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Encyclopedia > Ostend
City of Ostend
Flag / Weapon
Geography
Region Flanders
Province East Flanders
District Oostende
Geographic position 51°13' N 02°54' E
Area 37,72 km²
Population (Source: NIS)
Population(01/01/2006) 68.931
Male
Female
48,07%
51,93%
Density 1827/km²
Partial municipality with postal code
Postal code ¨Partial municipality
8400
8400
8400
Ostend
Stene
Zandvoorde
The esplanade with the Thermae Palace, the former Royal Residence and the casino
The esplanade with the Thermae Palace, the former Royal Residence and the casino

Ostend (DutchOostende, French & GermanOstende) is a municipality located in the province of West Flanders, Flemish Region, Belgium. It comprises the villages of Mariakerke, Stene and Zandvoorde, and the city of Ostend proper – the largest at the Belgian coast. Image File history File links MnpOstendLocation. ... Image File history File links Afbeelding_OostendeVlag. ... Belgium is a federal state and is composed of three communities, three regions, and four linguistic regions. ... Flanders (Dutch: Vlaanderen) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians... Province is a name for a subnational entity. ... East Flanders is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... Ostend (Dutch: Oostende, French: Ostende) is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of West Flanders. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a list of postal codes for Belgium. ... A postal code (known in various countries as a post code, postcode, or ZIP code) is a series of letters and/or digits appended to a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail. ... Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1674 KB)Beachwalk with the Thermae Palace, the old Royal residence, and the casino This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1674 KB)Beachwalk with the Thermae Palace, the old Royal residence, and the casino This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Ostend is a major coastal city in Belgium. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... West Flanders (Dutch: West-Vlaanderen) is the westernmost province of Flanders and of Belgium. ... The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ...


On 1 January 2006 Ostend had a total population of 68,931. The total area is 37.72 km² which gives a population density of 1,827 inhabitants per km². January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

Ostend beach and the promenade pier - panoramic view.
Ostend beach and the promenade pier - panoramic view.



Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (4200x839, 466 KB) Summary Oostende - Belgium Beach and promenade pier - panoramic view Own work - photo taken by Georges Jansoone on 3 May 2005 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (4200x839, 466 KB) Summary Oostende - Belgium Beach and promenade pier - panoramic view Own work - photo taken by Georges Jansoone on 3 May 2005 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects...

Contents


History

Ostend and the museumship, the brigantine Mercator.
Enlarge
Ostend and the museumship, the brigantine Mercator.

In earlier times, Ostend was nothing more than a small village built on the east-end (Dutch: oost-einde) of an island (called Testerep) between the North Sea and a beach lake. Although small, the village rose to the status of "city" around 1265 when the inhabitants were allowed to hold a market and to build a market hall. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 2066 KB) Description: Museum ship Mercator, Ostend. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 2066 KB) Description: Museum ship Mercator, Ostend. ... Testerep was an island along the Belgian coast. ...


The major source of income for the inhabitants was fishing. The North Sea coastline has always been rather unstable and in 1395 the inhabitants decided to build a new Ostend behind large dikes and further away from the always threatening sea. The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ...


The strategic position on the North Sea coast had major advantages for Ostend as a harbor but also proved to be a source of trouble. The city was frequently taken, destroyed and rampaged by conquering armies. The most important of these events was the three-year Siege of Ostend between 1601 and 1604, with on both sides combined more than 80,000 dead or wounded. After their independence from the Spanish Empire, the Dutch had persevered (Protestant Dutch freedomfighters). Combatants United Provinces Spain Commanders Francis Vere Archduke Albrecht Ambrosio Spinola Strength Unknown Unknown Casualties 30,000 dead or wounded 15,000 captured 55,000 dead or wounded The Siege of Ostend was a three year siege which resulted in a Spanish victory. ...


After this era Ostend turned into a harbour of some importance. In 1722 the Dutch closed off the entrance to the harbour of Antwerp. Therefore, Ostend rose in importance because the city provided an alternative entrance to the sea. The Southern Netherlands (now Belgium) had become part of the Austrian Empire. The Austrian Emperor Charles VI granted the city the trade monopoly with Africa and the Far-East. The Oostendse Compagnie (= the Ostend trade society) was allowed to found colonies overseas. However, in 1727 the Oostendse Compagnie was forced to stop its activities because of Dutch and British pressure. The Netherlands and Britain would not allow competitors on the international trade level. Both nations regarded international trade as their privilege. Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI Charles VI of Austria (October 1, 1685 – October 20, 1740) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1711 to 1740 and the second son of Leopold I with his third wife, Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg, came first to the throne with the name Charles III of... The Ostend Company was a private company established in 1717 to trade with the Indies. ...

The beach at the pier.
The beach at the pier.

