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Encyclopedia > Orhan Pamuk
Ferit Orhan Pamuk

Born: June 7, 1952 (1952-06-07) (age 55)
Istanbul, Turkey
Occupation: Novelist
Nationality: Flag of Turkey Turkey
Writing period: 1974-present
Literary movement: post-modern literature
Debut works: Karanlık ve Işık (Dark and Light)
Influences: Thomas Mann,Jorge Luis Borges, Marcel Proust, William Faulkner, Albert Camus, Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Oğuz Atay

Ferit Orhan Pamuk (born on June 7, 1952 in Istanbul) is a Nobel Prize-winning Turkish novelist.[1] Pamuk is often regarded as a post-modern writer. As one of Turkey's most prominent novelists,[2] his work has been translated into more than forty languages. He is the recipient of numerous national and international literary awards. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature on October 12, 2006,[3] becoming the first Turkish person to receive a Nobel Prize. Image File history File linksMetadata Orhan_Pamuk3. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Paul Thomas Mann (June 6, 1875 – August 12, 1955) was a German novelist, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and 1929 Nobel Prize laureate, known for his series of highly symbolic and often ironic epic novels and mid-length stories, noted for their insight into the psychology of the artist and intellectual. ... Jorge Luis Borges (August 24, 1899 – June 14, 1986) was an Argentine writer. ... “Proust” redirects here. ... William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American novelist and poet whose works feature his native state of Mississippi. ... Albert Camus (IPA: ) (November 7, 1913 – January 4, 1960) was a French author and philosopher. ... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy(Lyof, Lyoff) (September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) (Russian: , IPA:  ), commonly referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer – novelist, essayist, dramatist and philosopher – as well as pacifist Christian anarchist and educational reformer. ... It has been suggested that Cultural depictions of Fyodor Dostoevsky be merged into this article or section. ... OÄŸuz Atay (born 1934 in Ä°nebolu, died 1977) was a notable Turkish author. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Biography

Pamuk while writing.

Pamuk was born in Istanbul in 1952 and grew up in a wealthy yet declining bourgeois family, an experience which he describes in passing in his novels The Black Book and Cevdet Bey and His Sons, as well as more thoroughly in his personal memoir Istanbul. He was educated at Robert College in Istanbul. He also studied architecture at the Istanbul Technical University due to family pressures to become an engineer or architect. However, he left the architecture school after three years to become a full-time writer, and graduated from the Institute of Journalism at the University of Istanbul in 1976. Image File history File linksMetadata Orhan_Pamuk. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Orhan_Pamuk. ... Robert College of Istanbul (Turkish: Istanbul Amerikan Robert Lisesi), is the most selective[1][2] independent[3] private high school in Turkey. ... Ä°stanbul Teknik Ãœniversitesi ( ITU, English: Istanbul Technical University ) is an international technical university, located in Istanbul, Turkey. ... Journalism is a discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and more broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ... The University of Istanbul is one of the oldest universities in Europe (founded in 1453), and the oldest in Turkey. ...


On March 1, 1982], he married Aylin Tofajjal Turegun.[citation needed] From 1985 to 1988, while his wife was a graduate student at Columbia University, Pamuk assumed the position of visiting scholar there, using the time to conduct research and write his novel The Black Book in the university's Butler Library. This period also included a visiting fellowship at the University of Iowa. is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Columbia University is a private research university in the United States and a member of the prestigious Ivy League. ... Butler Library The Nicholas Murray Butler Library, commonly known simply as Butler Library, is the largest single library in the Columbia University Library System, which contains over 8. ... The University of Iowa, also commonly called Iowa or U of I, is a major national research university located on a campus in Iowa City, Iowa, USA, on the banks of the Iowa River in East Central Iowa. ...


Pamuk returned to Istanbul. He and his wife had a daughter named Rüya born in 1991, whose name means "dream" in Turkish. In 2001, he and Aylin were divorced.


