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Encyclopedia > Otto Bauer

Otto Bauer (1881 - July 4, 1938) was an Austrian Social Democrat who is considered one of the leading thinkers of the Austro-Marxist movement. 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Austromarxism was the fairly left-wing ideology persued by the Social Democratic Workers Party of Austria during the late decades of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and the Austrian First Republic (1918-1934). ...


Having studied at the University of Vienna, he finished is PhD in Law in 1906 and published his first book, Die Sozialdemokratie und die Nationalitätenfrage, in 1907. Although he was politically active during his studies, his gradual rise in the Austrian Social Democratic Party began after he had finished his PhD. He was able to establish himself as a likely heir to the throne of Viktor Adler. University of Vienna, main building, seen from Beethovens apartment The University of Vienna (German: Universität Wien) in Austria was founded in 1365 by Rudolph IV and hence named Alma mater Rudolphina. ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... Victor Adler (June 24, 1852 Prague - November 11, 1918 Vienna) was an Austrian Social Democratic leader. ...


Otto Bauer was a P.O.W. in World War I and returned from Russia to Austria in 1917. After Viktor Adler's death in 1918, Bauer became leader of the Austrian Social Democratic Party. From November 1918 to July 1919 the Austrian Social Democrats formed coalition government with the Christian Social Party and Otto Bauer was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs. Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


When the Christian Democratic installed authoritarian dictatorship in 1934, Otto Bauer was forced into exile. He continued to organize the Austrian Social Democrat's resistance first from Brno, Czechoslovakia, and later from Paris, France. He continued his literary and theoretical work until his very last breath. He died in Paris, France, on 4th of July 1938, aged 57, merely four months after Austria had become part of Hitler's Reich. The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Brno  listen? (German: Brünn) is the second-largest city of the Czech Republic, located in the southeast of the country, at the confluence of the Svitava and Svratka rivers. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889–April 30, 1945) was the Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Imperial chancellor) of Germany from 1933 to his death. ...


Otto Bauer was one of the leaders of the Second and a half International and one of the major thinkers of the left socialist Austro-Marxist tendency. His major works, besides The Social Democracy and the Nationalities Question, are: The World Revolution (1919), “Bolshevism or Social Democracy? (1920), The New Course of Soviet Russia (1921), Fascism (1936), The Crisis of Democracy (1936) etc.


  Results from FactBites:
 
First World War.com - Who's Who - Otto Bauer (170 words)
Otto Bauer (1882-1938) was Austria's leading socialist in the years prior to World War One.
Bauer thereafter served in minor government appointments as the war drew to a close and then became Foreign Secretary in (post-armistice) November 1918, succeeding Viktor Adler.
Bauer actively campaigned for Austria's political union with the (similarly new) German republic, a desire that was expressly forbade by the Treaty of Versailles.
Pierre Frank: Otto Bauer (January 1969) (2357 words)
The case of Otto Bauer is by far the most illustrative because he was the most inclined to offer theoretical justifications for his positions.
Again we find Otto Bauer citing the “inevitable and the necessary.” Reformism, he says, is not the influence of bourgeois ideology on the working class nor the betrayal of the leaders of the workers parties.
In all his oscillations Otto Bauer showed one constant – the working class had no revolutionary capacities; it was an amorphous mass preoccupied with its “egoistic desires” and “immediate wants.” It was for this reason that the Socialist party leaderships appealed to the workers to fight their class brothers in 1914.
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