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Encyclopedia > Oslo
Oslo kommune
—  Municipality  —
Coat of arms of Oslo kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Oslo kommune
Oslo within
Norway
Oslo within Oslo
Coordinates: 59°56′58″N 10°45′23″E / 59.94944, 10.75639
Country Norway
County Oslo
District Østlandet
Municipality ID NO-0301
Administrative centre Oslo
Government
 - Mayor ({{{governor_as_of}}}) {{{governor}}}
Area (Nr. 224 in Norway)
 - Total 454 km² (175.3 sq mi)
 - Land 426 km² (164.5 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 - Total 560,484
 - Density 1,315/km² (3,405.8/sq mi)
 - Change (10 years) 9.2 %
 - Rank in Norway 1
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Official language form Bokmål
Demonym Oslokvinne (f) /Oslomann (m) (also Osloenser)[1]
Data from Statistics Norway
Website: www.oslo.kommune.no

Oslo  (called Christiania from 1624 to 1878, and Kristiania from 1878 to 1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway. It is also a municipality and a county of its own. It is the third-largest Scandinavian city, after Copenhagen and Stockholm, and it forms the third-largest urban area in the region, after Copenhagen and Stockholm. It is arguably the world's most expensive city in which to live. Oslo is the capital of Norway. ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke), and 431 municipalities/communes (kommuner). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links NO_0301_Oslo. ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke, Nynorsk: singular and plural fylke; until 1918 known as singular and plural- amt), and 433 municipalities (kommuner - Nynorsk: kommunar). ... Norways traditional districts. ... Østlandet Østlandet or Austlandet is the geographical region of the south-eastern part of Norway. ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for Norway describe 19 counties (fylke). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Norwegian (norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken primarily in Norway, where it is an official language. ... BokmÃ¥l (lit. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Image File history File links Oslo. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Region Hovedstaden (Danish Capital Region or Copenhagen Capital Region) is a future administrative region created under the Danish Municipal Reform, which replaces the traditional counties (amter) with five larger regions. ... The Stockholm urban area stretches over 11 municipalities in Stockholm County. ... This is a list of the worlds most expensive cities, according to the Mercer Human Resource Consulting Cost of Living Surveys. ...


The city of Oslo was established as a municipality on 3 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). It was separated from the county of Akershus as a county of its own in 1842. The rural municipality of Aker was merged with Oslo on 1 January 1948 (and then transferred from Akershus county to Oslo county). Furthermore, Oslo shares several important functions with Akershus county. Formannsskapsdistrikt was the name for a Norwegian local self-government district. ... County NO-02 Region Østlandet Administrative centre Oslo County mayor Hildur Horn Øien (KrF) Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 16 4,918 km² 1. ... Aker (from the Old Norse akr m field, acre) is a former municipality in Akershus, which lends its name to a municipality and a county in Norway. ...

Contents

General information

The population of the city proper is 560,484 (as of January 1, 2008).[2] The urban area extends into the surrounding county of Akershus, its agglomeration totaling 856,915,[3] and its metropolitan area, also referred to as the Greater Oslo region (Stor-Osloregionen) and which extends beyond the city boundaries, has an estimated population of 1,121,020 citizens (2005) and a land area of 6,920 km² [2]. In the entire Inner Oslo Fjord Region, there is a total population of about 1.3 million. About 50% of the population of Norway lives within a radius of 120 kilometres of downtown Oslo. The city of Oslo has a current annual growth exceeding 10,000, which makes it one of the fastest growing cities in Europe. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke, Nynorsk: singular and plural fylke; until 1918 known as singular and plural- amt), and 433 municipalities (kommuner - Nynorsk: kommunar). ... County NO-02 Region Østlandet Administrative centre Oslo County mayor Hildur Horn Øien (KrF) Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 16 4,918 km² 1. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The city centre of Oslo is situated at the end of the Oslofjord from where the city sprawls out both to the north and to the south on both sides of the fjord giving the city area more or less the shape of a "U". The Oslofjord (Oslofjorden) is a bay in the south-east of Norway, stretching from Færder in the south to Oslo at the head. ... The city of San Luis Obispo, an example of an urban area. ...


The urban municipality (bykommune) of Oslo and county (fylke) is the same entity. Of Oslo's total area, 115 km² is built-up and 7 km² is agricultural. The open areas within the built-up zone amount to 22 km². Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke), and 431 municipalities/communes (kommuner). ...


Name

The meaning of the name Oslo has been the subject of much debate. It is certainly derived from Old Norse, and was in all probability the name of a large farm at the site of the first settlements in Bjørvika. Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ...


During the Middle Ages the name was initially spelled 'Ásló', later 'Ósló'. The earlier spelling suggests that the first component 'ás' refers either to the Ekeberg ridge southeast of the town ('ås' in modern Norwegian), or to the Norse homonym meaning 'god' or 'divinity'. The most likely interpretations would therefore be 'the meadow beneath the ridge' or 'the meadow of the gods'. Both are equally plausible.


A fire in 1624 destroyed much of the medieval city (the section now known as Gamlebyen), and the city was relocated nearer to the Akershus Fortress. King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway renamed the reborn city Christiania. From the end of the 1800s, the name of the city was also spelled "Kristiania". An official decision was never made, so both forms were in use. The original name of Oslo was restored by a law of 11 July 1924, effective 1 January 1925. Gamle Oslo is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) is the old castle built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. ... An image of Christian IV. Christian IV (1577–1648), king of Denmark and Norway, the son of Frederick II, king of Denmark and Norway, and Sophia of Mecklenburg, was born at Frederiksborg castle in 1577, and succeeded to the throne on the death of his father (April 4, 1588), attaining... Geographical renaming is the act of changing the name of a geographical feature or area. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

When I was young, the capital of Norway was not called Oslo. It was called Kristiania. But somewhere along the line, the Norwegians decided to do away with that pretty name and call it Oslo instead. -- Roald Dahl, Boy

The city was once referred to as Tigerstaden (the City of Tigers) by the author Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson around 1870, due to his perception of the city as a cold and dangerous place. This name has over the years achieved an almost official status, to the extent the 1000-year anniversary was celebrated by a row of tiger sculptures around city hall. The prevalence of homeless and other beggars in newer times led to the slight rewording of the nickname into 'Tiggerstaden', or Beggar City, and a harsh picture of the city was drawn by Knut Hamsun in his novel Sult (Hunger) from 1890 (cinematised in 1966 by Henning Carlsen). Roald Dahl (IPA: ]) (13 September 1916 – 23 November 1990) was a Welsh novelist, short story writer and screenwriter, who rose to prominence in the 1940s with works for both children and adults, and became one of the worlds bestselling authors. ... Image:BoyDahl. ... Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson Bjørnstjerne Martinus Bjørnson (December 8, 1832–April 26, 1910). ... Knut Hamsun (31 years old) in 1890 Knut Hamsun (August 4, 1859 – February 19, 1952) was a leading Norwegian author and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature for 1920. ... This article is about the novel ‘Hunger’, for other meanings see Hunger (disambiguation). ...


