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Encyclopedia > Oriya language
It has been suggested that Oriya script be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)
Oriya
ଓଡ଼ିଆ oṛiā
Spoken in: India 
Region: Orissa
Total speakers: 31 million (1996
Ranking: 32 (1996)
Language family: Indo-European
 Indo-Iranian
  Indic (Indo-Aryan)
   Magadhan Prakrit
    Apabhramsa Avahattha
     Oriya group
      Oriya 
Writing system: Oriya script 
Official status
Official language of: India
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1: or
ISO 639-2: ori
ISO/DIS 639-3: ori 
This page contains Indic text. Without rendering support you may see irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts. More...

Oriya (ଓଡ଼ିଆ oṛiā) is one of the Indian languages mainly spoken in the Indian state of Orissa, though there are also significant Oriya-speaking populations in other linguistic regions, such as the Medinpur district of West Bengal and the Saraikela Kharsawan district of Jharkhand. Due to the increasing migration of labour, the west Indian state of Gujarat also has a significant Oriya speaking population with Surat being the second largest Oriya speaking city in India. The language is also an official language of India. Oriya is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language belonging to the Indo-Aryan language family. It is thought to be directly descended from the Prakrit known as Purva Magadhi that was spoken in eastern India over 1,500 years ago. It bears a very strong resemblance to the modern languages Bangla (Bengali), Bihari, and Ôxômiya (Assamese). Of all the languages spoken in northern India, Oriya appears to be the least influenced by Persian and Arabic. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... The Oriya script is used to write the Oriya language. ... Orissa (Hindi: ) (2001 provisional pop. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... This is a list of languages ordered by number of native-language speakers, with some data for second-language use. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Current distribution of Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families. ... The Indo-European languages comprise a family of several hundred languages and dialects (443 according to the SIL estimate), including most of the major languages of Europe, as well as many in Southwest Asia, Central Asia and Southern Asia. ... The Indo-Iranian languages are the language links between India and Iran. ... The Indo-Aryan languages form a subgroup of the Indo-Iranian languages, thus belonging to the Indo-European family of languages. ... The Eastern Indo-Aryan languages include some 210 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about many people in Asia; this language family is a part of the Indo-Aryan language family. ... The Apabhramsa language was the next modification in the spoken language of North India after Prakrit, in a period broadly lasting from the 5th to the 10th century. ... Writing Systems of the World today A Specimen of typeset fonts and languages, by William Caslon, letter founder; from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... The Oriya script is used to write the Oriya language. ... ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family. ... ISO 639-2:1998 Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code Twenty-two of the languages have two three-letter codes: a code for bibliographic use (ISO 639-2/B) a code for terminological use (ISO 639-2/T). ... ISO 639-3 is in process of development as an international standard for language codes. ... Image File history File links Created by me. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas used in South Asia, Tibet and Southeast Asia. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories States and territories of India States: Union Territories: Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Lakshadweep Pondicherry National Capital Territory of Delhi // History Pre-independence British India, which included all of modern-day India... Orissa (Hindi: ) (2001 provisional pop. ... West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Hindi: पश्चिम बंगाल, Poshchim Bôngo) is a state in the eastern region of India. ... Saraikela Kharsawan is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... | state_name=Jharkhand | | capital=Ranchi | latd = 23. ... Gujarat (Gujarati: , Hindi: ,, IPA ; also spelled Gujrat and sometimes Gujarath. ... Surat (Gujarati:સુરત) is a port city in the Indian state of Gujarat and administrative headquarters of the Surat District. ... India has a diverse list of spoken languages among different groups of people. ... The Indo-Aryan languages form a subgroup of the Indo-Iranian languages, thus belonging to the Indo-European family of languages. ... Prakrit (Sanskrit prāká¹›ta प्राकृत (from pra-ká¹›ti प्रकृति), original, natural, artless, normal, ordinary, usual, i. ... Bangla (বাংলা, IPA: ) or Bengali is an Indo-Aryan language of East South Asia, evolved from Sanskrit and Prakrit. ... Bihari is a name given to a group of Indo-Aryan languages spoken in the Bihar region of India. ... Assamese (অসমীয়া) or Ôxômiya (IPA [É”xÉ”mija]) is the language spoken by some of the natives of the state of Assam in northeast India. ... Persian is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ...


