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Encyclopedia > Otto von Habsburg
Pretender
Otto, Crown Prince of Austria
Born November 20, 1912 (1912-11-20) (age 94)
Title(s) Archduke and Crown Prince of Austria, Crown Prince of Hungary and Bohemia
Throne(s) claimed Austria, Hungary
Pretend from April 1, 1922 - present
Monarchy abolished 1918
Last monarch Charles I
Connection with Eldest son
Royal House Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Charles I of Austria
Mother Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Spouse Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen and Hildburghausen
Children Andrea, Monika, Michaela, Gabriela, Walburga, Karl, Georg

Otto, Crown Prince of Austria or Otto von Habsburg (born 20 November 1912 as Archduke Franz Joseph Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Max Heinrich Sixtus Xaver Felix Renatus Ludwig Gaetan Pius Ignatius of Austria) is the current head of the Habsburg family and the eldest son of Karl of Austria, the last Emperor of Austria and last King of Hungary, and his wife, Zita of Bourbon-Parma. He is a former member of the European Parliament for The Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) party and president of the International Paneuropean Union. Image File history File linksMetadata Habsburgotto. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Emperor Charles I of Austria The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Emperor Charles I of Austria The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia... Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Italian: Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese, Principessa di Borbone di Parma) (German: Zita von Bourbon-Parma; May 9, 1892 – March 14, 1989) was the wife of Emperor Charles I of Austria and was the last Empress-consort of... Archduchess Andrea of Austria (Andrea Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Hereditary Countess of Neipperg, (30 May 1953 - ) was born in Würzburg, Bavaria, the first child and oldest daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and his wife Princess... Archduchess Monika of Austria (Monika Maria Roberta Antonia Raphaela von Habsburg-Lothringen), Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Duchess of Santangelo, (13 September 1954 - ) was born in Würzburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Archduchess Michaela of Austria (Michaela Maria Madeleine Kiliana von Habsburg-Lothringen) Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Countess of Kageneck, (13 September 1954 - ) was born in Würzburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Gabriela von Habsburg, (born 14 October 1956) is a German sculptor and the granddaughter of Charles I, last Emperor of Austria. ... Archduchess Walburga of Austria (Walburga Maria Franziska Helene Elisabeth von Habsburg-Lothringen) Archduchess and Princess Imperial of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Countess Douglas, (5 October 1958 - ) in Schloss Berg, Luxemburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Archduke Karl of Austria (Karl Thomas Robert Maria Franziskus Georg Bahnam von Habsburg-Lothringen) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, (born January 11, 1961 at Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany) is the son of Otto von Habsburg and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen and the grandson of the... Archduke Georg of Austria-Hungary (Paul Georg Maria Joseph Dominikus von Habsburg-Lothringen) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, (16 December 1964 - ) was born in Starnberg, the second son, and seventh and youngest child of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Regina, Crown Princess of Austria. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... “Human Head” redirects here. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Karl I, a. ... The title of Emperor of Austria was proclaimed in 1804 by the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II, who feared for the future of the old Reich in the face of Napoleons aggressions, and wished to maintain his imperial title in the event that the Holy Roman Empire should... This is a list of all rulers of Hungary since Árpád. ... Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Italian: Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese, Principessa di Borbone di Parma) (German: Zita von Bourbon-Parma; May 9, 1892 – March 14, 1989) was the wife of Emperor Charles I of Austria and was the last Empress-consort of... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The Christian Social Union of Bavaria ( ) is a Christian democratic political party in Germany. ... The International Paneuropean Union claims to be the oldest European unification movement and is also referred to as the Paneuropean Movement and the Pan Europa Movement. ...


Otto lives in Bavaria in Germany, and is a German, Austrian, Croatian, and Hungarian citizen. Although his official name in Germany is Otto von Habsburg, he is referred to as Otto Habsburg-Lothringen by Austrian authorities. He is also often known as Archduke Otto of Austria, Crown Prince Otto of Austria, and in Hungary, simply as Habsburg Ottó. For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...

Otto and his grandfather Emperor Franz Joseph

Contents

This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Franz Joseph I (in Hungarian I. Ferenc József, in English Francis Joseph I) (August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and a German prince (Deutscher Fürst). ...

