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Encyclopedia > Oscar Micheaux
Oscar Micheaux (1893-1951)
Oscar Micheaux (1893-1951)

Oscar Micheaux (January 2, 1893March 25, 1951) was a pioneering African American author and is widely recognized as being the first African-American filmmaker (although he was predated by the shortlived Lincoln Motion Picture Company[1]). He is without a doubt the most famous producer of race films. Image File history File links Oscar_Micheaux. ... Image File history File links Oscar_Micheaux. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Poster: The Realization of a Negros Ambition (1916) Lincoln Motion Picture Company (1916–1921), Los Angeles, California, first organized black filmmakers, was incorporated in 1917, became the earliest film studio of race movies. The stated purpose of the film company was to make films to encourage black pride while... Poster for Micheauxs film The Exile (1931) The race movie or race film was a cinematic genre which existed in the United States between about 1915 and 1945. ...


Micheaux (or sometimes written as "Michaux"), was born near Metropolis, Illinois and grew up in Great Bend, Kansas, one of eleven children of former slaves. As a young boy he shined shoes and worked as a porter on the railway. As a young man, he very successfully homesteaded a farm in an all-white area of South Dakota where he began writing stories. Given the attitudes and restrictions on black people at the time, Micheaux overcame them by forming his own publishing company to buy his books door-to-house. Statue of Superman in the town square The sign outside the Superman Museum Metropolis is a city located in Massac County, Illinois, along the Ohio River. ... Great Bend is the largest city and county seat of Barton County, Kansas, United States. ... Broadly defined, homesteading is a lifestyle of simple, agrarian self-sufficiency. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,163 sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ...


The advent of the motion picture industry intrigued him as a vehicle to tell his stories. He formed his own movie production company and in 1919 became the first African-American to make a film. He wrote, directed and produced the silent motion picture The Homesteader, starring the pioneering African American actress Evelyn Preer, based on his novel of the same name. He again used autobiographical elements in The Exile, his first feature film with sound, in which the central character leaves Chicago to buy and operate a ranch in South Dakota. In 1924 he introduced the moviegoing world to Paul Robeson in his film, Body and Soul. The Homesteader is a 1919 black and white, silent film by African American author and filmmaker Oscar Micheaux. ... Evelyn Preer Eveleyn Preer ( July 16, 1896 - November 27, 1932) was a notable pioneering African-American stage and screen actress and accomplished blues singer of the 1910s through the early 1930s. ... Poster for The Exile, Mighty modern all talking epic of Negro life. The Exile was a 1931 American film by Oscar Micheaux. ... Paul LeRoy Bustill Robeson (April 9, 1898 – January 23, 1976) was a multi-lingual American actor, athlete, bass-baritone concert singer, writer, civil rights activist, Communist sympathizer, Spingarn Medal winner, and Lenin Peace Prize laureate. ... Filmed in 1924, Body and Soul is the best-known silent film of pioneer African-American filmmaker Oscar Micheaux. ...


Given the times, his accomplishments in publishing and film are extraordinary, including being the first African-American to produce a film to be shown in "white" movie theaters. In his motion pictures, he moved away from the "Negro" stereotypes being portrayed in film at the time. Additionally, in his film Within Our Gates, Micheaux attacked the racism depicted in D.W. Griffith's film, The Birth of a Nation. Still from the 1919 Oscar Micheaux film Within Our Gates featuring actress Evelyn Preer Within Our Gates is a 1919 silent film about an African-American who goes North and helps a minister in the Deep South raise money to keep a school for poor Black children open. ... Racism is a belief or doctrine that differences in physical appearance between people (such as those upon which the concept of race is based) determine cultural or individual achievement, and usually involve the idea that ones own race is superior. ... David Lewelyn Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 - July 23, 1948) was an American film director (commonly known as D. W. Griffith) probably best known for his film The Birth of a Nation. ... For the 1982 film of the same name, see Birth of a Nation (1982 film). ...


The Producers Guild of America called him "The most prolific black - if not most prolific independent - filmmaker in American cinema." Over his illustrious career, Oscar Micheaux wrote, produced and directed forty-four feature-length films between 1919 and 1948 and wrote seven novels, one of which was a national bestseller. Producers Guild of America (PGA) is a trade organization representing the television and film producers in the United States. ...


