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Encyclopedia > Oswald the Lucky Rabbit
An Oswald the Lucky Rabbit movie poster from 1927.
An Oswald the Lucky Rabbit movie poster from 1927.

Oswald the Lucky Rabbit is an animated cartoon character created by Ub Iwerks and Walt Disney for cartoons distributed by Universal Studios in the 1920s and 1930s. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 391 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (635 × 972 pixel, file size: 362 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Poster for Oswald the Lucky Rabbit This image is of a poster, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher or... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 391 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (635 × 972 pixel, file size: 362 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Poster for Oswald the Lucky Rabbit This image is of a poster, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher or... An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). ... A publicity photograph (circa 1929) of Ub Iwerks and his most famous co-creation, Mickey Mouse. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ...

Contents

Creation under Disney

Oswald was first introduced in 1927 after Disney's series of Alice Comedies had run its course. Disney signed a new contract with Universal head Carl Laemmle where he would produce a series of cartoons for Charles B. Mintz and George Winkler. The first Oswald cartoon, Poor Papa, was rejected by the Universal studio heads due to poor production quality and the sloppiness and age of Oswald. After this, Disney, together with Ub Iwerks, created a second cartoon called Trolley Troubles featuring a much younger, neater Oswald. The short officially launched the series and proved to be Disney's greatest success yet. The Alice Comedies are a series of animated cartoons created by Walt Disney, in which a real little girl named Alice and an animated cat named Julius have adventures in an animated landscape. ... Carl Laemmle Birthplace of Carl Laemmle in Laupheim Carl Laemmle (17 January 1867 – 24 September 1939), born in Laupheim, Württemberg, Germany, was a pioneer in American film making and a founder of one of the original major Hollywood movie studios. ... Charles B. Mintz (1896 - January 4, 1940) was an American film producer and distributor, who took control over Margaret J. Winklers Winkler Pictures after marrying her in 1924. ... A publicity photograph (circa 1929) of Ub Iwerks and his most famous co-creation, Mickey Mouse. ... Trolley Troubles is a 1927 animated short subject, produced and directed by Walt Disney. ...


A few of Oswald's adventures dealt with humour related to the procreative abilities of his species, as illustrated in the episode description of Poor Papa: "Oswald gets a visit from the stork... again and again and again. He has to resort to a variety of strategies to stop the continual flow of babies." Trolley Troubles also showed Oswald surrounded by numerous baby rabbits, this time heckling him while on the job. Other cartoons, however, generally placed Oswald in more human-type conditions and situations.


In spring 1928, with the series going strong, Disney asked Mintz for an increase in the budget. But Mintz instead demanded that Walt take a 20% budget cut, and as leverage, he reminded Disney that he owned the character, and revealed that he had already signed most of Disney's current employees to his new contract: Ub Iwerks and Les Clark were among the few who remained loyal to Walt. Disney refused Mintz's demand, disassociating himself from Oswald after the series' first season. While finishing the remaining Oswald cartoons, Disney, Iwerks and Clark created the cartoon hero who would become The Walt Disney Company's lasting symbol: Mickey Mouse, the most famous of Walt Disney's characters. To some degree Mickey was initially just a loose adaptation of the Oswald design and personality to another species.[citation needed] A publicity photograph (circa 1929) of Ub Iwerks and his most famous co-creation, Mickey Mouse. ... Les Clark (November 17, 1907-September 12, 1979 was the first of Disneys Nine Old Men. ... Disney redirects here. ... Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. ...


Universal takes direct control

Mintz, meanwhile, opened his own studio consisting primarily of former Disney employees, where he continued to produce Oswald cartoons, among them the first Oswald with sound, Hen Fruit (1929). But Laemmle was dissatisfied with Mintz, terminated his contract and opted to have the Oswald cartoons produced right on the Universal lot instead (by a coincidence, both Disney and Mintz produced 9 cartoons the first year and 17 the next before Oswald was taken over by others). Laemmle selected Walter Lantz to produce the new series of Oswald shorts (the first of which was 1929's Race Riot — many sources erroneously list Ozzie of the Circus as the first). Walter Lantz in 1983, with painting of Woody Woodpecker Walter Lantz (April 27, 1900 – March 22, 1994) was an American cartoonist and animator, best known for founding the Walter Lantz Studio and creating Woody Woodpecker. ... A race riot or racial riot is an outbreak of violent civil unrest in which race is a key factor. ...