Early life

Otto was born near Vienna in Reichenau an der Rax, Lower Austria. For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Reichenau an der Rax is a town in Lower Austria, situated at mountain Rax. ... Map of Lower Austria showing districts and the four quarters (Waldviertel in green, Weinviertel in red, Mostviertel in yellow and Industrieviertel in blue) Lower Austria (de: Niederösterreich) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer in Austria. ...


In November 1916, Otto became Crown Prince of Austria and Hungary when his father, Archduke Karl, ascended to the throne. However, in 1918, at the end of the First World War, both monarchies were abolished, the Republics of Austria and Hungary founded instead, and the family were forced into exile. Hungary did become a kingdom again, but Karl was never to ascend the throne. Instead, Miklós Horthy ruled until 1944 as regent in the kingdom without a king. Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Horthy” redirects here. ...


Years in exile

Otto's family spent the following years in Switzerland and in the Portuguese island of Madeira, where Karl died prematurely in 1922, making Otto pretender to the throne at the age of ten. Meanwhile, the Austrian parliament had officially expelled the Habsburg dynasty and confiscated all the official property (Habsburgergesetz of 3 April 1919). For other uses, see Madeira (disambiguation). ... This article is about pretender as applied to a monarchy. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


In 1935 Otto graduated from the Catholic University of Leuven, having studied social and political sciences. The Catholic University of Leuven is the largest and most prominent university in Belgium. ...


Opposing Nazi government

Otto spent most of the war years in Washington, D.C. (1940 – 1944), after escaping from Belgium to Paris with his mother Empress Zita and his whole family. His cousins Ernst Duke of Hohenberg and Georg Prince von Hohenberg were arrested in Vienna by the Gestapo and sent to a concentration camp, till the end of the war. Many other Habsburgs, suffered the same persecution. This was the main reason to leave the friendly Belgium and escaped to France, when Paris was in danger they left the French capital and again the whole family moved to Portugal with a visa issued by the Portuguese consul in Bordeaux, Aristides de Sousa Mendes. A fervent Austrian patriot, he opposed the Nazi Anschluss of Austria of 1938 and, sentenced to death by Hitler, spent the war years in America (Ironically, the codename for the operation carried out by the German army in the Anschluss was 'Otto'). After the war, he lived for some years in both France and Spain. For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sousa Mendes on a rehabilitated stamp, 1995 Aristides de Sousa Mendes (1885–1954) was a Portuguese diplomat, who fought against his own government for the safety of European Jews in the years before World War II. Aristides de Sousa Mendes do Amaral e Abranches was born in Cabanas de Viriato... Nazism, or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the totalitarian ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... German troops march into Austria on 12 March 1938. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ...


Political career

In 1961 Otto renounced all claims to the Austrian throne and was eventually allowed to return to his home country in 1966 (Austria had until the mid 1950s been officially neutral, staunchly republican and ill-disposed to welcome back the heir to a deposed dynasty).


An early advocate of a unified Europe, Otto was president of the International Paneuropean Union from 1986 to 2004. He served from 1979 till 1999 as a Member of the European Parliament for the conservative CSU party, becoming the Senior Member of the supranational body. He is also a member of the Mont Pelerin Society. He was a big supporter of the expansion of European Union from the beginning (especially of the accession of Hungary). For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The International Paneuropean Union claims to be the oldest European unification movement and is also referred to as the Paneuropean Movement and the Pan Europa Movement. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The Christian Social Union of Bavaria ( ) is a Christian democratic political party in Germany. ... The Mont Pelerin Society (MPS) is an international organization composed of economists, intellectuals, business leaders, and others who favour economic liberalism. ...


21st century

Recently Otto warned that Russia is becoming the biggest threat to Europe and compared the actions made by Putin to actions of Hitler.[1]When Archduke Otto had visited Budapest very recently, a well known journalist asked him about what was his view regarding Vladimir Putin and comparing him with Boris Yeltsin, he answered: “Yeltsin was chaotic, but at least he still had some democratic principles. Putin, on the other hand, was a secret policeman from the age of twenty-three, and up to now. His mentality is completely different. He speaks of these things very honestly, but we don’t take proper notice of it. He said, for instance, at the beginning of his term when he was an appointed President, that he would be expanding military expenditures considerably for Russia. Did we take any notice of this? No, we continued to disarm on our side. Once again let’s go back to the same old sentence, ‘One doesn’t learn from history.’ The Archduke is convinced that Putin might became a new Hitler or Stalin, he has the physique du role of a tyrant. Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ...


