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Encyclopedia > Orval

Orval monastery's is a Cistercian monastery founded in 1132 located in Belgium in the Gaume region. The monastery is well-known by its history and spiritual life but also for its local production of a trappist_beer and a specific trappist cheese.

History of Orval

In 1070, monks from Italy settled in the county of Chiny in Belgium. The construction of a church and a small village had started at that time. After a short period of ten years, the initial monks moved away for an unknown reason and were replaced by another community of Canons (another type of monks).

In 1132, the Canons run into various troubles and seven monks has arrived ordered by Constantin. The two communities has formed a single community under the Cistercians usage.

Around 1252, the monastery was destroyed by a fire and the rebuilding (the monastery but also the community of Orval) took around 100 years.

During the 15th and 16th, the various war between France and various neighbour regions (Burgundy, Spain) has an important impact on Orval.

The legend

Behind the establishment of the Orval monastery is a legend that Countess Mathilda of Tuscany lost her wedding ring in a fountain. When a trout appeared on the surface of the fountain with the ring in its mouth, she decided to build a monastery nearby.

External links

The official website of the Orval monastery (http://www.orval.be/)

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It is acquired today that Orval's abbey was not the purpose of journey of Louis XVI, she(it) had been indicated(appointed) and proposed as place of refuge in the hypothesis where the royal family would have been forced to abandon France.
The first expedition against Orval had taken place on June 13, 1792 by a detachment of the army of Fayette then in Sedan, the story is there in a letter which was intended for Marie - Antoinette, found in his(her) secretary, on August 10 and published by the Universal Instructor(monitor) of next August 17.
Orval's abbey quite close to the French border, in four leagues hardly of MontmÈdy, seemed for a long time indicated(appointed) to the first knocks of the revolutionary armies.
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