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Encyclopedia > Ottawa Valley

The Ottawa Valley is the valley surrounding the Ottawa River for the west-east portion of its path through the Canadian Shield from Mattawa to Ottawa. The valley is narrow at its western end, then becomes increasingly wide (mainly on the southern Ontario side of the river) as it progresses eastward. Approximately 1.3 million people reside in the valley (and along its tributaries), of these the majority, around 80% reside in Ontario, the remainder on the north side of the Ottawa river, in Quebec. The Greater Ottawa area has just over 1.1 million inhabitants. This is about the river in Canada. ... Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield is a large craton in eastern and central Canada and adjacent portions of the United States, composed of bare rock dating to the Precambrian Era (between 4. ... Mattawa is a town in northeastern Ontario, Canada at the confluence of the Mattawa and Ottawa Rivers in Nipissing District. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 4th 1... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 4th 1... The first European explorer of what is now Quebec was Jacques Cartier, who planted a cross either in the Gaspé in 1534 or at Old Fort Bay on the Lower North Shore and sailed into the St. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ...


Near the city of Ottawa, the Ottawa Valley merges with the St. Lawrence Valley to the south to create a delta of flat farmland stretching unbroken from the Ottawa River to the St. Lawrence River as far east as the island of Montreal, where the two rivers meet. This area is sometimes referred to as the "Lower Ottawa Valley", in contrast with the "Upper Ottawa Valley" west of Ottawa, but the name is not common, and most people think of the Ottawa Valley only as the upper portion. The Saint Lawrence River (French fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 500. ...


Because the Canadian Shield comes nearly to the Ottawa River on the north (Quebec) side of the valley, most settlements and transportation routes are on the southern Ontario side. From west to east, the major Ottawa Valley communities are Mattawa, Deep River (with nearby Chalk River, the site of Canada's nuclear reactor program), Petawawa (a major Canadian military base), Pembroke (where Samuel de Champlain landed briefly), Renfrew, Arnprior, and Ottawa (the nation's capital). All are on the south shore of the Ottawa River and are also connected by the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 17) and a Canadian Pacific Railway line. The first European explorer of what is now Quebec was Jacques Cartier, who planted a cross either in the Gaspé in 1534 or at Old Fort Bay on the Lower North Shore and sailed into the St. ... Deep River is a town in Renfrew County, Ontario, Canada. ... Petawawa is a town located in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Pembroke (2004 population 14,700 or 23,679 including the immediate surrounding area) is a city on the Ottawa River in the Ottawa Valley in eastern Ontario, Canada. ... Samuel de Champlain by Théophile Hamel (1870) Samuel de Champlain (c. ... Renfrew, Ontario, Canada is a town on the Bonnechere River in Renfrew County, located geographically in Eastern Ontario, According to the 2001 Statistics Canada Census: Population: 7,942 % Change (1996-2001): -2. ... Arnprior is a town in eastern Renfrew County, in eastern Ontario, Canada at the mouth of the Madawaska River, as it enters the Ottawa River. ... Example of Trans-Canada Highway marker shield. ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ...

Contents


History

After the arrival of European settlers in North America, the first major industry of the Ottawa Valley was fur trading. The valley was part of the major cross-country route for French-Canadian Voyageurs, who would paddle canoes up the Ottawa River as far as Mattawa and then portage west through various rivers and lakes to Georgian Bay on Lake Huron. Later, lumber became the valley's major industry, and it is still important in the far western part where the valley is narrow and little farmland is available. Today, the vast majority of the valley's residents live at its eastern end in Ottawa and its suburbs, where government and technology are major industries. The fur trade was a huge part in the early economic development of North America. ... The coureurs des bois (runners of the woods) or voyageurs (travellers) is the name given to the men who engaged in the fur trade directly with the Amerindians in North America from the time of New France up through the 19th century, when much of the continent was still mostly... Georgian Bay is a large bay of Lake Huron, located in Ontario, Canada. ... The Great Lakes from space; Lake Huron is the third from the left. ... Lumber is the name used, generally in North America, for wood that has been cut into boards or other shapes for the purpose of woodworking or construction. ...


Language

English and French are both commonly spoken throughout the Ottawa Valley on both sides of the river. Regional English accents are rare in Canada, but because of its isolation (before the arrival of the railways) and through the mixture of French and Irish populations, the valley at one time developed a distinctive dialect referred to as the Ottawa Valley Twang. Many traces of it can still be heard today, especially in the valley's more isolated western portions. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Ottawa Valley Twang refers to the English spoken in the Ottawa Valley (the region west and north of Canadas capital, Ottawa) which is said to be the most closed-mouthed speech in the country. ...


