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Encyclopedia > Ottawa River

This is about the river in Canada. For other uses, see Ottawa River (disambiguation)

The Ottawa River flows southeast across this satellite image, joining the Saint Lawrence River which flows northeast. Heavily forested areas appear differing shades of orange/red, while farmland is tan shades.
The Ottawa River flows southeast across this satellite image, joining the Saint Lawrence River which flows northeast. Heavily forested areas appear differing shades of orange/red, while farmland is tan shades.

The Ottawa River (French: Rivière des Outaouais) defines for most of its length the border between the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. It rises from its source in Lake Capimitchigama in the Laurentian mountains of central Quebec, flows west to Lake Timiskaming where it reaches the Ontario border, then flows southeast to Ottawa and Gatineau where it tumbles over the Chaudière Falls and further takes in the Rideau and Gatineau rivers. Image File history File links Ottawa_River_from_satellite. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (French has some legal status but is not fully co-official) Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... The Laurentians mountains in the Hautes-Gorges Quebec national parc, Charlevoix, Quebec, Canada The Laurentian mountains (French: Laurentides) are a mountain range in southern Quebec, Canada, north of the St. ... Lake Timiskaming (sometimes spelled Temiskaming or Temiscaming, from the French Lac Témiscamingue) is a large freshwater lake in Canada. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location City Information Established: 1850 as Bytown Area: 2,778. ... Map of Quebec with Gatineau highlighted in red. ... The Chaudière is a 185 km (115 miles) long river rising in Lac Mégantic, in southeast Quebec, Canada and running northwards to flow into the St. ... rapids on the Rideau River opposite Carleton University The Rideau River is a Canadian river which flows north from Upper Rideau Lake and empties into the Ottawa River at Rideau Falls in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Gatineau River is a river in western Quebec which rises in lakes north of the Baskatong Reservoir and flows south to join the Ottawa River at the city of Gatineau, Quebec. ...


The Ottawa River drains into the Lake of Two Mountains and the Saint Lawrence River at Montreal. The total length of the river is 1,271 km and it drains an area of 146,000 km², 65% in Quebec and the rest in Ontario. The average waterflow measured at Carillon dam, near the Lake of Two Mountains, is 1,950 m³/s, and it can vary from 700 to 8,000 m³/s. Location map of Lake of Two Mountains. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Québec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between 106 and 107 m (1,000 and 10,000 km). ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². ...


Major tributaries include the:

The Ottawa River, looking west from Lebreton Flats. The Prince of Wales Bridge can be seen in the distance.
The Ottawa River, looking west from Lebreton Flats. The Prince of Wales Bridge can be seen in the distance.

Following the retreat of the glaciers from this area at the end of the last ice age, the Ottawa River valley was flooded by an arm of the Atlantic Ocean known as the Champlain Sea. Fossil remains of marine life have been found in marine clay formed during that time. Sediment deposits from this period have resulted in areas of poor drainage and the presence of large bogs in some ancient channels of this river. Another consequence was the formations of large deposits of a material commonly known as Leda clay; these deposits become highly unstable after heavy rains. A number of landslides have occurred as a result. The former site of the town of Lemieux, Ontario collapsed into the South Nation River in 1993; however, the residents had already been relocated due to the suspected instability of the earth in that location. The Bonnechere River in Renfrew. ... The Coulonge River is a predominantly wilderness river in western Quebec, Canada. ... The Gatineau River is a river in western Quebec which rises in lakes north of the Baskatong Reservoir and flows south to join the Ottawa River at the city of Gatineau, Quebec. ... The du Lièvre River (Rivière du Lièvre in French) is a river in western Quebec which flows south from the Mitchinamécus reservoir and empties into the Ottawa River west of Masson, Quebec. ... The Madawaska River from Highway 17 near Arnprior. ... The Mattawa River is a river in central Ontario, Canada. ... The Mississippi River from Highway 417 near Antrim. ... There are two rivers named Montreal River in Ontario, Canada: The Montreal River in eastern Ontario is a tributary of the Ottawa River, emptying into Lake Timiskaming. ... Rivière-du-Nord is the name of a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada. ... The Petawawa River is a river in eastern Ontario, Canada. ... rapids on the Rideau River opposite Carleton University The Rideau River is a Canadian river which flows north from Upper Rideau Lake and empties into the Ottawa River at Rideau Falls in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Rouge River is a river in western Quebec, Canada, which empties into the Ottawa River. ... The South Nation River is a river whose watershed covers 3,900 km², a large part of eastern Ontario. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Ottawa_River_from_Lebreton_Flats. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Ottawa_River_from_Lebreton_Flats. ... Lebreton Flats is a neighbourhood in Ottawa, Canada undergoing redevelopment by the National Capital Commission which had earlier expropriated the land in 1965 as part of the Greber Plan. ... The Ottawa River, looking west from Lebreton Flats. ... A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The Champlain Sea was a temporary inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, created by the retreating glaciers during the close of the last ice age. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of natural clays. ... Lütt-Witt Moor, a bog in Henstedt-Ulzburg in northern Germany. ... Quick clay, also known as Leda Clay in Canada, is a unique form of highly sensitive clay, with the tendency to change from a relatively stiff condition to a liquid mass when it is disturbed. ... Landslide of soil and regolith in Pakistan A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement, such as rock falls, deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