In later times the harbour of Ostend continued to expand because the harbor dock, as well as the traffic connections with the hinterland, were improved. In 1838 a railway connection with Brussels was constructed. Ostend became a transit harbour to England in 1846 when the first ferry sailed to Dover. It no longer serves in that role today, except for freight, as an alternative channel crossing point to Calais, France. Very important for the image of the city was the attention it started to receive from the Belgian kings Leopold I and Leopold II. Both liked to spend their vacations in Ostend. Important monuments and villas were built to please the Royal Family. The rest of aristocratic Belgium followed and soon Ostend became known as "The Queen of the Belgian sea-side resorts". Ostend - the beach at the pier This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Ostend - the beach at the pier This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Brussels City Hall Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels (Dutch: Brussel, pronounced ; French: Bruxelles, pronounced in Belgian French and often by non-Belgian speakers of French; German: Brüssel) is the capital of Belgium, the... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population... Map sources for Dover at grid reference TR315415 Arms of Dover Borough Council This article is about the English port town. ... Location within France The Burghers of Calais, by Rodin, with Calais Hotel de Ville behind J.M.W. Turner: Calais Pier Calais (Dutch: ) is a town in northern France, located at 50°57N 1°52E. It is in the département of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a... This page has been invaded by General Scratcher! ... King Leopold II (April 9, 1835 – December 17, 1909), succeeded his father, Leopold I of Belgium, to the Belgian throne in 1865 as Leopold II, King of the Belgians, and remained king until his death. ...


Interesting locations are the Casino and Fort Napoleon.

Traditional fisherman's dress - early 20th century.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (632x878, 280 KB) Typische visserskledij uit begin 20ste eeuw (Oostende, België) Typical fishermans clothes, early 20th century (Oostende, Belgium) Own work - photo taken by Georges Jansoone on 27 May 2005; autorisation given for publication on Wikipedia and the internet. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (632x878, 280 KB) Typische visserskledij uit begin 20ste eeuw (Oostende, België) Typical fishermans clothes, early 20th century (Oostende, Belgium) Own work - photo taken by Georges Jansoone on 27 May 2005; autorisation given for publication on Wikipedia and the internet. ...

Famous citizens of Ostend

Princess Lilian of Belgium (born Mary Lilian Baels) (November 28, 1916 – June 7, 2002) was best known as Princess de Réthy, the controversial second wife of King Léopold III of the Belgians. ... Jean-Marie Dedecker (born Nieuwpoort, 13 June 1952) is a Belgian, Flemish politician of the Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD). ... James Sidney Ensor, Baron Ensor (April 13, 1860–November 19, 1949), was a Belgian painter whose unique portrayals of grotesque humanity made him a principal precursor of 20th-century expressionism and surrealism. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Arno Hintjens (usually referred to as Arno) is a Belgian artist from Ostend. ... Stefaan Maene (born May 13, 1972 in Oostende) is a former backstroke and medley swimmer from Belgium, who competed for his native country at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. ... This is not a pipe. ... Constant Permeke (1886 — 1952) is a Belgian painter who is considered the leading figure of Flemish expressionism. ... Léon Spilliaert (Ostend, 1881 - Brussels, 1946) was a Belgian outsider artist whose work is often categorized as abstractism with a mix of surrealism and expressionism. ... Robert Triffin (October 5, 1911; Flobecq, Belgium – February 23, 1993; Ostend, Belgium) was a Belgian economist best known for his critique of the Bretton Woods system later known as the Triffins Dilemma. ... Robert Van De Walle was a Belgian judoka. ...

Sport clubs

The Peperbusse- local name for an old church tower from a burned down church.
The Peperbusse- local name for an old church tower from a burned down church.

K.V. Oostende is a Belgian football club, from the municipality of Oostende. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... Peperbusse - Old church tower of a burned down church This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Peperbusse - Old church tower of a burned down church This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

External links

  • Official website - Information available in Dutch and limited information available in French, English and German.
  • Oostende.net - Non-Official, although it offers lots of useful information. Cover your eyes - it's blue and orange. Information available in French, English and German.
  • Oostendse verhalen- Site about the Ostend dialect and culture with Ostend grammatical rules. (mainly in Dutch (nl) and Ostend dialect).
  • Toerisme Oostende - English edition - extensive.
  • Free photos of Ostend
  • Ostend Airport - Official website of the international airport of Ostend.
  • Koninginnehof - Website of one of the local parks.
  • AuGust Michiels website - art sculptor, ceramic, painter ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Belgian coast tram route: The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The Belgian Coast Tram at Ostend The Belgium Coast Tram (Flemish: Kusttram) is a public transport service serving the Belgian coast between De Panne near the French border to Knokke-Heist near the Dutch border. ...


