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Encyclopedia > Oslo Airport, Fornebu
Oslo Airport, Fornebu
Oslo lufthavn, Fornebu
IATA: FBU - ICAO: ENFB
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Luftfartsverket (NCAA)
Serves Oslo
Elevation AMSL 56 ft (17 m)
Coordinates °′″N, °′″W
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
06/24 7,776 2,370 Asphalt
01/19 N/A N/A Asphalt

Oslo Airport, Fornebu (IATA: FBUICAO: ENFB) (Norwegian: Oslo lufthavn, Fornebu) was the main airport serving Oslo, Norway before it closed in 1998. It was located in the municipality of Bærum and opened on June 1, 1939. Operations at Fornebu ceased on October 8, 1998 when the new airport in Gardermoen opened. The seaplane base in the airport is still operating after the closing of the airport. Image File history File linksMetadata Oslo_FBU_Airport. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean by UNESCO. [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... View of most of Bærum from Holmenkollen in Oslo County Akershus District Viken Municipality NO-0209 Administrative centre Sandvika Mayor (2005) Odd Reinsfelt (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 334 192 km² 189 km² 0. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (282nd in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean by UNESCO. [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... Oslo Airport, Gardermoen (IATA: OSL, ICAO: ENGM) (Norwegian: Oslo lufthavn, Gardermoen) is located in Gardermoen in Ullensaker, Norway, 48 km north of Oslo. ...

Contents

History

Originally land flights to Oslo landed at Kjeller and sea planes at Gressholmen, an awkward solution for the Oslo region. The City of Oslo decided along with the Norwegian Ministry of Defence to build a new airport, and decided on Fornebu, a peninsula in the then rural municipality of Bærum, as the best spot. The City of Oslo bought the land, and started construction. Kjeller is located near Lillestrøm in the municipality of Skedsmo, Norway. ... A DeHavilland Single Otter floatplane in Harbour Air livery H-4 Hercules flying boat A seaplane is an aircraft designed to take off and land (correctly, though less commonly, alight) upon water. ...


When the airport opened June 1, 1939, it had three runways (two 800 meters and one 700 meters) and also a seaplane port. The airport also contained numerous buildings, including an administrative building, a hangar, a control tower and a terminal. The first aircraft to land at Fornebu was a Douglas DC-2 from KLM Royal Dutch Airlines. June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... The Douglas DC-2 was a 14 seat, twin-propeller airliner produced by the Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934. ... KLM Tailfins KLM (in full: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with Air France, KLM was the national airline of the Netherlands. ...


During World War II the German invasion forces expanded the airport with new buildings and extended the north/south runway to 1200 meters. After the war, the City of Oslo gave the airport to the government, on the condition that the city receive the land if the airport was closed. In 1962 a new east/west runway was opened, at 2370 meters, that lasted the rest of the airport's lifetime. A new terminal was opened in 1964, later expanded with three piers. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...


Fornebu too small

Fornebu airport was dimensioned for two million passengers per year. By 1996 the annual passenger load had reached ten million, and there were no available slots in the morning and afternoon. Fornebu had only one operational runway and no room for expansion, with sea on three and a half sides. Noise was a problem for the nearby residential areas. And despite the airport's proximity to the city center, there was no effective public transport. The only solution was to build a new airport.


After several decades of discussing the location of "den nye hovedflyplassen" (literally the new main airport), and after considering such locations as Rygge and Hurum, parliament decided in 1992 to build the new airport on the site of an existing airfield at Gardermoen, 56 km north of Oslo. On October 7, 1998 the last plane left Fornebu, and during that night everything and everyone moved to the new airport. County Østfold District Municipality NO-0136 Administrative centre Moss Mayor (2003) Aud-Kristin Løken (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 400 74 km² 70 km² 0. ... County Buskerud District Municipality NO-0628 Administrative centre Klokkarstua Mayor (2003) Roger Ryberg (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 354 163 km² 156 km² 0. ... The Storting main building The Storting, or Stortinget, (the Great Assembly), is the parliament of Norway, and is located in Oslo. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Oslo Airport, Gardermoen (IATA: OSL, ICAO: ENGM) (Norwegian: Oslo lufthavn, Gardermoen) is located in Gardermoen in Ullensaker, Norway, 48 km north of Oslo. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (281st in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean by UNESCO. [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


Post airport

After the airport closed, a massive project was started to construct a gigantic research facility for IT and telecommunications companies, the largest being Telenor. A large housing complex is also being built and a new automated light rail will open in 2009. Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA)is: the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Telenor (OSE: TEL, NASDAQ: TELN) is the incumbent telecommunications company in Norway, with headquarters located at Fornebu, close to Oslo. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ...


External links

  • Satellite picture of the site by Google Maps
Airports of Norway
Primary Airports Alta | Bardufoss | Bergen | Bodø | Harstad/Narvik | Haugesund | Kirkenes | Kristiansand | Kristiansund | Lakselv | Molde | Oslo | Stavanger | Tromsø | Trondheim | Ålesund
Regional Airports Andenes | Brønnøysund | Båtsfjord | Berlevåg | Fagernes | Florø | Førde | Hammerfest | Hasvik | Honningsvåg | Leknes | Mehamn | Mo i Rana | Mosjøen | Namsos | Narvik | Røros | Rørvik | Røst | Sandane | Sandnessjøen | Sogndal | Stokmarknes | Svolvær | Sørkjosen | Vadsø | Vardø | Værøy | Ørsta/Volda
Overseas Territories Jan Mayen | Longyearbyen | Ny-Ålesund | Troll | Svea
Private Notodden | Sandefjord | Skien | Stord
Air Force Stations Andøya | Banak | Bardufoss | Bodø | Gardermoen | Rygge | Sola | Ørland
Closed Farsund | Geilo | Oslo-Fornebu
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Passenger Opinions about Oslo Airport (2341 words)
Oslo airport, though a clean one, is unfunctional and an unpleasant experience.
Fornebu was too small and there were no opportunities to enlarge it, but it was only 8 km from the city centre which was excellent.
Oslo Airport is very nice to look at but impractical to use, because it is built in one long straight line.
Fornebu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (176 words)
Fornebu (local form Fornebo) is a peninsular area in the suburban municipality of Bærum in Norway, close to the country's capital Oslo.
Oslo Airport Fornebu (FBU) served as the main airport for Oslo and the country since before WWII and until the evening of October 7, 1998, when it was closed down.
As of the turn of the millennium, the Fornebu area is being developed as a centre for information technology and telecom industry, as well as there being some housing project developments nearby.
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