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Encyclopedia > Oslotrikken

Oslotrikken, which in English translates to "The Oslo tram", is the tram division of Oslo Sporveier. As of 2005, the tram system consists of seven lines and a fleet of about 72 trams. Street cars in New Orleans A modern tram in the Töölö district of Helsinki, Finland For modern innovations aimed at increasing the capacity and speed of tramway systems, see light rail. ... Oslo Sporveier (or Sporveien) is the municipality transit authority of Oslo, Norway, owned by the city of Oslo. ...

Contents


History

The first tram in Oslo was opened in 1875 with a short line between Homansbyen west of the city centre, Oslo West Railway Station and a sideline to Grønland, east of the city centre. The first "trams" were infact horse drawn vehicles on flanged steel wheels. The first expansion of the line came in 1878 with a line to the Grũnerløkka neighborhood to the north. 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The Horse (Equus caballus) is a sizeable ungulate mammal, one of the seven modern species of the genus Equus. ... 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Electric tram service was initiated in 1894 with a line over Briskeby to Majorstuen, a route south of the original Homansbyen line. Horsedrawn service was entirely replaced with electric service in 1900. For a long tme, there were two tram companies operating in Oslo, "Grønntrikken" ("The Green Trams" with a green and yellow livery) and "Blåtrikken" ("The Blue Trams" with a light blue and white livery). These companies were merged together in 1924. 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Uranienborg-Majorstuen was a district of the city of Oslo, Norway up to January 1, 2004, when it became part of the Frogner district. ... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ... A livery is a uniform worn by a civilian person. ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


During the 1910s, 1920s and 1930s, the network continued to expand, with the most notable addition being the construction of Ekebergbanen, a line up along the hill along the east side of the Oslo Fjord, south of the city. It was operated by a seperate company. It was originally built to Sæter in 1917, the line was completed to Ljabru in 1941. The tram network reached its greatest extent in 1939 with the opening of the northeastern line to Sinsen. 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After World War II, the tram network started being gradually being replaced with diesel busses, closures started in 1947, and in 1960, the city council decided to aim for a complete dismantlement of the entire tram system. A number of lines had been replaced with the T-Bane subway system, and the versatility of busses was attractive to the local politicians. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... TheBus, established by Mayor Frank Fasi, is Honolulus only public transit system. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article describes subways as mass transit lines. ...


However in 1977, the city council rescinded its decision to close the tram system. And an order was made for a set of new articulated trams to supplement the aging fleet. The first of these trams, the SL79 was delivered in 1982. 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... 1982 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The tram network was expanded slightly in the 1990s. A line over Aker Brygge was added in 1995, and in 1999 an extension of the northwestern Ullevåll line was extended past the University of Oslo campus, to the new Rikshospitalet national hospital. A further renewal of the tram fleet by the addition of Italian double-articulated SL95 cars was also started. 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The University of Oslo (Universitetet i Oslo, in Latin Universitas Osloensis) was founded in 1811 as Universitas Regia Fredericiana (the Royal Frederick University, norwegian ), modelled after the recently established University of Berlin. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: User test page If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ...


In 2002 the tram appeared to fall on hard times again. Oslo Sporveier was strapped for cash, and the board passed a decision to close down much of the tram system and replace it with busses. However, such a drastic change of operations forced a general assembly to meet, and most of the closures were cancelled. Finally, only the northernmost line to Kjelsås was closed in November 2002. 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2003, the tram system which had been part of Oslo Sporveier, was fissioned out to a separate company, Oslotrikken. The line to Kjelsås was reopened in 2004, exactly 2two years after it was first closed. 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Line Network

Most of the tram lines in Oslo go near the downtown area, and all the lines on the system go either through downtown, or, more rarely, terminate there. As of 2005 There are seven lines, five of which operate daily. The entire network is 94 km long. Many stretches are operated by two or even three lines. Three lines on the same stretch provides a 5-minute headway, a system called "Rullende fortau" (rolling sidewalk) by the tram company. Among the more notable stretches are: 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ...