Knokke-Heist - Zeebrugge - Blankenberge - De Haan - Bredene - Ostend - Raversijde - Middelkerke - Westende - Lombardsijde - Nieuwpoort - Oostduinkerke - Koksijde - De Panne edit
Beachpromenade in Knokke-Heist Knokke-Heist is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Zeebrugge (French: Zeebruges) is a harbour-town at the coast of Belgium, a subdivision of Bruges, for which it is the modern port. ... The beach at Blankenberge circa 1895 Blankenberge is a municipality in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... De Haan is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Bredene is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Middelkerke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Westende is a small city in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of West-Vlaanderen. ... Nieuwpoort is the name of a Belgian municipality and a Dutch village: Nieuwpoort, Belgium Nieuwpoort (mun. ... Oostduinkerke is a popular seaside resort in the Belgian province of West-Flanders. ... Koksijde is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... De Panne is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ...

Municipalities in the Belgian Province of West Flanders
Bruges: Beernem | Blankenberge | Bruges/Brugge | Damme | Jabbeke | Knokke-Heist | Oostkamp | Torhout | Zedelgem | Zuienkerke
Diksmuide: Diksmuide | Houthulst | Koekelare | Kortemark | Lo-Reninge
Kortrijk: Anzegem | Avelgem | Deerlijk | Harelbeke | Kortrijk/Courtrai | Kuurne | Lendelede | Menen | Spiere-Helkijn | Waregem | Wevelgem | Zwevegem
Ostend: Bredene | De Haan | Gistel | Ichtegem | Middelkerke | Oostende/Ostend | Oudenburg
Roeselare: Hooglede | Ingelmunster | Izegem | Ledegem | Lichtervelde | Moorslede | Roeselare | Staden
Tielt: Ardooie | Dentergem | Meulebeke | Oostrozebeke | Pittem | Ruiselede | Tielt | Wielsbeke | Wingene
Veurne: Alveringem | De Panne | Koksijde | Nieuwpoort | Veurne
Ypres: Heuvelland | Ieper/Ypres | Langemark-Poelkapelle | Mesen | Poperinge | Vleteren | Wervik | Zonnebeke

Image File history File links Flag_of_West_Flanders. ... Belgium is divided into 589 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten, French: communes, German: Gemeinde) grouped into three regions and 10 provinces, except the 19 municipalities of the Brussels-Capital region which do not belong to any of the 10 provinces. ... Belgium is a federal state and is composed of three communities, three regions, and four linguistic regions. ... West Flanders (Dutch: West-Vlaanderen) is the westernmost province of Flanders and of Belgium. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium. ... Beernem is a rural municipality in the Belgian province of West Flanders, located southeast of Bruges. ... The beach at Blankenberge circa 1895 Blankenberge is a municipality in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Sometimes referred to as the Venice of the North, Bruges has many waterways that run through the city. ... Damme church Damme is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Jabbeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Beachpromenade in Knokke-Heist Knokke-Heist is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Oostkamp is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Torhout is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Zedelgem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Zuienkerke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Diksmuide (Dixmude in French) is a municipality in the province of West Flanders in Belgium. ... Houthulst is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Koekelare is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Kortemark is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Lo-Reninge is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Anzegem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Avelgem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Deerlijk is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Harelbeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Kortrijk (French: Courtrai) is a city and municipality located in West Flanders, Belgium. ... Kuurne is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... STARK STARK STARK STARK STARK STARK! LOL! ... Menen is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Spiere-Helkijn (French: Espierres-Helchin) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Waregem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Wevelgem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Zwevegem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Bredene is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... De Haan is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Gistel is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Ichtegem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Middelkerke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Hooglede is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Ingelmunster is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Izegem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Ledegem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Lichtervelde is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Moorslede is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Roeselare (Roulers in French and English) is a municipality in the province of West Flanders, in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Staden is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Ardooie is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Dentergem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Meulebeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Oostrozebeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Pittem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Ruiselede is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Tielt is a municipality in the province of West Flanders, in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Wielsbeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Wingene is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Alveringem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... De Panne is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Koksijde is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Nieuwpoort is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of West Flanders. ... Veurne is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Heuvelland is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... The Belfry of Ypres Ypres (French, generally used in English;1 Ieper official name in the local Dutch) is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of West Flanders. ... Langemark-Poelkapelle is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Mesen (French: Messines) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Poperinge is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Vleteren is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Wervik is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Zonnebeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ostend - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (636 words)
Ostend (Dutch: Oostende, French: Ostende) is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of West Flanders.
The municipality comprises the city of Ostend proper and the towns of Mariakerke, Stene and Zandvoorde.
Ostend became a transit harbour to England in 1846 when the first Ferryboat sailed to Dover.
OSTEND - LoveToKnow Article on OSTEND (266 words)
(Flemish and French Ostende), a town of Belgium in the province of West Flanders.
Apart from these docks Ostend has a very considerable passenger and provision traffic with England, and is the headquarters of the Belgian fishing fleet, estimated to employ 400 boats and 1600 men and boys.
Ostend is in direct railway communication with Brussels, Cologne and Berlin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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