In December 2006, Otto observed that, "The catastrophe of September 11, 2001 struck The United States more profoundly than any of us, whence a certain mutual incomprehension. Until then, the United States felt itself secure, persuaded of its power to bombard any enemy, without anyone being able to strike back. That sentiment vanished in an instant...Americans understand 'viscerally' for the first time the risks they face."[2]


Miscellaneous

Otto is alleged to have struck fellow MEP Ian Paisley. When Pope John Paul II gave a speech to the European Parliament in 1988, Paisley shouted at the Pope, "I renounce you as the Antichrist!" and held up a poster reading "Pope John Paul II Antichrist", whereupon he was excluded from the session and expelled from the room by other MEPs.[3] [4] The current version of this article or section is written in an informal style and with a personally invested tone. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP)[1] is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... Ian Richard Kyle Paisley (born 6 April 1926), styled The Revd and Rt Hon. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...


Family life

Coronation photograph of Zita as Queen of Hungary, with her husband, King Charles IV and Crown Prince Otto.31 December 1916
Coronation photograph of Zita as Queen of Hungary, with her husband, King Charles IV and Crown Prince Otto.31 December 1916

Otto has been married since 1951 to Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen and Hildburghausen. The couple have seven children and 23 grandchildren: Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Italian: Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese, Principessa di Borbone di Parma) (German: Zita von Bourbon-Parma; May 9, 1892 – March 14, 1989) was the wife of Emperor Charles I of Austria and was the last Empress-consort of... Karl I, a. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...

  • Archduchess Andrea of Austria (1953). Married Hereditary Count Karl Eugen of Neipperg. They have three sons and two daughters.
  • Archduchess Monika of Austria (1954). Married Luis Gonzaga de Casanova-Cárdenas y Barón, Duke of Santangelo, Marquess of Elche, Count of Lodosa and Grandee of Spain, who is a descendant of Infanta Doña Luisa Teresa of Spain, Duchess of Sessa and sister of Francisco de Asís, King-Consort of Spain. They have four sons.
  • Archduchess Michaela of Austria (1954). Monika's twin sister. Married firstly Eric Teran d'Antin, and secondly Count Hubertus of Kageneck. She has two sons and a daughter from her first marriage. Twice divorced.
  • Archduchess Gabriela of Austria (1956). Married Christian Meister in 1978, divorced in 1997. She has a son and two daughters. She is an international sculptor.
  • Archduchess Walburga of Austria (1958). Married Count Archibald Douglas, from the Swedish nobility. They have a son.
  • Archduke Karl of Austria (born 11 January 1961), the presumptive future head of the Habsburg family, married Baroness Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza (daughter of Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza) in 1993. They have two daughters and a son. They separated amicably in 2003.
  • Archduke Georg of Austria (1964). Married Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg. They have two daughters and a son.
    • Zsófia (2001-)
    • Ildikó (2002-)
    • Károly-Konstantin (2004-)