In 2006, after a period in which criminal charges had been pressed against him for his outspoken comments on the Armenian Genocide, Pamuk returned to the US to take up a position as a visiting professor at Columbia. Pamuk is currently a Fellow with Columbia's Committee on Global Thought and holds an appointment in Columbia's Middle East and Asian Languages and Cultures department and at its School of the Arts. Armenian Genocide photo. ... The Columbia University School of the Arts , also known simply as the School of the Arts or as SoA, is the division of the university that offers Master of Fine Arts (MFA) degrees in Film, Visual Arts, Theatre Arts, and Writing. ...


In May 2007 Pamuk was among the jury members at the Cannes Film Festival headed by British director Stephen Frears. In the 2007-8 academic year Pamuk will return to Columbia once again to jointly teach comparative literature classes with Andreas Huyssen and David Damrosch. The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... Stephen Frears in Sweden, 1989 promoting his movie Dangerous Liaisons. ... Andreas Huyssen is the Villard Professor of German and Comparative Literature at Columbia University. ...


Pamuk is currently a writer in residence at Bard College. For other meanings of the word Bard, see Bard (disambiguation). ...


Work

Turkish Literature
By category
Epic Tradition

Orhon
Dede Korkut - Köroğlu A page from the Dîvân-ı Fuzûlî, the collected poems of the 16th-century Ottoman poet Fuzûlî Turkish literature (Turkish: Türk edebiyatı or Türk yazını) is the collection of written and oral texts composed in the Turkish language, either in its Ottoman form or... Orkhon tablet Inscription in Kyzyl using Orkhon script Orkhon script The Orkhon script (also spelled Orhon script, also Orkhon-Yenisey script, Old Turkic script, Göktürk script, Turkish: Orhon Yazıtları) is the alphabet used by the Göktürk from the 8th century to record the Old Turkic... The Book of Dede Korkut is one of the most famous epics of the Turkmens or the Oghuz Turks. ... The Epic of KöroÄŸlu (Turkish: KöroÄŸlu destanı) is a legend prominent in the oral traditions of the Turkic peoples. ...

Folk Tradition

Folk literature
Folklore ... Ahi Evren Ahriyan Al Basti Alaturbi Ancomah Bardi Cazi Germakoçi Karakoncolos Karakura Kolot Tavara // Breaking vine In Trabzon region folklore (Çarşıbaşi town) For testing whether the new bride is propitious, when she comes to the house, she is asked to break a vine from three points and...

Ottoman Era

Poetry | Prose For other uses, see Ottoman (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The prose of the Ottoman Empire can, roughly, be divided along the lines of two broad periods: early Ottoman prose, written prior to the 19th century CE and exclusively nonfictional in nature; and later Ottoman prose, which extended from the mid-19th century Tanzimat period of reform to the final...

Republican Era

Poetry | Prose This article is about the Republic of Turkey. ... // National Literature (1911-1923) Mehmet Emin Yurdakul (1869-1944) Ziya Gökalp (1876-1924) Garip Movement For more details on this topic, see garip. ... // National Literature (1911-1923) Ömer Seyfettin, short story author (1884-1920) Halide Edip Adıvar, novelist (1884-1964) Reşat Nuri Güntekin, novelist (1889-1956) Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu, short story author (1889-1974) Fuat Köprülü, writer (1890-1966) Republican Period Literature (1923- ) novel Cevat Şakir Kabaa...

Orhan Pamuk started writing regularly in 1974.[4] His first novel, Karanlık ve Işık (Darkness and Light) was a co-winner of the 1979 Milliyet Press Novel Contest (Mehmet Eroğlu (* tr) was the other winner). This novel was published with the title Cevdet Bey ve Oğulları (Mr. Cevdet and His Sons) in 1982, and won the Orhan Kemal Novel Prize in 1983. It tells the story of three generations of a wealthy Istanbul family living in Nişantaşı, the district of Istanbul where Pamuk grew up. Orhan Kemal (born 15 September 1914, Adana - died 2 June 1970, Sofia) is the pen name of Turkish novelist Mehmet RaÅŸit Öğütçü. He is known for his realist novels that tells the stories of the poor in Turkey. ... NiÅŸantaşı is a quarter of Istanbul, Turkey, comprising neighbourhoods like TeÅŸvikiye, Osmanbey, Maçka and Pangaltı. It includes stores of world famous brands and has many popular cafés, pubs, restaurants and night clubs. ...


