Örebro grew around and was named for a bridge (Swedish "bro") over the river Svartån near gravel banks ("örarna"). Although a trade town, the Örebro remained small until the second half of the 19th century, when it grew rapidly as a centre of the national shoe making industry. See the history of Nericia. The national diet meeting at Örebro in 1810 elected Bernadotte king of Sweden as Charles XIV.
Sites of interest
Örebro Castle originates from the 13th century, when a watchtower was built to guard the bridge over the Svartån. The castle was later generally expanded. It is located in the centre of Örebro. Örebro's old town Wadköping is located on the banks of the Svartån. Consisting of 18th and 19th century wooden houses, Wadköping has several museums and exhibitions.
The water tower of Örebro, nicknamed Svampen ("the mushroom") is a popular destination as a view tower. A copy of this tower, built in 1958, is located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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