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Encyclopedia > Oregon
State of Oregon
Flag of Oregon State seal of Oregon
Flag of Oregon (front) Seal
Nickname(s): Beaver State
Motto(s): Alis volat propriis (She flies with her own wings)
The Union (de facto)
Official language(s) (none)[1]
Capital Salem
Largest city Portland
Largest metro area Greater Portland
Area  Ranked 9th
 - Total 98,466 sq mi
(255,026 km²)
 - Width 260 miles (420 km)
 - Length 360 miles (580 km)
 - % water 2.4
 - Latitude 42° N to 46° 18′ N
 - Longitude 116° 28′ W to 124° 38′ W
Population  Ranked 27th
 - Total 3,421,399
 - Density 35.6/sq mi 
13.76/km² (39th)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Mount Hood[2]
11,239 ft  (3,425 m)
 - Mean 3,297 ft  (1,005 m)
 - Lowest point Pacific Ocean[2]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to Union  February 14, 1859 (33rd)
Governor Ted Kulongoski (D)
U.S. Senators Ron Wyden (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Congressional Delegation List
Time zones  
 - most of state Pacific: UTC-8/-7
 - Malheur County Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations OR Ore. US-OR
Web site www.oregon.gov

Oregon  (IPA: /ˈɒrɨgən/) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. The state lies on the Pacific coast between Washington on the north and California and Nevada on the south; Idaho lies to the east. The Columbia and Snake rivers form much of its northern and eastern boundaries, respectively. The valley of the Willamette River in western Oregon is the most densely populated and agriculturally productive region of the state. Oregon is the name of the state of Oregon as well as several other places in the United States: Oregon, Illinois Oregon, Missouri Oregon, Ohio Oregon, Wisconsin (the town) and the village it contains Oregon County, Missouri Oregon Township, Michigan Oregon Township, Pennsylvania For historical usage see: Oregon Country Oregon... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oregon. ... State seal of Oregon. ... Oregon flag (obverse) Oregon flag (reverse) The flag of Oregon a blue field on which are placed, on the obverse, the Seal of Oregon (supported by thirty-three stars, representing its order in joining the United States); the words STATE OF OREGON above; and the year of statehood, 1859, below. ... The Oregon State Seal consists of an outer ring with the text State of Oregon, 1859. The inner circle contains an eagle atop a shield. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Alis volat propriis is a Latin phrase meaning “She flies with her own wings”, and is the state motto of Oregon. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_OR.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Oregon ... // Although the United States currently has no official language, it is largely monolingual with English being the de facto national language. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Nickname: Location in Marion and Polk Counties, state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Marion, Polk Founded 1842 Government  - Mayor Janet Taylor Area  - City  46. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... The Portland metropolitan area is the urban area centered around Portland, Oregon and the Willamette River. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a complete list of the states of the United States ordered by total area, land area, and water area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Map of states populations (2006) This is a list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of July 1, 2006, according to the 2005 estimates of the United States Census Bureau. ... Map of states showing population density This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ... This is a list of United States states by elevation. ... This article is about the tallest mountain in Oregon. ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Theodore R. Ted Kulongoski (born November 5, 1940, in rural Missouri[1]) is an American Democratic politician. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Ronald Lee Wyden (born May 3, 1949) to German American parents, is Oregons senior United States Senator. ... Gordon Harold Smith (born May 25, 1952) is Oregons junior United States Senator, currently serving his second term. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... These are tables of congressional delegations from Oregon to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of U.S. time zones with new CST and EST areas displayed This is a list of United States of America States by time zone. ... PST is UTC-8, highlighted in red. ... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Malheur County is a county located in the southeast corner of the state of Oregon. ... Mountain Standard Time (MST) is UTC-7, Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) is UTC-6 The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-7) during the shortest days of autumn and winter, and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The following is a list of abbreviations used by the United States Postal Service. ... U.S. states This is a list of traditional abbreviations for U.S. states and territorries, which were in wide use prior to the U.S. postal abbreviations. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Image File history File links Oregon-English. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Pacific redirects here. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... For other uses, see Snake River (disambiguation). ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ... The Willamette River (pronounced wil-LAM-met) is a tributary of the Columbia River, approximately 240 mi (386 km) long, in northwestern Oregon in the United States. ...


Oregon has one of the most diverse landscapes of any state in the U.S. It is well known for its tall, dense forests; its accessible and scenic Pacific coastline; and its rugged, glaciated Cascade volcanoes. Other areas include semiarid scrublands, prairies, and deserts that cover approximately half the state in eastern and north-central Oregon. “Cascades” redirects here. ...


Oregon's population in 2000 was about 3.5 million, a 20.3% increase over 1990. It is estimated to have reached 3.7 million by 2006.[3]

Contents

History

See also Oregon pioneer history

Although there is considerable evidence that humans lived in the Pacific Northwest 15,000 years ago, the first record of human activity in present day Oregon came from archaeologist Luther Cressman's 1938 discovery of sage bark sandals near Fort Rock Cave that places human habitation in Oregon as early as 13,200 years ago.[4] By 8000 B.C. there were settlements across the state, with the majority concentrated along the lower Columbia River, in the western valleys, and around coastal estuaries. Oregon Pioneer History (1806 to 1890) is the time in the European History of Oregon when pioneers and mountain men traveled west to explore and settle the lands west of the Rocky Mountains and north of California. ... Image File history File links Oregoncountry2. ... Image File history File links Oregoncountry2. ... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Luther Cressman at Fort Rock Cave, Oregon, 1966 Luther Sheeleigh Cressman (October 24, 1897-1994) was an American archaeologist. ... Fort Rock Cave is a cave near the American landmark Fort Rock in Lake County, Oregon. ...


By the 16th century Oregon was home to many Native American groups, including the Bannock, Chasta, Chinook, Kalapuya, Klamath, Molalla, Nez Perce,Takelma, and Umpqua.[5][6][7][8] This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Bannock or Banate are a Native American people who traditionally lived in the northern Great Basin in what is now southeastern Oregon and Southern Idaho. ... The Shasta (or Chasta) are an indigenous people of Northern California and Southern Oregon in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Kalapuya (also Kalapuyan, Kalapooian, Calapooya, Calapooia) are a Native American ethnic group that once inhabited the area of present-day western Oregon in the United States and are now part of the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Molala (also Molale, Molalla, Molele) were a people of the Plateau culture area in central Oregon. ... The Nez Perce (IPA: ) are a tribe of Native Americans who live in the Pacific Northwest region (Columbia River Plateau) of the United States. ... Umpqua refers to two distinct groups of Native Americans that live in south central Oregon in the United States. ...


James Cook explored the coast in 1778 in search of the Northwest Passage. The Lewis and Clark Expedition traveled through the region during their expedition to explore the Louisiana Purchase. They built their winter fort at Fort Clatsop, near the mouth of the Columbia River. Exploration by Lewis and Clark (1805–1806) and the United Kingdom's David Thompson (1811) publicized the abundance of fur-bearing animals in the area. In 1811, New York financier John Jacob Astor established Fort Astoria at the mouth of the Columbia River as a western outpost to his Pacific Fur Company.[9] Fort Astoria was the first permanent white settlement in Oregon. This article is about the British explorer. ... For other uses, see Northwest Passage (disambiguation). ... “Lewis and Clark” redirects here. ... For the musical, see Louisiana Purchase (musical) and Louisiana Purchase (film). ... Fort Clatsop replica nearing completion, ca. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... For other people with this name see David Thompson David Thompson (April 30, 1770 – February 10, 1857), was an English-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker, known to some native peoples as the Stargazer. Over his career he mapped over 3. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... John Jacob Astor, detail of an oil painting by Gilbert Stuart, 1794 John Jacob (originally either Johann Jakob or Johann Jacob) Astor (July 17, 1763 - March 29, 1848) was the first of the Astor family dynasty and the first millionaire in the United States, the creator of the first Trust... Fort Astoria was the Pacific Fur Companys primary fur trading post in the Northwest, and was the first permanent U.S. settlement on the Pacific coast. ... The Pacific Fur Company was founded June 23, 1810, in New York City. ... Fort Astoria was the Pacific Fur Companys primary fur trading post in the Northwest, and was the first permanent U.S. settlement on the Pacific coast. ...


In the War of 1812, the British gained control of all of the Pacific Fur Company posts. By the 1820s and 1830s, their Hudson's Bay Company dominated the Pacific Northwest from its Columbia District headquarters at Fort Vancouver (built in 1825 by the District's Chief Factor John McLoughlin across the Columbia from present-day Portland). This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ... Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the companys Columbia District (known to Americans as the Oregon Country). ... John McLoughlin (NSHC statue) Dr. John McLoughlin (pronounced mc-lock-lin, October 19, 1784 – September 3, 1857), the Father of Oregon, was a fur trader and early settler in the Oregon Country in the Pacific Northwest. ...


In 1841, the master trapper and entrepreneur Ewing Young died with considerable wealth, with no apparent heir, and no system to probate his estate. A meeting followed Young's funeral at which a probate government was proposed. Doctor Ira Babcock of Jason Lee's Methodist Mission was elected Supreme Judge. Babcock chaired two meetings in 1842 at Champoeg (half way between Lee's mission and Oregon City) to discuss wolves and other animals of contemporary concern. These meetings were precursors to an all-citizen meeting in 1843, which instituted a provisional government headed by an executive committee made up of David Hill, Alanson Beers, and Joseph Gale. This government was the first acting public government of the Oregon Country before American annexation. Ewing Young expeditions to American West Ewing Young (1799 - February 9, 1841) was an American trapper from Tennessee who traveled the western United States before settling in Oregon Country. ... Probate is the legal process of settling the estate of a deceased person; specifically, resolving all claims and distributing the decedents property. ... Doctor Ira Leonard Babcock (c. ... Jason Lee (NSHC statue) Jason Lee (June 28, 1803 – March 12, 1845) an American missionary and pioneer, was born on a farm near Stanstead, Quebec. ... The Methodist Mission was founded in Oregon Country in 1834 by the Reverend Jason Lee. ... Champoeg, Oregon Champoeg, pronounced sham_POO_ee (SAMPA /ʃæm. ... Nickname: End of the Oregon Trail, OC Motto: Urbs civitatis nostrae prima et mater Location in Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Clackamas Founded 1829 Incorporated 1844 Government  - Mayor Alice Norris Area  - City  8. ... Wolves may refer to: Gray Wolf Other uses of Wolf: see Wolf (disambiguation) Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. Category: ... The Champoeg Meetings in Oregon Country were the first attempts at governing in the Pacific Northwest by United States European-American pioneers. ... An Executive Committee was the title of a three-person committee which served as the executive Branch of the Provisional Government of the Oregon Territory. ... David Hill (1809 – May 9, 1850), was a pioneer and settler of what became Hillsboro, Oregon, United States. ... Alanson Beers (1800 - February 20, 1853) was a blacksmith, pioneer and politician in the early days of the settlement of the Oregon Country. ... Joseph Gale (1807-1881) was an American pioneer, trapper, and politican who contributed to the early settlment of the Oregon Country. ... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ...

Map of Oregon in dispute. Resolved by the Oregon Treaty.
Map of Oregon in dispute. Resolved by the Oregon Treaty.