Pamuk won a number of critical prizes for his early work, including the 1984 Madarali Novel Prize for his second novel Sessiz Ev (The Silent House) and the 1991 Prix de la Découverte Européenne for the French translation of this novel. His historical novel Beyaz Kale (The White Castle), published in Turkish in 1985, won the 1990 Independent Award for Foreign Fiction and extended his reputation abroad. The New York Times Book Review stated, "A new star has risen in the east--Orhan Pamuk." He started experimenting with postmodern techniques in his novels, a change from the strict naturalism of his early works. The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


Popular success took a bit longer to come to Pamuk, but his 1990 novel Kara Kitap (The Black Book) became one of the most controversial and popular readings in Turkish literature, due to its complexity and richness. In 1992, he wrote the screenplay for the movie Gizli Yüz (Secret Face), based on Kara Kitap and directed by a prominent Turkish director, Ömer Kavur. Pamuk's fourth novel Yeni Hayat (New Life), caused a sensation in Turkey upon its 1995 publication and became the fastest-selling book in Turkish history. By this time, Pamuk had also become a high-profile figure in Turkey, due to his support for Kurdish political rights. In 1995, Pamuk was among a group of authors tried for writing essays that criticized Turkey's treatment of the Kurds. In 1999, Pamuk published his story book Öteki Renkler (The Other Colors). The Black Book (Kara Kitap in Turkish) is a novel by Turkish author Orhan Pamuk. ... A page from the Dîvân-ı Fuzûlî, the collected poems of the 16th-century Ottoman poet Fuzûlî Turkish literature (Turkish: Türk edebiyatı or Türk yazını) is the collection of written and oral texts composed in the Turkish language, either in its Ottoman form or...


Pamuk's international reputation continued to increase when he published Benim Adım Kırmızı (My Name is Red) in 2000. The novel blends mystery, romance, and philosophical puzzles in a setting of 16th century Istanbul. It opens a window into the reign of Ottoman Sultan Murat III in nine snowy winter days of 1591, inviting the reader to experience the tension between East and West from a breathlessly urgent perspective. My Name Is Red has been translated into 24 languages and won international literature's most lucrative prize (excluding the Nobel, which he later received), the IMPAC Dublin Award in 2003. My Name is Red (Benim Adım Kırmızı) is a Turkish novel by Orhan Pamuk. ... For other uses, see Ottoman (disambiguation). ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Murad III Murad III (July 4, 1546 – January 15, 1595) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death. ... The International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award is the largest and most international prize of its kind for a single work -published in English. ...


Asked the question “What impact did winning the IMPAC award (currently $127,000) have on your life and your work?“, Pamuk replied “Nothing changed in my life since I work all the time. I've spent 30 years writing fiction. For the first 10 years, I worried about money and no one asked how much money I made. The second decade I spent money and no one was asking about that. And I've spent the last 10 years with everyone expecting to hear how I spend the money, which I will not do.”


Pamuk's most recent novel is Kar in 2002 (English translation, Snow, 2004), which explores the conflict between Islamism and Westernism in modern Turkey. The New York Times listed Snow as one of its Ten Best Books of 2004. He also published a memoir/travelogue İstanbul — Hatıralar ve Şehir in 2003 (English version, Istanbul — Memories and the City, 2005). Orhan Pamuk won in 2005 the €25,000 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade for his literary work, in which "Europe and Islamic Turkey find a place for one another." The most prestigious German book prize was awarded in the Paul's Church in Frankfurt. Snow (Turkish: ) is a novel by Turkish author Orhan Pamuk. ... The Peace Prize of the German Book Trade (German: Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels) is a peace prize given yearly at the Frankfurt Book Fair in the Paulskirche in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ... The Paulskirche seen from the Maintower The Paulskirche is a church in Frankfurt am Main with important political symbolism in Germany. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ...


Orhan Pamuk's latest book 'Other Colours' - a collection of non-fiction and a story - was published in the UK in September 2007. His next novel will be 'The Museum of Innocence'.