Otto and his wife reside at the "Villa Austria" in Pöcking near the lake Starnberger See, Bavaria, Germany. Archduchess Andrea of Austria (Andrea Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Hereditary Countess of Neipperg, (30 May 1953 - ) was born in Würzburg, Bavaria, the first child and oldest daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and his wife Princess... Archduchess Monika of Austria (Monika Maria Roberta Antonia Raphaela von Habsburg-Lothringen), Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Duchess of Santangelo, (13 September 1954 - ) was born in Würzburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Archduchess Michaela of Austria (Michaela Maria Madeleine Kiliana von Habsburg-Lothringen) Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Countess of Kageneck, (13 September 1954 - ) was born in Würzburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Gabriela von Habsburg, (born 14 October 1956) is a German sculptor and the granddaughter of Charles I, last Emperor of Austria. ... Archduchess Walburga of Austria (Walburga Maria Franziska Helene Elisabeth von Habsburg-Lothringen) Archduchess and Princess Imperial of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Countess Douglas, (5 October 1958 - ) in Schloss Berg, Luxemburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Archduke Karl of Austria (Karl Thomas Robert Maria Franziskus Georg Bahnam von Habsburg-Lothringen) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, (born January 11, 1961 at Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany) is the son of Otto von Habsburg and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen and the grandson of the... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza (1921-2002) Baron Hans Heinrich von Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon (2 April 1921 – 26 April 2002), a noted industrialist and art collector, was a Dutch-born Swiss citizen with a Hungarian title, a legal resident of Monaco for tax purposes, with a declared second residency... Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (Ferdinand Zvonimir Maria Balthus Keith Michael Otto Antal Bahnam Leonhard von Habsburg-Lothringen) (21 June 1997 in Salzburg-) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, is the eldest son of Archduke Karl of Austria and future head of the House of Habsburg. ... Archduke Georg of Austria-Hungary (Paul Georg Maria Joseph Dominikus von Habsburg-Lothringen) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, (16 December 1964 - ) was born in Starnberg, the second son, and seventh and youngest child of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Regina, Crown Princess of Austria. ... Starnberg is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Lake Starnberg (German: Starnberger See) in southern Bavaria is one of Germanys largest lakes and a popular recreation area for the nearby city of Munich. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...


Trivia

  • In the 'personal biography' Charlotte Chandler wrote about Billy Wilder, Nobody's perfect (2002), Wilder describes how he attended the funeral of Franz Joseph I as an eight-year-old and felt envious of young Otto, whom he saw dressed "completely in white, in the uniform of the Hussars". Twenty-five years later, Wilder, then a successful screenwriter, had a visitor. It was none less than the prince, whom Wilder describes as "just a man in a gray suit, not made by a tailor. He had thinned hair. My hair had thinned too, but I was only mortal". After some talk, Otto came to the point. "He wanted to know whether the time was right for an extravaganza film about the Danube monarchy. If so, he wanted me to keep him in mind, because he could be available as an expert on the Austro Hungarian Empire. But how could he? He never had the chance to be an expert."
  • Otto von Habsburg used to be a chain smoker until his marriage, smoking up to hundred cigarettes a day. Today he has quit smoking with the exception of one day in the year: the World No Tobacco Day.
  • Willy Brandt, the former chancellor of West Germany, was elected into the European Parliament simultaneously with Otto von Habsburg. Habsburg was not pleased with the attendance time of his colleague, so he pinned a note on Brandt's bureau door, reading "Bureau for rent". Much to the amusement of the fellow parliamentarians it stayed there for several weeks.

Billy Wilder (June 22, 1906 – March 27, 2002) was an Austrian-born, Jewish-American journalist, screenwriter, film director, and producer whose career spanned more than 50 years and 60 films. ... Screenwriters, scenarists or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... World No Tobacco Day is observed around the world every year on May 31. ... Willy Brandt, born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm (December 18, 1913 - October 8, 1992), was a German politician, Chancellor of West Germany 1969 – 1974, and leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 1964 – 1987. ...

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Archduke Francis Charles of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Archduke Charles Louis of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Sophie of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Archduke Otto Francis of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maria Theresa of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles I of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
George of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amelia of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ferdinand II of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maria Anna of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maria II of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Otto, Crown Prince of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles II, Duke of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles III, Duke of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Maria Teresa of Savoy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Robert I, Duke of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Caroline of the Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zita of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John VI of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Michael of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charlotte of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Marie of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 

Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Austria and Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of... Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (30 July 1833 – 19 May 1896) was the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose shooting occasioned the start of World War I. He was born at Schönbrunn in Vienna, the son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria (1802-1878) and his wife... Sophie of Austria Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. ... Otto Franz, Otto Franz Joseph Karl Ludwig Maria, Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (April 21, 1865-November 1, 1906) was the second son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph) and his second wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of... Ferdinand II (Ferdinando Carlo, January 12, 1810 – May 22, 1859) was the King of the Two Sicilies (Southern Italy) from 1830 until his death. ... Maria Theresia Isabella, queen consort of Naples and Sicily Archduchess Maria Theresa (Isabella) of Austria (31 July 1816, Vienna - 8 August 1867, Albano) was the second Queen consort of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies. ... Emperor Charles I of Austria The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia... Johann I, King of Saxony (12 December 1801-29 October 1873) son of Maximilian, Duke of Saxony (1759-1838) and Caroline of Bourbon-Parma (1770-1804). ... King George of Saxony by Franz Kops (1895) George I, King of Saxony (Friedrich August Georg Ludwig Maximilian Karl Maria Nepomuk Baptist Xaver Cyriacus Romanus) (8 August 1832 in Dresden - 15 October 1904 in Pillnitz) succeeded his brother Albrecht as King of Saxony on June 19, 1902. ... Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony, Archduchess of Austria Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth Pia Angelika Margarete von Wettin), (31 May 1867 - 28 May 1944), was the mother of Emperor Karl I of Austria; she was never Empress herself. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1816 - December 15, 1885) was king consort to Maria II of Portugal from their marriage in 1836 to her death in 1853. ... Maria Ana of Braganza, dona Maria Ana Fernanda Leopoldina Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Carlota Antónia Júlia Vitória Praxedes Francisca de Assis Gonzaga, pron. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Charles Louis of Bourbon-Parma (Carlo Ludovico di Borbone Parma) (22 December 1799–16 April 1883) was King of Etruria (1803–1807), Duke of Lucca (1824–1847), and Duke of Parma (1847–1848). ... Charles III of Parma. ... Robert I Duke of Parma, (Roberto I Carlo Luigi Maria of Bourbon, Duke of Parma and Piacenza) (July 9, 1848 – November 16, 1907) was the ruler of Parma and Piacenza from 1854 until 1859, when the duchy was annexed to Italy. ... Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry (1778 - February 13, 1820), younger son of Charles X of France, was born at Versailles. ... Louise Marie Thérèse of France (Louise Marie Thérèse dArtois; born September 21, 1819, Élysée-Bourbon, Paris, France; died February 1, 1864, Palazzo Giustiniani, Venice, Austrian Empire) was the eldest daughter of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of King Charles X of France... The Duchess of Berry, painted in 1828 by Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun Marie Caroline Ferdinande Louise, duchesse de Berry (1798–1870) was the daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his first wife, Maria Klementine of Austria. ... Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Italian: Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese, Principessa di Borbone di Parma) (German: Zita von Bourbon-Parma; May 9, 1892 – March 14, 1989) was the wife of Emperor Charles I of Austria and was the last Empress-consort of... John VI, King of Portugal (13 May 1767 – 26 March 1826) KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Carlota Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April or 25 May 1775 - 6 January or 7 January 1830) was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma (1751-1819). ... Maria Antonia of Portugal (Maria Antonia Adelaide Camila Carolina Eulália Leopoldina Sofia Inès Francisca de Assis e de Paula Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga Gregória Bernardina Benedita Andrea; born Bronnbach, November 28, 1862; died Schloss Colmar-Berg, 14 May 1959) was the seventh and last child of Miguel... Constantine of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (28 September 1802 Kleinheubach, near Miltenberg- 27 December 1838, Kleinheubach) was the eldest son and heir of Karl Thomas, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg by his wife Sophie of Windisch-Graetz. ... Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (3 April 1831, Kleinheubach, near Miltenberg - 16 December 1909, Ryde, Isle of Wight) was the wife of Miguel of Portugal but only following his deposition. ...

Sources

  1. ^ http://wiadomosci.gazeta.pl
  2. ^ Lalanne, Dorothée (2006-12-06). "Otto de Habsbourg: Européen Avant Tout". Point de Vue (No.3046): page 46. 
  3. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE7DC1630F935A25753C1A96E948260
  4. ^ http://www.freepres.org/paisley.asp?paisley
  • Gordon Brook-Shepherd Uncrowned Emperor - The Life and Times of Otto von Habsburg, Hambledon Continuum, London 2003

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Otto von Habsburg-Lothringen
Otto von Habsburg
Born: 20 November 1912
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Emperor Charles I
— TITULAR —
Emperor of Austria
King of Hungary
King of Bohemia
King of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia
King of Galicia
King of Lodomeria
King of Illyria