Over the next decade, Lantz would produce 140 Oswald cartoons, making for a grand total of 192 films that the character starred in, spanning the work of all three producers. After Lantz took over production in 1929, the character's look was changed to some degree over the following years: Oswald got white gloves on his hands, a "cuter" face with larger eyes, a bigger head, and shorter ears. With 1935's Case of the Lost Sheep, an even more major makeover took place: the character was drawn more realistically now, and with white fur rather than black. This new Oswald model was adapted directly from a non-Oswald bunny in another Lantz cartoon: the 2-strip Technicolor Fox and the Rabbit (1935), released some two months earlier as the last of the early Cartune Classics series. Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ...


The cartoons containing the new, white-furred Oswald seemed to be different from their predecessors in more than one way, as the stories themselves became softer. Minor changes in the drawing style would continue, too. With Happy Scouts (1938), the second-to-last Oswald film produced, the rabbit's fur went from being all-white to a combination of white and gray -- the start of a very slow move toward the resumption of a Mickeylike character design, most of which took place in later comic books.


Oswald made a cameo appearance in the first animated sequence with both sound and color (2-strip Technicolor), a 2½ minute animated sequence of the live action movie The King of Jazz (1930), produced by Laemmle for Universal. However, it was not until 1934 that Oswald got his own color sound cartoons in 2-strip Technicolor, Toyland Premiere and Springtime Serenade. The Oswald cartoons then returned to black-and-white, except for the last one, The Egg Cracker Suite (1943), released as a part of the Swing Symphonies series. Egg Cracker was also the only Oswald cartoon to use three-strip Technicolor. But before he was permanently retired, Oswald made a final cameo appearance in The Woody Woodpecker Polka (1951), also in three-strip Technicolor, which by then had become the rule in the cartoon industry. The King of Jazz premiered on April 20, 1930, starring Paul Whiteman and his orchestra. ... See also: 1929 in film 1930 1931 in film 1930s in film 1920s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films The Indians Are Coming Madam Satan Der Blaue Engel Academy Awards Best Picture: All Quiet on the Western Front - Universal Studios Best Actress: Norma Shearer - The Divorcee... The year 1943 in film involved some significant events. ...


Return to Disney ownership: the Al Michaels "trade"

In February 2006, a number of minor assets including the rights to Oswald were acquired by The Walt Disney Company from NBC Universal, as part of a deal which sent sportscaster Al Michaels from Disney's ABC and ESPN to NBC Sports. At the time, ABC had lost its contract for National Football League broadcast rights, and despite recently signing a long-term contract with ESPN, Michaels was interested in rejoining broadcast partner John Madden at NBC for the Sunday night package. NBC Universal is a media and entertainment conglomerate formed in May 2004 by the combination of General Electrics NBC with Vivendi Universal Entertainment, part of Vivendi Universal. ... Alan Richard Michaels (born November 12, 1944) is an American television sportscaster. ... This article is about the American broadcast network. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... The NBC Sports logo used since 1989. ... NFL redirects here. ... John Earl Madden (born April 10, 1936) is a former National Football League player, head coach, and a Pro Football Hall-of-Famer. ...


While popularly characterized in the media as a "trade", and a decidedly lopsided one at that, that characterization is faulty. The ownership rights to a cartoon character were transferred from NBC to Disney, and in exchange Disney simply released Michaels from his employment contract, allowing him to sign with NBC.


The deal includes the rights to the character and the original 26 short films made by Disney (namely, most of the Oswald films produced from 1927 to 1928) Rights to the Universal-produced Oswald films and other related products were not include and there for he will probably apper both in Disney DVD's and in Universal Woody Woodpeckers DVD.


Walt Disney's daughter, Diane Disney Miller, issued the following statement after the deal was announced: The family of Elias Disney (son of Kepple Disney and Mary Richardson): Elias Disney was born on February 6, 1859 in Ontario, Canada and died on September 13, 1941 Elias married Flora Call on January 1, 1888 in Acron, Florida and had 4 sons and 1 daughter Herbert Arthur Disney...