History

Main article: History of Oslo
Christiania in July of 1814, as seen from Ekeberg.
Christiania in July of 1814, as seen from Ekeberg.

According to the Norse sagas, Oslo was founded around 1049 by King Harald Hardråde. Recent archaeological research has uncovered Christian burials from before 1000, evidence of a preceding urban settlement. This called for the celebration of Oslo's millennium in 2000.
It has been regarded as the capital city since the reign of Håkon V (1299-1319), who was the first king to reside permanently in the city. He also started the construction of the Akershus Fortress. A century later Norway was the weaker part in a personal union with Denmark, and Oslo's role was reduced to that of provincial administrative centre, with the kings residing in Copenhagen. The fact that the University of Oslo was founded as late as 1811 had an adverse effect on the development of the nation. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1911x1129, 3976 KB) Summary Painting by Margrethe Kristine Tholstrup dated July 19, 1814, of Christiania (now Oslo) from Ekeberg. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1911x1129, 3976 KB) Summary Painting by Margrethe Kristine Tholstrup dated July 19, 1814, of Christiania (now Oslo) from Ekeberg. ... Harald III Sigurdsson (1015 – September 25, 1066), later surnamed Harald HardrÃ¥de (Old Norse: Haraldr harðráði, roughly translated as stern counsel or hard ruler) was the king of Norway from 1047[1] until 1066. ... Haakon V Magnusson was king of Norway from 1299 until 1319. ... Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) is the old castle built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. ... It has been suggested that Dynastic union be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... The University of Oslo (Norwegian: , Latin: ) was founded in 1811 as Universitas Regia Fredericiana (the Royal Frederick University, in Norwegian Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet). ...

Hansken Sculpture and Theatre Museum, Christiania Torv.
Hansken Sculpture and Theatre Museum, Christiania Torv.
View from the Akershus Fortress towards the fjord.
View from the Akershus Fortress towards the fjord.

Oslo was destroyed several times by fire, and after the fourteenth calamity, in 1624, King Christian IV of Denmark (and Norway) ordered it rebuilt at a new site across the bay, near Akershus Fortress and given the name Christiania. But long before this, Christiania had started to regain its stature as a centre of commerce and culture in Norway. The part of the city built from 1624 is now often called Kvadraturen because of its orthogonal layout. In 1814 Christiania once more became a real capital when the union with Denmark was dissolved. Many landmarks were built in the 19th century, including the Royal Palace (1825-1848), Stortinget (the Parliament) (1861-1866), the University, Nationaltheatret and the Stock Exchange. Among the world-famous artists who lived here during this period were Henrik Ibsen and Knut Hamsun (the latter was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature). In 1850, Christiania also overtook Bergen and became the most populous city in the country. In 1878 the city was renamed to Kristiania. The original name of Oslo was restored in 1925. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (863x647, 148 KB) Summary Author: Matthew McPherson Oslo, Norway - July 2005 Canon Powershot A95, Photoshop 7 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (863x647, 148 KB) Summary Author: Matthew McPherson Oslo, Norway - July 2005 Canon Powershot A95, Photoshop 7 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The coronation of King Christian IV, painted by Otto Bache, 1887. ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... The Royal Palace in Oslo from the front The Royal Palace in Oslo from the park The Royal Palace (no:Slottet) in Oslo was built in the first half of the 18th century as the Norwegian residence of Swedish-Norwegian king Charles III (Charles XIV of Sweden) and is used... The Storting main building The Storting, or Stortinget, (the Great Assembly), is the parliament of Norway, and is located in Oslo. ... The University of Oslo (Norwegian: , Latin: ) was founded in 1811 as Universitas Regia Fredericiana (the Royal Frederick University, in Norwegian Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet). ... Exterior of Nationaltheatret Nationaltheatret (The National Theater) is one of Norways largest and most prominent venues for performance of dramatic arts. ... Ibsen redirects here. ... Knut Hamsun (31 years old) in 1890 Knut Hamsun (August 4, 1859 – February 19, 1952) was a leading Norwegian author and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature for 1920. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2004) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... Geographical renaming is the act of changing the name of a geographical feature or area. ...


Oslo's centrality in the political, cultural and economical life of Norway continues to be a source of considerable controversy and friction. Numerous attempts at decentralization have not appreciably changed this during the last century. While continuing to be the main cause of the depopulation of the Norwegian countryside, any form of development is almost always opposed by neighbours, and as a consequence the growth of a modern urban landscape has all but stopped. Specifically, the construction of highrises in the city centre has been met with skepticism. It is projected, however, that the city will need some 20,000 additional apartments before 2020, forcing the difficult decision of whether to build tall or the equally unpopular option of sprawling out. Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ...

View from Ekeberg toward Grefsen
View from Ekeberg toward Grefsen

A marked reluctance to encourage the growth of the city for fear of causing further depletion of the traditional farming and fishing communities has led to several successive bursts of construction both in infrastructure and building mass, as the authorities kept waiting in vain for the stream of people to diminish. Neoclassical city apartments built in the 1850s to 1900s dotted with remnants of Christian IV's renaissance grid dominate the architecture around the city centre, except where slums were demolished in the 1960s to construct modernist concrete and glass low-rises, now generally regarded as embarrassing eyesores. The variety in Oslo's architectural cityscape does however provide for some striking, and often hauntingly beautiful sights. While most of the forests and lakes surrounding Oslo are in private hands, there is great public support for not developing it. Parts of Oslo suffer from congestion, yet it is one of the few European capitals where people live with the wilderness literally in their back yard, or with access to a suburban train line that allows the city's many hikers and long-distance skiers to simply step off the train and start walking or skiing. Download high resolution version (2240x1680, 417 KB)Oslo, Norway View from Ekeberg toward Grefsen © 2005 J. P. Fagerback File links The following pages link to this file: Oslo Categories: BSD images ... Download high resolution version (2240x1680, 417 KB)Oslo, Norway View from Ekeberg toward Grefsen © 2005 J. P. Fagerback File links The following pages link to this file: Oslo Categories: BSD images ...


