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Encyclopedia > Organic movement

Organic movement broadly refers to the organizations and individuals involved worldwide in the promotion of sustainable agriculture and organic farming, and a general opposition to agribusiness. Its history goes back to the first half of the 20th century, when modern large-scale agricultural practices began to appear. An organization or organisation (read more about -ize vs -ise) is a formal group of people with one or more shared goals. ... Sustainable agriculture integrates three main goals: environmental stewardship, farm profitability, and prosperous farming communities. ... Organic cultivation of mixed vegetables in Capay, California. ... In agriculture, agribusiness is a generic term that refers to the various businesses involved in the food production chain, including farming, seed, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesaling, processing, distribution, and retail sales. ... For other senses of this word, see history (disambiguation). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


An abbreviated timeline:

  • During the 1950s, sustainable agriculture was a research topic of interest, but science tended to concentrate on the new chemical approaches. In the U.S., J.I. Rodale began to popularize the term and methods of organic growing. In addition to agricultural research, Rodale's publications through the Rodale Press helped to promote organic gardening to the general public.
  • In the 1970s, worldwide movements concerned with the pollution and the environment increased attention on organic farming. As the distinction between organic and conventional food became clear, one goal of the organic movement was to encourage consumption of locally grown food, which was promoted through slogans such as "Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food".
  • In the 1980s, around the world, various farming and consumer groups began seriously pressuring for government regulation of organic production. This led to various legislation and certification standards being enacted through the 1990s and to date. Currently, most aspects of organic food production are government-regulated in the US and the European Union.
  • In the 2000s, the market for organic products, including food, beauty, health, bodycare, and household products, and fabrics, continues to grow rapidly worldwide. More countries are establishing formal, government-regulated certification of organic food: in 2002 in the US, and projected for 2006 in Canada, among others. Monitoring and challenging certification rules and decisions have become a regular, high profile aspect of activists in the organic movement.

Sir Albert Howard (1873-1947) was a British botanist, an organic farming pioneer, and a principal figure in the early organic movement. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Look up book in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An Agricultural Testament, a book by Sir Albert Howard, is credited by some with launching the organic farming agricultural movement. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Lady Eve Balfour (Evelyn Barbara Balfour; 1899-1990) was a British farmer, educator, organic farming pioneer, and a founding figure in the organic movement. ... The Haughley Experiment was the first scientific comparative study of organic farming and conventional chemical-based farming, started in 1939 by Lady Eve Balfour and Alice Debenham, on two adjoining farms in Haughley Green, Suffolk, England. ... For the scientific journal named Science, see Science (journal). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Advocacy is an umbrella term for organized activism related to a particular set of issues. ... The Soil Association is the main umbrella group in the UK for organic farmers. ... The 1950s were a decade that spanned the years 1950 through 1959, although some sources say from 1951 through 1960. ... Research is often described as an active, diligent, and systematic process of inquiry aimed at discovering, interpreting and revising facts. ... Motto: (1789 to 1956) (Latin for Out of many, one) In God We Trust (1956 to present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at federal level; English (de facto) Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice... Jerome Irving Rodale (1898-1971) of Emmaus, in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, was one of the first advocates for sustainable agriculture and organic farming in the United States. ... Rodale Inc. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Organic horticulture. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Carsons Government Photo (1940s) Rachel Louise Carson (May 27, 1907 – April 14, 1964) was a Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania-born zoologist and marine biologist whose landmark book, Silent Spring, is often credited with having launched the global environmental movement. ... Table of natural history, 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now usually viewed as several distinct scientific disciplines. ... Publishing is the activity of putting information in the public arena. ... Silent Spring was written by Rachel Carson and published in September, 1962. ... DDT was the first modern pesticide and is arguably the most well known organic pesticide. ... A bestseller is a book that is identified as extremely popular by its inclusion on a list of top-sellers. ... This article describes a type of political entity. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Water pollution Pollution is the release of chemical, physical, biological or radioactive contaminants to the environment. ... Local food (also regional food) is a principle of sustainability relying on consumption of food products that are locally grown. ... Look up Slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... MacGyver - 1980s hero The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to Organic gardening and Organic farming. ...

External links

  • Organic Volunteers - Coordinates internships on Organic Farms.
  • Origins of the Organic Movement, The - Philip Conford, 2001. One of the few published works documenting the history of the organic movement.
  • Organic Consumers Association - Large activist resource site: "Campaigning for Food Safety, Organic Agriculture, Fair Trade & Sustainability".
  • Sustainable Table - An online resource for consumers on how to shop for organic food and support sustainable agriculture.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Organic movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (538 words)
Organic movement broadly refers to the organizations and individuals involved worldwide in the promotion of sustainable agriculture and organic farming, and a general opposition to agribusiness.
In the 1970s, worldwide movements concerned with the pollution and the environment increased attention on organic farming.
As the distinction between organic and conventional food became clear, one goal of the organic movement was to encourage consumption of locally grown food, which was promoted through slogans such as "Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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