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Encyclopedia > Orders, decorations, and medals of New Zealand
Queen Elizabeth II wearing the sash and the star of the New Zealand Order of Merit, as well as the badges on her shoulder of the Order of New Zealand and the Queen's Service Order.

The New Zealand honours system is the system of orders, decorations and medals which are awarded to recognise achievements of, or service by, New Zealanders or others in connection with New Zealand. Until 1975, the British honours system was used. Since then a number of uniquely New Zealand honours have been introduced, and now only the dynastic British honours are retained. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... The New Zealand Order of Merit is an order of chivalry established on 30 May 1996 by Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand. ... Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest honour in New Zealands honours system. ... Male Companions Badge of the Queens Service Order for Community Service The Queens Service Order was established by Queen Elizabeth II on 13 March 1975. ...


Awards are made by the Queen (in her capacity as Queen of New Zealand), on ministerial advice. However, certain awards exist which are in the exclusive gift of the Queen. [1] Queen Elizabeth IIs personal flag for New Zealand New Zealands Head of State is Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand. ...


The Honours Secretariat of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet is responsible for the administration of honours. The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet of New Zealand (often known by its acronym, DPMC) is the department charged with supporting the Prime Minister of New Zealand and their Cabinet. ...

Contents

History

Since the beginning of settlement in the mid nineteenth century, British honours were awarded in New Zealand. In 1848, Governor George Grey received the first honour granted to a New Zealand resident, becoming a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.[1] The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement, or service to the United Kingdom. ... The Governor-General of New Zealand is the representative of the Sovereign in right of New Zealand (currently, Queen Elizabeth II). ... George Edward Grey Statue of Sir George Grey in Albert Park, Auckland For other men with a similar name, see George Grey or George Gray Sir George Edward Grey KCB (April 14, 1812–September 19, 1898) was a soldier, explorer, Governor of South Australia, twice Governor of New Zealand, Governor... Badge of a Companion of the Order of the Bath (Military Division) The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly The Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath)[1] is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ...


For more than a hundred years the British honours system was used for New Zealand. In 1975, after a review of the system, two uniquely New Zealand honours were integrated into it: the Queen's Service Order, and its affiliated Medal. In 1987, the Order of New Zealand was instituted as the supreme New Zealand honour. Finally, in 1995 – 1996, a further review of the system resulted in the termination of awards of almost all British honours and the creation of a new five-level New Zealand Order of Merit to replace them[2]. Male Companions Badge of the Queens Service Order for Community Service The Queens Service Order was established by Queen Elizabeth II on 13 March 1975. ... Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest honour in New Zealands honours system. ... The New Zealand Order of Merit is an order of chivalry established on 30 May 1996 by Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand. ...


Knighthood or damehood was initially attached to the two highest levels of the New Zealand Order of Merit, but this was removed in 2000 when the statutes of the order were modified by the following government[2]. (All Knights and Dames created in this and other orders before 2000 may continue to use the titles "Sir" or "Dame" however.) Since the Order of New Zealand does not bestow knighthood, there is now no regular honour by which a New Zealand citizen can be made a knight or dame. However, the 1996 overhaul of the honours system did not affect the dynastic honours, that is, the honours in the personal gift of the Queen, which are not awarded on ministerial advice[1] (such as the Order of the Garter, Order of Merit and the Royal Victorian Order). In principle New Zealanders can still attain knighthood by appointment to knightly grades of these orders.[3] Recently there have been calls by some politicians to bring back knighthoods[4]. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dynastic Orders of Knighthood are a category of order belonging to the heraldic patrimony of a dynasty, often held by ancient right. ... The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ... For other Orders see Order of Merit (disambiguation). ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ...


Orders

The Order of New Zealand is the highest civilian honour awarded by the Queen on the advice of the Government; in heraldic terms, it is a first-level honour. Next ranking is the five-level New Zealand Order of Merit. The Queen's Service Order is a fourth-level honour, while the Queen's Service Medal is a sixth-level honour. Both of the latter are awarded either "for Community Service" or "for Public Service". Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest honour in New Zealands honours system. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... The New Zealand Order of Merit is an order of chivalry established on 30 May 1996 by Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand. ... Male Companions Badge of the Queens Service Order for Community Service The Queens Service Order was established by Queen Elizabeth II on 13 March 1975. ...


