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Encyclopedia > Original Video Animation

Original Video Animation (オリジナル・ビデオ・アニメーション Orijinaru Bideo Animēshon?), abbreviated OVA (オーヴィエー ōviē?), is a term used for anime titles that are released direct-to-video, without prior showings on TV or in theaters. OVA titles were originally available on VHS, though they later became available on other media such as Laserdisc and DVD. OVA is sometimes used to refer to any short anime series or special regardless of its release format. The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... A film that is released direct-to-video (also straight-to-video) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats first rather than first being released in movie theaters. ... For other uses, see Television (disambiguation). ... Top view VHS cassette with US Quarter for scale Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed The Video Home System, better known by its acronym VHS, is a recording and playing standard for video cassette recorders (VCRs), developed by JVC (ironically, with some of its critical technology under... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... DVD (Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ...

Originally, the similar initialism OAV (which stands for "Original Animated Video") was commonly used in place of OVA, and the meaning is accepted to be the same. According to source[1] the abbreviation OAV was too similar to AV ("Adult Video"), causing OAV to be misinterpreted as original adult video, resulting in a shift towards the OVA abbreviation. As of 2006, the expression OAV is rarely used in Japan, except in Animedia, a monthly magazine published by Gakken. Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ... OAV is a three letter acronym that may stand for: Original animated video (See Original Video Animation) Österreichische Alpenverein (Austrian Alpine Club) OpenAntiVirus Ordre des Avocats Vaudois (oav. ...



Like anime made for television broadcast, OVAs are broken into episodes. OVA media (tapes, Laserdiscs, or DVDs) are usually sold with just one episode each. Episode length varies from title to title, and might be anywhere from a few minutes to two hours or more. An episode length of 30 minutes is quite common, but this is by no means the rule. In some cases, the length of episodes in a specific OVA may vary greatly (in GaoGaiGar Final, the first 6 episodes last around 30 minutes, while the last 2 episodes last 40 and 50 minutes respectively and The OVA Key the Metal Idol consists of 15 separate episodes, ranging in length from 20 minutes to nearly two hours each.) An OVA series can run anywhere from just one episode (essentially a direct-to-video movie) to dozens in length. Probably the longest OVA series ever made was Legend of the Galactic Heroes, which spanned 110 main episodes and 52 gaiden episodes. Key the Metal Idol is an anime OVA series that was released in Japan in 1994, continuing through 1997. ... Legend of the Galactic Heroes ) is a series of science fiction novels by Yoshiki Tanaka. ... Gaiden (外伝, literally outside story) is a Japanese term for a side story. ...

Many popular anime begin as Original Video Animation, and later grow to become popular television series or movies. Tenchi Muyo!, for example, began as an OVA but went on to spawn several TV series, three movies, and numerous spinoffs. Other OVA releases are made as sequels, side stories, music video collections, or bonus episodes that continue existing TV series or films, such as Love Hina Again and Wolf's Rain. Tenchi Muyo! ), is an anime, light novel, and manga series about a boy named Tenchi Masaki and the alien women that love him. ... Love Hina Again (ラブひな Again) is a three episode OVA that takes place after Love Hina: Spring Special, and thus expands the Love Hina anime story. ... Original run January 6, 2003 – July 29, 2003 No. ...

OVA animation is well regarded for its high production quality. OVA titles generally have high budgets and therefore the technical quality of animation is almost always superior to TV series and may equal or exceed the quality of movies. Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ...

OVA titles are also known for detailed plots and well developed characters. Probably the most significant reason for this is that the format offers the writer and director much greater creative freedom than other formats. Since OVA episodes and series can be any length, the director can use however much time he or she likes to tell the story. There is a great deal of time available for significant background and character/plot development. This is in contrast to TV episodes that must begin and conclude an episode in 22 minutes, or films which rarely last more than two hours. There is likewise no pressure to produce "filler content" to extend a short plot into a full TV series. There are other reasons as well: OVAs are more likely to be scripted for artistic reasons, rather than mass-market appeal. Many OVA titles are targeted to a specific audience, whereas mass-market films and TV series are written for a more general audience. As well, OVA releases are not bound by content restrictions or censorship (such as violence, nudity, or language) that are often placed on television series.

