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Encyclopedia > Organization of state under Genghis Khan

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Politics

Pax Mongolica

Main article: Pax Mongolica

The Pax Mongolica or Mongol Peace is a phrase coined by Western scholars to describe the effect of the conquest of the Mongol Empire on the social, cultural and economic life of the inhabitants in the 13th and 14th centuries. ...

Loyalty

In the face of the ethnic, religious and tribal diversity of the civilians and soldiers of the Mongol Empire, which eventually included modern day Persians, Chinese and many Turkic peoples, Genghis Khan insisted on focusing all loyalty on himself as Great Khan and no others. Obedience was expected from everyone from the lowest to the highest classes. Any disobedience by a subordinate officer to any order from a superior officer was reason for death. sergio is my son


Yasa

Genghis Khan had a Mongol code of law called the Yasa written down, in which violators would be put to death for minor offenses. Under Genghis Khan's rule, all individuals and religions were equal under Mongol law as long as they were nomads.[citation needed] Sedentary peoples, especially the Chinese, were strongly discriminated against.[citation needed] He used torture widely and exempted religious practitioners and doctors from taxes. The Mongols are thought to have introduced into Europe the explosives that were first created in China, as well as high-powered siege engines that the Chinese developed. Yassa, alternatively Yasa, was the written code of law created by Genghis Khan It was in force in the Mongol empire. ...


Genghis Khan created a wide-ranging postal system for the sending of government orders and reports. For many years he was believed to be illiterate due to the estimated recentness of the language, and his age at its implementation. Recently, however, it has been claimed by an Inner Mongolian academic that Genghis Khan was a highly literate man. A handwritten note has been claimed to be his, and the contents of the note indicated that the author was able to read Taoist sermons [1].fghfghsfgh


Meritocracy

Genghis Khan preferred to rule through existing hierarchies, but where he was resisted he destroyed the existing aristocracy, although among the Mongols he created a rough meritocracy during that time. Positions of honour were given on the basis of bravery in battle or outstanding loyalty, as opposed to the old system of inheritance through familes. This was far ahead of any other system in Europe at the time.


Freedom of Religion

Various languages spread, such as Turkish, replacing long-established Persian-speaking populations who were mostly wiped out. Many different kinds of religion existed under a limited degree of freedom of religion. However, in later life, Genghis began to research the various religions of the people he had suppressed. Theories differ as to why. The outcome was a general freedom of religion, and an exemption of taxes for priests.


Economy

Trade

It is sometimes claimed that having conquered a vast land, Genghis Khan encouraged trade and exchange. Mongols valued goods that came from other lands and peoples. A unified Mongol Empire made travel across Asia far easier for Europeans than it had been under a fractured group of minor kings, facilitating greater exposure to the West and travel for Western traders such as Marco Polo. Because of the extent of his empire, Genghis Khan deeply affected the cultures of many Asian countries, most notably Russia.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mongol Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4096 words)
At the time of Genghis Khan's death in 1227, the empire was divided among his four sons, with his third son as the supreme Khan, and by the 1350s, the khanates were in a state of fracture and had lost the order brought to them by Genghis Khan.
Genghis Khan also created a national seal, encouraged the use of a written alphabet in Mongolia, and exempted teachers, lawyers, and artists from taxes, although taxes were heavy on all other subjects of the empire.
Accompanying the crystallization of regional states was the decline of nomad power, partly due to the devastation of the Black Death and partly due to the encroachment of sedentary civilizations equipped with gunpowder.
Genghis Khan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (9293 words)
Genghis' father, Yesugei, khan of the Borjigin and nephew to Ambaghai and Qutula Khan, emerged as the head of the ruling clan of the Mongols, but this position was contested by the rival Tayichi’ud clan, who descended directly from Ambaghai.
Genghis Khan and others are widely cited as producing a highly efficient army with remarkable discipline, organization, toughness, dedication, loyalty and military intelligence, in comparison to their enemies.
Heirs to Discord: The Supratribal Aspirations of Jamuqa, Toghrul, and Temüjin
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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