Geography and climate

Oslo occupies an arc of land at the northernmost end of the Oslofjord. The fjord, which is nearly bisected by the Nesodden peninsula opposite Oslo, lies to the south; in all other directions Oslo is surrounded by green hills and mountains. There are 40 islands within the city limits, the largest being Malmøya (0.56 km²), and scores more around the Oslofjord. Oslo has 343 lakes, the largest being Maridalsvannet (3.91 km²). This is also a main source of drinking water for large parts of Oslo. The highest point is Kirkeberget, at 629 m. Although the city's population is small compared to most European capitals, it occupies an unusually large land area, of which two thirds are protected areas of forests, hills and lakes. Its boundaries encompass many parks and open areas, giving it an airy and often very green appearance. It is not uncommon to encounter wild moose in relatively urban areas of Oslo, especially during wintertime. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Oslofjord (Oslofjorden) is a bay in the south-east of Norway, stretching from Færder in the south to Oslo at the head. ... Fjord in Sunnmøre, Norway Geirangerfjord, Norway A fjord (or fiord) is a long, narrow estuary with steep sides, made when a glacial valley is filled by rising sea water levels. ... County Akershus District Follo Municipality NO-0216 Administrative centre Nesoddtangen Mayor (2004) Christian Hintze Holm (SV) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 416 61 km² 61 km² 0. ... Malmøya is an island situated only 3 kilometres outside Oslo - the capital of Norway. ...

View of Oslo looking south from Holmenkollen, directly facing Nesodden.
View of Oslo looking south from Holmenkollen, directly facing Nesodden.

Oslo has a hemiboreal/humid continental climate (Dfb according to the Köppen climate classification system). Summers are mild or even warm, with daily high temperatures averaging between 20.1 °C and 21.5 °C during the summer months (June-August). September is often as warm, with colder temperatures usually arriving before the end of October. The highest temperature ever recorded was 35 °C on July 21, 1901. Heatwaves occur several times every summer, from June to late August, with temperatures usually up to 30-31 °C[citation needed]. The Oslofjord has many public beaches and recreational areas, which are very popular in the summer months. The water temperature usually lies around 20 °C, and sometimes as high as 23-24 °C. Oslo from Holmenkollen Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Oslo from Holmenkollen Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Hemiboreal means halfway between the temperate and subarctic (or boreal) zones. ... The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ... Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map[1] The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The winter is cold, chilly and wet. Temperatures can drop down to -20 °C or lower when there is a high pressure and blue skies. Almost every winter, ice develops in the inner parts of the fjord, making ice fishing, ice-skating and even cross-country skiing possible on sea-ice. Temperatures below zero may be experienced from October until May, the coldest month being January with a mean temperature of -4.3 °C, and both January and February may have daily minimum temperatures of around -7 °C. The coldest temperature recorded is -27.9 °C in February 1871. Snowfall is spread evenly throughout the winter months and on average more than 25 cm of snow cover is experienced 30 days per year. Temperatures have tended to be higher in recent years.[4]


The annual average precipitation is 763 mm, with winter being somewhat drier than summer.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Avg high °C (°F) -1.8 (29) -0.9 (30) 3.5 (38) 9.1 (49) 15.8 (60) 20.4 (69) 21.5 (71) 20.1 (68) 15.1 (59) 9.3 (49) 3.2 (38) -0.5 (31)
Avg low temperature °C (°F) -6.8 (20) -6.8 (20) -3.3 (26) 0.8 (33) 6.5 (44) 10.6 (51) 12.2 (54) 11.3 (52) 7.5 (46) 3.8 (39) -1.5 (29) -5.6 (22)
Source: World Weather Information Service All data is for Oslo - Blindern (94 m.s.l.)

Main sights

Oslo National Theatre
Oslo National Theatre

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) is the old castle built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 477 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 477 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Royal Palace in Oslo from the front The Royal Palace in Oslo from the park The Royal Palace in Oslo was built in the first half of the 18th century as the Norwegian residence of Swedish-Norwegian king Charles III (Charles XIV of Sweden) and is used as the... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,072 × 2,304 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,072 × 2,304 pixels, file size: 1. ... Postgirobygget is a Norwegian folk band from Oslo. ... Vigeland Sculpture Park in the centre of the large Frognerparken, which belongs to the Frogner Manor, is probably the most famous park in Norway. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 238 KB) no: Oslo rÃ¥dhus en: Townhall of Oslo, Norway File links The following pages link to this file: List of city halls Oslo City Hall ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 238 KB) no: Oslo rÃ¥dhus en: Townhall of Oslo, Norway File links The following pages link to this file: List of city halls Oslo City Hall ... The Oslo City Hall, seen from the harbour side. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1273x539, 194 KB) Summary Author: Matthew McPherson Oslo, Norway - July 2005 Canon Powershot A95 Photoshop 7 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1273x539, 194 KB) Summary Author: Matthew McPherson Oslo, Norway - July 2005 Canon Powershot A95 Photoshop 7 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Viking Ship Museum and the Oseberg Ship. ... The Opera House in Bjørvika in February 2007 The New National Opera House is currently under construction at the head of the Oslofjord, in Bjørvika. ... Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) is the old castle built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. ... Log houses in the open air museum. ... Bygdøy or Bygdø is a peninsula on the western side of Oslo, Norway. ... The old town (Den gamle by) — an open air museum in the town of Aarhus, Denmark An open air museum is a distinct type of museum exhibiting its collections out-of-doors. ... The Oslo City Hall, seen from the harbour side. ... The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Danish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... The Nobel Peace Center, situated right next to the Oslo City Hall. ... The Opera House in Bjørvika in February 2007 The New National Opera House is currently under construction at the head of the Oslofjord, in Bjørvika. ... Bjørvika is a harbour in eastern part of Oslo, Norway, and an inlet in the inner Oslofjord. ... View from the tower in summer The Holmenkollen ski jump, located in Holmenkollen, Oslo, Norway, is host to the worlds second oldest ski jump competition still in existence (the oldest being hosted by a small, local club named Medicinernes Skiklub Svartor in nearby Seterkollen). ... The 1952 Winter Olympics, officially known as the VI Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1952 in Oslo, Norway. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Holmenkollen ski jump. ... Holmenkollen Ski Museum (Norwegian: Skimuseet i Holmenkollen), located at the base of the Holmenkollen ski jump in Oslo, Norway, is the worlds oldest ski museum, being founded in 1923. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Holmenkollen ski jump. ... The Kon-Tiki raft is shown on the cover of the DVD of the documentary. ... Bygdøy or Bygdø is a peninsula on the western side of Oslo, Norway. ... Self portrait, 1895 Edvard Munch (Løten, December 12, 1863 - Ekely (near Oslo), January 23, 1944) was a Norwegian Expressionist painter and printmaker. ... Gamle Oslo is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... Akerselva is a river that flows through Oslo. ... Nasjonalgalleriet, or The National Gallery in Oslo is the national art gallery of Norway. ... Gjøa Gjøa was the first vessel to transit the Northwest Passage. ... Bygdøy or Bygdø is a peninsula on the western side of Oslo, Norway. ... Fram (Forward) was a ship used in expeditions in the Arctic and Antarctic regions by the Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen, Otto Sverdrup, Oscar Wisting, and Roald Amundsen between 1893 and 1912. ... Bygdøy or Bygdø is a peninsula on the western side of Oslo, Norway. ... Oslo City Museum is located in the Frogner Manor house. ... Frogner Manor 1842, by J.C. Dahl, for Benjamin Wegner Frogner Manor (Frogner Hovedgaard) is a former agricultural property located in an area that became part of Oslo in 1878, todays borough of Frogner. ... The Royal Palace in Oslo from the front The Royal Palace in Oslo from the park The Royal Palace (no:Slottet) in Oslo was built in the first half of the 18th century as the Norwegian residence of Swedish-Norwegian king Charles III (Charles XIV of Sweden) and is used... The Henie-Onstad Art Centre is located at Høvikodden in the municipality of Bærum, Norway. ... View of most of Bærum from Holmenkollen in Oslo County Akershus District Viken Municipality NO-0209 Administrative centre Sandvika Mayor (2005) Odd Reinsfelt (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 334 192 km² 189 km² 0. ... The Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology (Norwegian: Norsk Teknisk Museum) is a science museum located in Oslo, Norway. ... Gamle Oslo is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... Gamle Oslo is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... The Storting (Stortinget, literally The Big Thing) is the Norwegian Parliament, and is located in the capital city Oslo. ... Vigeland Sculpture Park in the centre of the large Frognerparken, which belongs to the Frogner Manor, is probably the most famous park in Norway. ... City Oslo Borough NO-030105 Area 8. ... Viking Ship Museum and the Oseberg Ship. ... The Gokstad ship is a late 9th century Viking ship found in a ship burial beneath a burial mound at Gokstad farm in Sandar, Sandefjord, Vestfold, Norway. ... The Oseberg longship (Viking Ship Museum, Norway) vantage exactly from the front - one of the most stunning expressions of Norse art and craftsmenship The Oseberg ship was found in a large burial mound at the Oseberg farm near Tønsberg in Vestfold county, Norway, in 1904. ... The Tune ship is a viking ship of the karv type found at Haugen farm in Østfold, Norway. ... Bygdøy or Bygdø is a peninsula on the western side of Oslo, Norway. ... TryvannstÃ¥rnet TryvannstÃ¥rnet is the name of the 118 metre high TV Tower of Oslo, located 588 metres above mean sea level near the Tryvann lake. ... One of the main islands off the coast of Oslo, Norway in the Oslo Fjord. ... The Oslofjord (Oslofjorden) is a bay in the south-east of Norway, stretching from Færder in the south to Oslo at the head. ...