Pamuk's books are characterized by a confusion or loss of identity brought on in part by the conflict between European and Islamic values. They are often disturbing or unsettling, but include complex, intriguing plots and characters of great depth. His works are also redolent with discussion and fascination with the creative arts, such as literature and painting. Pamuk's work often touches on the deep-rooted tension between East and West and tradition and secularism. Cultural identity is the (feeling of) identity of a group or culture, or of an individual as far as he is influenced by his belonging to a group or culture. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Look up plot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... Painter redirects here. ...


Nobel Prize

On October 12, 2006, the Swedish Academy announced that Orhan Pamuk had been awarded the 2006 Nobel Prize in literature for Istanbul, confounding pundits and oddsmakers who had made Syrian poet Ali Ahmad Said, known as Adunis, a favorite.[5] In its citation, the Academy said: "In the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city, [Pamuk] has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures."[3] Orhan Pamuk held his Nobel Lecture December 7, 2006, at the Swedish Academy, Stockholm. The lecture was entitled "Babamın Bavulu" (My Father's Suitcase)[6] and was given in Turkish. In the lecture he viewed the relations between Eastern and Western Civilizations in an allegorical upper text which covers his relationship with his father. is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ali Ahmad Said Asbar (Arabic: علي أحمد سعيد إسبر; transliterated: alî ahmadi s-sacîdi l-asbar or Ali Ahmad Said) (born 1930), also known by the pseudonym Adonis or Adunis (Arabic: أدونيس), is a Syrian-born poet and essayist who has made his career largely in Lebanon and France. ...

What literature needs most to tell and investigate today are humanity's basic fears: the fear of being left outside, and the fear of counting for nothing, and the feelings of worthlessness that come with such fears; the collective humiliations, vulnerabilities, slights, grievances, sensitivities, and imagined insults, and the nationalist boasts and inflations that are their next of kind ... Whenever I am confronted by such sentiments, and by the irrational, overstated language in which they are usually expressed, I know they touch on a darkness inside me. We have often witnessed peoples, societies and nations outside the Western world – and I can identify with them easily – succumbing to fears that sometimes lead them to commit stupidities, all because of their fears of humiliation and their sensitivities. I also know that in the West – a world with which I can identify with the same ease – nations and peoples taking an excessive pride in their wealth, and in their having brought us the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, and Modernism, have, from time to time, succumbed to a self-satisfaction that is almost as stupid.

Orhan Pamuk's Nobel Lecture (translation by Maureen Freely)

Maureen Freely is a U.S. journalist, novelist, translator and teacher. ...

Criminal case

In 2005, lawyers of two Turkish professional associations brought criminal charges against Pamuk after the author made a statement regarding the mass killings of Armenians and Kurds in Anatolia.[7] The charges were dropped on 22 January 2006. He has subsequently stated his intent was to draw attention to freedom of expression issues. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Pamuk's statements

The criminal charges against Pamuk resulted from remarks he made during an interview in February 2005 with the Swiss publication Das Magazin, a weekly supplement to a number of Swiss daily newspapers: the Tages-Anzeiger, the Basler Zeitung, the Berner Zeitung and the Solothurner Tagblatt. In the interview, Pamuk stated, "Thirty thousand Kurds, and a million Armenians were killed in these lands and nobody dares to talk about it." Das Magazin - in English, the magazine - is the Saturday supplement of the Swiss newspaper Tages-Anzeiger. ... Tages-Anzeiger, also abbreviated Tagi or TA, is a national daily newspaper in Switzerland based in Zürich. ... Basler Zeitung (BaZ) is a regional newspaper, published in Basel, Switzerland. ... Berner Zeitung (BZ) is a regional newspaper in the canton of Berne, Switzerland. ...


Pamuk has said that after the Swiss interview was published, he was subjected to a hate campaign that forced him to flee the country.[citations needed] He returned later in 2005, however, to face the charges against him. In an interview with CNN TURK, he said that in his speech he used passive voice, and he did not give numbers like 30000 or 1000000. In an interview with BBC News, he said that he wanted to defend freedom of speech, which was Turkey's only hope for coming to terms with its history: "What happened to the Ottoman Armenians in 1915 was a major thing that was hidden from the Turkish nation; it was a taboo. But we have to be able to talk about the past."[8] This article is about the general concept. ...


