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Encyclopedia > Oregano
?Oregano
Flowering oregano
Flowering oregano
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Origanum
Species: O. vulgare
Binomial name
Origanum vulgare
L.

Oregano or Pot Marjoram (Origanum vulgare) is a species of Origanum, native to Europe, the Mediterranean region and southern and central Asia. It is a perennial herb, growing to 20-80 cm tall, with opposite leaves 1-4 cm long. The flowers are purple, 3-4 mm long, produced in erect spikes. The name means "Joy of the Mountains" [citation needed]. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 162 KB) Photo by Christian Bauer source File links The following pages link to this file: Oregano ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Families See text The Order Lamiales is a taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. ... Genera Many, see text Ref: Delta 2002-07-22 Lamiaceae, or the Mint family, is a family of plants in about 180 genera and some 3,500 species. ... Species About 20 species, including: Origanum acutidens Origanum amanum Origanum calcaratum Origanum dictamnus(Dittany of Crete; Hop Marjoram) Origanum laevigatum Origanum leptocladum Origanum libanoticum Origanum majorana((Sweet) Marjoram) Origanum (x)majoricum(Italian Oregano; Hardy Sweet Marjoram) Origanum microphyllum Origanum onites(Turkish Oregano; Rigani; Pot Marjoram) Origanum rotundifolium Origanum scabrum Origanum... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Species About 20 species, including: Origanum acutidens Origanum amanum Origanum calcaratum Origanum dictamnus(Dittany of Crete; Hop Marjoram) Origanum laevigatum Origanum leptocladum Origanum libanoticum Origanum majorana((Sweet) Marjoram) Origanum (x)majoricum(Italian Oregano; Hardy Sweet Marjoram) Origanum microphyllum Origanum onites(Turkish Oregano; Rigani; Pot Marjoram) Origanum rotundifolium Origanum scabrum Origanum... European redirects here. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Red Valerian, a perennial plant. ... Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hÉ™(ɹ)b, or əɹb; see pronunciation differences) are plants grown for culinary, medicinal, or in some cases even spiritual value. ... The leaves of a Beech tree A leaf with laminar structure and pinnate venation In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Clivia miniata A cluster of flowers (Clivia miniata) A Blue Summer Flower. ...


==Cultivation and uses== hullo!

Oregano growing in a field.
Oregano growing in a field.

Oregano is an important culinary herb. It is particularly widely used in Greek and Italian cuisines. It is the leaves that are used in cooking, and the dried herb is often more flavourful than the fresh. Oregano Photograph by Jurriaan Schulman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Oregano Photograph by Jurriaan Schulman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Italian cuisine is extremely varied: the country of Italy was only unified in 1861, and its cuisines reflect the cultural variety of its regions and its diverse history (with culinary influences from Greek, Roman, Norman and Arab civilizations). ... Leaves are an Icelandic five-piece alternative rock band who came to prominence in 2002 with their debut album, Breathe, drawing comparisons to groups such as Coldplay and Doves. ...


It is a conditio sine qua non in Italian cuisine. It is used in tomato sauces, fried vegetables and grilled meat. Together with basil, it makes up for the character of Italian dishes; see parsley on Italian variants of bouquet garni. Sine qua non or conditio sine qua non is a Latin legal term for without which it could not be (but for). It refers to an indispensable action, condition or thing. ... Binomial name Ocimum basilicum L. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) of the Family Lamiaceae is also known as St. ... Species Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... The bouquet garni (French for garnished bouquet) is a bundle of herbs usually tied together with string and mainly used to prepare soup, stock, and various stews. ...


Oregano combines nicely with pickled olives, capers and lovage leaves. Unlike most Italian herbs, oregano works with hot and spicy food, which is popular in southern Italy.


Oregano is an indispensable ingredient for Greek cuisine. Oregano adds flavour to the Greek salad and is usually used separately or added to the lemon-olive oil sauce that accompanies almost every fish or meat barbecues and some casseroles. Greek cuisine is the cuisine deriving from Greece mainland and its associated islands. ... Greek salad (Greek χωριάτικη (choriatiki), meaning villagers salad) is a common salad characterized by its ingredients of Mediterranean (and particularly Greek) origin. ...


The plant is less popular in other Mediterranean cuisines, but still important in Spanish, French cooking.


It has an aromatic, warm and slightly bitter taste. It varies in intensity; good quality is so strong that it almost numbs the tongue, but the cultivars adapted to colder climates have often unsatisfactory flavour. The influence of climate, season and soil on the composition of the essential oil is greater than the difference between the various species. Odor receptors on the antennae of a Luna moth An odor is the object of perception of the sense of olfaction. ... Human taste sensory organs, called taste buds or gustatory calyculi, and concentrated on the upper surface of the tongue, appear to be receptive to relatively few chemical species as tastes. ...


