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Encyclopedia > Organist

An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ. Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ...

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Classical and church organists

The majority of organists, amateur and professional, are principally involved in church music. The pipe organ still plays a large part in the leading of traditional Christian worship, with roles including the accompaniment of hymns, choral anthems and other parts of the worship. The degree to which the organ is involved varies depending on the church and denomination. It also may depend on the standard of the organist. Many provincial organists are nothing more than pianists called on to lead worship, whereas some churches are fortunate to have trained organists capable of more elaborate "voluntaries" (the solo music before, during and after the service) and improvisation. In the twentieth-century, many pipe organs were replaced by pipe-less electronic and digital organs, often as a low-cost alternative to rebuilding older pipe organs. Christian music is music created by or adapted for the Christian church. ... The baroque organ in Roskilde Cathedral, Copenhagen The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by admitting pressurized air (referred to as wind) through a series of pipes. ... A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of praise, adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a god or other religiously significant figure. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... Classic Hammond B-3 organ. ...


In the English cathedral tradition the organist is now generally titled "Director of Music", although their function is mainly in the training and direction of music rather than actual playing; there will generally be one or more assistant or sub-organists who play most services and some recitals. Sometimes the organist will be assisted by an organ scholar. The post of organist at most of the great cathedrals includes recital work and choral training. Musicians such as Malcolm Archer, John Scott and Barry Rose are accomplished organists as well as choral directors. Another function of an organist is often as teacher to future players. For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... An organ scholar is a young man or woman who is employed as a part-time assistant organist in a cathedral or collegiate church. ... Malcolm Archer is currently the Organist and choirmaster of St Pauls Cathedral in London, England [1]. He has previously been the choirmaster of Bristol and Wells Cathedrals. ... // John Scott may be: John Scott (Australian politician), Member of the Australian House of Representatives John Scott (Canadian politician) (1822–1857), first mayor of Bytown, later Ottawa John Scott (Missouri politician), Missouris first U.S. Representative (1821-1827) John Scott (Pennsylvania) (1824–1896), lawyer, U.S. Senator for Pennsylvania... Barry Michael Rose (born 24 May 1934) is a renowned choir trainer and organist. ...


Since the strengths and weaknesses of the organ are difficult to understand without a good deal of playing experience, most music composed for organ has been written by organists. Since the majority of pre-twentieth-century organs were installed in churches, classical organ literature was almost exclusively written for liturgical use.


Many composers, therefore, are equally known for their performance talents, some historical examples being Johann Sebastian Bach, Dieterich Buxtehude, Felix Mendelssohn, and Franz Liszt. In Europe, the historical importance of churches as employers of musicians meant that many composers not now remembered for their association with the organ nevertheless were engaged as professional organists: for example, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Edward Elgar. Bach in a 1748 portrait by Haussmann Johann Sebastian Bach (pronounced ) (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought it... The only surviving portrait of Buxtehude, from a 1674 painting by Johannes Voorhout. ... Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born and known generally as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer and conductor of the early Romantic period. ... Portrait by Henri Lehmann, 1839 Franz Liszt (Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc; pronounced , in English: list) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian [1] virtuoso pianist and composer of the Romantic period. ... Bologna Mozart - Mozart age 21 in 1777, see also: face only Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (IPA: , baptized Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. ... Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English Romantic composer. ...


For a list of organists, see List of organists. This is a list of famous and notable organists. ...


Ancient titles still in current use

In English churches, chapels and cathedrals the Organist may also be known as Master of the Choristers, Choirmaster or Director of Music; however, there are some ancient titles still in current usage:

College name Magdalen College Latin name Collegium Beatae Mariae Magdalenae Named after Mary Magdalene Established 1458 Sister college Magdalene College, Cambridge President Professor David Clary FRS JCR President Jessica Jones Undergraduates 395 MCR President Eloise Scotford Graduates 230 Location of Magdalen College within central Oxford , Homepage Boatclub Magdalen College (pronounced... Southwell Minster Southwell Minster is a minster and cathedral, in the British town of Southwell in Nottinghamshire, six miles away from Newark. ...

Theater organists

The theater organ has a separate repertoire and playing style, and in its heyday there were considerable numbers of organists employed. A few carry on the tradition today. A theatre organ is an organ installed in a movie theatre, most often modelled after the style originally devised by Robert Hope-Jones, which he called a unit orchestra. Such instruments were typically built to provide the greatest possible variety of timbres with the fewest possible pipes, and often had...


Organists in popular music

There are many organists employed in the production of popular and jazz music. In the United States most of them play the Hammond organ, and many are classically trained, often in piano rather than organ. In England and Japan, one of the most popular series of instruments is the Yamaha Electone; while Electones of recent decades are more properly characterized as digital synthesizers rather than as organs, the player interface, and the skills and coordination required to play, mean that it is effectively an organ in these respects. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Yamaha redirects here. ... Electone is the trademark used for electronic organs produced by Yamaha. ... Synthesizer as used in music, is a term derived from a Greek word syntithetai < synthesis (συντίθεται < σύνθεσις) and is used to describe a device capable of generating and/or manipulating electronic signals for use in music creation, recording and performance. ...


Organizations

In the United States, there is a national organization called the American Guild of Organists (AGO). Comparable bodies in other countries include the Royal College of Organists (RCO) in the United Kingdom, the Gesellschaft der Orgelfreunde e.V. (GdO) in Germany, and the Royal Canadian College of Organists (RCCO). There is also the American Theatre Organ Society. All these institutions are oriented toward the organist involved in classical music rather than popular music. The American Guild of Organists, or AGO, is a national organization of church and concert organists in the USA. It is divided into regions and chapters and publishes a monthly magazine, The American Organist. ... The Royal College of Organists or RCO, based in Birmingham, England, is the United Kingdoms national body charged with promoting organ and choral music and overseeing musical education and training for organists and choral directors. ... The logo of the American Guild of Organists The American Guild of Organists, or AGO, is a national organization of academic, church, and concert organists in the USA, headquartered in New York City. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media. ...


See also

This is a list of famous and notable organists. ... This is a list of jazz organists. ... Organ Recital A discussion carried on by senior citizens, at a social gathering, covering the various conditions of ones organs. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Organist - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (430 words)
Worldwide, the greatest number of organists are principally involved in church music, due to the vital role that the organ plays in traditional Christian worship.
Organists are expected to accompany congregational singing of hymns, accompany the choir, and provide solo music for preludes, postludes, and covering music during otherwise silent portions of the worship service.
In Europe, the historical importance of churches as employers of musicians meant that many composers not now remembered for their association with the organ nevertheless were engaged as professional organists: for example, Mozart, Reger, and Elgar.
HOASM: The Bach Family (2317 words)
In 1695, appointed organist at Jena, where he established a harpsichord-factory, made many improvements in the instruments, and directed his efforts to establishing equal temperament in clavier and organ tuning.-Works: Suites for organist and harpsichord; motets, and other sacred compositions; also a comic operetta, Der Jenaische Wein- und Bier-Rufer, a scene from Jena college-life.
A fellow-Thuringian, George Böhm, was the organist of St. John's Church, and Bach attentively studied his compositions.
was in 1733 appointed organist of the Sophienkirche.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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