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Encyclopedia > Oswaldo Cruz Institute

Instituto Oswaldo Cruz is a scientific institution for research and development in biomedical sciences located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was founded by Dr. Oswaldo Cruz, a noted physician and epidemiologist. Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Government  - Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area  - City 1,260 km²  (486. ... Oswaldo Gonçalves Cruz (b. ...


The Federal Serum Therapy Institute was established with the objective of developing serum and vaccines against the bubonic plague. The institute’s activities, however, changed from simple production into research and experimental medicine, especially after Oswaldo Cruz assumed its leadership in 1902. From there on, the institute became the base for memorable sanitation campaigns in an age of outbreaks and epidemics of the bubonic plague, yellow fever, and smallpox. The Institute, however, was not confined to Rio de Janeiro and, on the contrary, collaborated in the occupation of the country’s inlands through scientific expeditions, aiding in the development of the country. When Oswaldo Cruz died, in 1917, the Institute, which by then already bore his name, was nationally consolidated through important scientific achievements, such as Carlos Chagas’ description of the complete cycle of the American trypanosomiasis including the clinical pattern of the disease. On 16 January 2007, the Institute announced that it had developed a gel from algae which it is hoped will reduce HIV transmission to women.[1] The bubonic plague (more properly Bubonic Fever; a plague is an epidemic) is the best-known variant of the deadly infectious disease caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. ... The bubonic plague (more properly Bubonic Fever; a plague is an epidemic) is the best-known variant of the deadly infectious disease caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Government  - Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area  - City 1,260 km²  (486. ... Carlos Justiniano Ribeiro Chagas (born July 9, 1879, Oliveira, Minas Gerais, Brazil; died November 8, 1934, Rio de Janeiro), was a Brazilian physician. ... ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A seaweed (Laurencia) up close: the branches are multicellular and only about 1 mm thick. ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ...


The institute through its foundation and the World Community Grid project, is involved in the Fiocruz Genome Comparison Project which is designed to produce a database comparing the genes from many genomes with each other using SSEARCH. The official World Community Grid logo World Community Grid is an effort to create the worlds largest public computing grid to tackle scientific research projects that benefit humanity. ... The Fiocruz Genome Comparison Project is designed to produce a database comparing the genes from many genomes with each other using SSEARCH[1]. The program SSEARCH performs a rigorous Smith-Waterman alignment between a protein sequence and another protein sequence, a protein database, a DNA or a DNA library. ...


External link

  • History of Manguinhos from the Oswaldo Cruz Institute.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Oswaldo Cruz Summary (1369 words)
Oswaldo Cruz was born in the province of São Paulo, the son of a doctor.
The new Institute was established in the old farm of Manguinhos (Portuguese for mangrove) at the western shores of Guanabara Bay.
Cruz was initially successful in the sanitary campaign against the bubonic plague, to which end he used obligatory notification of cases, isolation of sick people, treatment with the sera produced at Manguinhos and extermination of the rats populating the city.
Oswaldo Cruz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (967 words)
Oswaldo Gonçalves Cruz was born on August 5, 1872 in São Luis de Paraitinga, a small city in São Paulo State, to the physician Bento Gonçalvez Cruz and Amália Bulhões Cruz.
The new Institute was established in the old farm of Manguinhos (Portuguese for mangrove) at the western shores of Guanabara Bay.
Cruz was initially successful in the sanitary campaign against the bubonic plague, to which end he used obligatory notification of cases, isolation of sick people, treatment with the sera produced at Manguinhos and extermination of the rats populating the city.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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