The related species Origanum onites (Greece, Asia Minor) and O. heracleoticum (Italy, Balkan peninsula, West Asia) have similar flavours. A closely related plant is marjoram from Asia Minor, which, however, differs significantly in taste, because phenolic compounds are missing in its essential oil. Some breeds show a flavour intermediate between oregano and marjoram (gold marjoram = gold oregano) Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... A map showing Southwest Asia - The term Middle East is more often used to refer to both Southwest Asia and some North African countries Southwest Asia, or West Asia, is the southwestern part of Asia. ... Binomial name Origanum majorana L. Marjoram (Origanum majorana, Lamiaceae) is a cold-sensitive perennial herb or undershrub with sweet pine and citrus flavors. ... Phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl functional group (-OH) attached to an aromatic hydrocarbon group. ...

Pizza

The dish most associated with oregano is pizza, an open pie of bread dough baked with a top of tasty ingredients. Its relatives have probably been eaten in Southern Italy for centuries. According to the legend, the first pizza was made in 1889 when King Umberto and his wife Margherita sojourned in Napoli (Naples). At this time, white bread flavoured with tomato paste was a popular food for the poor masses. To honour the Queen, a local baker devised a richer pie. In addition to the red tomato paste, white mozzarella cheese and green basil leaves were employed to reflect the colours of the Italian flag. This invention became known as pizza Margherita and spread all over Italy and now, over the rest of the world. Pizza (IPA pronunciation: ) or Pizza Pie, is the name of an oven-baked, flat, usually round bread covered with tomato sauce with optional toppings. ... This article is about the baked good, for other uses see Pie (disambiguation). ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Origin A neologism created in reaction to comments made by State Senator Bill Napoli (R-SD). ... Country of origin Italy Region, town Campania and elsewhere Source of milk Cow or Water buffalo Pasteurized Yes and No Texture Semi-soft Aging time None Certification no, Stg and Dop 1996[1] Mozzarella is a generic term for the several kinds of Italian fresh cheese that are made using...


Today's pizza relies more on oregano than on basil, and use a multitude of further ingredients: Ham, sausage,shellfish, mushrooms, artichokes, onion, garlic, olives, capers, anchovies and more make pizza a sophisticated delicacy, although it had once been the poor man's sandwich. For other meanings of ham or Ham, see Ham (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that makkara be merged into this article or section. ... Cooked mussels Shellfish is a term used to describe shelled molluscs and crustaceans used as food. ... The relative sizes of the Cap (pileus) and Stalk (stipe) vary widely. ... Artichokes are three types of vegetables. ... Binomial name Allium cepa L. Onion in the general sense can be used for any plant in the genus Allium but used without qualifiers usually means Allium cepa, also called the garden onion. ... Binomial name Allium sativum L. Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... Binomial name Olea europaea L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian... Binomial name Capparis spinosa Linnaeus, 1753 A Caper (Capparis spinosa L.) is a biennial spiny shrub that bears rounded, rather fleshy leaves and big pinkish-white flowers. ... Genera Amazonsprattus Anchoa Anchovia Anchiovella Cetengraulis Coilia Encrasicholina Engraulis Jurengraulis Lycengraulis Lycothrissa Papuengraulis Pterengraulis Setipinna Stolephorus Thryssa The anchovies are a family (Engraulidae) of small but common schooling saltwater plankton-feeding fish. ... An Italian sandwich. ...

Mexican Dishes

The very similar, but stronger, taste of Mexican oregano (see below) is popular not only in its native country Mexico, but also in the south of the U.S., where it is frequently used to flavour chili con carne (meat stewed with chiles and sometimes beans) or other Mexico-inspired dishes like Pozole. For this purpose, it is mostly combined with several varieties of chillies and paprika, dried garlic or onion and cumin. A bowl of chili con carne with beans and tortilla chips Chili con carne (In America shortened to chili) is a spicy stew-like dish, the essential ingredients of which are beef, pork, venison, or other mature meat, and chili peppers. ... Green beans Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) used for food or feed. ... Pozole (from Spanish pozole, from Nahuatl potzolli; variant spellings: posole, posolé, pozolé, pozolli, posol) is a traditional pre-Columbian soup or stew made from dried lime-treated maize kernels (also called maiz blanco or cacahuazintle), with pork (or other meat), chili, and other seasonings and garnish (lettuce, oregano, cilantro, avocado... Binomial name Capsicum annuum L. Paprika, Capsicum annuum, is a sweet-to-mildly hot cultivar of the chile pepper of the family Solanaceae. ...