Prosecution

In June 2005, Turkey introduced a new penal code including Article 301, which states: "A person who, being a Turk, explicitly insults the Republic or Turkish Grand National Assembly, shall be punishable by imprisonment of between six months to three years." Pamuk was retroactively charged with violating this law in the interview he had given four months earlier. In October, after the prosecution had begun, Pamuk reiterated his views in a speech given during an award ceremony in Germany: "I repeat, I said loud and clear that one million Armenians and 30,000 Kurds were killed in Turkey."[9] This page is a candidate to be copied to Wikisource. ...


Because Pamuk was charged under an ex post facto law, Turkish law required that his prosecution be approved by the Ministry of Justice. A few minutes after Pamuk's trial started on 16 December, the judge found that this approval had not yet been received and suspended the proceedings. In an interview published in the Akşam newspaper the same day, Justice Minister Cemil Çiçek said he had not yet received Pamuk's file but would study it thoroughly once it came.[10] An ex post facto law (from the Latin for from something done afterward) or retroactive law, is a law that retroactively changes the legal consequences of acts committed or the legal status of facts and relationships that existed prior to the enactment of the law. ... Cemil Çiçek (1946 Yozgat) is Minister of Justice of Turkeys 59th Government, government spokesman and Grand National Assembly of Turkey 22th period deputy of AKP from Ankara. ...


On December 29, 2005, Turkish state prosecutors dropped the charge that Pamuk insulted Turkey's armed forces, although the charge of "insulting Turkishness" remained.[11] is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


International reaction

The charges against Pamuk caused an international outcry and led to questions in some circles about Turkey's proposed entry into the European Union. On 30 November, the European Parliament announced that it would send a delegation of five MEPs, led by Camiel Eurlings, to observe the trial.[12] EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn subsequently stated that the Pamuk case would be a "litmus test" of Turkey's commitment to the EU's membership criteria. is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... Camiel Eurlings (born 16 September 1973 in Valkenburg-Houthem) is a Dutch politician and Member of the European Parliament. ... Olli Rehn Olli Rehn ( ) (born 31 March 1962) is a Finnish politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Enlargement. ... The term litmus test can be literal or metaphorical. ...


On 1 December, Amnesty International released a statement calling for Article 301 to be repealed and for Pamuk and six other people awaiting trial under the act to be freed.[13] PEN American Center also denounced the charges against Pamuk, stating: "PEN finds it extraordinary that a state that has ratified both the United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the European Convention on Human Rights, both of which see freedom of expression as central, should have a Penal Code that includes a clause that is so clearly contrary to these very same principles."[14] Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a pressure group that promotes human rights. ... PEN American Center (PEN), founded in 1922 and based in New York City, works to advance literature, to defend free expression, and to foster international literary fellowship. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Parties to the ICCPR: members in green, non-members in grey The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is a United Nations treaty based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, created in 1966 and entered into force on 23 March 1976. ... “ECHR” redirects here. ...


On 13 December, eight world-renowned authors — José Saramago, Gabriel García Márquez, Günter Grass, Umberto Eco, Carlos Fuentes, Juan Goytisolo, John Updike and Mario Vargas Llosa — issued a joint statement supporting Pamuk and decrying the charges against him as a violation of human rights.[15] is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Günter Wilhelm Grass (born October 16, 1927) is a Nobel Prize-winning German author. ... Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) and his many essays. ... Carlos Fuentes Carlos Fuentes Macías (born November 11, 1928) is a Mexican writer and one of the best-known living novelists and essayists in the Spanish-speaking world. ... Juan Goytisolo is a Spanish poet and novelist. ... John Hoyer Updike (born March 18, 1932 in Shillington, Pennsylvania) is an American writer. ... Mario Vargas Llosa in his youth. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


Western reviewers

In a review of Snow in The Atlantic, Christopher Hitchens complained that "from reading Snow one might easily conclude that all the Armenians of Anatolia had decided for some reason to pick up and depart en masse, leaving their ancestral properties for tourists to gawk at."[16] The Atlantic Monthly (also known as The Atlantic) is an American literary/cultural magazine that was founded in November 1857. ... Christopher Eric Hitchens (born April 13, 1949) is a British-American author, journalist and literary critic. ...


