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Encyclopedia > Oryahovo
Oryahovo
Map of Bulgaria, Oryahovo is indicated
Province
(oblast)
Vratsa
Population 6,651 (13.09.2005)
Altitude 173 m
Postal code 3300
Area code 09171
Geographic
coordinates
43° 44' north,
23° 58' east
Time zone EET
(UTC+2; UTC+3 in summer)
Mayor Hristo Ivanov (BSP)

Oryahovo (Bulgarian: Оряхово, Romanian: Rahova) is a port city in northwestern Bulgaria, part of Vratsa Province. It is located in a hilly country on the right bank of the Danube, just east of the mouth of the river Ogosta, a few more kilometres downstream from where the Jiu flows into the Danube on Romanian territory. The town is known for the ferry service that connects it to the Romanian town of Bechet across the river. There are also plans by local private companies for a bridge across the Danube. Image File history File links Oryakhovo_location_in_Bulgaria. ... Since 1999 Bulgaria is divided into 28 oblasts (provinces or regions) that correspond aproximatly to the 28 okrugs that existet before 1987. ... Vratsa is a province of north western Bulgaria, neighbouring Romania. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... Blagoevgrad - 2700 Bansko - 2770 Bania - 2778 Kremen - 2771 Eleshnitza - 2782 Dobrinishte - 2777 Belitsa - 2780 Gotse Delchev - 2900 Gurmen - 2960 Kresna - 2840 Petrich - 2850 Razlog - 2760 Sandanski - 2800 Satovcha - 2950 Simitli - 2730 Strumiani - 2825 Hadzidimovo - 2933 Yakoruda - 2790 Riltzi Burgas - 8000 Dyuny - 8001 Elenite - 8002 Slunchev Briag/Sunny Beach - 8240 Aitos... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The Bulgarian Socialist Party (Bulgarian: Bălgarska Socialističeska Partija or Българска социалистическа партия) (BSP or БСП) is a political party in Bulgaria and successor to the Bulgarian Communist Party. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... Vratsa is a province of north western Bulgaria, neighbouring Romania. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... The Ogosta (Огоста) is a river in Northern Bulgaria, a right tributary of the Danube. ... This article is about the Romanian river Jiu. ... Bechet is a city in Dolj County, Oltenia, Romania, on the river Danube, opposite the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo. ...

Contents

History

Ancient history and Middle Ages

The town's name has evolved through the course of history, with names such as Vrhov, Orezov, Oreov and Rahovo being mentioned in documents until the current one was officially established in 1886. The area around Oryahovo has been inhabited since ancient times, as archaeological research has proven with findings from the early Neolithic to the Late Middle Ages. A fortress called Kamaka (Камъка) is located 1 km east from Oryahovo, which existed from the 9th to the 14th century. The troops of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund and Polish King Władysław III of Varna passed through the fortress during their unsuccessful crusades against the Ottoman Empire. In 1396, the city, already controlled by the Turks, was sacked and its Ottoman inhabitants killed or taken prisoner by French crusaders heading towards Nikopol. 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... The Neolithic, or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionallly the. ... Dante by Michelino The Late Middle Ages is a term used by historians to describe European history in the period of the 14th and 15th centuries (1300–1500 A.D.). The Late Middle Ages were preceded by the High Middle Ages, and followed by the Early Modern era (Renaissance). ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Sigismund, aged approximately 50, depicted by unknown artist in the 1420s - the only contemporary portrait. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III of Varna. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... The Siege of Antioch, from a medieval miniature painting, during the First Crusade. ... Nikopol is a town in North Bulgaria, Pleven Province, on the Danube river. ...


Bulgarian National Revival

The port of Oryahovo seen from the river
The port of Oryahovo seen from the river

During the Bulgarian National Revival, Oryahovo established itself as an economic and indsutrial centre and a key point for the supply of the Ottoman Empire with goods through the Danube. The town was mentioned as an important Danube port in a 1762 book printed in Brussels. The St George Church was opened in 1837, a secular school was built in the town in 1857 and a community centre (читалище, chitalishte) followed in 1871. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, the town was liberated on 21 November 1877 by Romanian forces after three-day fighting. A memorial by Italian sculptor Arnaldo Zocchi was erected in their honour. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 216 KB) The Danube port of Oryahovo on the right bank of the river, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 216 KB) The Danube port of Oryahovo on the right bank of the river, Bulgaria. ... The Bulgarian national revival (Vazrazdane) was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people in the Ottoman Empire. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums[] Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 had its origins in the Russian goal of gaining access to the Mediterranean Sea and dominating Constantinople (Istanbul) and the adjacent Turkish Straits. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Arnoldo Zocchi (also Arnaldo) (20 September 1862–17 July 1940) was a noted Italian sculptor of the late 19th and early 20th century. ...


Liberated Bulgaria

After the liberation, Oryahovo was known for the lively trade and rich cultural life. A provincial centre for three months, it became the centre of an okrug for 10 years (1877–1882]] and 1884–1889). The architecture from the period is typically influenced by the one of Western Europe, with many such buildings being preserved today. In October, 1916, the town was the site of the Flămânda Offensive, a World War I battle between Romania and the Central Powers. Okrug is a term to denote administrative subdivision in some Slavic states. ... A common understanding of Western Europe in modern times. ... Combatants Romania Bulgaria German Empire Commanders Alexandru Averescu August von Mackensen The Flămânda Offensive (or Flămânda Maneuver) was an offensive across the Danube mounted by the Romanian 2nd Army during World War I. The battle ended as a tactical victory for the Central Powers. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Triple Alliance. ...


A railway line linking Oryahovo with Cherven Bryag was constructed in 1926, a new church, the Assumption of Mary Church, opened in 1930, and a new building for the community centre was built in 1936 after a project by two Vidin architects. Cherven Bryag (Червен бряг) is a town in northern Bulgaria, part of Pleven Province, on the right shore of the Zlatna Panega. ... Vidin (Bulgarian: Видин; Romanian: Vidin, Diiu) is a town on the southern bank of the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria. ...


Some of the first industrial companies in the city, a spare parts factory and a metalworking company, were opened in 1961. Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, a short drive west of town, is also a mayor employer. The Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant in Bulgaria situated 200 km north of Sofia and 5 km east of Kozloduy, a town on the Danube river, near the border with Romania. ...


 
 

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