The Oregon Trail brought many new settlers to the region, starting in 1842–1843, after the United States agreed to jointly settle the Oregon Country with the United Kingdom. For some time, it seemed the United States and the United Kingdom would go to war for a third time in 75 years (see Oregon boundary dispute), but the border was defined peacefully in 1846 by the Oregon Treaty. The border between the United States and British North America was set at the 49th parallel. The Oregon Territory was officially organized in 1848. Image File history File links Oregoncountry. ... Image File history File links Oregoncountry. ... Map of the lands in dispute The Oregon Treaty, officially known as the Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and also known as the Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United... For other uses, see Oregon Trail (disambiguation). ... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... The Oregon Country/Columbia District Disputed Area is the main area of dispute, although the whole region was disputed The Oregon boundary dispute (often called the Oregon question) arose as a result of competing British and American claims to the Oregon Country, a region of northwestern North America known also... Map of the lands in dispute The Oregon Treaty, officially known as the Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and also known as the Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United... British North America consisted of the loyalist colonies and territories (i. ... “49th parallel” redirects here. ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ...


Settlement increased because of the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850, in conjunction with the forced relocation of the native population to Indian reservations in Oregon. The state was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859. The Donation Land Claim Act of 1850, sometimes known just as the Donation Land Act, was a historic law passed by the Congress of the United States intended to promote homestead settlement in the Oregon Territory in the Pacific Northwest (comprising the present-day states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho). ... Population transfer is a term referring to a policy by which a state, or international authority, forces the movement of a large group of people out of a region, most frequently on the basis of their ethnicity or religion. ... There are five Indian Reservations in Oregon which are the major part of the lands occupied or held in trust by the nine federally recognized tribes in the state: Burns Paiute Indian Reservation, for the Burns Paiute: 13,738 acres (56 km²) in Harney County; Grand Ronde, for the Confederated... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


At the outbreak of the American Civil War, regular U.S. troops were withdrawn and sent east. Volunteer cavalry were recruited in California and were sent north to Oregon to keep peace and protect the populace. The First Oregon Cavalry served until June 1865. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... First Oregon Cavalry The First Oregon Cavalry was a regiment of volunteers recruited in California that participated in the American Civil War. ...


In the 1880s, the proliferation of railroads assisted in marketing of the state's lumber and wheat, as well as the more rapid growth of its cities. Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ...


Industrial expansion began in earnest following the construction of the Bonneville Dam in 1943 on the Columbia River. The power, food, and lumber provided by Oregon helped fuel the development of the West, although the periodic fluctuations in the nation's building industry have hurt the state's economy on multiple occasions. Bonneville Lock and Dam is several dam structures that together complete a span of the Columbia River between the US states of Oregon and Washington at River Mile 146. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ...


The state has a long history of polarizing conflicts: Native Americans vs. British fur trappers, British vs. settlers from the U.S., ranchers vs. farmers, wealthy growing cities vs. established but poor rural areas, loggers vs. environmentalists, white supremacists vs. anti-racists, social progressivism vs. small-government conservatism, supporters of social spending vs. anti-tax activists, and native Oregonians vs. Californians (or outsiders in general). Oregonians also have a long history of secessionist ideas, with people in various regions and on all sides of the political spectrum attempting to form other states and even other countries. (See: State of Jefferson, Cascadia and Ecotopia.) Oregon state ballots often include politically conservative proposals (e.g. anti-gay, pro-religious measures) side-by-side with politically liberal ones (e.g. drug decriminalization), illustrating the wide spectrum of political thought in the state. The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ... White supremacy is a racist ideology which holds the belief that white people are superior to other races. ... For other uses, see Progressivism (disambiguation). ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... ... The Oregon tax revolt is a political movement in Oregon which advocates for lower taxes. ... For other uses, see Californication. ... The State of Jefferson, as proposed by Gilbert Gable in 1941. ... One popular proposed flag for Cascadia. ... Ecotopia: The Notebooks and Reports of William Weston is the title of a seminal book by Ernest Callenbach, published in 1975. ... For the general concept, see Prohibitionism. ...


Name of the state

Main article: Oregon (toponym)

The origin of the name "Oregon" is unknown. One account, advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech, was endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 1700s, on which the Ouisiconsink (Wisconsin) River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so that there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon". Other theories find the roots in the Spanish language, from words like Orejón ("big ear") or Aragón. The origin of the name of the U.S. state of Oregon is a subject of some dispute. ... George R. Stewarts books about U.S. highways were based on his cross-country drives in 1924, 1949 and 1950. ... Oregon Geographic Names is an authoritative compilation of the origin and meaning of place names in the state of Oregon. ...


The pronunciation of the name "Oregon" is a matter of local pride; Oregonians (pronounced IPA: /ˌɒrɨˈgoʊniɨnz/)[10] pronounce the name (in local pronunciation) as [ˈɔɹɨgən], and dutifully correct those from elsewhere, who often change the third syllable.[11][10]


Geography

National parks and historic areas in Oregon
Entity Location
Crater Lake National Park Southern Oregon
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument Eastern Oregon
Newberry National Volcanic Monument Central Oregon
Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument Southern Oregon
Oregon Caves National Monument Southern Oregon
California National Historic Trail Southern Oregon, California
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site Western Oregon, Washington
Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail IL, MO, KS, IA, NE, SD,
ND, MT, ID, OR, WA
Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks Western Oregon, Washington
Nez Perce National Historical Park MT, ID, OR, WA
Oregon National Historic Trail MO, KS, NE, WY, ID, OR
See also: List of counties in Oregon, List of cities and unincorporated communities in Oregon, Oregon Geographic Names, List of Oregon rivers, List of Oregon mountain ranges, List of Oregon state parks, and Oregon census statistical areas

Oregon's geography may be split roughly into seven areas: Image:CraterLake Oregon USA.jpg Crater Lake with Wizard Island Crater Lake National Park is a United States National Park located in Southern Oregon whose primary feature is Crater Lake. ... The region of Oregon south of Lane County and west of or in the Cascade Range, excluding the southern Oregon Coast. ... John Day Fossil Beds National Monument is a 14,000 acre (57 km²) park near Kimberly, Oregon. ... Eastern Oregon is a geographical term that is generally taken to mean the area of the state of Oregon east of the Cascade Range, save the region around the Dalles and sometimes Klamath County. ... Newberry National Volcanic National Monument was designated in November 1990 to protect the area around the Newberry Volcano in the United States. ... Central Oregon is a geographical term that is generally taken to apply to the portion of the state of Oregon that is east of the Cascade Range, near the geographic center of Oregon. ... Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument was established by President Bill Clinton in 2000. ... Oregon Caves National Monument is a national monument in the northern Siskiyou Mountains of southwestern Oregon in the United States. ... California Trail The California Trail was a major overland emigrant route across the American West from Missouri to California in the middle 19th century. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the Oregon Country. ... Western Oregon is a geographical term that is generally taken to apply to the portion of the state of Oregon that is west of the Cascade Range. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... In 1804, Meriwether Lewis & William Clark began a voyage of discovery with 45 men, a keelboat, two pirogues,and a dog. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Largest metro area Des Moines metropolitan area Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks, in the vicinity of the mouth of the Columbia River, commemorate the Lewis and Clark Expedition. ... The Nez Perce National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park comprisingf 38 sites located throughout the states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington which are the traditional aboriginal lands of the Nez Perce. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... For other uses of the term, see Oregon Trail (disambiguation) The route of the Oregon Trail is shown in red in the western United States Ruts made by wagons on the Oregon Trail in eastern Wyoming, at Register Cliff. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Map of the counties of Oregon List of Oregon counties: Baker County Benton County Clackamas County Clatsop County Columbia County Coos County Crook County Curry County Deschutes County Douglas County Gilliam County Grant County Harney County Hood River County Jackson County Jefferson County Josephine County Klamath County Lake County Lane... Astoria Champoeg (ghost town) Eugene Florence Government Camp Idanha Jacksonville La Grande Moro Ontario Pendleton Portland Prineville Salem The Dalles Troutdale Vanport West Linn Wheeler This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... Oregon Geographic Names is an authoritative compilation of the origin and meaning of place names in the state of Oregon. ... The following is a partial listing of rivers in the state of Oregon, United States of America. ... Many mountain ranges populate the American state of Oregon. ... This is a list of Oregon state parks. ... The United States Census Bureau has defined 2 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 6 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 13 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)[3] in the State of Oregon. ...

An aerial View of Crater Lake in Oregon
An aerial View of Crater Lake in Oregon

The mountainous regions of western Oregon were formed by the volcanic activity of Juan de Fuca Plate, a tectonic plate that poses a continued threat of volcanic activity and earthquakes in the region. The most recent major activity was the 1700 Cascadia earthquake; Washington's Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980, an event which was visible from Portland. Oregon coast at Brookings, Oregon. ... The Oregon Coast Range is a mountain range running north-south in western Oregon, United States. ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ... The Rogue Valley in southwestern Oregon The Rogue Valley is a farming and timber-producing region in southwestern Oregon in the United States. ... “Cascades” redirects here. ... The Trinity Alps near Granite Lake in July 2005 Rogue River Gorge, Oregon The Klamath Mountains, sometimes called the salmon mountains, are a rugged lightly populated mountain range in northwest California and southwest Oregon, the highest peaks being Mount Eddy (6 ft / 2 m) in Siskiyou County, California, Thompson peak... The Columbia River Plateau is shown in green on this map. ... Drainage map showing the Great Basin in orange Various Definitions of the Great Basin (NPS) Wheeler Peak in Great Basin National Park, Nevada. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A crater lake that simply goes by the name Crater Lake, in Oregon, USA Heaven Lake (Chonji / Tianchi), North Korea / China Cuicocha, Ecuador Lake formed after 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines Mount Katmai, Alaska, USA Mount Wenchi crater lake, Ethiopia Nemrut, Turkey Volcán Irazú, Costa Rica This page... A map of the Juan de Fuca Plate The Juan de Fuca Plate, named after the explorer, is a tectonic plate arising from the Juan de Fuca Ridge, and subducting under the northerly portion of the western side of the North American Plate. ... The tectonic plates of the world were mapped in the second half of the 20th century. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... Cascadia subduction zone Cascadia earthquake sources The 1700 Cascadia Earthquake was a magnitude 8. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... For the mountain in California, see Mount Saint Helena. ...

Mount Hood, with Trillium Lake in the foreground.
Mount Hood, with Trillium Lake in the foreground.

The Columbia River, which constitutes much of the northern border of Oregon, also played a major role in the region's geological evolution, as well as its economic and cultural development. The Columbia is one of North America's largest rivers, and the only river to cut through the Cascades. About 15,000 years ago, the Columbia repeatedly flooded much of Oregon during the Missoula Floods; the modern fertility of the Willamette Valley is largely a result of those floods. Plentiful salmon made parts of the river, such as Celilo Falls, hubs of economic activity for thousands of years. In the 20th century, numerous hydroelectric dams were constructed along the Columbia, with major impacts on salmon, transportation and commerce, electric power, and flood control. Image File history File links Trilliumlake. ... Image File history File links Trilliumlake. ... This article is about the tallest mountain in Oregon. ... Mt. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Glacial Lake Columbia (west) and Glacial Lake Missoula (east) are shown south of Cordilleran Ice Sheet. ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ... Dipnet Fishing at Celilo Falls Located between the states of Oregon and Washington, Celilo Falls was a unique natural feature formed by the relentless push of the Columbia River through basalt-laden narrows east of the Cascade Mountains, onward towards the Pacific Ocean—the final leg of the river... Hydroelectricity is electricity produced by hydropower. ...