Large numbers of Canada Geese, ducks, gulls and shorebirds take advantage of spring flooding and wetlands in the Ottawa River valley during migration. Ducks also overwinter in sections of the river that do not freeze over. Binomial name Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies (Dusky Canada Goose) (Vancouver Canada Goose) (Lesser Canada Goose) (Moffitts Canada Goose) (Giant Canada Goose) (Interior Canada Goose) (Atlantic Canada Goose) The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), colloquially Greater Canada in North America, belongs to the Branta genus of geese, which contains species... Genera Gulls are seabirds in the family Laridae. ... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ...


History

A railroad bridge over the Ottawa River in Mattawa, Ontario.
A railroad bridge over the Ottawa River in Mattawa, Ontario.

This river was an important trade route for the Algonquin people, who called it Kitchissippi, "Great River". Some early European explorers, possibly considering the Ottawa River to be more significant than the Upper Saint Lawrence, applied the name River Canada to the Ottawa River and the Saint Lawrence River below the confluence at Montreal. As the extent of the Great Lakes became clear and the river began to be regarded as a tributary, it was variously known as the Grand River, "Great River" or Grand River of the Algonquins before the present name was settled upon. This name change resulted from Ottawa peoples' control of the river circa 1685. However, only one band of Ottawa, the Kinouncherpirini or Keinouch, ever inhabited the Ottawa Valley. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Downtown Mattawa on Highway 533. ... This article is about the Native American tribe. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ...


In 1615, Samuel de Champlain and Étienne Brûlé, assisted by Algonquin guides, were the first Europeans to travel up the Ottawa River and follow the water route west to Georgian Bay that would be used by French fur traders for the next two centuries. Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... Samuel de Champlain by Théophile Hamel (1870) Samuel de Champlain (about 1580 – 25 December 1635) was a French geographer, draftsman, explorer and founder of Quebec City. ... Étienne Brûlé (c. ... Georgian Bay (French: baie Georgienne) is a large bay of Lake Huron, located in Ontario, Canada. ... // Indian trade The fur trade (also called the Indian trade) was a huge part of the early history of contact in North America between European-Americans and American Indians (now often called Native Americans in the United States and First Nations in Canada). ...


In the early 19th century, the Ottawa River and its tributaries were used to gain access to large untouched forests of white pine. A booming trade in timber developed and large rafts of logs were floated down the river. In 1832, the Ottawa River was connected to Lake Ontario via the construction of the Rideau Canal. Today, Outaouais Herald Emeritus at the Canadian Heraldic Authority is named after the river. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Pinus strobus L. Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) is a large pine native to eastern North America, occurring from Newfoundland west to Minnesota and southeasternmost Manitoba, and south along the Appalachian Mountains to the extreme north of Georgia. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Lake Ontario seen from near Wolcott, New York Lake Ontario (French: lac Ontario), bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... A portion of the worlds largest skating rink Canal during Winter The Rideau Canal, also known as the Rideau Waterway, connects the city of Ottawa, Ontario on the Ottawa River to the city of Kingston, Ontario on Lake Ontario. ... The badge of office of Outaouais Herald Emeritus Outaouais Herald of Arms Emeritus (Héraut Outaouais émérite in French) is the title of one of the officers of arms at the Canadian Heraldic Authority in Ottawa. ... Badge of the Canadian Heraldic Authority The Canadian Heraldic Authority is an agency of the Government of Canada responsible for heraldry in Canada. ...