Politics and government

Oslo is the capital of Norway, and as such is the seat of Norway's national government. Most government offices, including that of the Prime Minister, are gathered at Regjeringskvartalet, a cluster of buildings close to the national Parliament - the Storting. This is a list of Viceroys (Rigsstatholder) and Prime Ministers (statsminister) of Norway. ... This article is about the legislative institution. ... The Storting (Stortinget, literally The Big Thing) is the Norwegian Parliament, and is located in the capital city Oslo. ...


Constituting both a municipality and a county of Norway, the city of Oslo is represented in the Storting by seventeen Members of Parliament. Six MPs are from the Labour Party; the Conservative Party and the Progress Party have three each, the Socialist Left Party and the Liberals have two each, and one is from the Christian Democrats. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... The Norwegian Labour Party (Det norske Arbeiderpartiet, DNA or Arbeiderpartiet, AP) is a social democratic political party in Norway. ... The Conservative Party (Høyre, H, meaning right) is a Norwegian political party. ... The Progress Party (Bokmål: Fremskrittspartiet, Nynorsk: Framstegspartiet, Norwegian abbreviation: FrP) is the second largest political party in Norway as of the 2005 parliamentary elections. ... The Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti or SV), is a Norwegian political party founded in 1975. ... Venstre (sometimes referred to as the Liberal Party of Norway in international context) is a liberal party in Norway, subscribing to social-liberalism. ... The Christian Democratic Party of Norway (Kristelig Folkeparti or KrF, litteraly Christian Peoples Party), is a Norwegian political party founded in 1933. ...


Oslo has had a parliamentary system of government since 1986. The supreme authority of the city is the City Council (Bystyret), which currently has 59 seats. Representatives are popularly elected every four years. The City Council has five standing committees, each with their own areas of responsibility. These are: Health and Social Welfare, Education and Cultural Affairs, Urban Development, Transport and Environmental Affairs, and Finance. The council's executive branch (Byrådet) consists of a head of government (byrådsleder) and six commissioners (byråder, sing. byråd) holding ministerial positions. Each of the commissioners needs the confidence of the City Council and each of them can be voted out of office. States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ...


Since the local elections of 2003, the city government has been a coalition of the Conservative Party and the Progress Party. Based mostly on support from the Christian Democrats and the Liberals, the coalition maintains a majority in the City Council. After the 2007 local elections on September 10, the conservative coalition remained in majority. The largest parties in the City Council are the Labour Party and the Conservatives, with 18 and 16 representatives respectively.


The Mayor of Oslo is the head of the City Council and the highest ranking representative of the city. This used to be the most powerful political position in Oslo, but after the implementation of parliamentarism the Mayor has had more of a ceremonial role, similar to that of the President of the Storting at the national level. The current Mayor of Oslo is Fabian Stang.


Administrative divisions

Following the latest reform of January 1, 2004, the city is divided into fifteen boroughs (bydeler) that are to a considerable extent self governed. Each borough is responsible for local services not overseen by the City Council, such as social services, basic healthcare, and kindergartens.
is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A social worker is a person employed in the administration of charity, social service, welfare, and poverty agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs. ... Health care or healthcare is one of the worlds largest and fastest growing professions. ... For other uses, see Kindergarten (disambiguation). ...

  1. Gamle Oslo
  2. Grünerløkka
  3. Sagene
  4. St. Hanshaugen
  5. Frogner
  6. Ullern
  7. Vestre Aker
  8. Nordre Aker
  9. Bjerke
  10. Grorud
  11. Stovner
  12. Alna
  13. Østensjø
  14. Nordstrand
  15. Søndre Nordstrand
  16. Sentrum
  17. Marka

Sentrum (the city centre) and Marka (the rural/recreational areas surrounding the city) are separate geographical entities, but do not have an administration of their own. Sentrum is governed by the borough of St. Hanshaugen. The administration of Marka is shared between neighbouring boroughs. Gamle Oslo is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... City Oslo Borough NO-030102 Area 4. ... City Oslo Borough NO-030103 Area 3. ... St. ... City Oslo Borough NO-030105 Area 8. ... Ullern is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... Vestre Aker is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... Nordre Aker is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... City Oslo Borough NO-030109 Area 7. ... Grorud is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... Stovner is a borough located to the far north east of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... Alna is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... Østensjø is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... Nordstrand is: A district of Oslo, Norway, see Nordstrand, Norway An island of Germany, see Nordstrand, Germany This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Søndre Nordstrand is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. ... City Oslo Borough NO-030116 Area 1. ... Marka is the name of a part of Oslo, Norway, consisting of the mostly unpopulated wood-covered areas surrounding the city. ... City Oslo Borough NO-030116 Area 1. ... Marka is the name of a part of Oslo, Norway, consisting of the mostly unpopulated wood-covered areas surrounding the city. ...