Southern view of the Oregon coast from Ecola State Park, with Haystack Rock in the distance.
Southern view of the Oregon coast from Ecola State Park, with Haystack Rock in the distance.

Today, Oregon's landscape varies from rainforest in the Coast Range to barren desert in the southeast, which still meets the technical definition of a frontier. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 333 pixelsFull resolution (2882 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 333 pixelsFull resolution (2882 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Haystack Rock with The Needles Haystack Rock is a 235-foot tall monolith (or sea stack) on the Oregon coast in the northwestern United States, the third-tallest such structure in the world. ... The Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia. ... The Oregon Coast Range is a mountain range running north-south in western Oregon, United States. ... A frontier is a political and geographical term referring to areas near or beyond a boundary, or of a different nature. ...

Oregon is 295 miles (475 km) north to south at longest distance, and 395 miles (636 km) east to west at longest distance. In terms of land and water area, Oregon is the ninth largest state, covering 97,073 square miles (251,418 km²). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2122 × 1640 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2122 × 1640 pixel, file size: 2. ...


The highest point in Oregon is the summit of Mount Hood, at 11,239 feet (3,428 m), and its lowest point is sea level of the Pacific Ocean along the Oregon coast.[2] Its mean elevation is 3,300 feet (1,006 m). Crater Lake National Park is the state's only National Park, and the site of Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the U.S. at 1,943 feet (592 m).[12] Oregon claims the D River is the shortest river in the world,[13] though the American state of Montana makes the same claim of its Roe River.[14] Oregon is also home to Mill Ends Park (in Portland)[15], the smallest park in the world at 452 square inches (about 3 square feet, or 0.29 m²). This article is about the tallest mountain in Oregon. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Image:CraterLake Oregon USA.jpg Crater Lake with Wizard Island Crater Lake National Park is a United States National Park located in Southern Oregon whose primary feature is Crater Lake. ... This article is about national parks. ... A crater lake that simply goes by the name Crater Lake, in Oregon, USA Heaven Lake (Chonji / Tianchi), North Korea / China Cuicocha, Ecuador Lake formed after 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines Mount Katmai, Alaska, USA Mount Wenchi crater lake, Ethiopia Nemrut, Turkey Volcán Irazú, Costa Rica This page... The D River is a river in the state of Oregon in the United States. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... The Roe River runs between Giant Springs and the Missouri River near Great Falls, Montana. ... Mill Ends Park, the smallest park in the world Mill Ends Park in Portland, Oregon, United States, is a small park that was created on St. ...


Major cities and towns

Map of Oregon's population density.
Ten Most Populous Cities in Oregon[16]
City Population
1. Portland 562,690
2. Salem 149,305
3. Eugene 148,595
4. Gresham 97,745
5. Hillsboro 84,445
6. Beaverton 84,270
7. Bend 75,290
8. Medford 73,960
9. Springfield 57,065
10. Corvallis 53,900
Further information: List of cities and unincorporated communities in Oregon

Oregon's population is largely concentrated in the Willamette Valley, which stretches from Eugene (home of the University of Oregon, 3rd largest city) through Salem (the capital, 2nd largest) and Corvallis (home of Oregon State University) to Portland (Oregon's largest city.)[17] Image File history File links Oregon_population_map. ... Image File history File links Oregon_population_map. ... Astoria Champoeg (ghost town) Eugene Florence Government Camp Idanha Jacksonville La Grande Moro Ontario Pendleton Portland Prineville Salem The Dalles Troutdale Vanport West Linn Wheeler This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ... Nickname: Location in Marion and Polk Counties, state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Marion, Polk Founded 1842 Government  - Mayor Janet Taylor Area  - City  46. ... Nickname: Motto: The Worlds Greatest City of the Arts & Outdoors Coordinates: , Country State County Lane Founded 1846 Incorporated 1862 Government  - Mayor Kitty Piercy Area  - City 40. ... Gresham (IPA: ) is a city located in Multnomah County, Oregon about 18km east of Portland. ... Nickname: Location of Hillsboro in the state of Oregon Coordinates: , County Washington County Incorporated 1876 Government  - Mayor Tom Hughes Area  - City 58. ... Location in Oregon Coordinates: , County Washington County Incorporated 1893 Government  - Mayor Rob Drake Area  - City 42. ... Bend is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. ... Motto: The Center of the Rogue Valley Location in Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Jackson County Incorporated February 24, 1885 Government  - Mayor Gary Wheeler Area  - City  21. ... Location in Oregon Coordinates: , County Lane County Incorporated 1885 Government  - Mayor Sid Leiken Area  - City 37. ... Corvallis (IPA: ) is a city located in central western Oregon, USA. It is the county seat of Benton CountyGR6 and the principal city of the Corvallis, Oregon Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Benton County. ... Astoria Champoeg (ghost town) Eugene Florence Government Camp Idanha Jacksonville La Grande Moro Ontario Pendleton Portland Prineville Salem The Dalles Troutdale Vanport West Linn Wheeler This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ... Nickname: Motto: The Worlds Greatest City of the Arts & Outdoors Coordinates: , Country State County Lane Founded 1846 Incorporated 1862 Government  - Mayor Kitty Piercy Area  - City 40. ... The University of Oregon is a public university located in Eugene, Oregon. ... Nickname: Location in Marion and Polk Counties, state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Marion, Polk Founded 1842 Government  - Mayor Janet Taylor Area  - City  46. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Corvallis (IPA: ) is a city located in central western Oregon, USA. It is the county seat of Benton CountyGR6 and the principal city of the Corvallis, Oregon Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Benton County. ... Oregon State University (OSU) is a four-year research and degree-granting public university, located in Corvallis, Oregon (USA). ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ...


Astoria, at the mouth of the Columbia River, was the first permanent English-speaking settlement west of Rockies. Oregon City was the Oregon Territory's first incorporated city, and its first capital (from 1848 until 1852, when the capital was moved to Salem.) It was also the end of the Oregon Trail and the site of the first public library established west of the Rocky Mountains, stocked with only 300 volumes. Bend, near the geographic center of the state, is one of the ten fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the United States.[18] To the Southern part of the state, the Medford area is a rapidly growing metro area and culturally rich part of the state. It it home to The Rogue Valley International-Medford Airport, the third busiest airport in the state. Further to the south, near the California-Oregon border, is the community of Ashland, home of the Tony Award winning Oregon Shakespeare Festival. The Astoria Column Suomi Hall, the meeting hall of Finnish and Scandinavian immigrants, under the Astoria-Megler Bridge Woman walking her dog along the Columbia River in Astoria The city of Astoria is the county seat of Clatsop County, Oregon, United States. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... Nickname: End of the Oregon Trail, OC Motto: Urbs civitatis nostrae prima et mater Location in Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Clackamas Founded 1829 Incorporated 1844 Government  - Mayor Alice Norris Area  - City  8. ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ... For other uses, see Oregon Trail (disambiguation). ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... Bend is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. ... Medford is the name of some places in the United States of America: Medford, Maine Medford, Massachusetts Medford, Minnesota Medford, New Jersey Medford, New York Medford, Oklahoma Medford, Oregon Medford, Wisconsin Medford Hall, England Medford Lakes, New Jersey Medford Township, Kansas Medford Township, New Jersey Medford Township, Minnesota Medford Township... Rogue Valley International-Medford Airport (IATA: MFR, ICAO: KMFR) is a public airport located 3 miles (5 km) north of the city of Medford in Jackson County, Oregon, USA. In addition to Jackson County, the airport serves seven nearby counties in southwest Oregon. ... Ashland is the name of a number of places: In Canada Ashland, New Brunswick There is also Ashland Road, New Brunswick. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... OSF Elizabethan Stage The Oregon Shakespeare Festival (OSF) is a regional repertory theatre in Ashland, Oregon, United States. ...


Climate

Oregon's climate—especially in the western part of the state—is heavily influenced by the Pacific Ocean. The climate is generally mild, but periods of extreme hot and cold can affect parts of the state. Precipitation in the state varies widely: the deserts of eastern Oregon, such as the Alvord Desert (in the rain shadow of Steens Mountain), get as little as 200 mm (8 inches) annually, while some western coastal slopes approach 5000 mm (200 inches) annually. Oregon's population centers, which lie mostly in the western part of the state, are generally wet and soggy, while the high deserts of Central and Eastern Oregon are much drier. The Alvord Desert is a desert in the southeastern part of the American state of Oregon. ... For the television series see Rain Shadow. ... Steens Mountain is a fault-block mountain range in the southeastern part of the American state of Oregon. ... Mojave Desert The Mojave or Mohave Desert occupies a significant portion of Southern California and parts of Utah, Nevada, and Arizona. ...

Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures For Various Oregon Cities[19]
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Astoria 48/37 51/38 53/39 56/41 60/45 64/50 67/53 68/53 68/50 61/44 53/40 48/37
Burns 35/14 40/19 49/25 57/29 66/36 75/41 85/46 84/44 75/35 62/26 45/21 35/15
Eugene 46/33 51/35 56/37 61/39 67/43 73/47 82/51 82/51 77/47 65/40 52/37 46/33
Medford 47/31 54/33 58/36 64/39 72/44 81/50 90/55 90/55 84/48 70/40 53/35 45/31
Pendleton 40/27 46/31 55/35 62/40 70/46 79/52 88/58 87/57 77/50 64/41 48/34 40/28
Portland 46/34 50/36 56/39 60/42 67/48 73/53 79/57 80/57 75/52 63/45 52/40 45/35
Salem 47/34 51/35 56/37 61/39 68/44 74/48 82/52 82/52 77/48 64/41 52/38 46/34

The Astoria Column Suomi Hall, the meeting hall of Finnish and Scandinavian immigrants, under the Astoria-Megler Bridge Woman walking her dog along the Columbia River in Astoria The city of Astoria is the county seat of Clatsop County, Oregon, United States. ... Burns is a city in Harney County, Oregon, United States. ... Nickname: Motto: The Worlds Greatest City of the Arts & Outdoors Coordinates: , Country State County Lane Founded 1846 Incorporated 1862 Government  - Mayor Kitty Piercy Area  - City 40. ... Motto: The Center of the Rogue Valley Location in Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Jackson County Incorporated February 24, 1885 Government  - Mayor Gary Wheeler Area  - City  21. ... Pendleton is a city located in Umatilla County, Oregon. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ... Nickname: Location in Marion and Polk Counties, state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Marion, Polk Founded 1842 Government  - Mayor Janet Taylor Area  - City  46. ...

Law and government

The flags of the United States and Oregon flown side-by-side in downtown Portland.
The flags of the United States and Oregon flown side-by-side in downtown Portland.