However, John Updike, reviewing the same book in The New Yorker, wrote: "To produce a major work so frankly troubled and provocatively bemused and, against the grain of the author’s usual antiquarian bent, entirely contemporary in its setting and subjects, took the courage that art sometimes visits upon even its most detached practitioners."[17] John Hoyer Updike (born March 18, 1932 in Shillington, Pennsylvania) is an American writer. ... The New Yorker is an American magazine that publishes reportage, criticism, essays, cartoons, poetry and fiction. ...


Charges dropped

On January 22, 2006, the Justice Ministry refused to issue an approval of the prosecution, saying that they had no authority to open a case against Pamuk under the new penal code.[18] With the trial in the local court, it was ruled the next day that the case could not continue without Justice Ministry approval.[19] Pamuk's lawyer, Haluk İnanıcı, subsequently confirmed that charges had been dropped. is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The announcement occurred in a week when the EU was scheduled to begin a review of the Turkish justice system.[20]


Aftermath

EU enlargement commissioner Olli Rehn welcomed the dropping of charges, saying 'This is obviously good news for Mr. Pamuk, but it's also good news for freedom of expression in Turkey.' However, some EU representatives expressed disappointment that the justice ministry had rejected the prosecution on a technicality rather than on principle. Reuters quoted an unnamed diplomat as saying, "It is good the case has apparently been dropped, but the justice ministry never took a clear position or gave any sign of trying to defend Pamuk."[21] Olli Rehn Olli Rehn ( ) (born 31 March 1962) is a Finnish politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Enlargement. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pron. ...


Meanwhile, the lawyer who had led the effort to try Pamuk, Kemal Kerinçsiz, said he would appeal the decision, saying, "Orhan Pamuk must be punished for insulting Turkey and Turkishness, it is a grave crime and it should not be left unpunished."[22]


On April 25, 2006, (in print in the May 8, 2006 issue) the magazine Time listed Orhan Pamuk in the cover article "TIME 100: The People Who Shape Our World", in the category "Heroes & Pioneers", for speaking up.[23] is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ...


In April 2006, on the BBC's Hardtalk program, Pamuk stated that his remarks regarding the Armenian massacres were meant to draw attention to freedom of expression issues in Turkey rather than to the massacres themselves.[24] Hardtalk is the flagship one-on-one interview programme telecast Monday through Thursday everyweek on BBC World and BBC News 24. ...


In Turkey, the award of the Nobel Prize has given a new slant to discussion of his allegedly "anti-Turkish" comments, and some people[attribution needed] in Turkey believe that he was given the Nobel Prize for being anti-Turkish and not for his writing.[citation needed]


On December 19-20, 2006 a symposium on Orhan Pamuk and His Work was held at Sabanci University, Istanbul. Pamuk himself gave the closing address.


In January 2007 Pamuk was assigned guards along with other Turks who had been put on trial in relation to Article 301. This was in response to the murder of editor Hrant Dink who had been tried under the same law and to the threats by Yasin Hayal. Since, he may have left Turkey for the US. Hrant Dink (Armenian: , IPA: [][1]) (September 15, 1954 – January 19, 2007) was a Turkish-Armenian editor, journalist and column writer. ...