Health benefits

Oregano is high in antioxidant activity, particularly due to a high content of phenolic acids and flavonoids (PMID 16218659, PMID 12730411). Additionally, oregano has demonstrated antimicrobial activity against food-borne pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes (PMID 16218659). Both of these characteristics may be useful in both health and food preservation. In the Philippines, Oregano is not commonly used for cooking but is rather considered as a primarily medicinal plant, useful for relieving childrens coughs. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section can be improved by converting lengthy lists to text. ... Molecular structure of flavone The term flavonoid refers to a class of plant secondary metabolites based around a phenylbenzopyrone structure. ... An antimicrobial is a substance that kills or slows the growth of microbes like bacteria (antibacterial activity), fungi (antifungal activity), viruses (antiviral activity), or parasites (antiparasitic activity). ... Binomial name Listeria monocytogenes Murray , 1926 Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacterium, in the division Firmicutes, named for Joseph Lister. ... Various preserved foods Food preservation is the process of treating and handling food in such a way as to stop or greatly slow down spoilage to prevent foodborne illness while maintaining nutritional value,density, texture and flavor. ...


Other plants called oregano

Mexican Oregano stems from the plant Lippia graveolens (Verbenaceae) and is closely related to lemon verbena. It is a highly studied herb that is said to be of some medical use and is common in curandera female shamanic practices in Mexico and the Southwestern United States. Although only loosely related to oregano, Mexican Oregano has a very similar flavour, albeit stronger. It is increasingly traded, especially in the United States. Its strong aroma makes it an acceptable substitute for epazote leaves if the latter are not available; this wouldn't work the other way round, though. Genera About 90, including: Aloysia Amasonia Avicennia Callicarpa Caryopteris Citharexylum Clerodendrum Coleonema Congea Cornutia Crowea Diostea Duranta Garrettia Gmelina Holmskioldiana Hymenopyramis Lantana Lippia Nashia Oxera Petrea Phyla Premna Rhaphithamnus Schnabelia Sphenodesme Stachytarpheta Symphorema Tectona Thamnosma Tsoongia Verbena Vitex The Verbenaceae or Verbena family has been considered to be closely related... Binomial name Aloysia triphylla (LHér. ... A curandera is a type of female shaman. ... The shaman is an intellectual and spiritual figure who is regarded as possessing power and influence on other peoples in the tribe and performs several functions, primarily that of a healer ( medicine man). The shaman provides medical care, and serves other community needs during crisis times, via supernatural means (means... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Binomial name Chenopodium ambrosioides L. Epazote or Mexican Tea (Chenopodium ambrosioides) is a herb native to Central America and southern Mexico. ...


There is a significant taxonomic confusion about the term "oregano" in Mexican cooking. Several plants are named thus in different parts of Mexico, and there is little clear information about those. Some plants that have been identified as "Mexican Oregano" are Poliomintha longiflora, Lippia berlandieri, and Plectranthus amboinicus (syn. Coleus aromaticus), also called Cuban oregano. Binomial name Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour. ...


In dried form, oregano bears a similar appearance to marijuana. A popular urban legend is the story of an inexperienced person unwittingly purchasing the spice from an unscrupulous dealer instead of the drug. Oregano was used as a euphemism for marijuana in the movie A Few Good Men, when Tom Cruise's character is told that "oregano" helps fear of flying. A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ... A Few Good Men, a play by Aaron Sorkin, was acclaimed on Broadway and was subsequently made into a successful film in 1992. ...


References and external links

  • Flora Europaea: Origanum vulgare
  • Germplasm Resources Information Network: Origanum vulgare
  • Divine Sonoran Oregano
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Origanum vulgare
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Oregano - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (882 words)
Oregano (Origanum vulgare) is a species of Origanum, native to Europe, the Mediterranean region and southern and central Asia.
Oregano adds flavour to the Greek salad and is usually used separately or added to the lemon-olive oil sauce that accompanies almost every fish or meat barbecues and some casseroles.
Oregano is high in antioxidant activity, paticularly due to a high content of phenolic acids and flavonoids (PMID 16218659, PMID 12730411).
Oregano Essential Oil: Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine (1872 words)
Oregano (origanum vulgare) is a member of the Labiatae family (commonly referred to as the mint family).
He states that although many companies list products such as wild oregano or oil of oregano in their catalogues, "the problem is that the commercially available oil is almost exclusively thyme oil or marjoram oil," neither of which possesses the same medicinal properties as true oregano essential oil.
Oregano essential oil was found to have significant antibacterial action against a wide number of bacteria including E coli, Staph, Salmonella enterica, and Klebsiella pneumonie, which is a pneumonia that frequently occurs in people with a weakened immune system.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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