1 April 1922present
* Reason for succession failure *
Austro-Hungarian Empire abolished in 1918 
Incumbent
Designated heir:
Archduke Karl
— TITULAR —
King of Jerusalem
Habsburg pretender
1 April 1922present
* Reason for succession failure *
Kingdom conquered in 1291 
Direct ancestry
Archduke Otto Franz of Austria Emperor Charles I of Austria Otto von Habsburg
Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
House of Wettin
Duke Robert I of Parma
House of Bourbon
Princess Zita of Parma
Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal
House of Braganza

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... This article is about pretender as applied to a monarchy. ... Emperor Charles I of Austria The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia... The title of Emperor of Austria was proclaimed in 1804 by the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II, who feared for the future of the old Reich in the face of Napoleons aggressions, and wished to maintain his imperial title in the event that the Holy Roman Empire should... This is a list of all rulers of the Kingdom of Hungary since Árpád. ... The Lands of the Czech /Bohemian/ Crown (Czech zemÄ› Koruny české, Latin Corona regni Bohemiae) (e. ... // The details of the arrival of the Croats are scarcely documented. ... For other uses, see Galicia. ... Coat of arms of Lodomeria Lodomeria is the Latinized name of Volodymyr-Volhynia, a medieval Ruthenian principality, which was part of Halych-Volhynia in the 13th and 14th centuries. ... Location of Illyria Illyria (Albanian Iliria Land of the Free; Ancient Greek ; Latin Illyria [1] (see also Illyricum) was in Classical antiquity a region in the western part of todays Balkan Peninsula, founded by the tribes and clans of Illyrians, an ancient people who spoke the Illyrian languages. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The present is the time that is perceived directly, not as a recollection or a speculation. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Archduke Karl of Austria (Karl Thomas Robert Maria Franziskus Georg Bahnam von Habsburg-Lothringen) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, (born January 11, 1961 at Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany) is the son of Otto von Habsburg and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen and the grandson of the... This is a list of Kings of Jerusalem, from 1099 to 1291, as well as claimants to the title up to the present day. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... This article is about pretender as applied to a monarchy. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The present is the time that is perceived directly, not as a recollection or a speculation. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Otto Franz, Otto Franz Joseph Karl Ludwig Maria, Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (April 21, 1865-November 1, 1906) was the second son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph) and his second wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Emperor Charles I of Austria The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia... Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony, Archduchess of Austria Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth Pia Angelika Margarete von Wettin), (31 May 1867 - 28 May 1944), was the mother of Emperor Karl I of Austria; she was never Empress herself. ... The House of Wettin was a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors (Kurfürsten) and kings that ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ... Robert I Duke of Parma, (Roberto I Carlo Luigi Maria of Bourbon, Duke of Parma and Piacenza) (July 9, 1848 – November 16, 1907) was the ruler of Parma and Piacenza from 1854 until 1859, when the duchy was annexed to Italy. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Italian: Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese, Principessa di Borbone di Parma) (German: Zita von Bourbon-Parma; May 9, 1892 – March 14, 1989) was the wife of Emperor Charles I of Austria and was the last Empress-consort of... Maria Antonia of Portugal (Maria Antonia Adelaide Camila Carolina Eulália Leopoldina Sofia Inès Francisca de Assis e de Paula Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga Gregória Bernardina Benedita Andrea; born Bronnbach, November 28, 1862; died Schloss Colmar-Berg, 14 May 1959) was the seventh and last child of Miguel... The Royal House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa Real de Bragança, pron. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Otto von Habsburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (547 words)
Otto was born in Reichenau an der Rax, Lower Austria.
Otto spent most of the war years in Washington, D.C.), after escaping from Austria to Portugal with a visa issued by the Portuguese consul in Bordeaux, Aristides Sousa Mendes.
Otto and his wife reside at the "Villa Austria" in Pöcking, Bavaria, Germany.
uphabsot (750 words)
was born in Reichenau, Austria on 20 November 1912 as the eldest son of Archduke Karl and Princess Zita von Bourbon-Parma, from 1916 the Emperor and Empress of Austria, King and Queen of Hungary.
Otto von Habsburg also promoted future Hungarian and Czechoslovak independence, worked to increase Allied response to the Holocaust, and obtained assurances that ethnic Germans in Czechoslovakia would not be driven from the Sudetenland after the war.
Otto von Habsburg is the author of over 35 books on politics, history and biography published in several languages, and contributes regular columns to international publications on the subject of European socio politics and union.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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