Oriya has a rich literary heritage dating back to the thirteenth century. Sarala Dasa who lived in the fourteenth century is known as the Vyasa of Orissa. He translated the Mahabharata into Oriya. In fact the language was initially standardised through a process of translation of classical Sanskrit texts like the Mahabharata, the Ramayana and the Srimad Bhagabatam. Jagannatha Das translated the Srimad Bhagabatam into Oriya and his translation standardized the written form of the language. Oriya has had a strong tradition of poetry, especially that of devotional poetry. Veda Vyasa(Contemporary painting) Vyasa (Vyāsa in IAST transliteration) is an important and much revered figure in the Hindu tradition and its literature. ... The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), is one of the three major ancient Sanskrit epics of India, the others being the Ramayana and the Bhagavatam. ... The Rāmāyaņa (Sanskrit: रामायण (a sandhi form of rāma-ayana = march or journey (Āyana) of Rāma) is part of the Hindu smriti, written by Valmiki. ...


Some other eminent Oriya Poets include Kavi Samrat Upendra Bhanja and Kavi Surya Bala Dev Ratha.


Prose in the language has had a late development. Distinguished prose writers of the modern period include Fakir Mohan Senapati, Manoj Das, Bibhuti Pattnaik, Pratibha Rai, Surendra Mohanty, Madhusudan Das, Kishore Charan Das, Kalindi Charan Panigrahi, Hari Hara Das, and Gopinath Mohanty. But it is poetry that makes modern Oriya literature a force to reckon with. Poets like Guruprsad Mohanty, Soubhagya Misra, Ramakanta Rath, and Sitakanta Mohapatra have made significant contributions towards Indian poetry.


Oriya has traditionally had a strong Buddhist and Jain influence. Buddhism is a religion and philosophy focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama). ... Jaina redirects here. ...


Oriya is written with the Oriya script. The Oriya script is used to write the Oriya language. ...

Contents


Phoneme Inventory

Oriya has 28 consonant phonemes and 6 vowel phonemes.

Vowels
  Front Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a ɔ
Consonants
  Labial Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Voiceless stops p

t̪ʰ
  ʈ
ʈʰ
ʧ
ʧʰ
k
 
Voiced stops b

d̪ʰ
  ɖ
ɖʰ
ʤ
ʤʰ
ɡ
ɡʰ
 
Voiceless fricatives     s       h
Nasals m   n ɳ      
Liquids     l, r ɭ      

See also

The Oriya script is used to write the Oriya language. ... // The languages of India Hindi, in Devanagari script, is the primary official language used by the Central Government of the Union of India. ... India has a diverse list of spoken languages among different groups of people. ... Indian languages spoken by more than ten million people are given below. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas used in South Asia, Tibet and Southeast Asia. ...

Bibliography

Neukom, Lukas and Manideepa Patnaik. 2003. A grammar of Oriya. (Arbeiten des Seminars für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft; 17). Zürich: Seminar für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Zürich. ISBN 3-9521010-9-5


External links

Indo-Iranian languages
Indo-Aryan Angika | Assamese | Bengali | Bhojpuri | Dhivehi | Dogri | Gujarati | Hindi | Konkani | Magadhi | Mahl | Maithili | Marathi | Nepali | Oriya | Pāli | Prakrit | Punjabi | Romani | Sanskrit | Sindhi | Sinhala | Urdu | Vedic Sanskrit
Iranian Avestan | Bactrian | Balochi | Dari (of Zoroastrians) | Gilaki | Kurdish | Mazandarani | Ossetic | Pamiri | Pashto | Persian & Persian dialects: Dari - Tajik | Saka | Scythian | Sogdian | Talysh | Tat | Yagnobi
Dardic Dameli | Domaaki | Gawar-Bati | Kalasha | Kashmiri | Khowar | Kohistani | Nangalami | Pashayi | Palula | Shina | Shumashti
Nuristani Ashkun | Kamviri | Kati | Prasuni | Tregami | Waigali

  Results from FactBites:
 
Oriya language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (452 words)
Oriya (ଓଡ଼ିଆ oṛiā) is one of the Indian languages mainly spoken in the Indian state of Orissa, though there are also significant Oriya-speaking populations in other linguistic regions, such as the Medinpur district of West Bengal and the Saraikela Kharsawan district of Jharkhand.
Oriya is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language belonging to the Indo-Aryan language family.
Of all the languages spoken in northern India, Oriya appears to be the least influenced by Persian and Arabic.
Oriya - Search Results - MSN Encarta (73 words)
Oriya, official language of Orissa and one of the 18 languages recognized in the constitution of India.
Oriya is a member of the Eastern Indic group...
Assamese, Indian language of the Indo-Iranian family, spoken by the inhabitants of the Indian state of Assam.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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