The Oregon Country functioned as an independent republic[citation needed] with a three-person executive office and a chief executive until August 13, 1848, when Oregon was annexed by the United States, at which time a territorial government was established. Oregon maintained a territorial government until February 14, 1859, when it was granted statehood.[20] Oregon was the last state to enter the union before the outbreak of the Civil War.[citation needed] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1640x1104, 935 KB) Summary The flags of the United States and Oregon flying alongside one another, in downtown Portland, Oregon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1640x1104, 935 KB) Summary The flags of the United States and Oregon flying alongside one another, in downtown Portland, Oregon. ... Oregon flag (obverse) Oregon flag (reverse) The flag of Oregon a blue field on which are placed, on the obverse, the Seal of Oregon (supported by thirty-three stars, representing its order in joining the United States); the words STATE OF OREGON above; and the year of statehood, 1859, below. ... Portland, Oregons skyline is centered mainly in the southwest district of the city. ... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Annexation is the legal merging of some territory into another body. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


State government

See also: Government of Oregon

Oregon state government has a separation of powers similar to the federal government. It has three branches, called departments by the state's constitution: Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Separation of powers is a term coined by French political Enlightenment thinker Baron de Montesquieu[1][2], is a model for the governance of democratic states. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ... The Oregon Constitution is a U.S. state constitution, the governing document of the American state of Oregon. ...

Governors in Oregon serve four year terms and are limited to two consecutive terms, but an unlimited number of total terms. The Secretary of State serves as Lieutenant Governor for statutory purposes.[citation needed] The other statewide officers are Treasurer, Attorney General, Superintendent, and Labor Commissioner. The biennial Oregon Legislative Assembly consists of a thirty-member Senate and a sixty-member House. The state supreme court has seven elected justices, currently including the only two openly gay state supreme court justices in the nation. They choose one of their own to serve a six-year term as Chief Justice. The only court that may reverse or modify a decision of the Oregon Supreme Court is the Supreme Court of the United States. A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The Oregon Legislative Assembly is the legislature for the U.S. state of Oregon. ... In political science and constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the state. ... The Governor of Oregon is the top executive of the government of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Chief Executive may refer to: Chief Executive of Hong Kong Chief Executive of Macau Chief Executive Officer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... The Oregon Supreme Court is the highest state court in the Oregon judicial department (branch of government). ... The Secretary of State of Oregon, an elected constitutional officer within the executive branch of government, is second in line of succession to the Governor. ... The Oregon State Treasurer is a constitutional officer within the executive branch of the government of the U.S. state of Oregon, elected by statewide vote to serve a four year term. ... The Oregon Attorney General is a statutory office within the executive branch of the state of Oregon, and serves as the chief legal officer of the state, heading its Department of Justice with its six operating divisions. ... The Superintendent of Public Instruction, sometimes referred to as the State Superintendent of Schools, is a constitutional office[1] within the executive branch of the Oregon state government, and acts as administrative officer of the State Board of Education and executive head of the Department of Education. ... The Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries is an agency in the executive branch of the government of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Look up Biennial in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Biennial is a term referring to a period of two years, much in the same way centennial refers to 100 years. ... The Oregon Legislative Assembly is the legislature for the U.S. state of Oregon. ... The Oregon State Senate chamber in the State Capitol. ... The Oregon House of Representatives chamber in the State Capitol The Oregon House of Representatives is the lower house of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. ... The Oregon Supreme Court is the highest state court in the Oregon judicial department (branch of government). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the...


The debate over whether to move to annual sessions is a long-standing battle in Oregon politics, but the voters have resisted the move from citizen legislators to professional lawmakers. Because Oregon's state budget is written in two year increments and, having no sales tax, its revenue is based largely on income taxes, it is often significantly over- or under-budget. Recent legislatures have had to be called into special session repeatedly to address revenue shortfalls resulting from economic downturns, bringing to a head the need for more frequent legislative sessions.


The state maintains formal relationships with the nine federally recognized tribal governments in Oregon: This is a list of the 563 Native American Tribal Entities which are recognized by the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs. ...

Oregonians have voted for the Democratic Presidential candidate in every election since 1988. In 2004 and 2006, Democrats won control of the state Senate and then the House. Since the late 1990s, Oregon has been represented by four Democrats and one Republican in the U.S. House of Representatives, and by one U.S. Senator from each party. Democratic Governor Ted Kulongoski defeated Republicans in 2002 and 2006, defeating conservative Kevin Mannix and the more moderate Ron Saxton respectively. “Piute” redirects here. ... The Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians are also known as the Confederated Tribes of the Coos, and are a United States Bureau of Indian Affairs recognized Native American tribal entity. ... The Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon consists of five tribes with long historical ties to present-day western Oregon between the Coast Range and the Cascade Range: Chasta (present-day Oregon bands of the Shasta) Kalapuya Molalla Rogue River (a tribe whose bands were split between... Flag of the Confederated Tribes of Siletz The Confederated Tribes of Siletz in the United States is a federally recognized confederation of 27 Native American tribal bands that once inhabited a range from northern California to southwest Washington. ... The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs is a federally recognized confederation of Native American tribes who currently live on and govern the Warm Springs Indian Reservation in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Flag of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation is a federally recognized confederation of three Sahaptin-speaking Native American tribes who traditionally inhabited the Columbia River Plateau region: the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla. ... Tribal flag The Coquille Tribe are a United States Bureau of Indian Affairs-recognized Native American tribal entity, based in North Bend, Oregon. ... Cow Creek may refer to: Cow Creek, a tributary of the Missouri in the United States. ... Umpqua refers to two distinct groups of Native Americans that live in south central Oregon in the United States. ... Flag of the Klamath Tribes The Klamath Tribes, formerly the Klamath Indian Tribe of Oregon, are a federally recognized confederation of three Native American tribes who traditionally inhabited Southern Oregon and Northern California in the United States: the Klamath, Modoc, and Yahooskin. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... GOP redirects here. ... The Governor of Oregon is the top executive of the government of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Theodore R. Ted Kulongoski (born November 5, 1940, in rural Missouri[1]) is an American Democratic politician. ... Kevin Mannix is an Oregon politician and former chairman of the Republican Party in Oregon. ... Ronald L. Saxton (born 1954, Albany, Oregon) is a lawyer[1] and Republican politician in Oregon. ...


The base of Democratic support is largely concentrated in the urban centers of the Willamette Valley. In both 2000 and 2004, the Democratic Presidential candidate won Oregon, but did so with majorities in only eight of Oregon's 36 counties.

Oregon's Capitol
Oregon's Capitol

Oregon's politics are largely similar to those of neighboring Washington, for instance in the contrast between urban and rural issues. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ...


In the 2004 general election, Oregon voters passed ballot measures banning gay marriage, and restricting land use regulation. In the 2006 general election, voters restricted the use of eminent domain and extended the state's discount prescription drug coverage.[21] In political science, the initiative (also known as popular or citizens initiative) provides a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote on a proposed statute, constitutional amendment, charter amendment, or ordinance. ... Ballot Measure 36 of 2004 amended the Oregon Constitution by adding the following provision: It is the policy of Oregon, and its political subdivisions, that only a marriage between one man and one woman shall be valid or legally recognized as a marriage. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Oregons 2006 statewide election includes a May 16 Primary Election and a November General Election. ... Oregon Ballot Measure 39, passed in the 2006 General Election, is a ballot measure that prohibits the government from condemning property from one private party (by eminent domain) on behalf of another private party. ...


The distribution, sales and consumption of alcoholic beverages are regulated in the state by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission. Thus, Oregon is an Alcoholic beverage control state. While wine and beer are available in most grocery stores, comparatively few stores sell hard liquor. Alcoholic beverages An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, although in chemistry the definition of alcohol includes many other compounds. ... The Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) is an agency of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Map of Alcoholic Beverage Control States, current as of February 2006. ...


Entering the Union at a time when the status of "Negroes" was very much in question, and wishing to stay out of the looming conflict between the Union and Confederate States, Oregon banned African Americans from moving into the state in the vote to adopt its Constitution (1858). This ban was not officially lifted until 1925; in 2002, additional language now considered racist was struck from the Oregon Constitution by the voters of Oregon. Negro means the color black in both Spanish and Portuguese languages, being derived from the Latin word niger of the same meaning. ... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... The Oregon Constitution is a U.S. state constitution, the governing document of the American state of Oregon. ...


Federal government

Like all U.S. states, Oregon is represented by two U.S. Senators. Since the 1980 census Oregon has had five Congressional districts. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... As of the 2000 census, there are five Oregon congressional districts. ...


After Oregon was admitted to the Union, it began with a single member in the House of Representatives (La Fayette Grover, who served in the 35th United States Congress for less than a month). Congressional apportionment led to the addition of new members following the censuses of 1890, 1910, 1940, and 1980. A detailed list of the past and present Congressional delegations from Oregon is available. La Fayette Grover (November 29, 1823 – May 10, 1911) was a Democratic representative and senator from Oregon, USA. Grover was born in Bethel, Maine. ... Sessions of the 35th Congress, (1857-1859) Rusk was elected in place of Mason March 14, 1857. ... US Congressional apportionment for states in 2000 The membership of the United States House of Representatives changes each decade following the decennial United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Oregon to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ...


The United States District Court for the District of Oregon hears Federal cases in the state. Oregon (among other western states and territories) is in the 9th judicial circuit. The United States District Court for the District of Oregon is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Oregon. ... The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: District of Alaska District of Arizona Central District of California Eastern District of California Northern District of California Southern District of California District of Hawaii...


Elections

Oregon voter registration by party, 1950–2006
Oregon voter registration by party, 1950–2006
See also: United States presidential election, 2004, in Oregon and Oregon statewide elections, 2006

Oregon adopted many electoral reforms proposed during the Progressive Era, through the efforts of William S. U'Ren and his Direct Legislation League. Under his leadership, the state overwhelmingly approved a ballot measure in 1902 that created the initiative and referendum processes for citizens to directly introduce or approve proposed laws or amendments to the state constitution, making Oregon the first state to adopt such a system. Today, roughly half of U.S. states do so.[22] In following years, the primary election to select party candidates was adopted in 1904, and in 1908 the Oregon Constitution was amended to include recall of public officials. More recent amendments include the nation's only doctor-assisted suicide law,[23] called the Death with Dignity law (which was challenged, unsuccessfully, in 2005 by the Bush administration in a case heard by the U.S. Supreme Court), legalization of medical marijuana, and among the nation's strongest anti-sprawl and pro-environment laws. More recently, 2004's Measure 37 reflects a backlash against such land use laws. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution‎ (982 × 614 pixels, file size: 55 KB, MIME type: image/png) Voter registration totals in general elections from 1950-2006. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution‎ (982 × 614 pixels, file size: 55 KB, MIME type: image/png) Voter registration totals in general elections from 1950-2006. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Oregons 2006 statewide election includes a May 16 Primary Election and a November General Election. ... In the United States, the Progressive Era was a period of reform which lasted from the 1890s through the 1920s. ... William Simon Uren (January 10, 1859-March 5, 1949) was the father of Oregons Initiative process. ... The Direct Legislation League was an organization of political activists founded in 1898 by William S. URen. ... initiative, see Initiative (disambiguation). ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... For other uses, see Primary. ... The Oregon Constitution is a U.S. state constitution, the governing document of the American state of Oregon. ... Measure 16 of 1994 established Oregons Death with Dignity Act (ORS 127. ... The Bush administration includes President George W. Bush, Vice President Richard Cheney, Bushs Cabinet, and other select officials and advisors. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Of the measures placed on the ballot since 1902, the people have passed 99 of the 288 initiatives and 25 of the 61 referendums on the ballot, though not all of them survived challenges in courts (see Pierce v. Society of Sisters, for an example). During the same period, the legislature has referred 363 measures to the people, of which 206 have passed. // The following is a partial list of Oregon ballot measures. ... initiative, see Initiative (disambiguation). ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... Pierce v. ...