Economy

Oslo is an important centre of maritime knowledge in Europe and is home to approximately 980 companies and 8,500 employees within the maritime sector, among which are some of the world's largest shipping companies, shipbrokers, and insurance brokers.[5] Det Norske Veritas, headquartered at Høvik outside Oslo, is one of the three major maritime classification societies in the world, with 16.5% of the world fleet to class in its register[5]. The city's port is the largest general cargo port in the country and its leading passenger gateway. Close to 6,000 ships dock at the Port of Oslo annually with a total of 6 million tonnes of cargo and over five million passengers. DNV or Det Norske Veritas is a Norwegian company established in 1864. ... Høvik is a suburban centre in the municipality of Bærum, Norway. ... In the shipping industry, classification societies are non-governmental organizations or groups of professionals, ship surveyors and representatives of offices that promote the safety and protection of the environment of ships and offshore structures. ...


The gross domestic product of Oslo totaled NOK268.047 billion (€33.876 billion) in 2003, which amounted to 17% of the national GDP.[6] This compares with NOK165.915 billion (€20.968 billion) in 1995. The metropolitan area, bar Moss and Drammen, contributed 25% of the national GDP in 2003 and was also responsible for more than one quarter of tax revenues. In comparison, total tax revenues from the oil and gas industry on the Norwegian Continental Shelf amounted to about 16%.[7] The region has one of the highest per capita GDPs in Europe, at NOK391,399 (€49,465) in 2003. If Norway were a member of the European Union, the capital region would have the fourth strongest GDP per capita, behind Inner London, Brussels-Capital and Luxembourg. GDP redirects here. ... http://www. ... County Buskerud District Municipality NO-0602 Administrative centre Drammen Mayor (2003) Tore Opdal Hansen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 366 137 km² 135 km² 0. ... The Norwegian continental shelf is the continental shelf over which Norway exercises sovereign rights as defined by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. ... Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a calculation method in national accounting (see Measures of national income and output) is defined as the total value of final goods and services produced within a countrys borders in a year, regardless of ownership. ... Inner London is the name for the group of London boroughs which form the central part of Greater London and are surrounded by Outer London. ... The Brussels-Capital Region (French: Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Brüssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: Région Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. ...


Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in the world. As of 2006, it is ranked tenth according to the Worldwide Cost of Living Survey provided by Mercer Human Resource Consulting[8] and first according to the Economist Intelligence Unit.[9] The reason for this discrepancy is that the EIU omits certain factors from its final index calculation, most notably housing. Although Oslo does have the most expensive housing market in Norway it is comparably cheaper to other cities on the list in that regard. Meanwhile, prices on goods and services remain some of the highest of any city. According to a report compiled by Swiss bank UBS in the month of August 2006,[10] Oslo and London were the world's most expensive cities. Total pay packets were the biggest in Oslo along with Copenhagen and Zurich -- but residents of the Nordic cities lose out when tax is taken into account. This is a list of the worlds most expensive cities for expatriate employees, (not local residents) according to the Mercer Human Resource Consulting 2006 Cost of Living Survey [1] . Various factors enter in to a citys cost-of-living for expatriate employees, such as monetary value, consumer confidence... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This entity, also known as EIU is part of The Economist Group. ...


Demographics

An estimated 19.6 percent of Oslo's population consists of immigrants from outside the West. Pakistanis (20,036) and Sri Lankan Tamils (7,128) are the two largest ethnic minority groups. Other large groups are people from the former Yugoslavia, Vietnam, Philippines, Turkey, Somalia, Iraq, and Morocco. [6] [7] Occident redirects here. ...


The population of Oslo is currently increasing at a record rate of nearly 2 percent annually (17 percent over the last 15 years), making it the fastest-growing Scandinavian capital.[11] The increase is due, in almost equal degree, to high birth rates as well as immigration.[12] In particular, immigration from Poland and the Baltic states has increased sharply since the accession of these countries to the EU in 2004. Baltic can refer to: The Baltic Sea Council of the Baltic Sea States - an intergovernmental organization Baltic sea countries - countries with access to the Baltic Sea The Baltic region (Balticum) Baltic States - the independent countries of Estonia Latvia Lithuania Baltic Republics - term refers to the three Baltic states under the... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: European Union The European Union On-Line Official EU website, europa. ...


Institutions of higher education

Oslo now has over 50 schools, colleges and universities in itself alone. The University of Oslo (Norwegian: , Latin: ) was founded in 1811 as Universitas Regia Fredericiana (the Royal Frederick University, in Norwegian Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet). ... Oslo University College (OUC), Norwegian: Høgskolen i Oslo (HiO) is the largest state university college in Norway, with more than 10,000 students and approx. ... The Norwegian School of Management BI (Norwegian: Handelshøyskolen BI) is the largest business school in Norway and the second largest in all of Europe. ... Norwegian School of Information Technology is a school that Tormod is too lazy to write about :) Link NITH Homepage ... The Oslo School of Architecture and Design was established as an independent school in 1961, after having been a part of the National College of Art and Design from 1945. ... Media:Example. ... MF Norwegian School of Theology (formerly the Free Faculty of Theology) in Norwegian Det teologiske Menighetsfakultet (MF), is a private, independent, accredited Norwegian specialized university institution. ... The Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Universitetet for miljø- og biovitenskap, UMB) is a university in Norway, established as agricultural school in 1859. ... The Norwegian Military Academy (Norwegian: Krigsskolen) was etablished in 1750. ... The institution in Oslo Norwegian School of Veterinary Science (Norwegian: ) or NVH is a public university located in Oslo, Norway that educates veterinaries and animal nurses as well as research within aquatic medicine, food safety, comparative medicine and mammal diseases, health and welfare. ...


Transport

Oslo City Bus.
Oslo City Bus.

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 1350 pixel, file size: 263 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Oslo Airport; Before entrance to the beggage reclaim hall File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 1350 pixel, file size: 263 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Oslo Airport; Before entrance to the beggage reclaim hall File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... The large check-in hall Oslo Airport, Gardermoen (IATA: OSL, ICAO: ENGM) (Norwegian: Oslo lufthavn, Gardermoen) is located in Gardermoen in Ullensaker, Norway, 48 km north of Oslo. ... Oslotrikken, which in English translates to The Oslo tram, is the tram division of Oslo Sporveier. ... Download high resolution version (1366x1118, 190 KB)Oslo City Bus © 2005 J. P. Fagerback File links The following pages link to this file: Oslo Categories: BSD images ... Download high resolution version (1366x1118, 190 KB)Oslo City Bus © 2005 J. P. Fagerback File links The following pages link to this file: Oslo Categories: BSD images ...