A number of hydroelectric dams have been constructed on this river. However, it is still extensively used for recreational boating. Hydraulic turbine and electrical generator. ...

The Ottawa River below Parliament Hill, Ottawa
Enlarge
The Ottawa River below Parliament Hill, Ottawa

Communities along the Ottawa River include in down-stream order: Centre Block and Library of Parliament, on Parliament Hill, above the gorge of the Ottawa River, at Ottawa, Ontario. ... Centre Block and Library of Parliament, on Parliament Hill, above the gorge of the Ottawa River, at Ottawa, Ontario. ...

Ville-Marie is the biggest city (pop. ... Témiscaming is a town located at the south end of Lake Temiscaming on the upper Ottawa River in the Témiscamingue Regional County Municipality of western Quebec. ... Downtown Mattawa on Highway 533. ... Deep River is a town in Renfrew County, Ontario, Canada. ... Petawawa is a town located in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Pembroke (population 13,490 in the 2001 Canadian census) is a city at the confluence of the Muskrat River and the Ottawa River in the Ottawa Valley in eastern Ontario, Canada. ... Fort Coulonge is a village in the Pontiac Regional County Municipality in western Quebec (45°50′33. ... Arnprior is a town in eastern Renfrew County, in eastern Ontario, Canada at the mouth of the Madawaska River, as it enters the Ottawa River in the Ottawa Valley. ... Aylmer is a former city and the western sector of Gatineau, Quebec, Canada, is located on the Ottawa River and Quebec route 148. ... Hull, Québec, as seen from Ottawa Hull is part of the city of Gatineau, Quebec, Canada. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location City Information Established: 1850 as Bytown Area: 2,778. ... Motto: Ursus super montem ivit Area: 342. ... Orléans is a community in eastern Ontario, which became part of the city of Ottawa in 2001. ... Rockland is a bilingual (mostly francophone) community located about 25 kilometers east of Ottawa in Canada, in the city of Clarence-Rockland. ... Thurso is a city in the Papineau Regional County Municipality in the Outaouais region of western Quebec. ... Papineauville is a town in the Papineau Regional County Municipality of western Quebec. ... Montebello is a village located in the La Petite Nation area of the Ottawa River region of Quebec, Canada. ... Fassett village in Quebec, Canada located on the under-construction Quebec Autoroute 50 east of Montebello. ... LOrignal is a village in Champlain Township, Ontario. ... Hawkesbury is a town in Eastern Ontario on the Ottawa River, near the Quebec/Ontario border. ... Rigaud is a municipality in southwestern Quebec, Canada in Vaudreuil-Soulanges at the junction of the Ottawa River (Riviere des Ouatouais) and the Rigaud River. ... Hudson, Quebec, Canada, pop. ... Oka, Quebec is a small Canadian village on the bank of Lake of Two Mountains north of Laval, Quebec near Montreal founded in 1721 by the Roman Catholic Sulpician Order. ... Vaudreuil-Dorion is a city (ville) in southwestern Quebec in Vaudreuil-Soulanges on the Ottawa River (Riviere des Outaouais). ... Pincourt is a small town of about 12000 people in Quebec on the small island of ÃŽle Perrot off the western tip of the island of Montreal. ...

See also

See also: Rivers in Canada Tributaries of Hudson Bay Rivers in Canada alphabetically Rivers of the Americas This is the list of rivers situated which flow through Ontario. ... Here is a list of rivers in Quebec. ...

External links

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Ottawa River

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ottawa River: Definition and Much More From Answers.com (1076 words)
The total length of the river is 1,271 km and it drains an area of 146,000 km², 65% in Quebec and the rest in Ontario.
Following the retreat of the glaciers from this area at the end of the last ice age, the Ottawa River valley was flooded by an arm of the Atlantic Ocean known as the Champlain Sea.
In 1832, the Ottawa River was connected to Lake Ontario via the construction of the Rideau Canal.
Ottawa: Weather and Much More From Answers.com (4262 words)
Ottawa is situated on the south bank of the Ottawa River, and contains the mouths of the Rideau River and Rideau Canal.
Ottawa has a range of temperatures from a record high of 37.8 °C (100 °F) in the summers of 1986 and 2001 to a record low of -36.1 °C (-33 °F) being recorded in the winter of 1943, the second coldest temperature recorded in a capital city (after Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia).
Ottawa is also home to a minor league baseball team, the AAA farm team of the Baltimore Orioles, the Ottawa Lynx of the International League.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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