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Encyclopedia > Ottoman Turkish

Ottoman Turkish is the variant of the Turkish (Türkçe or Türk dili) is a Turkic language, spoken natively by over 100 million speakers in Turkey, Cyprus, and worldwide. ...Turkish language which was used as the administrative and literary language of the The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923...Ottoman Empire, containing extensive borrowings from Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ...Arabic and Persian (فارسی), also known as Farsi (local name), Parsi (older local name, but still used by some speakers), Tajik (a Central Asian dialect) or Dari (an Afghan dialect), is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. ...Persian and written in The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing the Arabic language, which is the language of the Quran, the holy book of Islam. ...Arabic script. The Ottoman Turkish spoken in the capital differed markedly from the Turkish spoken by farmers and villagers in the countryside, almost to such an extent that they did not understand each other.


In 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...1928, following the reforms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Pasha, named Atatürk ( 1881– November 10, 1938), Turkish reformist, soldier, and statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. ...Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, a more popular Turkish emerged, with influences from Most of the many indigenous languages of Europe belong to the Indo_European language family. ...European languages rather than from Arabic and Persian and using the The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world, the standard script of the English language and most of the languages of western and central Europe, and of those areas settled by Europeans. ...Latin alphabet. The reason of the changes were because people who lived in farms and small towns could not understand the people who lived in the big towns. The Ottoman Turkish is held by many to be a completely different language than the Turkish of today. This seems to be politically motivated and does not hold up linguistically. However, few in modern_day The Republic of Turkey is a country located in Southwest Asia with a small part of its territory (3%) in southeastern Europe. ...Turkey can understand spoken Ottoman Turkish, let alone written.


Examples

English Ottoman Modern Turkish
yes evet evet
no la hayır
hello merhaba merhaba

Alphabet

Character Name Modern Turkish
elif a, e
ء hemze ', a, e, i, u, ü
be b
پ pe p
te t
se s
cim c
çim ç
he, ha h
h
dal d
zel z
re r
ze z
je j
sin s
şın ş
sat, sad s
dad, dat,
zad, zat,
d, z
t
z
ayın ', h
gayın g, ğ
fe f
kaf k
kef k, g, ğ, n
گ1 gef g, ğ
ڭ nef,
kaf_ı nuni,
sağır kef
n
lam l
mim m
nun n
vav v
he h, e, a
lamelif la
ye y, ı, i

1A correct Ottoman variant of gef will have the "mini_kaf" of ﻙ and the doubled upper stroke of گ. This feature is surely rare in current fonts.


External link

  • Omniglot: Turkish (http://www.omniglot.com/writing/turkish.htm) (does also include information on Ottoman Turkish)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (9114 words)
The Ottoman defeat at the naval Battle of Lepanto (1571) weakened the Ottoman grip on the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, and was considered by earlier historians to mark the beginning of Ottoman decline.
Ultimately, the Ottoman Empire's relatively high degree of tolerance for ethnic differences proved to be one of its greatest strengths in integrating the new regions until the rise of nationalism (this non-assimilative policy became a weakness during the dissolution of the empire that neither the first or second parliaments could successfully address).
Ottoman Cuisine is one of the most diverse and advanced cuisines in the World, and is based on the culmination of Ottoman regional and ethnic dishes and technological and innovational advancement of these with new ingredients and cooking techniques.
Ottoman Turkish language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (886 words)
Ottoman Turkish (Turkish: Osmanlıca or Osmanlı Türkçesi, Ottoman Turkish: لسان عثمانی - lisân-i Osmânî) is the variant of the Turkish language that was used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire.
That Ottoman Turkish's Arabic borrowings were not the result of the direct exposure of the language to Arabic is evidenced by the typically Persian phonological mutation of the words of Arabic origin.
Ottoman Turkish was primarily written in the Ottoman Turkish script (الفبا elifbâ), a heavily Persian-influenced variant of the Arabic script.
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