  • Ekebergbanen is the southernmost route, which runs up the hillside along the east coast of the Oslo Fjord. It was one of the lines proposed axed in 2002, but spared at the general assembly. Ekebergbanen is more a light rail than a tram, as it runs on a separate track, and not in the street.
  • Lilleakerbanen is the most western route, and the only tram line which does not stay within the city limits of Oslo. The last station on the line, Jar, lies in Bærum. The tram line actually joins with Kolsåsbanen of the subway system for the last stretch. Formerly, trams would run late night passenger services on Kolsåsbanen, but this has been discontinued, although there are tram sheds on Kolsåsbanen beyond Jar.

This article is about light rail systems in general. ... County Akershus Landscape Viken Municipality NO-0209 Administrative centre Sandvika Mayor (2005) Odd Reinsfelt (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 334 192 km² 189 km² 0. ...

Fleet

Current fleet

The Oslo tram system has 72 trams, but only 58 are in service.

  • 40 trams of type SL79. These are single-articulated, and operate in one direction only. They were delivered in two batches, the first batch, with 25 trams, started arriving in 1982, the second batch of 15 trams arrived in 1989. The two batches are fairly similar, but with different interiors, and the rear door of the second batch is double. The first ten trams were produced by Duewag of Germany, the rest were produced by ABB at Strømmen, west of Oslo. The trams are 22.18 metres long, 2.50 metres wide, 3,41 metres tall and weigh 32.8 tons. The tram can take 163 passengers, 71 of which are seated.
  • 32 trams of type SL95. These double-articulated trams are bi-directional with driver cabs at either end and doors on both sides, they can therefore operate on the Ullevåll line to Rikshospitalet which does not have a turning circle at the end of the line. However, the large turning radius and heavy weight of the tram makes it unsuitable for some of the lines to Majorstuen, which have poor tracks and sharp turns. The SL95s were delivered by the Italian company Ansaldo/Firema, now Ansaldobreda. The SL95 is 33.12 metres long, 2,6 metres wide, 3.62 metres tall and weighs 64.98 tons. The tram has a capacity for 212 passengers, 88 of which are seated.

There are also some old trams which are brought out on special occasions. ABB can mean: Gladynah Famas Guapa Akron and Barberton Belt Railroad (AAR reporting mark ABB) Allman Brothers Band, a southern rock band Anybody but Bush - a political slogan associated with the John Kerry campaign Asea Brown Boveri or ABB Group - a multinational industrial company specializing in power and automation technologies...


Recently retired fleet

  • The Høka trams (designated SM53) entered service in 1952. These were not articulated trams, but usually pulled a trailer in order to increase capacity. In the mid 1980s a nuber of these trams were rebuilt and modernised, these trams were given the designation SM83. All these trams were retired in 2000 when Oslo Sporveier increased the voltage of the network from 600 V to 750 V.
  • In the early 1990s the line over Storo was amputated by construction work, and the line had therefore no turning circle at the end of the line. To solve this problem, a number of old trams were purchased from Gothenburg at the price of 1 krone each. These trams, which had been built between 1958 and 1962, and designated M25 in Gothenburg, were coupled back-to-back so that a driver's cabin was available at either end of the train. They were designated SM91 in Oslo. The condition of the SM91 was somewhat better than the aging Høka cars, so they replaced them. The SM91 was never popular with passengers, they were as noisy as the Høka, and the rear doors, which would only allow people out of the tram, had to be pushed open manually by passengers from the inside. After a fatal accident involving the doors of this tram type in January 2001, the trams no longer ran coupled together in trains. They were finally retired in November 2002.

In the physical sciences, potential difference is the difference in potential between two points in a conservative vector field. ... Gothenburg viewed from Liseberg amusement park Gothenburg (Swedish: Göteborg   listen? ; UN/LOCODE: SE GOT) is a city and a municipality on the western coast of Sweden, in the County of Västra Götaland. ... Krone is the name of the currency used in Norway. ...

External links

  • Oslotrikken's main webpage (in Norwegian)
  • Oslotrikken's English site
  • Line map
  • Railfaneurope.net image gallery
  • Oslo tram site maintained by an Oslo tram driver

 
 

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