Air

The large check-in hall Oslo Airport, Gardermoen (IATA: OSL, ICAO: ENGM) (Norwegian: Oslo lufthavn, Gardermoen) is located in Gardermoen in Ullensaker, Norway, 48 km north of Oslo. ... Flytoget Flytoget (Airport Express Train) is a high-speed train service operated by the company Flytoget AS, running on the Gardermobanen line and connecting the central station in Oslo, Norway (Oslo S) with Oslo Airport, in the suburb of Gardermoen. ... Sandefjord Airport, Torp (IATA: TRF, ICAO: ENTO) (Norwegian (language): Sandefjord lufthavn, Torp) is an international airport in the municipality of Sandefjord, Vestfold south of Oslo, Norway. ... County NO-07 Region Østlandet Administrative centre Tønsberg County mayor   Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 18 2,224 km² 0. ... Moss Airport, Rygge (IATA: RYG, ICAO: ENRY) (Norwgian: Moss lufthavn, Rygge) is an international airport under construction in Rygge, Norway to be opened in October 2007. ... Østfold is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden (Västra Götaland County and Värmland), while Vestfold is on the other side of the bay. ...

Sea

There are daily ferry connections to Kiel (Germany), Copenhagen (Denmark), Frederikshavn (Denmark) and Nesodden. , For the city in the United States, see Kiel, Wisconsin. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... KrudttÃ¥rnet Frederikshavn (originally named Fladstrand) is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the northeast coast of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. ... County Akershus District Follo Municipality NO-0216 Administrative centre Nesoddtangen Mayor (2004) Christian Hintze Holm (SV) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 416 61 km² 61 km² 0. ...


Public ferries run daily to and from the islands scattered in the Oslo harbour basin.


Train

Oslo Sentralstasjon is the main railway station in Oslo. From there, there are connections in the directions of: Trondheim, Bergen, Stavanger, Stockholm (Sweden), Gothenburg (Sweden) and Copenhagen (Denmark). In 2004 Norwegian trains were Europe's third most punctual national train company. For the 4 first months in 2005 the punctuality was 92.9%. During winter in particular, weather conditions such as snow and blizzards may cause delays and cancellations on the routes crossing the central mountains. Oslo Sentralstasjon (Oslo Central Station), frequently abbreviated Oslo S, is the main railway station in Oslo. ... County District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2003-) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2004) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... County District Jæren Municipality NO-1103 Administrative centre Stavanger Mayor (1995-) Leif Johan Sevland (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 406 71 km² 68 km² 0. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ...


Public transport

The public transportation system in Oslo is managed by the municipal transport company Oslo Sporveier. This includes metro, tram, bus and ferry, but not the local train lines, which are run by the state railway company NSB. All public transport in Oslo operates on a common ticket system, allowing free transfer within a period of one hour with a regular ticket. Tickets also transfer to the local and inter-city trains, unless you intend to cross the city border. In 2004, 160 million journeys were made using public transport, of which 85% was handled by Oslo Sporveier's own subsidiaries and 15% by private bus and ferry operators under cost-based contracts.[18] Oslo Sporveier (or Sporveien) is the municipality transit authority of Oslo, Norway, owned by the city of Oslo. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Autobus redirects here. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Norges Statsbaner (Norwegian State Railways, commonly known as NSB, officially called NSB AS) is a Norwegian transport company. ...


The tram system, Oslotrikken, is made up of six lines that criss-cross the inner parts of the city and extend out towards the suburbs. The metro system, known as the T-bane, connects the eastern and western suburbs and comprises six lines which all converge in a tunnel beneath downtown Oslo. The metro lines are identified by numbers from 1 to 6, with two lines running into the municipality of Bærum in the west. The tramway lines are numbered 11 to 13 and 17 to 19. Oslotrikken, which in English translates to The Oslo tram, is the tram division of Oslo Sporveier. ... The T-bane is the metro system of Oslo, Norway, operated by Oslo T-banedrift, a subsidiary of the municipality transit authority Oslo Sporveier. ... View of most of Bærum from Holmenkollen in Oslo County Akershus District Viken Municipality NO-0209 Administrative centre Sandvika Mayor (2005) Odd Reinsfelt (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 334 192 km² 189 km² 0. ...


A new, partially underground loop line was opened in August 2006, connecting Ullevål in the north-west and Carl Berners plass in the east. Two new stations, Nydalen and Storo, have been operational for a couple of years already, the third station, Sinsen, opened August 20, 2006. This completed the loop. In conjunction with the opening of the circle line, there will be a major upgrade of the rolling stock, with delivery taking place between 2007 and 2010. An RFID ticketing system with automatic turnstile barriers has been under introduction for several years, but has been heavily delayed and is not yet in service. T-baneringen is a partially opened subway line on the Oslo T-bane. ... UllevÃ¥l stadion in February 2006 UllevÃ¥l stadion is a station served both by Sognsvannsbanen and T-baneringen, which leaves Sognvannsbanen after this station. ... Carl Berners plass is the first subway station for outbound trains on Grorudbanen after leaving the shared downtown stretch. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An EPC RFID tag used for Wal-Mart Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. ...


Road

Access into the city centre requires the payment of a toll at one of 19 entry points around the ring road. It costs 25 NOK to enter the cordoned zone at all times of day, seven days a week, although a season ticket is available. Since February 2, 2008 coins are no longer accepted at the Toll Station, and all cars must pass through the automatic lanes without stopping. If you are fitted with the electronic AutoPASS system then you will be debited as you pass, all other drivers will receive a bill in the post. A high-speed toll booth on SR 417 near Orlando, Florida A toll road, turnpike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... ISO 4217 Code NOK User(s) Norway Inflation 2. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Autopass is a electronic toll collection system used in Norway. ...