In the reorganisation of the New Zealand honours system in 1996, appointments to the Order of the Bath, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the British Empire, Order of the Companions of Honour and Knight Bachelor were replaced as follows (references to knights include dames):[5] Badge of a Companion of the Order of the Bath (Military Division) The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly The Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath)[1] is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... The Order of the Companions of Honour is a British and Commonwealth Order. ... The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ...


First Level Honours

Present system

  • Member of the Order of New Zealand* - ONZ
  • Knight Grand Companion (before 2000) / Principal Companion (after 2000) of the New Zealand Order of Merit - GNZM/PCNZM

Previous system

  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
  • Companion of Honour

Second Level Honours

Present system

  • Knight Companion (before 2000) / Distinguished Companion (after 2000) of the New Zealand Order of Merit - KNZM or DNZM/DCNZM

Previous system

  • Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
  • Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
  • Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  • Knight Bachelor

Third Level Honours

Present system

  • Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit - CNZM

Previous system

  • Companion of the Order of the Bath
  • Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
  • Commander of the Order of the British Empire

Fourth Level Honours

Present system

  • Queen's Service Order* - QSO
  • Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit - ONZM

Previous system

  • Officer of the Order of the British Empire

Fifth Level Honours

Present system

  • Member of the Order of New Zealand - MNZM

Previous system

  • Member of the Order of the British Empire

Sixth Level Honours

Present system

  • Queen's Service Medal* - QSM
  • New Zealand Antarctic Medal - NZAM
  • Distinguished Service Decoration - DSD

Previous system

* Honours which were also awarded under the previous system. The British Empire Medal (Medal of the Order of the British Empire for Meritorious Service) is a British medal awarded for meritorious civil or military service worthy of recognition by the crown. ... The Queens Police Medal is awarded to police officers in the United Kingdom for distinguished service or gallantry. ... The Queens Fire Service Medal is awarded to members of the fire services in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations for distinguished service or gallantry. ... The Polar Medal is a medal awarded by the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, which was originally instituted in 1857 as the Arctic Medal to reward earlier explorers attempting to discover the Northwest Passage. ...


Other honours

  • Other orders, decorations and medals which do not carry titles, but entitle the holder to place post nominals after his or her name.
  • The Most Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem (founded 1888). Although it is an independent order of chivalry, it is officially sanctioned by virtue of the fact that the Queen is the Sovereign of the Order. The Governor-General of New Zealand is the Prior in New Zealand. The members of this semi-official order can wear the Order's insignia, but do not receive any titles of Knighthood or use any post-nominal letters.
See also: British honours system#Other honours and appointments

This article concerns British and Commonwealth of Nations orders and decorations awarded by the British Sovereign. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... The Governor-General of New Zealand is the representative of the Sovereign in right of New Zealand (currently, Queen Elizabeth II). ... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement or service to the United Kingdom. ...

See also

// Order of precedence for the wearing of decorations and awards within New Zealands honours system. ... Prior to 1999 the New Zealand armed forces received Imperial honours. ... Prior to 1999 the New Zealand armed forces received Imperial honours. ... Prior to 1946 the New Zealand armed forces received Imperial honours. ... The Right Honourable (abbreviated The Rt Hon. ... The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable ( or formerly The Honble) is a title of quality attached to the names of certain classes of persons. ... This article concerns British and Commonwealth of Nations orders and decorations awarded by the British Sovereign. ... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement, or service to the United Kingdom. ... State decorations are orders, medals and other decorations granted by a state. ...

References

  1. ^ a b History of the New Zealand Honours System, accessed 22 July 2006.
  2. ^ a b New Zealand Order of Merit, accessed 22 July 2006
  3. ^ Dynastic Honours at NZDF Medals, accessed 8 October 2006.
  4. ^ Brash plans to bring back knighthoods, New Zealand Herald, retrieved 5 September 2005;
    Brash call for knighthoods 'living in past', Dominion Post, retrieved 5 September 2005.
  5. ^ Press release of 2 May 1996 at the New Zealand Executive Government News Release Archive (govt.nz). Accessed 28 February 2006.

External links

  • The Honours Secretariat of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet.
  • State decorations: gallantry and bravery awards; military campaign and commemorative medals.
  • MSM Awards - NZ Awards

 
 

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