mush and Milk, and Bedtime Worries
  • 1934: Hi' Neighbor! and Mama's Little Pirate
  • 1935: Beginner's Luck and Our Gang Follies Of 1936
  • 1936: Divot Diggers, Bored of Education, and General Spanky
  • 1937: Reunion In Rhythm, Glove Taps, Hearts Are Thumps, Rushin' Ballet, Night 'N' Gales, Mail And Female, and Our Gang Follies Of 1938
  • 1938: Three Men in a Tub and Hide and Shriek
  • 1939: Alfalfa's Aunt and Cousin Wilbur
  • 1940: Goin' Fishin' and Kiddie Kure
  • 1942: Going To Press

Pups Is Pups is a two-reel comedy short subject; part of the Our Gang (Little Rascals) series. ... Teachers Pet is a two-reel comedy short subject; part of the Our Gang (Little Rascals) series. ... Bored of Education is a one-reel comedy short film; part of the Our Gang (Little Rascals) series. ... General Spanky is a 1936 motion picture produced by Hal Roach. ... Alfalfas Aunt is a one-reel comedy short subject; part of the Our Gang (Little Rascals) series. ...

Notes

  1. ^  Maltin, Leonard (1994). The Little Rascals: Remastered and Uncut, Volume 22 (Introduction) [Videorecording]. New York: Cabin Fever Entertainment/Hallmark Entertainment.
  2. ^  Maltin & Bann. The Little Rascals: The Life & Times of Our Gang, p. 26, 163.
  3. ^  Limbacher Jr (July 23, 2001). In 2001, Dan Rather was accused of racism by the Reverend Jesse Lee Peterson when he stated, on air, that "What happened was they [CBS management] got the willies, they got the Buckwheats. Their knees wobbled and we gave it up."
  4. ^  Maltin & Bann. The Little Rascals: The Life & Times of Our Gang, p. 243.
  5. ^  Donald Bogle, transcript for Life & Times (April 8, 2005). Excerpt: "[The] interesting thing is the first real kind of black star in Hollywood was a [child actor]. His name was Ernest Morrison. He was known as Sunshine Sammy and he worked with Harold Lloyd. He worked in the early "Our Gang" series. He was very well-known within the black community in Los Angeles. People knew him and admired him. But they were the early ones. The other thing that was also interesting was that, in the very early days, there were a number who ended up working as servants for major white stars."
  6. ^  Crowe. "The Picaninny Caricature". Retrieved May 30, 2005.
  7. ^  Maltin & Bann. The Little Rascals: The Life & Times of Our Gang, p. 181.
  8. ^  Ibid, p. 245.
  9. ^  Ibid, p.9.
  10. ^  Ibid, p. 246.
  11. ^  Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films, p. 21
  12. ^  Maltin & Bann. The Little Rascals: The Life & Times of Our Gang.
  13. ^  Ibid, p. 262.
  14. ^  Ibid, p. 195.
  15. ^  Ibid, p. 202.
  16. ^  Ibid, p. 211.
  17. ^  Ibid, p. 235–236. Financial data for negative costs, revenue, and profits/losses are provided for all 52 MGM Our Gang shorts.
  18. ^  Ibid, p. 236
  19. ^  "Business Data for The Little Rascals (1994)". IMDb. Retrieved May 30, 2005.
  20. ^  Maltin & Bann. The Little Rascals: The Life & Times of Our Gang, p. 246.
  21. ^  "E! True Hollywood Story: The Curse of the Little Rascals". IMDb.com. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
  22. ^  Mikkelson, Barbara and Mikkelson, David. "Urban Legends References Page: 'Our Gang' Curse." Snopes.com. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
  23. ^  Ibid, p. 241–242
  24. ^  Contemporary sources variously identify Mickey Daniels, Harry Spear, and Jay R. Smith as being called 'Freckles'
  25. ^  Sept. 17, 1999. "Urban Legends: The Little Rascals". Snopes.com. Retrieved June 24, 2005.

Leonard Maltin (born December 18, 1950 in New York City) is a widely known and respected American film critic. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Daniel Irvin Rather, Jr. ... Racism is a belief or concept that inherent differences between people (such as those upon which the concept of race is based) determine cultural or individual achievement, and may involve the idea that ones own race is superior. ... Jesse Lee Peterson (born May 24, 1949 in Midway, Alabama) is the president and founder of The Brotherhood Organization of A New Destiny (BOND), a group dedicated to promoting responsible fatherhood amongst African Americans. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Bogle, Donald (1973, rev. 2001). Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. New York: Continuum. Pgs. 20–23. ISBN 0-8264-1267-X.
  • Burns, Linda. (2005, April 8). Life & Times (interview with Donald Bogle) [Television broadcast]. Los Angeles: KCET. Transcript available here.
  • Maltin, Leonard (1994). The Little Rascals: Remastered and Uncut, Volume 22 (Introduction) [Videorecording]. New York: Cabin Fever Entertainment/Hallmark Entertainment.
  • Limbacher, Carl Jr. (July 23, 2001). Civil Rights Leader: Dan Rather Slurred Blacks with Chandra Comments. NewsMax.com. Retrieved May 26, 2005.
  • The Little Rascals (1994). Imdb.com. Retrieved May 26, 2005.
  • Maltin, Leonard & Bann, Richard W (1977, rev. 1992). The Little Rascals: The Life & Times of Our Gang. New York: Crown Publishing/Three Rivers Press. ISBN 0-517-58325-9.
  • Pilgrim, Dr. James (Oct. 2000). The Picaninny Caricature. Ferris State University: The Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memerobilia. Retrieved May 26, 2005.
  • Ramsey, Steve. Our Gang Online. Ramseyltd.com (No longer online). Retrieved version of site as it existed on August 3, 2002 using the Wayback Machine on March 10, 2005.

April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Leonard Maltin (born December 18, 1950 in New York City) is a widely known and respected American film critic. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Internet Archive headquarters, San Francisco The Internet Archive (archive. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Bond, Tommy, w. Genini, Ron (1994). Darn Right It's Butch: Memories of Our Gang/The Little Rascals. Delaware: Morgan Printing. ISBN 0-9630976-5-2.
  • Cooper, Jackie (1982). Please Don't Shoot My Dog: The Autobiography of Jackie Cooper. New York: Penguin Putnam. ISBN 0-425-07483-8.

Tommy Bond as Butch during his second Our Gang tenure. ... Jackie Cooper (born John Cooper, Jr. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Our Gang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6091 words)
Our Gang, also known as The Little Rascals or Hal Roach's Rascals, was a long-lived series of American comedy short films about a troupe of poor neighborhood children and the adventures they had together.
Our Gang was hugely successful during the 1920s and the early 1930s.
The MGM-produced Our Gang shorts were not as well-received as the Roach-produced shorts had been, due to both MGM's inexperience with the brand of slapstick comedy Our Gang was famous for and MGM's insistence on keeping Alfalfa, Spanky, and Buckwheat in the series until they were in their early teens.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Our Gang (4363 words)
Our Gang also notably put boys, girls, whites, and fls together in a group as equals; something that had never been done before in cinema, but was commonplace after Our Gang's success.
The Our Gang series is notable for being one of the first times in movie history that African-Americans and Caucasians were portrayed as equals, though some historians do not look favorably upon the characters of the African-American children today.
The MGM-produced Our Gang shorts were not as well-received as the Roach-produced shorts had been, due to both MGM's inexperience with the brand of slapstick comedy Our Gang was famous for and MGM's insistence on keeping Alfalfa, Spanky, and Buckwheat in the series until they were teenagers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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