Tourism

Tourism has become one of the main industries of the Ottawa Valley, after the bust in the timber industry. Pursuits such as skydiving, whitewater rafting, camping, biking, canoeing, driving, hot air ballooning, ATVing, golfing and hiking draw visitors from all over Canada and abroad. (Source: Canadian Geographic) Skydiver about to land Parachuting, or skydiving, is a recreational activity, competitive sport and method of deployment of military personnel (and occasionally, firefighters). ... Rafting is a recreational activity utilizing a raft to navigate a river or other body of water. ... Camping is an outdoor recreational activity involving the spending of one or more nights in a tent, primitive structure, a travel trailer or recreational vehicle at a campsite with the purpose of getting away from civilization and enjoying nature. ... Cycling is a recreation, a transport across land. ... Canoeing is the recreational or sporting activity of paddling a canoe or kayak. ... Driving is the controlled operation of a vehicle, which is usually a motor vehicle such as a truck, bus, motorcycle, or car. ... This article is about the sport of golf. ... Beautiful natural scenes are common hiking destinations Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ...


Facts

  • The Ottawa Valley covers over 7,645 sq. km
  • Glaciers retreated from what is now the Ottawa Valley region 12,800 years ago, leaving the area covered by the Champlain Sea for thousands of years. Ten thousand years ago the water retreated and land emerged.
  • More than half of the Ottawa Valley is wilderness.
  • Renfrew County, in the Ottawa Valley, is the largest county in Ontario. *outside of "districts", administrative regions in Northern Ontario.
  • There are over 900 lakes and four major river systems in the Ottawa Valley.
  • More than 400 species of animals live in the Ottawa Valley.
  • The white trillium, which grows throughout the Ottawa Valley, has been Ontario's provincial floral emblem since 1937. Its white blossom is associated with peace and hope.
  • The Ottawa River is 1,271 kilometres long.
  • The most likely source of the Ottawa River is Lac des Outaouais in Quebec.
  • The Ottawa River was first navigated and settles by the Huron, Algonquin, Iroquois and Outaouais people.
  • The Algonquin people called the Ottawa River “Kitchissippi”, which means “Great River”.
  • The Algonquin word Kichesippirini means "Big River People".
  • The name Petawawa comes from the Algonquin language meaning “where one hears a noise like this.”
  • The mixture of the accents of the Valley’s French, Irish and Scottish populations created a regional dialect that came to be called the Ottawa Valley Twang, which is still alive today.
  • White pine was the timber of choice for loggers during the Ottawa Valley’s logging boom in the early 19th century.
  • Winter was the best season for cutting timber as trees fell more easily when their sap wasn’t running and ice and snow made it easier to drag the timber. Spring was the season when the loggers would “drive” the logs downriver.
  • Samuel de Champlain spent the years between 1613 and 1615 traveling the Ottawa River with Algonquin and Huron guides. In charting the new land Champlain inaugurated the route that would be used by French fur traders for the next 200 years.
  • Between 1847 and 1879 a “horse railway” was used to portage passengers from the Ottawa River steamboat in a horse-drawn car for 5.5 kilometres along the wooded shore, around Chat Falls to another steamboat to continue their journey upriver.
  • For more facts, visit Canadian Geographic Online

Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... The Champlain Sea was a temporary inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, created by the retreating glaciers during the close of the last ice age. ... Renfrew (Rinn Friù in Scottish Gaelic) is a small town and former royal burgh in the Renfrewshire region of Scotland (see main article on the town of Renfrew, Scotland). ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 4th 1... Lake Clearwater, Ontario, Canada A lake is a large body of water, usually fresh water, surrounded by land. ... The Murray River in Australia. ... Species See text Trillium is a genus of about 40-50 species of perennial herbaceous flowering plants, native to temperate regions of North America and Asia. ... An emblem consists of a pictorial image, abstract or representational, that epitomizes a concept - often a concept of a moral truth or an allegory. ... The first European explorer of what is now Quebec was Jacques Cartier, who planted a cross either in the Gaspé in 1534 or at Old Fort Bay on the Lower North Shore and sailed into the St. ... This article is about the First Nations people, the Wyandot, also known as the Huron. ... The Algonquins or Algonkins are an aboriginal North American people speaking Algonquin, an Algonquian language. ... The Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee, also known as the League of Peace and Power, Five Nations, or Six Nations) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ... Outaouais is a region of the province of Quebec, Canada. ... Petawawa is a town located in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Ottawa Valley Twang refers to the English spoken in the Ottawa Valley (the region west and north of Canadas capital, Ottawa) which is said to be the most closed-mouthed speech in the country. ... White Pine may refer to: Trees within the Pinus classification Eastern White Pine, a tree native to North America. ... Samuel de Champlain by Théophile Hamel (1870) Samuel de Champlain (c. ... // Indian trade The fur trade (also called the Indian trade) was a huge part of the early history of contact in North America between European-Americans and American Indians (now often called Native Americans in the United States and First Nations in Canada). ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to The Ottawa Valley - Naturally Wonderful (0 words)
Whitewater or flatwater, the Ottawa Valley is a paddler's paradise.
The Ottawa Valley stretches from Ottawa, Canada’s capital city, westward to the wilderness of Ontario’s
Although this is sometimes debated, Renfrew County and The Ottawa Valley are one and the same, with the exception of a few outlying areas.
April Verch - Bio (927 words)
The province of Ontario is divided into "counties" and the Ottawa Valley is one and the same as "Renfrew County", the largest county in the province.
The Ottawa River is a well-defined river that is the heart of this valley.
Her favourite Ottawa Valley songwriter is the late Mac Beattie, a native of the Valley whose songs embrace the very essence of life there.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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