OVAs are typically aimed at male anime fans who have money to spare. Bandai Visual stated in a news release in 2004 about their new OVAs aimed at women that about 50% of the customers who bought their anime DVDs in the past were 25- to 40-year-old men, while only 13% of them were women even with all ages included.[1] Those statistics are about anime DVDs in general, not only about OVAs, but it shows the general tendency at this point. Nikkei Business Publications also stated in its news release that anime DVDs were mainly bought by 25- to 40-year-old adults.[2] OVAs specifically aimed at women are few, but do exist. Earthian is such an example. Tin plate toy car by Bandai Bandai is a Japanese toy making company. ... Nikkei Business Publications, Inc. ... Earthian (アーシアン) is a J.C.STAFF produced anime OVA about angel watchers of earth. ...

Usually, one volume costs 5800–9800 yen as of 2006, higher-priced than other (“normal”) anime DVDs. Some OVAs are less expensive. Mobile Police Patlabor OVAs (1988) were priced at 4800 yen per volume. Patlabor 2 The Movie, Japanese regular edition 04 Patlabor (a portmanteau of patrol and labor) refers to Mobile Police Patlabor ) a manga franchise created by Masami YÅ«ki. ...

Some OVAs based on television series (especially those that are based on manga) may be designed to provide closure to the plot that was not present in the series. The Rurouni Kenshin OVAs, to name one series, exemplified numerous aspects of OVAs; they were based on chapters of the manga that had not been adapted into the TV anime, had higher-quality animation, were much more violent, and were executed in a far more dark and realistic style than the TV episodes. This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... It has been suggested that Sakabato be merged into this article or section. ...

Most OVA titles run 4-8 episodes and tend to have a complex and continuous plot which is best enjoyed if all episodes are viewed in sequence. This is in contrast to TV series, which generally have many short "mini-stories" that happen to be related somehow, rather than a unified plot. Many OVA titles can be thought of as "long films" that just so happen to be released in parts. Release schedules vary, as some series may progress as slowly as 1-2 episodes per year. Some OVA titles with a lengthy release schedule ended up unfinished due to lack of fan support and sales.

There are many one-episode OVAs. Typically, such an OVA is a side story to the TV series that gained popularity. At the earliest stage of the history of the OVA (1980s), one-episode OVAs were not rare. Hundreds of manga that were popular but not enough to gain TV series were granted one-shot (or othewise extremely short) OVA episodes.


OVAs originated during the late 1970s. As the VCR became a widespread fixture in Japanese homes, the Japanese anime industry grew to behemoth proportions. Demand for anime was massive, so much so that consumers would willingly go directly to video stores to buy new animation outright. While "direct-to-video" was a pejorative in the United States for works that could not make it onto TV or movie screens, in Japan the demand was so great that direct-to-video became a necessity. Many popular and influential series such as Bubblegum Crisis and Tenchi Muyo! were released directly to video as OVAs. The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ... A film that is released direct-to-video (also straight-to-video) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats first rather than first being released in movie theaters. ... Bubblegum Crisis ) is a cyberpunk-style anime set in a future, post-disaster Tokyo, called Megatokyo. The series has a manga adaptation. ... Tenchi Muyo! ), is an anime, light novel, and manga series about a boy named Tenchi Masaki and the alien women that love him. ...

The earliest known attempt to release the first OVA was Osamu Tezuka releasing The Green Cat as part of the Lion Books Series in 1983, although it cannot be counted as the first OVA since the VHS tape may not have been immediately available, along with the fact that the series was incomplete. Therefore the first official OVA release to be billed as such was 1983's Dallos, directed by Mamoru Oshii and released by Bandai. Other famous early OVAs, premiering shortly thereafter, were Fight!! Iczer One and the original Megazone 23. Other companies were quick to pick up on the idea, and the mid-to-late 1980s saw the market flooded with OVAs. During this time, most OVA series were new, stand-alone titles. This article is about the manga artist and animator. ... The Green Cat is the first anime episode in the Lion Books series[1]. It was the anime industrys first attempt at releasing an OVA through famous director Osamu Tezuka. ... Lion Books Series (Japanese: ライオンブックス) was a 1950s Japanese manga series published by Shueisha into the Omoshiro Book as a supplement. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS is a recording and playing standard for analog video cassette recorders (VCRs), developed by Victor Company of Japan, Limited (JVC) and launched... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Dallos / ダロス ( 1983 December 12) has an important part in anime history as the first OAV (Original Animation Video) distributed only on video media in Japan, also called as OVA (Original Video Animation) ever released. ... Urusei Yatsura 2: Beautiful Dreamer Mamoru Oshii (押井守 Oshii Mamoru; born August 8, 1951 in Tokyo) is a Japanese animation and live-action film writer and director famous for his philosophy-orietned storytelling. ... This article is about the Japanese toy manufacturer. ... // Iczer One Iczer One is the title character of the anime Fight! Iczer One created by Toshihiro Hirano. ... Megazone 23 ) is an anime series about a future recreation of Tokyo where the citizens are unaware that they live in fabricated reality. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