Micheaux died in Charlotte, North Carolina while on a business trip. His body was returned to Great Bend, Kansas, where he was interred in the Great Bend cemetery with other members of his family. Nickname: Location in Mecklenburg County in the state of North Carolina Coordinates: , Country United States State North Carolina Counties Mecklenburg County, North Carolina Government  - Mayor Pat McCrory, (R) Area  - City  280. ... Great Bend is the largest city and county seat of Barton County, Kansas, United States. ...

Contents

Legacy

  • In 1986 the Directors Guild of America honored Micheaux with a Golden Jubilee Special Award and today the Oscar Micheaux Award is presented each year by the Producers Guild.
  • For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Oscar Micheaux has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6721 Hollywood Blvd.
  • There is a 1994 documentary about Micheaux, Midnight Ramble, named after the "Midnight Rambles" in which cinemas would show films at midnight to an African American audience.

Director Guild of America building on Sunset Boulevard. ... A band plays on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Bibliography

  • Conquest: The Story of a Negro Pioneer - (1913)
  • The Forged Note - (1915)
  • The Homesteader - (1917)
  • The Wind from Nowhere - (1941)
  • The Case of Mrs. Wingate - (1944)
  • The Story of Dorothy Stanfield - (1946)
  • Masquerade, a Historical Novel - (1947)

Filmography

The Homesteader is a 1919 black and white, silent film by African American author and filmmaker Oscar Micheaux. ... Still from the 1919 Oscar Micheaux film Within Our Gates featuring actress Evelyn Preer Within Our Gates is a 1919 silent film about an African-American who goes North and helps a minister in the Deep South raise money to keep a school for poor Black children open. ... This article is about the telling of falsehoods. ... Son of Satan can refer to: a 1922 movie; see Son of Satan (film) a comic book character; see Daimon Hellstrom a mythological creature, [Baal] (Beelzebub) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Filmed in 1924, Body and Soul is the best-known silent film of pioneer African-American filmmaker Oscar Micheaux. ... For other uses, see Millionaire (disambiguation). ... Easy Street refers to a carefree situation, existence or lifestyle, as well as to a street crossing Evelyn Avenue (and the Central Expressway) near Middlefield Road in Mountainview, CA a Charlie Chaplin comedy made in 1917, viz: [1] This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... The Wages of Sin was an all black cast drama film produced in 1929 by Oscar Micheaux. ... Darktown Revue (1930) was an 18-minute short film by Oscar Micheaux, probably his first venture into sound film. ... Poster for The Exile, Mighty modern all talking epic of Negro life. The Exile was a 1931 American film by Oscar Micheaux. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Oscar Micheaux produced and directed this race film in 1932, with an all black cast. ... A temptation is an act that looks appealing to an individual. ... Cledisson Jules (October 2, 1893 - March 25, 1951; occasionally written Michaux) was a pioneering African American author and filmmaker, and without a doubt the most famous producer of race films. ... Lying Lips is a 1939 movie by Oscar Micheaux, starring Edna Mae Harris. ...

Notes

  1. ^ The Lincoln Motion Picture company, a first for Black cinema!, The African American Registry, 24 May 2005. Accessed online 13 March 2007

is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

References

Yenser, Thomas (editor), Who's Who in Colored America: A Biographical Dictionary of Notable Living Persons of African Descent in America, Who's Who in Colored America, Brooklyn, New York, 1930-1931-1932 (Third Edition)


External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
A Journal for MultiMedia History article on Oscar Micheaux's film, WITHIN OUR GATES"). (3016 words)
Micheaux used his filmmaking to challenge openly the racial injustices that African Americans faced at the beginning of the twentieth century: lynching, job discrimination, interracial rape, mob violence, and economic exploitation.
Micheaux was learning to manipulate the material of his life for creative purposes, rewriting his own biography to illustrate his philosophies on manhood and race.
Oscar Micheaux was unique among African American filmmakers in resisting the idealization of fl manhood that was so common in the work of his peers.
Gadfly Online. (2529 words)
Micheaux cuts back and forth between the attempted rape of the young Sylvia Landry and the hanging and burning of her parents.
Micheaux was born in Metropolis, Ill., in 1884, the fifth of 13 children and the grandson of a slave.
Micheaux, whose film legacy until the 1990s was equally underrated, based on the mediocre musicals, gangster films and melodramas of his less impressive, post-1930 period, is poised to enjoy the same royal treatment.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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