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Encyclopedia > Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park
Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Ordesa Valley from Hunter's Path.
Location: Pyrenees of Huesca, Spain
Nearest city: Jaca
Coordinates: 42°40′18″N, 0°3′20″E
Area: 156.08 km²
Established: 1918
Visitation: (in )
Governing body: Spanish Ministry of Environment.

Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park is an IUCN Category II National Park situated in the Pyrenees of Huesca, Aragón (Spain). It was created august 16th of 1918 by a Royal Decree which declared Ordesa Valley a National Park of 21 square kilometres of extension. In July 13th of 1982 it was enlarged to the 156.08 km² it has today and its official name changed to Parque nacional de Ordesa y Monte Perdido. It's included in the Biosphere Reserve of Ordesa-Viñamala declared by UNESCO in 1997. The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales A national park is a reserve of land, usually owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Image File history File links Ordesa. ... Central Pyrenees. ... Huesca (Aragonese Uesca, Catalan Osca) is a city in Aragon, Spain. ... Jaca as is viewed from the Rapitan fort. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales A national park is a reserve of land, usually owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Central Pyrenees. ... Huesca (Aragonese Uesca, Catalan Osca) is a city in Aragon, Spain. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales A national park is a reserve of land, usually owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... July 13th is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Its territory includes the municipalities of Torla, Broto, Fanlo, Tella-Sin, Puertóla and Bielsa.

Contents


Description

The National park constitutes a geographic unit. Its orography is dominated by the calcareous mass (the biggest of Europe) of the massiff of the Three Solores, Tresserols, whose greater elevation is the Monte Perdido, from which in a more or less radial form descend a series of impressive mountainous crests and glacial valleys . The most characteristic and symbolic one is the Ordesa Valley, drained by the river Arazas, origin of the National Park, that is opened in Southwestern direction, but also is important the Tube of Añisclo, that is drained by the river Bellós, in South direction, the Gorges of Escuaín, drained by the river Yaga, in Southeastern direction and the Valley of Pineta, drained by the river Five. Although not all of it belongs to the National Park because it's already in French territory and belogs to the Pyrenees National Park, the Valley and Circus of Gavarnie is another impressive glacial cirque that has the highest waterfall of Europe, with more than 400 meters of vertical fall. Monte Perdido (Mont Perdu in French, both meaning lost mountain) is the third highest mountain in the Pyrenees. ... Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Yaga can refer to: Yajna (Hindu mythology) Baba Yaga (Russian mythology) Yaga (clothing company) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Pyrenees National Park (French: Parc national des Pyrénées) is a national park located within the French départements of Hautes-Pyrénées and Pyrénées-Atlantiques. ... The Cirque de Gavarnie The Cirque de Gavarnie is a famous example of a cirque in the central Pyrenees. ... A glacial cirque is a rounded, amphitheater-like basin partially surrounded by steep cliffs formed by glacial erosion. ... Hopetoun Falls near Otway National Park, Victoria, Australia A waterfall is usually a geological formation resulting from water, often in the form of a stream, flowing over an erosion-resistant rock formation that forms a sudden break in elevation. ...


The basic morphology of the Park is originated by the fold and alpine elevation of the Tertiary Era, subsequently molded by the glacial erosion during the Quaternary Era, giving rise to a series of circuses and valleys like the Valley of Ordesa and the Valley of Pineta. Nowadays a glacier continues existing in the North face of the Monte Perdido, although continues in retreatment. Most of the rock of the National Park is limestone. Superimposed to the most evident and old glacial erosion is the karstic transformation of the landscape, with multiple caves, canyons, chasms, etc.. most important of them are the Tube of Añisclo and the Gorges of Escuaín, in which appear glacial circuses that subsequently are boxed in deep gorges. Tertiary period was previously one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, from the end of the Cretaceous period about 65 million years ago to the start of the Quaternary period about 1. ... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) by the agents of wind, water or ice, by downward or down-slope movement in response to gravity or by living organisms (in the case of... The Quaternary Period is the geologic time period from the end of the Pliocene Epoch roughly 1. ... A glacial cirque is a rounded, amphitheater-like basin partially surrounded by steep cliffs formed by glacial erosion. ... A glaciated valley is one formed by the process of glaciation. ... A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... Inside Cave of the Mounds. ... Grand Canyon, Arizona A canyon or gorge is a deep valley often carved from the Earth by a river. ... USGS image In geology, a rift is a place where the Earths crust and lithosphere are being pulled apart. ...


Highest areas of the park (above 2,000 m AMSL) are extremely arid, all precipitation is fastly gone inside the karstic system, while the bottoms of the valleys are dominated by a lush vegetation of beeches and firs that give place to the black pine when the height increases. The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... FIR may stand for: finite impulse response (a property of some digital filters) far infrared, i. ... Several trees are referred to as black pine: The European Black Pine. ...