"When Bob [Iger] was named CEO, he told me he wanted to bring Oswald back to Disney, and I appreciate that he is a man of his word. Having Oswald around again is going to be a lot of fun."[1]

Around the same time, the Kansas City Chiefs and New York Jets made a similar deal, the Chiefs giving the Jets a draft pick as compensation for releasing coach Herm Edwards from his contract. Referring to this trade, Michaels said: Robert Bob Iger is the President and COO of the Walt Disney Company and Michael Eisners hand_picked successor as CEO. Previously he served as President and COO of Capital Cities/ABC until that companys merger with Disney. ... City Kansas City, Missouri Team colors Red, white and yellow Head Coach Herman Edwards Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt, chairman)[1] General manager Carl Peterson Mascot K.C. Wolf (1989-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Herman Edwards (born April 27, 1954 on the Fort Monmouth Army Base in Eatontown, New Jersey) is a former professional football player and current football coach. ...

"Oswald is definitely worth more than a fourth-round draft choice. I'm going to be a trivia answer someday."[2]

A DVD featuring the Oswald shorts made by Disney has been announced as a part of Wave Seven of the Walt Disney Treasures series. Look up trivia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Walt Disney Treasures are two disc DVD sets of classic Disney works, covering work from the studios earliest days to more recent work. ...


Walt Disney World and Disneyland

Though the character Oswald showed up at the parks in Florida and California on the day Disney reacquired him, Oswald is not currently a character in the parks to meet and greet, like so many others are. Disney officials stated that he probably would be someday, they did not want to just haphazardly add him. When the character's future is determined, they are planning a big splash."[3] This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


The comic book

Oswald's first comic book appearance came in 1935, when DC featured him in the series New Fun (later More Fun). His adventures, crudely drawn by Al Stahl, were serialized one page to an issue for the magazine's first year, after which they ceased. The original black-furred version of Oswald was featured, even though Oswald was by this time a white rabbit on screen.


Oswald's second run in the comics began in 1942, when a new Oswald feature was initiated in Dell's New Funnies, this time modelled after the latest cartoon version of Oswald and influenced by the drawing style of other Lantz comic book characters at the time. Following the typical development seen in most new comics, the New Funnies stories slowly morphed the character in their own direction.


At the start of the New Funnies feature, Oswald existed in a milieu reminiscent of Winnie the Pooh: he was portrayed as a live stuffed animal, living in a forest together with other anthropomorphized toys. These included Toby Bear, Maggie Lou the wooden doll, Hi-Yah Wahoo the turtle-faced Indian, and Woody Woodpecker -- depicted as a mechanical doll filled with nuts and bolts (hence his "nutty" behavior). In 1944, with the addition of writer John Stanley, the stuffed animal motif was dropped, as were Maggie Lou, Woody, and Wahoo. Oswald and Toby became flesh and blood characters living as roommates in "Lantzville." Initially drawn by Dan Gormley, the series was later drawn by the likes of Dan Noonan and Lloyd White. Pooh redirects here. ... Woody Woodpecker, from the opening title sequence for the 1951 short Puny Express. ... John Stanley could be John Stanley (c. ...


In 1948, Toby adopted two orphan rabbits for Oswald to raise. Floyd and Lloyd, "Poppa Oswald's" new sons, stuck around; Toby was relegated to the sidelines, disappearing for good in 1953. Later stories focused on Oswald adventuring with his sons, seeking odd jobs, or simply protecting the boys from the likes of rabbit-eating Reddy Fox and (from 1961) con man Gabby Gator -- a character adapted from contemporary Woody Woodpecker cartoon shorts. This era of Oswald comics typically featured the art of Jack Bradbury, known also for his Mickey Mouse work. Jack Bradbury (December 27, 1914-May 15, 2004) was an American animator and comic book artist. ...


Post-1960s Oswald comics tended to be produced outside the United States, for example in Mexico and Italy. Through the end of the 20th century, the foreign comics carried on the look and story style of the Dell Oswald stories. More recently, they featured a "retro" attempt at recreating the original Disney Oswald.