Oregon pioneered the American use of postal voting, beginning with experimentation authorized by the Oregon Legislative Assembly in 1981 and culminating with a 1998 ballot measure mandating that all counties conduct elections by mail. Postal Voting describes the method of voting in an election whereby ballot papers are distributed and/or returned by post to electors, in contrast to electors voting in person at a Polling station or electronically via an Electronic voting system. ... The Oregon Legislative Assembly is the legislature for the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Oregon Ballot Measure 60, was an initiative passed by voters in the state of Oregon in 1998. ...


In the U.S. Electoral College, Oregon casts seven votes. Oregon has supported Democratic candidates in the last five elections. Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry won the state in 2004 by a margin of four percentage points, with 51.4% of the popular vote. The United States Electoral College is the electoral college that chooses the President and Vice President of the United States at the conclusion of each Presidential election. ...


Economy

The Oregon State Quarter features Crater Lake.
The Oregon State Quarter features Crater Lake.
A grain elevator in Halsey storing grass seed, one of the state's largest crops.
A grain elevator in Halsey storing grass seed, one of the state's largest crops.

Land in the Willamette Valley owes its fertility to the Missoula Floods, which deposited lake sediment from Lake Missoula in western Montana onto the valley floor.[24] This soil is the source of a wealth of agricultural products, including potatoes, peppermint, hops, and apples and other fruits.[citation needed] Download high resolution version (1167x1189, 151 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1167x1189, 151 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. ... A crater lake that simply goes by the name Crater Lake, in Oregon, USA Heaven Lake (Chonji / Tianchi), North Korea / China Cuicocha, Ecuador Lake formed after 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines Mount Katmai, Alaska, USA Mount Wenchi crater lake, Ethiopia Nemrut, Turkey Volcán Irazú, Costa Rica This page... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1418x1725, 236 KB) Grass seed warehouse in Halsey, Oregon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1418x1725, 236 KB) Grass seed warehouse in Halsey, Oregon. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Halsey is a city located in Linn County, Oregon. ... Glacial Lake Columbia (west) and Glacial Lake Missoula (east) are shown south of Cordilleran Ice Sheet. ... Glacial Lake Missoula was a prehistoric proglacial lake in western Montana that existed periodically at the end of the last ice age between 15,000 and 13,000 years ago. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Mentha × piperita L. Peppermint (Mentha × piperita) is a (usually) sterile hybrid mint, a cross between watermint (Mentha aquatica) and spearmint (Mentha spicata). ... Hop umbel (branched floral structure resembling nested-inverted umbrellas) in a Hallertau hop yard Hops are a flower used primarily as a flavouring and stability agent in beer, as well as in herbal medicine. ... Species Malus domestica Malus sieversii Apple is the fruit (pome) of the genus Malus belonging to the family Rosaceae, and is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ...


Oregon is also one of four major world hazelnut growing regions, and produces 95% of the domestic hazelnuts in the United States. While the history of the wine production in Oregon can be traced to before Prohibition, it became a significant industry beginning in the 1970s. In 2005, Oregon ranked third among U.S. states with 303 wineries.[25] Due to regional similarities in climate and soil, the grapes planted in Oregon are often the same varieties found in the French regions of Alsace and Burgundy. In the northeastern region of the state, particularly around Pendleton, both irrigated and dryland wheat is grown. Oregon farmers and ranchers also produce cattle, sheep, dairy products, eggs and poultry. Binomial name Corylus avellana L. The Common Hazel (Corylus avellana) is a shrub native to Europe and Asia. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... The state of Oregon has established an international reputation for its production of wine. ... Alsatian wine has a long history. ... Burgundy wine (in French, Bourgogne) is wine made in the Burgundy AOC region of France. ... Pendleton is a city located in Umatilla County, Oregon. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... A dairy farm near Oxford, New York in the United States. ...


Vast forests have historically made Oregon one of the nation's major timber production and logging states, but forest fires (such as the Tillamook Burn), over-harvesting, and lawsuits over the proper management of the extensive federal forest holdings have reduced the amount of timber produced. According to the Oregon Forest Resources Institute, between 1989 and 2001 the amount of timber harvested from federal lands dropped some 96%, from 4,333 million to 173 million board feet (10,000,000 to 408,000 m³), although harvest levels on private land have remained relatively constant.[26] Even the shift in recent years towards finished goods such as paper and building materials has not slowed the decline of the timber industry in the state. The effects of this decline have included Weyerhaeuser's acquisition of Portland-based Willamette Industries in January 2002, the relocation of Louisiana Pacific's corporate headquarters from Portland to Nashville, and the decline of former lumber company towns such as Gilchrist. Despite these changes, Oregon still leads the United States in softwood lumber production; in 2001, 6,056 million board feet (14,000,000 m³) was produced in Oregon, compared to 4,257 million board feet (10,050,000 m³). in Washington, 2,731 million board feet (6,444,000 m³) in California, 2,413 million board feet (5,694,000 m³) in Georgia, and 2,327 million board feet (5,491,000 m³) in Mississippi.[27] The effect of the forest industry crunch is still extensive unemployment in rural Oregon and is a bone of contention between rural and urban Oregon.[citation needed] Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... Logging is the process in which trees are cut down usually as part of a timber harvest which is good for the environment. ... The Tillamook Burn was a series of forest fires in the Coast Range of Oregon in the United States that destroyed a total area of 355,000 acres (1,400 km&sup2) of old growth timber, as well as the location of these fires. ... Oregon Forest Resources Institute (OFRI) is an educational organization dedicated to forestry issues, including education and training for schools, forest land owners, and other interested parties. ... The board foot is a specialized unit of volume for measuring lumber in the United States. ... Weyerhaeuser is one of the largest pulp and paper companies in the world; the worlds largest private owner of softwood timberland; and the second largest owner in the United States, behind International Paper. ... Willamette Industries, Inc. ... Louisiana Pacific (NYSE: LPX) is a building material manufacturer. ... “Nashville” redirects here. ... A company town is a town or city in which most or all real estate, buildings (both residential and commercial), utilities, hospitals, small businesses such as grocery stores and gas stations, and other necessities or luxuries of life within its borders are owned by a single company. ... Gilchrist is an unincorporated community in Klamath County, Oregon on US 97 between Bend and Klamath Falls. ... Despite being fairly hard, cedar is a softwood Softwood is a generic term used in woodworking and the lumber industries for wood from conifers (needle-bearing trees from the order Pinales). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Oregon occasionally hosts film shoots. Movies wholly or partially filmed in Oregon include The Goonies, National Lampoon's Animal House, Stand By Me, Kindergarten Cop, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Paint Your Wagon, The Hunted, Sometimes a Great Notion, Elephant, Bandits, The Ring, The Ring 2, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 3, Short Circuit, Come See The Paradise, The Shining, Drugstore Cowboy, My Own Private Idaho, The Postman, Homeward Bound, Free Willy, Free Willy 2, 1941, and Swordfish. Oregon native Matt Groening, creator of The Simpsons, has incorporated many references from his hometown of Portland into the TV series.[28] Oregon's scenic coastal and mountain highways are frequently seen in automobile commercials.[citation needed] Principal Photography refers to the phase of film production during which the movie is actually shot, as distinct from pre-production and post-production. ... The Goonies was a hit movie in 1985, directed by Richard Donner. ... National Lampoons Animal House is a 1978 comedy film in which a misfit group of fraternity boys take on the system at their college. ... For other uses, see Stand by Me. ... Kindergarten Cop (1990) is a comedy film directed by Ivan Reitman and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. ... One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest is a 1975 film directed by Miloš Forman. ... Clint Eastwood and Lee Marvin in a promo still for Paint Your Wagon. ... This article is about the movie; The Hunted is also the title of a 1997 novel by Elmore Leonard and a third season episode from Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... Sometimes A Great Notion was a 1971 film, starring Paul Newman and Henry Fonda, and featuring Richard Jaeckel in his Oscar nominated role. ... Movie poster for Elephant Elephant (2003) is a film by director Gus Van Sant, an account of a school shooting in fictional Watt High School, in Portland, Oregon. ... Bandits is a 2001 comedy/crime/drama/romance movie directed by Barry Levinson. ... “The Ring” redirects here. ... The Ring Two (2005) is the sequel to the horror movie, The Ring, which is an American remake of the original Japanese movie, Ringu. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For alternate meanings see Short circuit (disambiguation) A short circuit (sometimes known as simply a short) is a fault whereby electricity moves through a circuit in an unintended path, usually due to a connection forming where none was expected. ... Come See the Paradise is a 1990 movie directed by Alan Parker and starring Dennis Quaid and Tamlyn Tomita. ... For other uses of this term, see Shining. ... Drugstore Cowboy is a 1989 film written and directed by Gus Van Sant. ... My Own Private Idaho is a 1991 gay-themed independent film written and directed by Gus Van Sant, loosely based on Shakespeares Henry IV, part 1. ... For other uses, see Postman (disambiguation). ... Free Willy is a 1993 Warner Bros. ... Free Willy 2: The Adventure Home is a 1995 film, starring Jason James Richter and August Schellenberg. ... 1941 is Steven Spielbergs fourth theatrical film, written by Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale. ... Swordvag1na (sometimes referred to as Password: Swordvag1na or Operation: Swordvag1na) is an action/thriller film. ... Matthew Abram Groening is an American cartoonist (Life in Hell) and the Emmy Award-winning creator of the animated series, The Simpsons and Futurama. ... Simpsons redirects here. ...