Many illustrious persons have been fond of these places and have given word of their virtues. People like Luciano Briet, Solor i Santaló or Lucas Mallada contributed to promote the place and grant it the protected status.


Flora

Up to 1,500-1,700 meters AMSL many forests of beeches (Fagus sylvatica), pines (Pinus sylvestris), oaks (Quercus faginea), and a lesser extent of birches (Betula pendula), ashes (Fraxinus angustifolia), willows (Salix alba). From there up to 2,000 m the black pine (Pinus nigra) dominates. Up to 1,800 m bushes of boxwood (Buxus balearica) are found. In the high meadows from 1,700 to 3,000 meters there are numerous endemisms, the most important is the Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum), symbol of the National Park and protected. The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... Binomial name Fagus sylvatica L. The European Beech or Common Beech (Fagus sylvatica) is a deciduous tree belonging to the family Fagaceae. ... Species About 115. ... Binomial name Pinus sylvestris L. The Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.; family Pinaceae) is a common tree ranging from Great Britain and Spain east to eastern Siberia and the Caucasus Mountains, and as far north as Lapland. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Binomial name Betula pendula Roth. ... Species Many, see text. ... Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia- Violet Willow Salix alaxensis- Alaska Willow Salix alba- White Willow Salix alpina- Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides- Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula- Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides- Littletree Willow Salix arctica- Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita- Eared Willow Salix babylonica- Peking Willow Salix barrattiana- Barratts... Binomial name Salix alba L. The White Willow is a willow native to Europe, and western and central Asia. ... Several trees are referred to as black pine: The European Black Pine. ... Binomial name Pinus nigra The European Black Pine Pinus nigra (generally called Black Pine in Europe), is a variable species of pine, occurring across southern Europe from Spain to the Crimea, and also in Asia Minor, Cyprus, and locally in the Atlas Mountains of northwest Africa. ... This article is about the box tree. ... Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope. ... Binomial name Leontopodium alpinum Cass. ... Binomial name Leontopodium alpinum Cass. ...


Fauna

The most important species of the Park was the bucardo or Pyrenean Ibex , sadly extinguished in 2,000 in spite of the preservation efforts. Other species of goats are the sarrio o rebeco of the Pyrenees. There are other species like the marmot, boar and the Pyrenean Desman or water-mole (Galemys pyrenaicus). Great birds like the royal eagle, the common vulture, hawks, royal owls and a lesser extent of ospreys and others like the endemic snow partridge , exclusive from the high meadows. Trinomial name Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica (Schinz, 1838) The Pyrenean Ibex Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica (one of the two extinct subspecies of Spanish ibex) once ranged across the Pyrenees and near zones, like the Basque country, Navarre or nord Catalonia. ... Binomial name Rupicapra pyrenaica (Bonaparte, 1845) The Pyrenean Chamois, (French: Izard or Isard, Spanish Rebeco or Sarrio, Catalan: Isard ) Rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica is a Goat antelope that lives in the Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mountains and Apennine Mountains. ... Binomial name Rupicapra pyrenaica (Bonaparte, 1845) The Pyrenean Chamois, (French: Izard or Isard, Spanish Rebeco or Sarrio, Catalan: Isard ) Rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica is a Goat antelope that lives in the Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mountains and Apennine Mountains. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 Young piglets feeding The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig. ... Binomial name Galemys pyrenaicus (Geoffroy, 1811) The Pyrenean Desman (Galemys pyrenaicus) is a small half-aquatic mammal that lives in the Pyrenees to the Iberian peninsula. ... Genera Uropsilus Desmana Galemys Talpa Mogera Parascaptor Scaptochirus Scaptonyx Scapanulus Urotrichus Neurotrichus Scalopus Parascalops Scapanus Condylura Moles are members of the family (Talpidae) of mammals in the order Insectivora that live underground, burrowing holes. ... Binomial name Galemys pyrenaicus (Geoffroy, 1811) The Pyrenean Desman (Galemys pyrenaicus) is a small half-aquatic mammal that lives in the Pyrenees to the Iberian peninsula. ... Genera Eagles are large birds of prey, who inhabit mainly the Old World, with only two species (Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle) in North America, a few in South America and three (White-bellied Sea Eagle, Little Eagle and Wedge-tailed Eagle) in Australia. ... A Nubian Vulture Vultures are scavenging birds, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals. ... The term hawk refers to birds of prey in any of three senses: Strictly, to mean any of the species in the genera Accipiter, Micronisus, Melierax, Urotriorchis, and Megatriorchis. ... Families Strigidae Tytonidae An owl is a member of any of about 220 (222 currently known) species of solitary, mainly nocturnal birds of prey in the order Strigiformes. ... Binomial name Pandion haliaetus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution. ... Binomial name Lerwa lerwa (Hodgson, 1833) The Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ...


Image gallery

External links

  • Official web, from the Spanish Ministry of Environment
  • Google Maps image

 
 

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