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Encyclopedia > Osing

The Indonesian Osing people are the descendants of the Majapahit princes who refused to convert to Islam in the 16th century. Their population of approximately 400,000 is centered in the province of East Java in the district of Banyuwangi. The Osings speak a dialect which shows influences from both the Javanese and Balinese The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ... Islam (Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Location The Regency of Banyuwangi is located at the easternmost end of the island of Java, and it is a very strategic area for one who wants to go to Bali. ... Javanese language is the spoken language of the people in the central and eastern part of the island of Java, in Indonesia. ... See: Bali, an Indonesian island Balinese language Balinese (people) Balinese (cat), a cat breed This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


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History

The history of the Osings date back to the end of the 15th century, at the time of the fall of the Majapahit kingdom, and for the sake of resisting the conversion of Islam, many of them fled east to Banyuwangi, Bali and Lombok, and later it was converted to Islam by the Muslim Makassarese in the 16th century. The princes from Majapahit thus established the Bambangan kingdom, which stretched from the Blambangan peninsula right up to the Tengger mountains of Central Java. The Blambangan kingdom held sway for slightly more than two hundred years, before they finally surrendered to the second Mataram kingdom in 1743. Even then, they did not officially convert to Islam until the 19th century, though small communities of Muslims do pre-exist this date. The cause of the Osing's conversion is that, during the 19th century, when Banyuwangi was still unscathed by the Dutch colony, but knowing that by launching an attack on Banyuwangi, they will lose out in the battle as the Hindu principal puputan was a fight-to-death, the Dutch sent Moslem (and Christian) missionaries to tame the fighting spirit. Only then Banyuwangi was captured, a long and ambitious dream toward further occupation on Bali was launched by the Dutch. The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ... Islam (Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Location The Regency of Banyuwangi is located at the easternmost end of the island of Java, and it is a very strategic area for one who wants to go to Bali. ... Bali is an Indonesian island. ... Satellite photograph of Lombok, showing its volcano. ... View of the Puncak area in West Java Java (Indonesian: Jawa) is the most populous of Indonesias islands, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Mataram was the last major independent Javanese empire on Java before the island was colonized by the Dutch. ...


Even though the Dutch have converted many of the Osings to Islam (and Christianity), it is not that easy to tame the fighting of many of the Osings who refuse to convert to Islam. Today, a large Hindu population still prevails among the Osings. Islam (Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
OSE - Presentaion sans flash (236 words)
OSE, a humanitarian aid organization deeply rooted in its commitment to excellence has been a leader in its socio-medical endeavours throughout the century, helping underprivileged Jewish populations as well as children and families of all origins.
Under the associative law of 1901and recognized as ‘utilité publique’ in 1951, the OSE is comprised of more than three hundred highly qualified professionals spread out in a variety of departments; social workers, educators, physicians, psychologists, paramedical personnel, administrative and technical staff work together within interdisciplinary groups in the various divisions of the OSE.
All divisions and departments within the OSE are recognized and approved by the Ministry of Solidarity, the Justice Ministry and the Ministry of Youth and Sports.
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