Bibliography in English

  • The White Castle, translated by Victoria Holbrook, Manchester (UK): Carcanet Press Limited, 1990;, 1991; New York: George Braziller, 1991 [original title: Beyaz Kale]
  • The Black Book, translated by Güneli Gün, New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1994 [original title: Kara Kitap]. A new translation by Maureen Freely was published in 2006
  • The New Life, translated by Güneli Gün, New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1997 [original title: Yeni Hayat]
  • My Name is Red, translated by Erdağ M. Göknar, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001 [original title: Benim Adım Kırmızı].
  • Snow, translated by Maureen Freely, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004 [original title: Kar]
  • Istanbul: Memories and the City, translated by Maureen Freely, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005 [original title: İstanbul: Hatıralar ve Şehir]

The White Castle is a novel by Turkish author Orhan Pamuk. ... The Black Book (Kara Kitap in Turkish) is a novel by Turkish author Orhan Pamuk. ... Maureen Freely is a U.S. journalist, novelist, translator and teacher. ... My Name is Red (Benim Adım Kırmızı) is a Turkish novel by Orhan Pamuk. ... Snow (Turkish: ) is a novel by Turkish author Orhan Pamuk. ... Maureen Freely is a U.S. journalist, novelist, translator and teacher. ...

Bibliography in Turkish

  • Cevdet Bey ve Oğulları (Cevdet Bey and His Sons), novel, Istanbul: Karacan Yayınları, 1982
  • Sessiz Ev (The Silent House) , novel, Istanbul: Can Yayınları, 1983
  • Beyaz Kale (The White Castle), novel, Istanbul: Can Yayınları, 1985
  • Kara Kitap (The Black Book), novel, Istanbul: Can Yayınları, 1990
  • Gizli Yuz (Secret Face), screenplay, Istanbul: Can Yayınları, 1992 [1]
  • Yeni Hayat (The New Life), novel, Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 1995
  • Benim Adım Kırmızı (My Name is Red), novel, Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 1998
  • Öteki Renkler (The Other Colors), essays, Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 1999
  • Kar (Snow), novel, Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 2002
  • İstanbul: Hatıralar ve Şehir (Istanbul: Memories and the City), memoirs, Istanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2003

Awards

  • 1979 Milliyet Press Novel Contest Award (Turkey) for his novel Karanlık ve Işık (co-winner)
  • 1983 Orhan Kemal Novel Prize (Turkey) for his novel Cevdet Bey ve Oğulları
  • 1984 Madarali Novel Prize (Turkey) for his novel Sessiz Ev
  • 1990 Independent Foreign Fiction Prize (United Kingdom) for his novel Beyaz Kale
  • 1991 Prix de la Découverte Européenne (France) for the French edition of Sessiz Ev : La Maison de Silence
  • 1991 Antalya Golden Orange Festivale (Turkey) Best Original Screenplay Gizli Yüz
  • 1995 Prix France Culture (France) for his novel Kara Kitap : Le Livre Noir
  • 2002 Prix du Meilleur Livre Etranger (France) for his novel My Name Is Red : Mon Nom est Rouge
  • 2002 Premio Grinzane Cavour (Italy) for his novel My Name Is Red
  • 2003 International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award (Ireland) for his novel My Name Is Red
  • 2005 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade (Germany)
  • 2005 Prix Medicis Etranger (France) for his novel Snow : La Neige
  • 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature (Sweden)
  • 2006 Washington University's Distinguished Humanist Award (United States)[25]

The Independent Foreign Fiction Prize was inaugurated by British newspaper The Independent to honour fiction in translation in the United Kingdom. ... The International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award is the largest and most international prize of its kind for a single work -published in English. ... The Peace Prize of the German Book Trade (German: Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels) is a peace prize given yearly at the Frankfurt Book Fair in the Paulskirche in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ... The Prix Médicis is a French literary award given each year in November. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... Washington University in St. ...

Doctorates, honoris causa

Satellite photo of Berlin. ... Satellite photo of Berlin. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The former Robert College building on South Campus Boğaziçi University is one of the most prominent educational institutions in Turkey, located at the European Side of the Bosphorus, Istanbul (hence the name which means University of Bosphorus). The institution currently known as Boğaziçi University was established... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

