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Encyclopedia > Ossian
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Oisín. (Discuss)
Ossian's dream, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, 1813
Ossian's dream, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, 1813

Ossian, alternatively spelled Oisín, son of Fingal (Fionn mac Cumhail), is a poet and warrior of the fianna in the Fenian Cycle of Gaelic literature (also, see Irish Mythology). He is the narrator of much of the cycle. The spelling Ossian is particularly associated with a cycle of poems by James Macpherson which he claimed to have translated from ancient sources in the Scots Gaelic. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Oisín (or Ossian), son of Fionn mac Cumhail, is a poet and warrior of the fianna in the Fenian Cycle of Irish mythology. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2612, 418 KB) Description: Title: de: Ossians Traum Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 348 × 275 cm Country of origin: de: Frankreich Current location (city): de: Montauban Current location (gallery): de: Musée Ingres Other notes: Source: The Yorck Project... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2612, 418 KB) Description: Title: de: Ossians Traum Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 348 × 275 cm Country of origin: de: Frankreich Current location (city): de: Montauban Current location (gallery): de: Musée Ingres Other notes: Source: The Yorck Project... Self-portrait at age 24, 1804 Musée Condé. Napoleon on his Imperial throne, 1806, Musée de lArmée. ... Oisín (or Ossian), son of Fionn mac Cumhail, is a poet and warrior of the fianna in the Fenian Cycle of Irish mythology. ... Fionn mac Cumhail (earlier Finn or Find mac Cumail or mac Umaill, pronounced roughly Finn mac Cool) was a legendary hunter-warrior of Irish mythology, also known in Scotland and the Isle of Man. ... In Irish mythology, the Fianna were Irish warrior-hunters who served the High King of Ireland in the 3rd century AD. Their adventures were recorded in the Fenian Cycle. ... The Fenian Cycle also known as the Fionn Cycle, Finn Cycle, Fianna Cycle, Finnian Tales, Fian Tales, Féinne Cycle, Feinné Cycle, Ossianic Cycle and Fianaigecht, is a body of prose and verse centering on the exploits of the mythic hero Fionn mac Cumhaill and his warriors the Fianna Éireann. ... The mythology of pre-Christian Ireland did not entirely survive the conversion to Christianity, but much of it was preserved, shorn of its religious meanings, in medieval Irish literature, which represents the most extensive and best preserved of all the branches of Celtic mythology. ... It has been suggested that Third person limited omniscient be merged into this article or section. ... James Macpherson (October 27, 1736–February 17, 1796), was a Scottish poet, known as the translator of the Ossian cycle of poems (also known as the Oisín cycle). ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ...


James Macpherson, a Scottish poet, further complicated the scene by co-opting a number of characters and plots from Gaelic literature, transforming them significantly in the process. He claimed, however, to have translated them from ancient sources in the Scots Gaelic, and the furore over "authenticity" has continued to the present. James Macpherson (October 27, 1736–February 17, 1796), was a Scottish poet, known as the translator of the Ossian cycle of poems (also known as the Oisín cycle). ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ...


In 1760 Macpherson published the English-language text Fragments of Ancient Poetry collected in the Highlands of Scotland, and later that year obtained further manuscripts. In 1761 he claimed to have found an epic on the subject of the hero Fingal (Macpherson's version of Fionn) written by Ossian. He published translations of it during the next few years, culminating in a collected edition; The Works of Ossian, in 1765. The most famous of these poems was Fingal written in 1762. The poems achieved international success and were proclaimed as a Celtic equivalent of the Classical writers such as Homer. Many writers were influenced by the works, including the young Walter Scott and the German writer J.W. von Goethe, whose own German translation of a portion of Macpherson's work figures prominently in a climactic scene of The Sorrows of Young Werther. Goethe's associate Johann Gottfried Herder wrote an essay titled Extract from a correspondence about Ossian and the Songs of Ancient Peoples in the early days of the Sturm und Drang movement. 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that Greco-Roman be merged into this article or section. ... The Homère Caetani bust at the Louvre, a 2nd century Roman copy of a 2nd century BC Greek original. ... Portrait of Sir Walter Scott, by Sir Edwin Henry Landseer Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (14 August 1771–21 September 1832) was a prolific Scottish historical novelist and poet popular throughout Europe during his time. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (pronounced [gø tə]) (August 28, 1749–March 22, 1832) was a German writer, politician, humanist, scientist, and philosopher. ... The Sorrows of Young Werther (German, Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774. ... Johann Gottfried Herder Johann Gottfried von Herder (August 25, 1744 – December 18, 1803), German poet, critic, theologian, and philosopher, is best known for his influence on authors such as Goethe and the role he played in the development of the larger cultural movement known as romanticism. ... Sturm und Drang (literally: storm and stress) was a Germany literary movement that developed during the latter half of the 18th century. ...

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Ossian, by François Pascal Simon Gérard

There were immediate disputes about Macpherson's claims, for literary and political reasons. Macpherson promoted a Scottish origin for the material, and was hotly opposed by Irish historians who felt with some justification that their heritage was being appropriated. (In fact, both Scotland and Ireland shared a common Gaelic culture during the period in which the poems are set and some Fenian literature common in both countries was composed in Scotland.) Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1946, 371 KB) Description: Title: de: Ossian Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 180,5 × 198,5 cm Country of origin: de: Frankreich Current location (city): de: Paris Current location (gallery): de: Musée National de Malmaison Other notes: Source... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1946, 371 KB) Description: Title: de: Ossian Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 180,5 × 198,5 cm Country of origin: de: Frankreich Current location (city): de: Paris Current location (gallery): de: Musée National de Malmaison Other notes: Source...


The controversy raged on into the early years of the 19th century, with disputes as to whether the poems were based on Irish sources, on sources in English, on Gaelic fragments woven into his own composition as Samuel Johnson concluded, or largely on Scots Gaelic oral traditions and manuscripts as Macpherson claimed. Modern scholars have demonstrated that Macpherson had indeed collected Scottish Gaelic Ossianic ballads, but had adapted them to contemporary sensibilities by altering the original characters and ideas and had introduced a great deal of his own (see Derick Thomson's The Gaelic Sources of Macpherson's "Ossian", 1952). Many feel that the question of authenticity should not overshadow the artistic merit and cultural significance of the poems. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Samuel Johnson circa 1772, painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds. ...


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September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 1773 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

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Ossian

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ossian - definition of Ossian in Encyclopedia (340 words)
Ossian is a legendary warrior bard who appears as the narrator in the Celtic legends of Fionn mac Cumhail.
In 1760, James Macpherson, a Scots poet of the 18th century claimed to have found poetry written by Ossian.
Ossian is a town in Livingston County, New York
Ossian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (609 words)
Ossian, alternatively spelled Oisín, son of Fingal (Fionn mac Cumhail), is a poet and warrior of the fianna in the Fenian Cycle of Gaelic literature (also, see Irish Mythology).
The spelling Ossian is particularly associated with a cycle of poems by James Macpherson which he claimed to have translated from ancient sources in the Scots Gaelic.
The controversy raged on into the early years of the 19th century, with disputes as to whether the poems were based on Irish sources, on sources in English, on Gaelic fragments woven into his own composition as Samuel Johnson concluded, or largely on Scots Gaelic oral traditions and manuscripts as Macpherson claimed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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