Largest Public Corporations Headquartered in Oregon[29]
Corporation Headquarters Market cap
1. Nike, Inc. near Beaverton $29,466 million
2. Precision Castparts Corp. Portland $16,688
3. FLIR Systems Wilsonville $3,066
4. StanCorp Financial Group, Inc. Portland $2,802
5. Columbia Sportswear near Beaverton $2,493
6. Portland General Electric Portland $1,715
7. Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc. Portland $1,442
8. Umpqua Holdings Corporation Portland $1,360
9. Northwest Natural Gas Portland $1,246
10. FEI Company Hillsboro $1,151

High technology industries and services have been a major employer since the 1970s. Tektronix was the largest private employer in Oregon until the late 1980s. Intel's creation and expansion of several facilities in eastern Washington County continued the growth that Tektronix had started. Intel, the state's largest private employer, operates four large facilities, with Ronler Acres, Jones Farm and Hawthorn Farm all located in Hillsboro. The spinoffs and startups that were produced by these two companies led to the establishment in that area of the so-called Silicon Forest. The recession and dot-com bust of 2001 hit the region hard; many high technology employers reduced the number of their employees or went out of business. OSDL made news in 2004 when they hired Linus Torvalds, developer of the Linux kernel. Recently, biotechnology giant Genentech purchased several acres of land in Hillsboro in an effort to expand its production capabilities.[30] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Corporation (disambiguation). ... Market capitalization, or market cap, is a measurement of corporate or economic size equal to the stock price times the number of shares outstanding of a public company. ... Nike, Inc. ... Location in Oregon Coordinates: , County Washington County Incorporated 1893 Government  - Mayor Rob Drake Area  - City 42. ... Precision Castparts Corp. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ... FLIR Systems was established in 1978 to pioneer the development of high-performance, low-cost infrared (thermal) imaging systems for airborne applications. ... Motto: Serving The Community With Pride Location in Oregon Coordinates: County Clackamas County Incorporated 1969 Government  - Mayor Charlotte Lehan Area  - City 17. ... StanCorp Financial Group, Inc. ... Columbia Sportswear Company NASDAQ: COLM is a United States company that manufactures and distributes outerwear and sportswear. ... Portland General Electric (PGE) is an investor-owned electrical utility that distributes electricity to customers in parts of Portland, Oregon, as well as parts of Multnomah, Clackamas, Marion, Yamhill, Washington, and Polk counties - half of the inhabitants of Oregon. ... Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc. ... Umpqua Holdings Corporation (NASDAQ: UMPQ) is a financial holding company that has two principal operating subsidiaries, Umpqua Bank (the Bank), and Strand, Atkinson, Williams and York, Inc. ... NW Natural (NYSE: NWN) is a publicly traded utility headquartered in Portland, Oregon, United States. ... FEI Company (NASDAQ: FEIC), founded in 1971, is a supplier of electron microscopy tools to researchers, developers and manufacturers working on the nanoscale. ... Nickname: Location of Hillsboro in the state of Oregon Coordinates: , County Washington County Incorporated 1876 Government  - Mayor Tom Hughes Area  - City 58. ... Tektronix is a United States corporation that is currently a major presence in the test, measurement, and measuring industry. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Nickname: Location of Hillsboro in the state of Oregon Coordinates: , County Washington County Incorporated 1876 Government  - Mayor Tom Hughes Area  - City 58. ... The Silicon Forest is a nickname for the Portland metropolitan area in Oregon and Southwest Washington. ... The dot-com bubble was a speculative bubble covering roughly 1995–2001 during which stock markets in Western nations saw their value increase rapidly from growth in the new Internet sector and related fields. ... The Open Source Development Lab (OSDL) is a non-profit organization supported by a global consortium dedicated to advancement of Linux, an operating system. ... Linus Benedict Torvalds  ; born December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland, is a Finnish software engineer best known for initiating the development of the Linux kernel. ... The Linux kernel is a Unix-like operating system kernel. ... The structure of insulin Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Genentech, Inc. ...


Oregon is also the home of large corporations in other industries. The world headquarters of Nike, Inc. are located near Beaverton. Medford is home to two of the largest mail order companies in the country: Harry and David Operations Corp. which sells gift items under several brands, and Musician's Friend, an international catalog and Internet retailer of musical instruments and related products.Medford is also home to the national headquarters of the Fortune 1000 company, Lithia Motors. Portland is home to one of the West's largest trade book publishing houses, Graphic Arts Center Publishing. Nike, Inc. ... Location in Oregon Coordinates: , County Washington County Incorporated 1893 Government  - Mayor Rob Drake Area  - City 42. ... Motto: The Center of the Rogue Valley Location in Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Jackson County Incorporated February 24, 1885 Government  - Mayor Gary Wheeler Area  - City  21. ... Harry and David Operations Corp. ... Musicians Friend is Americas largest direct response retailer of musical instruments and related gear. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Motto: The Center of the Rogue Valley Location in Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Jackson County Incorporated February 24, 1885 Government  - Mayor Gary Wheeler Area  - City  21. ... Fortune 1000 is a reference to a list maintained by the American business magazine Fortune. ... Lithia Motors, Inc. ... “Publisher” redirects here. ... Graphic Arts Center Publishing Company is a book publishing company based in Portland, Oregon. ...


Oregon has one of the largest salmon-fishing industries in the world, although ocean fisheries have reduced the river fisheries in recent years. Tourism is also strong in the state; Oregon's evergreen mountain forests, waterfalls, pristine lakes (including Crater Lake National Park), and scenic beaches draw visitors year round. The Oregon Shakespeare Festival, held in Ashland, is a tourist draw which complements the southern region of the state's scenic beauty and opportunity for outdoor activities. For other uses, see Salmon (disambiguation). ... Tourist redirects here. ... Image:CraterLake Oregon USA.jpg Crater Lake with Wizard Island Crater Lake National Park is a United States National Park located in Southern Oregon whose primary feature is Crater Lake. ... OSF Elizabethan Stage The Oregon Shakespeare Festival (OSF) is a regional repertory theatre in Ashland, Oregon, United States. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Jackson Settled 1852 Government  - Mayor John Morrison Area  - City  6. ...


Oregon is home to a number of smaller breweries and Portland has the largest number of breweries of any city in the world.[31] The following is a list of Oregon-based breweries and microbreweries. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ...


Oregon's gross state product is $132.66 billion as of 2006, making it the 27th largest GSP in the nation.[32] Gross state product is a measurment of the economic output of a U.S. state or an Australian state. ...


Taxes and budgets

Oregon's biennial state budget, $42.4 billion as of 2007, comprises General Funds, Federal Funds, Lottery Funds, and Other Funds. Personal income taxes account for 88% of the General Fund's projected funds.[33] The Lottery Fund, which has grown steadily since the lottery was approved in 1984, exceeded expectations in the 2007 fiscal years, at $604 million.[34] Look up Biennial in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Biennial is a term referring to a period of two years, much in the same way centennial refers to 100 years. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income...


Oregon is one of only five states that have no sales tax.[35] Oregon voters have been resolute in their opposition to a sales tax, voting proposals down each of the 9 times they have been presented.[36] The last vote, for 1993's Measure 1, was defeated by a 72–24% margin.[37] Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Part of the Taxation series        A sales tax is a tax on consumption and is normally a certain percentage that is added onto the price of goods or services that are purchased. ... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ...


The state also has a minimum corporate tax of only $10 per year, amounting to 5.6% of the General Fund in the 2005–2007 biennium; data about what businesses pay the minimum is not available to the public.[38] As a result, the state relies almost entirely on property and income taxes for its revenue. Oregon has the 5th highest personal income tax per person in the nation. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Oregon ranked 41st out of the 50 states in taxes per person in 2005.[39] The average paid of $1,791.45 is higher than only nine other states.[39] Property tax, millage tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the property being taxed. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income...


Some local governments levy sales taxes on services: the city of Ashland, for example, collects a 5% sales tax on prepared food.[40] Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Jackson Settled 1852 Government  - Mayor John Morrison Area  - City  6. ...


Oregon is one of 6 states with a revenue limit.[41] The "kicker" law stipulates that when income tax collections exceed state economists' estimates by 2 percent or more, all of the excess must be returned to taxpayers.[42] Since the inception of the law in 1979, refunds have been issued for seven of the eleven biennia.[43] In 2000, Ballot Measure 86 converted the "kicker" law from statute to the Oregon Constitution, and changed some of its provisions. The Oregon Constitution is a U.S. state constitution, the governing document of the American state of Oregon. ...


Federal payments to county governments, which were granted to replace timber revenues when logging in National Forests was restricted in the 1990s, have been under threat of suspension for several years. This issue dominates the future revenue of rural counties, which have come to rely on the payments in providing essential services.[44]


Most of state revenues are spent on public education.[45]


Demographics

Oregon population by decade, 1850–2000 (source: Census data)
Oregon population by decade, 1850–2000 (source: Census data)

As of 2005, Oregon has an estimated population of 3,641,056, which is an increase of 49,693, or 1.4%, from the prior year and an increase of 219,620, or 6.4%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 75,196 people (that is 236,557 births minus 161,361 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 150,084 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 72,263 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 77,821 people. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 526 pixelsFull resolution‎ (984 × 647 pixels, file size: 53 KB, MIME type: image/png) Oregon population. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 526 pixelsFull resolution‎ (984 × 647 pixels, file size: 53 KB, MIME type: image/png) Oregon population. ...


The center of population of Oregon is located in Linn County, in the city of Lyons.[46] Center of population is a subject of study in the field of demographics. ... Linn County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Lyons is a city located in Linn County, Oregon. ...


As of 2004, Oregon's population included 309,700 foreign-born residents (accounting for 8.7% of the state population) and an estimated 90,000 illegal aliens (2.5% of the state population).

Demographics of Oregon (csv)
By race White Black AIAN Asian NHPI
AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native   -   NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
2000 (total population) 93.45% 2.17% 2.54% 3.75% 0.48%
2000 (Hispanic only) 7.63% 0.17% 0.32% 0.10% 0.05%
2005 (total population) 92.95% 2.38% 2.44% 4.25% 0.50%
2005 (Hispanic only) 9.38% 0.24% 0.34% 0.11% 0.05%
Growth 2000-2005 (total population) 5.85% 16.64% 2.45% 20.78% 10.87%
Growth 2000-2005 (non-Hispanic only) 3.63% 13.63% 0.62% 20.75% 10.26%
Growth 2000-2005 (Hispanic only) 30.84% 52.63% 15.25% 21.84% 16.42%

The largest reported ancestry groups in Oregon are: German (20.5%), English (13.2%), Irish (11.9%), American (6.2%), and Mexican (5.5%). It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... British Americans are Americans whose ancestry stems, either wholly or in part, from one of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom. ...


Most Oregon counties are inhabited principally by residents of European ancestry. Concentrations of Mexican-Americans are highest in Malheur and Jefferson counties. The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Malheur County is a county located in the southeast corner of the state of Oregon. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ...


6.5% of Oregon's population were reported as less than 5 years old, 24.7% under 18, and 12.8% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.4% of the population.

See also: List of people from Oregon, List of Portlanders, and Oregon locations by per capita income

This is a list of some famous people strongly associated with the state of Oregon: Robert H. Adleman (1919–1995), novelist, historian and restauranteur Danny Ainge (1959–), former NBA star Carl Barks (1901–2001), comic book writer and artist James Beard (1903–1985), American chef and food journalist Grayson Boucher... The following is a partial list of Portlanders, people from or with connections to Portland, Oregon; a separate list of people from Oregon is available: Addy, Obo, worldbeat musician originally from Ghana Adkins, Brad, contemporary artist Alexakis, Art, member of Everclear Armstrong, Garner Ted, televangelist Auel, Jean M. Author of... The following is a list of Oregon counties and places in order of per capita income. ...

Religion

Of the U.S. states, Oregon has the third largest percentage of people identifying themselves as "non-religious" (tied with Colorado at 21 percent), after Washington and Vermont.[47] Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

See also: Religion in the United States#Popular affiliation and Category:Religious culture of the Pacific Northwest

The Washington National Cathedral, located in the capital of the U.S., is one of the largest churches in the country. ...

2000–2003 population trends

Estimates released September 2004 show double-digit growth in Latino and Asian American populations since the 2000 Census. About 60% of the 138,197 new residents come from ethnic and racial minorities. Asian growth is located mostly in the metropolitan areas of Portland, Salem, and Eugene; Hispanic population growth is across the state. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify themselves with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ...


Education

OSU's Bell Tower.
OSU's Bell Tower.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1728x2304, 392 KB) Summary Photo taken 21 May 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1728x2304, 392 KB) Summary Photo taken 21 May 2005. ...