References

  1. ^ Turkey's Pamuk wins Nobel literature prize
  2. ^ ARTS ABROAD; A Novelist Sees Dishonor in an Honor From the State, New York Times
  3. ^ a b The Nobel Prize in Literature 2006. Retrieved on 2006-10-12.
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Modern Asia - Page 458 by David Levinson, Karen Christensen
  5. ^ Syrian Poet Favored To Win Prize, New York Times, October 12, 2006
  6. ^ Nobel Lecture
  7. ^ Another charge filed against writer Orhan Pamuk, Turkish Daily News, 2005. február 19.
  8. ^ Author's trial set to test Turkey, BBC News.
  9. ^ Writer repeats Turk deaths claim, BBC News.
  10. ^ Turk writer's insult trial halted, BBC News.
  11. ^ Partial reprieve for Turk writer, BBC News.
  12. ^ Camiel Eurlings MEP leads delegation to observe trial of Orhan Pamuk, EEP-ED.
  13. ^ Amnesty International, Article 301
  14. ^ PEN Protests Charges Against Turkish Author Orhan Pamuk, PEN American Center
  15. ^ Literary world backs Pamuk, NTV
  16. ^ Mind the Gap, Christopher Hitchens, The Atlantic Monthly
  17. ^ John Updike, "Anatolian Arabesques: A modernist novel of contemporary Turkey," The New Yorker, August 30, 2004.
  18. ^ Pamuk Case Dropped as Minister Says 'I have no Authorization for Permission' The ministry left the decision of whether to proceed , Zaman.
  19. ^ Turkish court drops charges against novelist, The Independent
  20. ^ Turkey drops charges against author, Scotsman.com News
  21. ^ Reuters
  22. ^ Canadian Press
  23. ^ Orhan Pamuk:Teller of the Awful Truth, Time.
  24. ^ Hardtalk in Turkey: Orhan Pamuk, BBC.
  25. ^ http://news-info.wustl.edu/news/page/normal/8229.html
  26. ^ Freie Universität Berlin Pressemitteilung (German)

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • The comprehensive web site on Orhan Pamuk
  • Faber reading guide for Snow
  • The Guardian on Orhan Pamuk
  • The Times Literary Supplement Editorial on Orhan Pamuk
  • International Herald Tribune Editorial on Orhan Pamuk
  • Extremists Threaten to Burn Pamuk's Books - IFEX
  • 50 years with Istanbul Orhan Pamuk
  • Pamuk's letter on his trial published in the December 19th issue of the New Yorker
  • His Biography, books and interviews in Turkish
  • ABC documentary on Pamuk and The Armenian Genocide
  • Orhan Pamuk 'Bookweb' on literary website The Ledge, with suggestions for further reading.
  • How to pronounce Orhan Pamuk
  • persian links of Orhan Pamuk
  • Orhan Pamuk receives the Nobel Prize
  • Orhan Pamuk as profiled on the Nobel Prize website
  • "My Father's Suitcase" - Orhan Pamuk's Nobel Lecture, 2006 as translated from the Turkish by Maureen Freely
  • Orhan Pamuk -- Photos by Mathieu Bourgois.
Persondata
NAME Pamuk, Ferit Orhan
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Pamuk, Orhan
SHORT DESCRIPTION Turkish novelist
DATE OF BIRTH June 7, 1952
PLACE OF BIRTH Istanbul Turkey
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Orhan Pamuk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2725 words)
Ferit Orhan Pamuk (born on June 7, 1952 in Istanbul) is a Nobel Prize-winning Turkish novelist.
Pamuk is often regarded as a post-modern writer.
Orhan Pamuk won in 2005 the €25,000 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade for his literary work, in which "Europe and Islamic Turkey find a place for one another." The most prestigious German book prize was awarded in the Paul's Church in Frankfurt.
Newsvine - Turkish Writer Orhan Pamuk Wins Nobel (820 words)
Novelist Orhan Pamuk, an international symbol of literary and social conscience, whose poetic, melancholy journeys into the soul of his native Turkey have brought him the many blessings and burdens of public life, won the Nobel literature prize Thursday.
Pamuk was the first Muslim writer to defend Salman Rushdie when Iran's Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini condemned Rushdie to death because of "The Satanic Verses," a satire of the Prophet Mohammed published in 1989.
Pamuk will receive a $1.4 million check, a gold medal and diploma, and an invitation to a lavish banquet in Stockholm, Sweden, on Dec. 10, the 110th anniversary of the death of prize founder Alfred Nobel.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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