Filmography

The Disney years

1927:

  • Trolley Troubles
  • Oh Teacher
  • The Mechanical Cow
  • Great Guns
  • All Wet
  • The Ocean Hop
  • The Banker's Daughter
  • Empty Socks
  • Rickety Gin

1928: Trolley Troubles is a 1927 animated short subject, produced and directed by Walt Disney. ... Great Guns is a 1941 film directed by Monty Banks, produced by Sol Wurtzel for 20th Century Fox and starring Laurel and Hardy. ...

  • Harem Scarem
  • Neck 'n' Neck
  • The Ol' Swimmin' Hole
  • Africa Before Dark
  • Rival Romeos
  • Bright Lights
  • Oh, What a Knight
  • Sagebrush Sadie
  • Ride'em Plow Boy
  • Sky Scrappers
  • Ozzie of the Mounted
  • Hungry Hoboes
  • Poor Papa – Pilot Short
  • The Fox Chase
  • Tall Timber
  • Sleigh Bells
  • Hot Dog

The Winkler years

1928: Harem Scarem are a rock band from Ontario, Canada. ... Bright Lights may refer to: The Bright Lights Film Journal Bright Lights Records Bright Lights, a 1986 My Little Pony serial Bright Lights, a 2004 song by Matchbox Twenty I Want to See the Bright Lights Tonight, a 1974 album by Richard and Linda Thompson Turn on the Bright Lights... This article contains a trivia section. ...

  • High Up
  • Mississippi Mud
  • Panicky Pancakes
  • Fiery Firemen
  • Rocks and Socks
  • South Pole Flight
  • Bull-Oney
  • A Horse Tale
  • Farmyard Follies

1929:

  • Homeless Homer
  • Yanky Clippers
  • Hen Fruit – First Oswald in sound, ending his silent era
  • Sick Cylinders
  • Hold 'em Ozzie
  • The Suicide Sheik
  • Alpine Antics
  • The Lumberjack
  • The Fishing Fool
  • Stage Stunts
  • Stripes and Stars
  • The Wicked West
  • Ice Man's Luck
  • Nuts and Jolts
  • Jungle Jingles
  • Weary Willies
  • Saucy Sausages


The Lantz years

1929:

  • Race Riot
  • Oil's Well
  • Permanent Wave
  • Cold Turkey
  • Pussy Willie
  • Amateur Nite
  • Hurdy Gurdy
  • Snow Use
  • Nutty Notes
  • Ozzie of the Circus

1930: A race riot or racial riot is an outbreak of violent civil unrest in which race is a key factor. ...

  • Kounty Fair
  • Chilly Con Carmen
  • Kisses and Kurses
  • Broadway Folly
  • Bowery Bimbos
  • The Hash Shop
  • The Prison Panic
  • Tramping Tramps
  • Hot for Hollywood
  • Hells Heels
  • My Pal Paul
  • Not So Quiet
  • Spooks
  • Cold Feet
  • Snappy Salesman
  • Henpecked
  • The Singing Sap
  • The Detective
  • The Fowl Ball
  • The Navy
  • Mexico
  • Africa
  • Alaska
  • Mars

1931:

  • China
  • College
  • Shipwreck
  • The Farmer
  • The Fireman
  • Sunny South
  • Country School
  • The Bandmaster
  • Northwoods
  • The Stone Age
  • Radio Rhythm
  • Kentucky Belles
  • Hot Feet
  • The Hunter
  • Wonderland
  • The Hare Mail
  • The Fisherman
  • The Clown

1932:

  • Grandma's Pet
  • Mechanical Man
  • Wins Out
  • Beau and Arrows
  • Making Good
  • Let's Eat
  • The Winged Horse
  • Cat Nipped
  • A Wet Knight
  • A Jungle Jumble
  • Day Nurse
  • The Busy Barber
  • Carnival Capers
  • Wild and Woolly
  • Teacher's Pests

1933:

  • The Plumber
  • The Shriek
  • Going to Blazes
  • Beau Best
  • Ham and Eggs
  • Confidence
  • Five and Dime
  • The Zoo
  • The Merry Old Soul
  • Parking Space

1934:

