FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Oregon Treaty
Map of the lands in dispute
Map of the lands in dispute

The Oregon Treaty, officially known as the Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and also known as the Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States that was signed on June 15, 1846 in Washington, D.C. The treaty brought an end to the Oregon boundary dispute by settling competing American and British claims to the Oregon Country, which had been jointly occupied by both Britain and the U.S. since the Treaty of 1818. Image File history File links Oregoncountry. ... Image File history File links Oregoncountry. ... Bilateralism is a term referring to trade or political relations between two states. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the historical state called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1927). ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The Oregon Country/Columbia District Disputed Area is the main area of dispute, although the whole region was disputed The Oregon boundary dispute (often called the Oregon question) arose as a result of competing British and American claims to the Oregon Country, a region of northwestern North America known also... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... The Convention respecting fisheries, boundary, and the restoration of slaves between the United States and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, was a treaty signed in 1818 between...

Contents

What led to the treaty

The Treaty of 1818 set the U.S.- Canadian boundary along the 49th parallel of north latitude from Minnesota to the "Stony Mountains"[1] (now known as the Rocky Mountains). West of those mountains was the Oregon Country, and the treaty provided for joint control of that land for ten years. Both countries could claim land and both were guaranteed free navigation throughout. The Convention respecting fisheries, boundary, and the restoration of slaves between the United States and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, was a treaty signed in 1818 between... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ...


Joint control steadily grew intolerable for both sides. After a British minister rejected U.S. President James K. Polk's offer to settle the boundary at the 49th parallel north, Democratic expansionists called for the annexation of the entire region up to 54°40', the northern border of the Oregon Country. However, after the outbreak of the Mexican-American War diverted U.S. attention and resources, a compromise was reached. For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... This article is about the U.S. President. ... “49th parallel” redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Expansionism is the doctrine of expanding the territorial base (or economic influence) of a country, usually by means of military aggression. ... Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000...


Treaty negotiations

The treaty was negotiated by U.S. Secretary of State James Buchanan, who later became president, and Richard Pakenham, envoy to the United States and member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom for Queen Victoria. The treaty was signed on June 15, 1846. Seal of the United States Department of State. ... James Buchanan (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was the 15th president of the United States (1857–1861). ... Sir Richard Pakenham (1797 – 1868) was a British diplomat. ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The Oregon Treaty set the U.S. and British North American border at the 49th parallel with the exception of Vancouver Island, which was retained by the British. The 49th parallel became the U.S.-Canadian border between Washington and British Columbia when Canada was formed. The U.S. portion of the region was organized as Oregon Territory on August 14, 1848. British North America consisted of the loyalist colonies and territories (i. ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... The Peace Arch border Canada and the United States of America share the longest common border, officially known as the International Boundary, between any two countries that is not militarized or actively patrolled. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Treaty definitions

The treaty defined the border in the Strait of Juan de Fuca through the major channel. The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island of British Columbia from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ...

  • Due to difference in the location of the major shipping channel, both the British and the Americans had settled on the same islands.
  • Navigation of "channel[s] and straits, south of the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, remain free and open to both parties."
  • The "Puget's Sound Agricultural Company" retains the right to their property north of the Columbia River, and shall be compensated for properties surrendered if required by the United States.[2] (The Puget's Sound Agricultural Company was a subsidiary of the Hudson's Bay Company)
  • The property rights of the Hudson's Bay Company and all British subjects south of the new boundary will be respected.

(commonly referred to as: Puget, Pugets, or Pugets Sound Agricultural Company) The Puget Sound Agricultural Company was a joint-stock company formed around 1840 as a subsidiary of the Hudsons Bay Company (HBC). ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ...

Wars caused by treaty ambiguities

In 1859, an unclear description of the border in the treaty later led to the bloodless war known as the Pig War over the ownership of the San Juan Islands. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Strength 461 soldiers 2,140 soldiers Casualties None None The Pig War (also called the Pig Episode, the San Juan Boundary Dispute or the Northwestern Boundary Dispute) was a confrontation in 1859 between American and British authorities, resulting from a dispute over the boundary between... One of the San Juan islands The San Juan Islands are a part of the San Juan Archipelago in the northwest corner of the continental United States. ...


See also

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... This article is about the U.S. President. ... Oregon Mission (1831-1846) began as an effort by the Methodist Episcopal Church to convert the native Indians of the far west to Christianity. ...

References

  1. ^ LexUM (2000). Convention of Commerce between His Majesty and the United States of America.--Signed at London, 20th October, 1818. Canado-American Treaties. Université de Montréal. Retrieved on 2006-03-27.
  2. ^ LexUM (1999). Treaty between Her Majesty and the United States of America, for the Settlement of the Oregon Boundary. Canado-American Treaties. Université de Montréal. Retrieved on 2007-01-12.

  Results from FactBites:
 
World Almanac for Kids (3586 words)
OREGON, one of the Pacific states of the U.S., bounded on the N by Washington, on the E by Idaho, on the S by Nevada and California, and on the W by the Pacific Ocean.
Oregon, with an area of 254,819 sq km (98,386 sq mi), is the ninth largest state in the U.S.; 52.3% of the land area is owned by the federal government.
Oregon was established as a territory in 1848; as originally established, it covered all the area between the 42d and 49th parallels, from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, and included present-day Washington and parts of Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
Oregon Treaty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (308 words)
The treaty was negotiated by U.S. Secretary of State James Buchanan, who later become president, and Richard Pakenham, envoy to the United States and member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom for Queen Victoria.
The Oregon Treaty set the U.S. and British North American border at the 49th parallel with the exception of Vancouver Island, which was retained by the British.
The U.S. portion of the region was organized as Oregon Territory on August 14, 1848.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m