Colleges and universities

Public

See also: Oregon University System

The Oregon University System supports seven public universities and one affiliate in the state. The University of Oregon in Eugene is Oregon's flagship liberal arts institution,[48] and was the state's only nationally ranked university by US News & World Reports.[49] Oregon State University is located in Corvallis and holds the distinction of being the state's flagship in science, engineering and agricultural research and academics. The university is also the state's highest ranking university/college in a world survey of academic merit.[50] The Oregon University System (OUS) consists of seven public, four-year universities in the State of Oregon administered by the Chancellor of the OUS, who serves at the will and pleasure of the Oregon State Board of Higher Education. ... The University of Oregon is a public university located in Eugene, Oregon. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... Oregon State University (OSU) is a four-year research and degree-granting public university, located in Corvallis, Oregon (USA). ...


The State has three regional universities: Western Oregon University in Monmouth, Southern Oregon University in Ashland, and Eastern Oregon University in La Grande. Portland State University is Oregon's largest. The Oregon Institute of Technology has its campus in Klamath Falls. The affiliate Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) comprises a medical, dental, and nursing school in Portland and a science and engineering school in Hillsboro. Western Oregon University, located in Monmouth, Oregon, USA, was established in 1856 by Oregon pioneers as Monmouth University, a private college, and later merged with another private institution to become Christian College. ... Southern Oregon University is a university in Ashland, Oregon. ... Eastern Oregon University (or EOU) is one of seven state-funded, four-year universities of higher education in the U.S. state of Oregon and belongs to the Oregon University System. ... Portland State University Portland State University is a public state urban university located in downtown Portland, Oregon. ... For other uses, see OIT (disambiguation). ... Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) is the present-day (2005) name for a university that can trace its roots back to the 1860s. ...


Oregon has historically struggled to fund higher education. Recently, Oregon has cut its higher education budget over 2002–2006 and now Oregon ranks 46th in the country in state spending per student. However, 2007 legislation forced tuition increases to cap at 3% per year, and funded the OUS far beyond the requested governor's budget.[51]


Private

Oregon is home to a wide variety of private colleges. The University of Portland and Marylhurst University are Catholic institutions in the Portland area. Concordia University, Lewis & Clark College, Multnomah Bible College, Reed College, Warner Pacific College, Cascade College, and the National College of Natural Medicine are also in Portland. Pacific University is in the Portland suburb of Forest Grove. The University of Portland (UP) is a private Catholic university located in Portland, Oregon. ... Marylhurst University is a private Catholic university located in Portland Oregon on the Willamette River. ... Concordia University is a Christian university affiliated with the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod and the Concordia University System located in northeast Portland, Oregon. ... Lewis & Clark College is a private liberal arts college in Portland, Oregon. ... On February 14, 1936, Rev. ... Reed College is a private, independent liberal arts college located in Portland, Oregon. ... Warner Pacific College is an urban residential and commuter Christian liberal arts college located in Southeast Portland, Oregon. ... Cascade College Cascade College is a private, four-year, liberal arts college located in Portland, Oregon affiliated with the Church of Christ. ... NCNM Campus In Portland, OR Founded in May 1956, National College of Naturopathic Medicine (NCNM) is the oldest programmatically accredited naturopathic medical school in North America. ... Not to be confused with University of the Pacific. ... Forest Grove is a city located in Washington County 25 miles west of Portland, Oregon. ...


There are also private colleges further south in the Willamette Valley. McMinnville has Linfield College, while nearby Newberg is home to George Fox University. Salem is home to two private schools, Willamette University (the state's oldest, established during the provisional period) and Corban College. Eugene is home to two private colleges: Northwest Christian College and Eugene Bible College. Linfield College is a private, four-year liberal arts college located in McMinnville, Oregon, United States, with a campus in Portland, Oregon, and an adult degree program located in eight communities throughout the state. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Willamette University is a private institution of higher learning located in Salem, Oregon. ... Corban College is a comprehensive, Bible centered college for all evangelical Christians who want to make a difference in the world for Jesus Christ and consider their personal and professional lives a ministry. ... Northwest Christian College is a private, liberal arts college located in Eugene, Oregon and is affiliated with the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) and the Independent Christian Churches/Churches of Christ. ...


Community colleges

Lane Community College, Building 1
Lane Community College, Building 1

The state supports seventeen regional community colleges around the state. They offer community education as well as two-year degrees. Colleges belonging to the state are: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lane Community College, building one, taken by me (Qwe), on 06/02/2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lane Community College, building one, taken by me (Qwe), on 06/02/2006. ...

Blue Mountain Community College is a community college located in Pendleton, Oregon, United States, and serves Umatilla and Morrow counties. ... Central Oregon Community College is a community college located in Bend, Oregon. ... Chemeketa Community College is a community college located in Salem, Oregon. ... Clackamas Community College is a community college located in Oregon City, Oregon. ... Clatsop Community College is a public two year college located in Astoria, Oregon. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... External Link to Klamath Community College ... Lane Community College is a Two-Year College located in Eugene, Oregon. ... Linn-Benton Community College (LBCC) is a two year junior college, located in Linn County, Oregon. ... Looking east at the main building and Mt. ... Oregon Coast Community College (OCCC) is a community college in Oregon, serving students in Lincoln County. ... Portland Community College (or PCC) is Oregons largest community college, located in Portland. ... Rogue Community College (RCC) is a 2-year, junior college with campuses in both Jackson County and Josephine County, falling roughly in the geographic region known as the Rogue Valley in Southern Oregon. ... Southwestern Oregon Community College is a college in Coos Bay, Oregon. ... The school has three campuses: First Street Campus (Primary) 2510 First St. ... Treasure Valley Community College is a community college located in Ontario, Oregon, at the western edge of the Treasure Valley. ... Umpqua Community College (UCC) is a two-year public college located in Winchester, Oregon. ...

Sports

See also: Sports in Portland, Oregon

The only major professional sports team in Oregon is the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association. Traditionally, they have been one of the most successful teams in the NBA in terms of both win-loss record and attendance. However, the team has run into personnel and financial issues in recent seasons, and the team's popularity has declined. The Blazers play in the Rose Garden in Portland's Lloyd District. The Rose Garden's other tenants include the Portland Winter Hawks, a longstanding and popular Western Hockey League team, and the Portland LumberJax, an expansion National Lacrosse League team. Although Portland, Oregon has but one major league sports team (the Trail Blazers of the NBA), it hosts a wide variety of sports and sporting events. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links RoseGardenArena. ... Image File history File links RoseGardenArena. ... Inside of Rose Garden Arena (with old Blazers woodmark design). ... The Portland Trail Blazers are a professional basketball team based in Portland, Oregon. ... The Portland Trail Blazers are a professional basketball team based in Portland, Oregon. ... NBA redirects here. ... Inside of Rose Garden Arena (with old Blazers woodmark design). ... City: Portland, Oregon League: Western Hockey League Conference: Western Division: U.S. Founded: 1976-77 Home Arena: Rose Garden Arena & Memorial Coliseum Colours: red, white and black Head Coach: Mike Williamson General Manager: Ken Hodge The Portland Winter Hawks are members of the Western Hockey League, the highest level of... The Western Hockey League is one of the three hockey Major Junior Tier I leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. ... The Portland LumberJax (sometimes referred to as the Jax) are a professional lacrosse team in the National Lacrosse League (NLL) which started playing in the 2006 season. ... NLL redirects here. ...


In addition to the Winter Hawks and LumberJax, Portland has two more minor-league sports teams who play at PGE Park. The Portland Timbers of the USL First Division are a very popular soccer team, and the Portland Beavers of the Pacific Coast League are the Triple-A affiliate of the San Diego Padres. Portland has actively pursued a Major League Baseball team. PGE Park (formerly Civic Stadium, a name still used by locals; originally Multnomah Stadium) is a stadium located in Portland, Oregon. ... The Portland Timbers are Portland, Oregons entry in the USL First Division, the second tier of professional soccer in the United States. ... The United Soccer Leagues First Division (often referred to as simply, USL-1) is a professional mens soccer league in North America. ... League Pacific Coast League Division Pacific Conference, Northern Division Year founded 1903 Major League affiliation San Diego Padres Home ballpark PGE Park Previous home ballparks City Portland, Oregon Current uniform colors black, red, gold Previous uniform colors Logo design Script P on cap; winking beaver wearing Portland cap, alternate Division... The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ...


Eugene and Salem also have minor-league baseball teams. The Eugene Emeralds and the Salem-Keizer Volcanoes both play in the Single-A Northwest League. Oregon also has four teams in the fledgling International Basketball League: the Portland Chinooks, Central Oregon Hotshots, Salem Stampede, and the Eugene Chargers. League Northwest League Division Western Year founded 1955 (1974 as current version in NWL) Major League affiliation San Diego Padres Home ballpark Civic Stadium Previous home ballparks Bethel Park City Eugene, Oregon Current uniform colors white, metallic gold, emerald green, navy blue Previous uniform colors red, white and blue; green... League Northwest League Division Western Year founded 1997 Major League affiliation San Francisco Giants Home ballpark Volcanoes Stadium Previous home ballparks City Keizer, Oregon Current uniform colors Lava Red, Black, Ash Grey, and Burnt Gold Previous uniform colors Logo design Stylized erupting volcano with a character that looks both like... The Northwest League is a class A minor league. ... The International Basketball League (IBL) was a short lived professional basketball league in the United States. ... The Portland Chinooks are a franchise in the International Basketball League (2005-) based in Portland, Oregon and owned by local businessman Terry Emmert. ... Central Oregon Hotshots logo The Central Oregon Hotshots are a team in the International Basketball League (2005-) based in Bend, Oregon. ... The Salem Stampede are a team in the International Basketball League (2005-), playing in Salem, Oregon. ... The Eugene Chargers are an expansion team in the International Basketball League (2005-) based in Eugene, Oregon. ...


The Oregon State Beavers and the University of Oregon Ducks football teams meet once a year at the Civil War (college football game) which has been an ongoing tradition since 1894. The Oregon State Beavers is a name shared by all sports teams at Oregon State University, which is located in Corvallis, Oregon in the United States. ... The Oregon Ducks refers to the mascot and sports teams of the University of Oregon, located in Eugene, Oregon, United States. ... The Civil War is the colloquial name for the annual college football game in the U.S. state of Oregon between the Oregon State Beavers and the Oregon Ducks. ...


State symbols

The Oregon-grape, Oregon's state flower.
The Oregon-grape, Oregon's state flower.
Columbia River Gorge near Crown Point, Oregon, looking upstream into the gorge, past the Vista House, from Portland Women's Forum Viewpoint (Chanticleer Point)
Columbia River Gorge near Crown Point, Oregon, looking upstream into the gorge, past the Vista House, from Portland Women's Forum Viewpoint (Chanticleer Point)

Oregon has 22 official state symbols.[52] They are: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1551x1053, 299 KB)photo by Meggar Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1551x1053, 299 KB)photo by Meggar Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Binomial name Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Vistahouse. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Vistahouse. ... Categories: Stub | Oregon geography | Multnomah County, Oregon ... Columbia River Gorge from Portland Womens Forum Viewpoint (Chanticleer Point) Chanticleer Point is a geographical landmark on the Oregon side of the Columbia River Gorge. ...