As the Japanese economy worsened in the 1990s, the flood of new OVA titles drained to a trickle. OVAs were still made, but in smaller numbers. Many anime TV series ran an economical 13 episodes rather than the traditional 26-episodes per season. New titles were often designed to be released to TV if they approached these lengths. In addition, the rising popularity of cable and satellite TV networks (with their typically less strict censorship rules) allowed many new titles to be broadcast directly to the public when previously that would have been impossible. Therefore many violent, ecchi, and fanservice series became regular TV series when previously those titles would have been OVAs. During this time period most OVA content was limited to that related to existing and established titles.chicken rulez and sex For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Ecchi (from the Japanese エッチ etchi) is an English word deriving from a Japanese word meaning lewd or naughty when used as an adjective, and can refer to a pervert or sexual intercourse when used as a noun. ... Fanservice or fan service (Japanese simply saabisu, service), is a vaguely defined term used in visual media — particularly in anime fandom —to refer to elements in a story that are superfluous to a storyline, but designed to amuse or excite the audience. ...

However, in 2000 and later, a new OVA trend has begun. Many TV series are released in a fashion in which not all of the episodes are broadcast normally--some are released in OVA fashion: they are only available if one purchases the video (generally, a DVD). Examples of this include Love Hina: the 25th episode was DVD-only, and Oh! My Goddess: several episodes of the TV series are DVD-only. In addition, the final episode of Excel Saga was offered only as an OVA, mostly due to content issues that would have made TV broadcast impossible. In these cases the series as a whole cannot be called an OVA, though certain episodes are. This trend is becoming quite common, with many new TV titles offering DVD-only OVA episodes. Furthermore, many recent OVA series pre-broadcast the episodes and release the DVD with unedited and revised for better quality of animations. Serialized in Weekly Shonen Magazine Original run October 21, 1998 – October 31, 2001 No. ... This article is part of the Love Hina Manga (Books) lovhina Theme Songs Opening Sakura Saku (Cherry Blossoms Blooming) by Megumi Hayashibara Ending Kimi sae ireba (If you were here) by Megumi Hayashibara OVA (Love Hina Again) Opening: Kirari Takaramono (Glittering Treasure) by Yui Horie Ending: Be for me, be... Oh My Goddess!, known as Ah! My Goddess (ああっ女神さまっ Aa! Megami-sama) in Japan and in some English releases, is a manga and anime series by Kosuke Fujishima. ... This is the complete episode listing for all the animation produced for Oh My Goddess!. The series consists of five OVA episodes, one movie, forty-eight 7-minute mini-episodes, and a currently-airing series with forty-six 25-minute TV episodes (under the name Ah! My Goddess) from the... Serialized in Young King OURs Original run April 1997 – Present No. ...

See also

A film that is released direct-to-video (also straight-to-video) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats first rather than first being released in movie theaters. ...


  1. ^ "[ 女性向けアニメーションDVDを連続発売 ] バンダイビジュアル株式会社", Bandai Visual, 2004-09-22. Retrieved on 2007-01-16. 
  2. ^ "日経BP社|ニュースリリース", Nikkei Business Publications, 2003-06-11. Retrieved on 2007-01-15. 

  Results from FactBites:
Animania - The University of Michigan Japanese Animation Film Society (1873 words)
Animation as an industry is much larger in Japan than it is in North America, being of the same order of magnitude as the 'live-action' film industry there.
In Japan however, animation is not merely viewed as a form of children's entertainment, but as a visual medium and artform that can be used and manipulated to tell stories in a way that could not be possible with live-action.
Originally creators were given the freedom of creating a story that was not constrained by time limits, commercial breaks, sponsors, or specified episode runs.
Original Video Animation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1133 words)
Original Video Animation (OVA) is an acronym used in Japan for anime titles that are released directly to retail sale, without prior showings on TV or in theaters.
OVA titles were originally available on VHS, though they later became available on newer media such as Laserdisc and DVD.
OVA titles generally have high budgets and therefore the technical quality of animation is almost always superior to TV series and may equal or exceed the quality of movies.
  More results at FactBites »



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