Initially revenues from the road tolls funded the public road network, but since 2002 it mainly finances new developments for the public transport system in Oslo. There has been discussion whether to continue to use the cordon after 2007, based on the funding decisions, extensions, accommodation of time-differentiated pricing or replaced by another form of pricing altogether, perhaps to make congestion pricing possible.[19]


Media

The newspapers Aftenposten, Verdens Gang, Dagbladet, Dagsavisen, Morgenbladet, Vårt Land, Nationen and Klassekampen are published in Oslo. The main office of the national broadcasting company NRK is located at Marienlyst in Oslo, near Majorstuen. TVNorge (TVNorway) is also located in Oslo, while TV2 (based in Bergen) and TV3 (based in London) operate branch offices in central Oslo. There is also a healthy variety of specialty publications and smaller media companies. Aftenposten is Norways second largest newspaper with a circulation of 256,600 copies for the morning edition, 155,400 copies for the separate evening edition and 232,900 copies for the Sunday edition in 2003. ... Verdens Gang, commonly known as VG, is Norways largest newspaper with a circulation of 365 000 copies in 2004. ... Dagbladet is Norways third largest newspaper with a circulation of 191,164 copies in 2002. ... Dagsavisen is a daily newspaper from Oslo, Norway. ... Morgenbladet (Norwegian for The Morning Paper}, is a Norwegian weekly newspaper. ... VÃ¥rt Land (which literally means Our Country in Norwegian) is a daily newspaper published in Oslo. ... -1... Klassekampen (Norwegian for The Class Struggle), is a Norwegian daily newspaper, which styles itself as the daily newspaper of the left (Venstresidas dagsavis). ... Norsk rikskringkasting (NRK) - the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation - is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company. ... TVNorge (abbreviated TVN; i. ... The TV 2 logo TV 2 is Norways most viewed commercial television station. ... County District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2007) Gunnar Bakke (Frp) Official language form Neutral[1] Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... TV3 is the largest commercial television channel of Viasat, which is part of the Swedish media company Modern Times Group. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Sports

The Holmenkollen ski jump hill.
The Holmenkollen ski jump hill.

Oslo was the host city for the 1952 Winter Olympics. Except for the downhill skiing at Norefjell, all events took place within the city limits. The opening and closing ceremonies were held at Bislett stadion, which was also used for the speed skating events. In recent years, the stadium has been better known for hosting the annual Bislett Games track and field event in the IAAF Golden League. The stadium was rebuilt in 2004/2005 and was formally opened for the Bislett Games on July 29, 2005. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 529 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1888 × 2140 pixel, file size: 672 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 529 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1888 × 2140 pixel, file size: 672 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The 1952 Winter Olympics, officially known as the VI Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1952 in Oslo, Norway. ... The downhill is an alpine skiing discipline. ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... The municipality Krødsherad in the county of Buskerud, Norway, has 2,233 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... Bislett stadion is a sports stadium in Oslo, Norway, founded in 1907. ... Gaetan Boucher training for the 1976 Olympics Speed skating (as well Speedskating) is a form of ice skating in which the competitors attempt to travel a certain distance over the ice as quickly as possible. ... Logo for the games when held in Bergen The Bislett Games is an annual track and field event at the Bislett Stadion in Oslo, Norway that takes place in June, just in the middle of the summer. ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... The IAAF Golden League is an annual series of athletics meetings organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Holmenkollen nordic skiing arena, and its centrepiece the ski jump, was an important venue during the 1952 Olympics. The arena has hosted numerous Nordic skiing and biathlon world championships since 1930, and its ski jump competition is the second oldest in the world, having been contested since 1892. Holmenkollen has been selected to once again host the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, in 2011. View from the tower in summer The Holmenkollen ski jump, located in Holmenkollen, Oslo, Norway, is host to the worlds second oldest ski jump competition still in existence (the oldest being hosted by a small, local club named Medicinernes Skiklub Svartor in nearby Seterkollen). ... Nordic skiing is a winter sport that encompasses all types of skiing where the heel of the boot cannot be fixed to the ski. ... Ski jumping is a winter sport in which skiers go down a hill with a take-off ramp (the jump), attempting to go as far as possible. ... Several biathletes in the shooting area of a competition Biathlon (not to be confused with duathlon) is a term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ... The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships have been held in various numbers and types of events since 1925 for men and since 1954 for women. ...


During the summer months, the harbour becomes a venue for various maritime events, including the start of a large sailing regatta that attracts around 1,000 contesting boats each year, and one race of the international Class 1 offshore powerboat racing circuit. For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... Offshore powerboat racing is racing by large, ocean-going powerboats, typically point-to-point racing. ...


Two football clubs from Oslo, Vålerenga and Lyn, play in the Norwegian Premier League. In the 2005 season, the teams placed 1st and 3rd respectively. In addition, two teams from the conurbations are represented - Stabæk Fotball and Lillestrøm Sportsklubb. Oslo had two ice hockey teams in the highest division in the previous season, Vålerenga Ishockey and Furuset I.F., the former winning the cup and league double in 2007. Speed skating is also held at the Valle Hovin venue, which in the summer is host to large popular music concerts. Soccer redirects here. ... VÃ¥lerenga I.F. Fotball is a Norwegian football club from Oslo, founded in 1913. ... F.C. Lyn Oslo is a Norwegian football club from Oslo established in 1896. ... The Norwegian Premier League is the top division for football (soccer) in Norway. ... Stabæk Fotball is the football section of Stabæk IF, a Norwegian sports club from Bekkestua in Bærum, founded in 1912. ... Lillestrøm Sportsklubb is a Norwegian football club from the city of Lillestrøm. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... VÃ¥lerenga Ishockey is an Oslo-based ice hockey club, and a part of the VÃ¥lerenga IF sports club. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Gaetan Boucher training for the 1976 Olympics Speed skating (as well Speedskating) is a form of ice skating in which the competitors attempt to travel a certain distance over the ice as quickly as possible. ... Valle Hovin is both a speed skating rink in cold weather, and an outdoor stadium for concerts in warm weather, in Oslo, Norway. ...


Ullevaal stadion, located in the borough of Nordre Aker, is the home of the Norwegian national football team. Built in 1926, it is the largest football stadium in Norway, and has served as the venue for the Norwegian Cup final since 1948. Both Lyn and Vålerenga use the stadium as their home ground. Ullevaal Stadion, located in Oslo, is Norways national football ground. ... First international Sweden 11 - 3 Norway (Gothenburg, Sweden; 12 July 1908) Biggest win Norway 12 - 0 Finland (Bergen, Norway; 28 June 1946) Biggest defeat Denmark 12 - 0 Norway (Copenhagen, Denmark; 7 October 1917) World Cup Appearances 3 (First in 1938) Best result Round 2, 1998 European Championship Appearances 1 (First... The Norwegian football cup is usually just referred to as the cup or NM in Norway (its official name, though, is the NM SAS Braathens Cup, because it is sponsored by airline company SAS Braathens). ...


Oslo is also home of Norway Cup - the world's biggest football tournament for youth from all over the world.[citation needed] Norway Cup - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Historical population

The Cathedral of Oslo.
The Cathedral of Oslo.
Year Population
1801 9,500
1825 15,400
1855 31,700
1875 76,900
1900 227,900
1925 255,700
1951 434,365
1960 471,511
1970 487,363
1980 454,872
1990 458,364
2000 507,467
2002 529,407
2006 538,411
2008 560,484

See also: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1680x2240, 392 KB)Oslo Cathedral - Oslo Domkirke © 2005 J. P. Fagerback File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1680x2240, 392 KB)Oslo Cathedral - Oslo Domkirke © 2005 J. P. Fagerback File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Conurbation population


See also: Largest urban areas of Norway. Largest urban areas of Norway Urban area Geography of Norway Ranked list of New Zealand main urban areas Largest urban areas of the European Union Largest urban areas of the United States List of the 100 largest urban areas in Canada by population Urban culture SSB liste over største...