  • Chicken Reel
  • The Candy House
  • The County Fair
  • The Toy Shoppe – (1970s colorized version also exists)
  • Kings Up
  • Wolf! Wolf!
  • The Ginger Bread Boy
  • Goldielocks and the Three Bears
  • Annie Moved Away
  • The Wax Works
  • William Tell
  • Chris Columbus Jr.
  • The Dizzy Dwarf
  • Ye Happy Pilgrims
  • Sky Larks
  • Spring in the Park
  • Toyland Premiere – First Oswald cartoon in color (two-strip Technicolor)

1935:

  • Robinson Crusoe Isle
  • The Hillbilly
  • Two Little Lambs
  • Do A Good Deed
  • Elmer the Great Dane
  • Springtime Serenade — Second Oswald cartoon in color (two-strip Technicolor)
  • Towne Hall Follies
  • At Your Service
  • Bronco Buster
  • Amateur Broadcast
  • The Quail Hunt
  • Monkey Wretches
  • Case of the Lost Sheep
  • Doctor Oswald

1936:

  • Soft Ball Game
  • Alaska Sweepstakes
  • Slumberland Express
  • Beauty Shoppe
  • The Barnyard Five
  • Fun House
  • Farming Fools
  • Battle Royal
  • Music Hath Charms
  • Kiddie Revue
  • Beachcombers
  • Night Life of the Bugs
  • Puppet Show
  • The Unpopular Mechanic
  • Gopher Trouble

1937:

  • Everybody Sing
  • Duck Hunt
  • The Birthday Party
  • Trailer Thrills
  • The Wily Weasel
  • The Playful Pup
  • Lovesick
  • Keeper of the Lions
  • The Mechanical Handy Man
  • Football Fever
  • The Mysterious Jug
  • The Dumb Cluck

1938:

  • The Lamp Lighter
  • Man Hunt
  • Yokel Boy Makes Good
  • Trade Mice
  • Feed the Kitty
  • Happy Scouts

1943:

  • The Egg Cracker Suite - Final Oswald cartoon and the third in color (three-strip Technicolor)


Pop culture

  • While in the Marines, Lee Harvey Oswald was nicknamed Ozzie Rabbit by his fellow Marines, as a homage to the character.
  • Itchy the mouse (From The Itchy & Scratchy Show), was originally called Itchy the Lucky Mouse, an obvious parody of the "Oswald the Lucky Rabbit" character naming style.
  • In the Family Guy episode E. Peterbus Unum, Peter's grandfather is shown working for Disney's competitor, Warner Brothers. In a meeting to come up with a name for Bugs Bunny, he suggests the name Ephram the Retarded Rabbit, seemingly another riff on the Oswald name.

Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was, according to four United States government investigations, the assassin of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas. ... The Itchy & Scratchy Show is a show-within-a-show of The Simpsons which usually appears as a segment of the fictional Krusty the Klown TV show, watched regularly by Bart and Lisa Simpson and other characters on the animated series. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... “E Peterbus Unum” is an episode from the second season of the FOX animated television series Family Guy. ... Warner Bros. ... Bugs Bunny is an animated hare who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ...

DVD

  • A selection of the Disney Oswald shorts has been announced as a volume in Wave 7 of the Walt Disney Treasures series, which will be released December 11, 2007 in the USA.
  • Six Walter Lantz Oswald cartoons, including Hells Heels and Toyland Premiere, have been included in the recent Woody Woodpecker and Friends DVD collection.

The Walt Disney Treasures are two disc DVD sets of classic Disney works, covering work from the studios earliest days to more recent work. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Woody Woodpecker, from the opening title sequence for the 1951 short Puny Express. ...

See also

Felix the Cat in Felix Woos Whoopee (1930). ... The Golden Age of American animation is a period in American animation history that began with the advent of sound cartoons in 1928 and lasted into the 1960s when theatrical animated shorts slowly began losing to the new medium of television animation. ...

References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia (1768 words)
Oswald “Lucky” Rabbit (September 5, 1909–January 22, 1956) was the first modern-day president of the Disneyland Confederation.
Rabbit was killed by gunfire during a 1956 coup led by Mickey Mouse the Great.
Oswald Rabbit (right, to the rear) landing on Utah Beach during the D-Day invasion of June 6, 1944.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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