State flower: Oregon-grape (since 1899)
State song: "Oregon, My Oregon" (written in 1920 and adopted in 1927)
State bird: Western Meadowlark (chosen by the state's children in 1927)
State tree: Douglas-fir (since 1939)
State fish: Chinook salmon (since 1961)
State rock: Thunderegg (like a geode but formed in a rhyolitic lava flow; since 1965)
State animal: American Beaver (since 1969)
State dance: Square dance (Adopted in 1977)
State insect: Oregon Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio oregonius; since 1979)
State fossil: Metasequoia (since 2005)
State gemstone: Oregon sunstone, a type of feldspar (since 1987)
State nut: Hazelnut (since 1989)
State seashell: Oregon hairy triton (Fusitriton oregonensis, a gastropod in the ranellidae family; since 1991)
State mushroom: Pacific Golden Chanterelle (since 1999)
State beverage: Milk (since 1997)
State fruit: Pear (since 2005)
State motto: Alis Volat Propriis, Latin for "She Flies With Her Own Wings" (since 1987; This was the original motto of Oregon, but had been changed to "The Union" in 1957.)[53]
State hostess: Miss Oregon (since 1969)
State team: Portland Trail Blazers of 1990–1991 (since 1991)
State father: Dr. John McLoughlin (since 1957)[54]
State mother: Tabitha Brown (since 1987)[54]
Statehood pageant: Champoeg Historical Pageant (since 1987)

This is a list of U.S. state flowers: External link Juelies State Flower Garden of Gifs See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: Lists of flowers | U.S. state insignia ... Binomial name Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. ... Forty-nine states of the United States (all except New Jersey) have one or more state songs, selected by the state legislature as a symbol of the state. ... Oregon, My Oregon is the state song of Oregon. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Sturnella neglecta Audubon, 1844 The Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta, is a medium-sized blackbird, very similar in appearance to the Eastern Meadowlark. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: U.S. state insignia | Lists of plants | Trees ... Binomial name Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb. ... This is a list of official U.S. state fish: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Binomial name (Walbaum, 1792) The Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) (derived from Russian чавыча), is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family. ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... A thunderegg is a type of rock similar to a geode but formed in a rhyolitic lava flow and found only in areas of volcanic activity. ... Geode, halved and polished Geode, halved and polished Geodes (Greek geoides, earthlike) are geological rock formations which occur in sedimentary and certain volcanic rocks. ... This page is about a volcanic rock. ... In computer programming jargon, lava flow is a problem in which computer code, usually written under less than optimal conditions, is put into production and then built on when still in a developmental state. ... A state mammal is the official or representative animal of a U.S. state. ... Binomial name Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820 A taxidermied American Beaver The American Beaver (Castor canadensis) is a large semi-aquatic rodent native to Canada, most of the United States and parts of northern Mexico. ... This is a list of official U.S. state dances:[1] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Square dance is often used as a general term for modern Western square dance. ... It has been suggested that List of U.S. state butterflies be merged into this article or section. ... Type species Papilio machaon (Old World Swallowtail) Subfamilies and genera There are 26 genera and about 605 species: Subfamily Baroniinae Baronia Subfamily Parnassiinae Allancastria Archon Bhutanitis Hypermnestra Luehdorfia Parnassius Sericinus Subfamily Papilioninae Atrophaneura Battus Byasa Chilasa Cressida Euryades Eurytides Graphium Iphiclides Lamproptera Losaria Meandrusa Mimoides Ornithoptera Pachliopta Papilio Parides Pharmacophagus... It has been suggested that List of U.S. state dinosaurs be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu & Cheng Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood) is a fast growing tree in the conifer family Cupressaceae (Taxaceae or Taxodiaceae by others)native to the Sichuan-Hubei region of China. ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... Sunstone, a feldspar exhibiting in certain directions a brilliant spangled appearance, which has led to its use as an ornamental stone. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Corylus avellana L. The Common Hazel (Corylus avellana) is a shrub native to Europe and Asia. ... This is a list of official state shells:[1] References ^ List of all state shells http://www. ... Binomial name Fusitriton oregonensis Redfield, 1848 The Oregon Hairy Triton (Fusitriton oregonensis) is a carnivorous marine snail native to the Northwestern coast of North America. ... Subclass Subclass Eogastropoda     Patellogastropoda Subclass Orthogastropoda   Superorder Cocculiniformia   Superorder Hot Vent Taxa     Neomphaolida   Superorder Vetigastropoda   Superorder Neritaemorphi     Neritopsina   Superorder Caenogastropoda     Architaenioglossa     Sorbeoconcha   Superorder Heterobranchia     Heterostropha     Opisthobranchia     Pulmonata The gastropods, or univalves, are the largest and most successful class of mollusks, with 60,000-75,000 species, and second largest class... Genera and species See text. ... Species Cantharellus is a genus with many delicious and popular edible mushrooms. ... This is a list of official state beverages: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... A glass of cows milk. ... Below is a list of U.S. state fruits and berries. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Alis volat propriis is a Latin phrase meaning “She flies with her own wings”, and is the state motto of Oregon. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The Miss Oregon competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Oregon in the Miss America pageant. ... The Portland Trail Blazers are a professional basketball team based in Portland, Oregon. ... John McLoughlin (NSHC statue) Dr. John McLoughlin (pronounced mc-lock-lin, October 19, 1784 – September 3, 1857), the Father of Oregon, was a fur trader and early settler in the Oregon Country in the Pacific Northwest. ... Tabitha Moffatt Brown (May 1, 1780 – May 4, 1858) was a pioneer emigrant that traveled the Oregon Trail, and assisted in the founding of Tualatin Academy that would grow to become Pacific University in Forest Grove, Oregon. ... Champoeg, Oregon Champoeg, pronounced sham_POO_ee (SAMPA /ʃæm. ...

References

  1. ^ Calvin Hall (January 30, 2007). English as Oregon's official language? It could happen. Oregon Daily Emerald. Retrieved on 2007-05-08.
  2. ^ a b c Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 7, 2006.
  3. ^ U.S. Census Bureau - State & County QuickFacts - Oregon. Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
  4. ^ Robbins, William G. (2005). Oregon: This Storied Land. Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 0987595-286-0. 
  5. ^ Oregon History: Great Basin. Oregon Blue Book. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on 2007-09-02.
  6. ^ Oregon History: Northwest Coast. Oregon Blue Book. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on 2007-09-02.
  7. ^ Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde: Culture. Retrieved on 2007-09-02.
  8. ^ Oregon History: Columbia Plateau. Oregon Blue Book. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on 2007-09-02.
  9. ^ Loy, Willam G.; Stuart Allan, Aileen R. Buckley, James E. Meecham (2001). Atlas of Oregon. University of Oregon Press, 12–13. ISBN 0-87114-102-7. 
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  11. ^ Occurs among speakers where the horse-hoarse merger has occurred, which include the majority of native Oregonians.
  12. ^ Crater Lake National Park. U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved on 2006-11-22.
  13. ^ D River State Recreation Site. Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
  14. ^ World's Shortest River. Travel Montana. Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
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  21. ^ See Summary of 2006 ballot measures
  22. ^ State Initiative and Referendum Summary. State Initiative & Referendum Institute at USC. Retrieved on 2006-11-27.
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  24. ^ McNab, W. Henry; Peter E. Avers (July 1994). "Pacific Lowland Mixed Forest (chapter 24)", Ecological Subregions of the United States. U.S. Forest Service and Dept. of Agriculture. 
  25. ^ Industry Facts (PDF). Oregon Winegrowers Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-23.
  26. ^ Oregon Forest Facts: 25-Year Harvest History. Oregon Forest Resources Institute. Retrieved on 2007-03-07.
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  48. ^ Wood, Shelby Oppel. "UO weighs new diversity plan amid simmering racial tensions", The Oregonian, May 1, 2006. 
  49. ^ [1]
  50. ^ Top 500 World Universities. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  51. ^ Higher Education Get Higher Priority. Retrieved on July 8, 2007.
  52. ^ Oregon Revised Statutes Chapter 186. Retrieved on 2006-05-14.
  53. ^ Oregon State Motto Timeline. Oregon State Legislature. Retrieved on 2006-11-23.
  54. ^ a b Oregon Legislature Kids Page. Oregon State Legislature. Retrieved on 2006-12-08.

is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Oregon Daily Emerald is an independent daily newspaper published at the University of Oregon in Eugene, Oregon. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The horse-hoarse merger is the merger of the vowels and before r, making pairs of words like horse/hoarse, for/four, war/wore, or/oar, corps/core, morning/mourning etc. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States government agency that deals with U.S. National Parks and U.S. National Monuments. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Portland State University Portland State University is a public state urban university located in downtown Portland, Oregon. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // The following is a partial list of Oregon ballot measures. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... October 2, 2004 edition. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Oregon Blue Book is the official directory and fact book for the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... October 2, 2004 edition. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Willamette Week is an alternative newsweekly published in Portland, Oregon. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... American City Business Journals publishes Pacific Business News, the primary business newspaper in Hawaii American City Business Journals is an American newspaper chain based in Charlotte, North Carolina owned by Advance Publications. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Register-Guard is a daily newspaper, published in Eugene, Oregon. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The City University of New York (CUNY; acronym: IPA pronunciation: ), is the public university system of New York City. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... The Oregon Blue Book is the official directory and fact book for the U.S. state of Oregon. ...

Coordinates: 44° N 120.5° W Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Largest metro area Little Rock Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Largest metro area Des Moines metropolitan area Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Largest metro area Greater Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Motto Samoa, Muamua Le Atua(Samoan) Samoa, Let God Be First Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa Capital Pago Pago; Fagatogo (seat of government) Official languages English, Samoan Government  -  Governor Togiola Tulafono United States unincorporated territory  -  Treaty of Berlin 1899   -  Deed of Cession of Tutuila 1900   -  Deed of Cession... Anthem Gi Talo Gi Halom Tase(Chamorro) Satil Matawal Pacifico(Carolinian) Capital Saipan Official languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian Government Presidential representative democracy  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor Benigno R. Fitial  -  Lt. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... Motto United in Pride and Hope Anthem Virgin Islands March Capital (and largest city) Charlotte Amalie Official languages English Government  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor John de Jongh Organized, unincorporated territory  -  Revised Organic Act 22 July 1954  Area  -  Total 346. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular United States possessions: All of these islands are in the Pacific Ocean except Navassa Island... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′N 176°31′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Howland Island Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′N 176°38′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Jarvis Island (formerly also known as Bunker Island[1]) is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 130 km² atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at 16°45′N 169°30′W, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands. ... The flag of the US is used for Kingman Reef Kingman Reef Kingman Reef—NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... Navassa Island map from The World Factbook Navassa Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Navassa Island (La Navase in French, Lanavaz in Haitian Kreyòl) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. ... Palmyra Atoll - Landsat Image N-03-05_2000 (1:50,000) Palmyra Atoll - Marplot Map (1:50,000) Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll, is an incorporated atoll administered by the United States government. ... USGS Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite image of Wake Island. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Oregon.gov Home Page (132 words)
Oregon's craft beer industry is helping Oregon plant its flag as the craft beer capitol of the world.
There are currently 56 brewing companies operating 76 brewing facilities in Oregon, with 28 breweries operating within the Portland city limits--more than any other city in the world.
The total impact from the beer industry on Oregon's economy is $2.25 billion.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Oregon (4860 words)
Oregon is bounded on three sides by navigable water: the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Columbia River on the north, and the Snake River on the east.
Oregon to the United States and to conduct a band of immigrants across the plains to settle the country with
Oregon was the Christian education of the youth committed to his charge.
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