Some notable natives

For more details on people from Oslo, see Category:People from Oslo.

  (born March 16, 1959) is a Norwegian economist, leader (since 2002) of the Norwegian Labour Party and the current Prime Minister of Norway. ... Kjetil André Aamodt (born September 2, 1971 in Oslo, Norway) is one of the most decorated Alpine skiers in history. ... Vilhelm Bjerknes Vilhelm Friman Koren Bjerknes (March 14, 1862 - April 9, 1951) was a Norwegian physicist and meteorologist who did much to found the modern practice of weather forecasting. ... Espen Bredesen (born February 2, 1968) is a former Norwegian ski jumper who represented Oppsal IL/Kollenhopp in Oslo. ... Gro Harlem Brundtland [IPA: gro hÉ‘É­É›m brʉntlÉ‘nd] (born April 20, 1939) is a Norwegian politician, diplomat, and physician, and an international leader in sustainable development and public health. ... WHO redirects here. ... Lars Saabye Christensen (born in 1953 in Denmark) is a Norwegian author. ... John Fredriksen, (born 1944) is an oil tanker and shipping tycoon, and Norways richest man. ... Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch (March 3, 1895 - January 31, 1973) was a Norwegian economist. ... Johan Galtung, second from left, and friends in Kilinochchi, Dec 04/Jan 05 Johan Galtung (born October 24, 1930, in Oslo, Norway) is a Norwegian professor, founder and co-director of TRANSCEND - A Peace and Development Network for Conflict Transformation by Peaceful Means. ... Hans Fredrik Gude Hans Fredrik Gude (1825 – 1903) was a Norwegian romanticist painter. ... Sonja Henie (April 8, 1912 - October 12, 1969) was a Norwegian figure skater and actress. ... Eva Joly (b. ... Erling Kagge (b. ... Espen Knutsen (b. ... Fridtjof Nansen Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (born October 10, 1861 in Store Frøen, near Christiania - died May 13, 1930 in Lysaker, outside Oslo) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist and diplomat. ... Lars Onsager (November 27, 1903 – October 5, 1976) was a Norwegian-American physical chemist and theoretical physicist, winner of the 1968 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. ... Hailing from Norway, Børge Ousland made the first unassisted Antarctic solo crossing, finishing on January 18, 1997. ... Grete Waitz née Andersen (born October 1, 1953) is a former Norwegian marathon runner who won nine New York City Marathons between 1978 and 1988. ...

Sister cities

Cooperation agreements have been signed with the following cities/regions:[26]

Oslo has a longstanding tradition of sending a Christmas tree every year to the cities of Washington, D.C., London, Rotterdam, Antwerp, and Reykjavík.[26][27] Since 1947, Oslo sends a 65-80 foot (20-25 m) high spruce, which may be 50 to 100 years old (according to the sources), as an expression of gratitude for Britain's support to Norway during World War II. For the 61st time, this spruce will have been lit by the Mayor of Oslo, Fabian Stang and The Lord Mayor of Westminster, Councilor Carolyn Keen, between December 6, 2007 and January 4, 2008, and it has received yet more special attention than before, expressing environmental concern.[28][29] Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Not to be confused with Vilnius city municipality. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Province Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - Total 319 km² (123. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Location in Iceland Coordinates: , Constituency Government  - Mayor (Borgarstjóri) Dagur B. Eggertsson Area  - City 274. ... Binomial name Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


See also

Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ...

References

  1. ^ Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg (Norwegian)
  2. ^ Table 5 Population, by sex, age and municipality. 1 January 2007
  3. ^ Statistics from the SSB
  4. ^ Geography of Norway#climate
  5. ^ Oslo Teknopol Mal
  6. ^ Regional accounts
  7. ^ e_skdårsm03_web_3.indd
  8. ^ Mercer: Consulting. Outsourcing. Investments
  9. ^ BBC NEWS | In Depth | Oslo 'priciest city in the world'
  10. ^ [1][dead link]
  11. ^ Om 15 år kan det bo 100 000 flere i Oslo
  12. ^ Table 03 03 Oslo. Population 1 January and population changes during the year. 1951
  13. ^ Norges idrettshøgskole - forskning og høyere utdanning innenfor idrettsvitenskap - NIH
  14. ^ Kunsthøgskolen i Oslo
  15. ^ Universitetet for miljø- og biovitenskap - UMB
  16. ^ Internett - Norges veterinærhøgskole
  17. ^ Ska-Wiki - Ska-Wiki
  18. ^ http://www.sporveien.no/upload/Dokumentvedlegg/facts_2005.pdf
  19. ^ Commission for Integrated Transport: Road Charging Scheme: Oslo
  20. ^ Statistics from the SSB
  21. ^ Population and area in urban settlements
  22. ^ Population and land area in urban settlements, 1 January 1999. Revised figures - One in four lives in the four largest urban areas
  23. ^ Table 1 Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2007
  24. ^ Table 1 Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2008
  25. ^ Haverkamp, Frode; Gude, Hans Fredrik [January 1992]. Hans Gude (in Norwegian). Oslo: Aschehoug, 59. ISBN 8203170722. OCLC 29047091. 
  26. ^ a b Partners - Oslo kommune
  27. ^ Aftenposten Newspaper: Oslo tree is London-bound (English)
  28. ^ Christmas in Trafalgar Square: «Recycling the tree» and «About the tree» (Greater London Authority website).
  29. ^ Christmas tree recycling (City of Westminster Council website).

Map of Norway. ... Aschehoug is the danish part of Egmont Books with a mission to develop, refine and publish literary fiction and non-fiction that entertain, inform and enrich readers. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... Aftenposten is Norways second largest newspaper with a circulation of 256,600 copies for the morning edition, 155,400 copies for the separate evening edition and 232,900 copies for the Sunday edition in 2003. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Oslo travel guide - Wikitravel (10693 words)
Oslo is often overshadowed by the natural landscape of more rural parts of the country, and the other largest cities of the country like Bergen and Trondheim tend to be more "typical" Norwegian.
Oslo is situated in an amphitheater like setting, with the city centre in the bottom close to the Oslo fjord, and residential areas stretching uphill from there in all directions.
The Oslo fjord is an inlet of the Skagerrak bay, stretching inland from the North Sea towards Øresund and the Baltic Sea.
Oslo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1772 words)
Oslo is the capital city of Norway, and has a population of 630,260 (apr. 2006).
Oslo occupies an arc of land at the northern end of the Oslofjord.
Oslo's centrality in the political, cultural and economical life of Norway continues to be a source of considerable controversy and friction.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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