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Encyclopedia > Order of the Red Eagle

The Order of the Red Eagle was an order of chivalry of Prussia, awarded to recognize valor in combat or excellence in military leadership. It was, as with the Order of the Crown and other Prussian orders, both a military and a civil award, with the addition of crossed swords to indicate a military award. It could only be awarded to commissioned officers (or civilians of approximately equivalent status), but there was a medal of the order, which could be awarded to enlisted men and non-commissioned officers. An Order is a decoration, awarded by a government to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... The Order of the Crown was Prussias lowest ranking order of chivalry. ...


The Order had six classes:

  • Grand Cross - wore the Grand Cross badge on a collar (chain) or on a sash on the right shoulder, plus the star on the left chest;
  • 1st Class - wore the badge on a sash on the right shoulder, plus the star on the left chest;
  • 2nd Class - wore the badge on a necklet, plus the star on the left chest;
  • 3rd Class - wore the badge on a ribbon on the left chest;
  • 4th Class - wore the badge on a ribbon on the left chest;
  • Medal - wore the medal on a ribbon on the left chest.

Insignia

The badge of the Order for the Grand Cross was a silver gilt Maltese Cross enamelled in white, with red eagles between the arms of the cross; the gilt central disc bore the Royal monogram, surrounded by a blue enamelled ring bearing the motto of the Order "Sincere et Constanter". Maltese Cross may refer to: The Maltese Cross, a symbol of the Christian warrior since the First Crusade. ...


The badge for the 1st to 3th classes was a silver gilt cross pattée, enamelled in white; that for the 4th class was similar but in plain silver. The central disc bore the red eagle on a white enamel background.


The star of the Order was (for Grand Cross) a silver gilt eight-pointed star, (for 1st Class) a silver eight-pointed star, or (for 2nd Class) a silver four-pointed star with a white enamelled cross pattée, all with straight rays. The central disc bore the red eagle on a white enamel background, surrounded by a ring (enamelled blue for Grand Cross, white for the others) bearing the motto of the Order "Sincere et Constanter".


The ribbon of the Order was usually orange with white double edge stripes; however numerous variations of the insignia are known to have existed, depending on the nature of the specific award.


  Results from FactBites:
 
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The Order was again reorganized in 1810 by Frederick William III who reserved it solely for individual military achievement on the battlefield against the enemy.
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Within the Red Eagle family of decorations, the 2nd Class was the first level in which the Order was worn as a neck badge.
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The badge is a red enamelled cross bordered with white and gold and surmounted by the imperial crown; the red medallion in the centre bears the letters F.I.A., and on the encircling white fillet is the inscription Integritati et Merito.
Napoleon as king of Italy in 1809, and refounded as an Austrian order of civil and military merit in 1816 by the emperor Francis I.; the number of knights is limited to 100—20 grand cross, 30 commanders, 5o knights.
The badge is a white cross with gold edge, in the centre a red medallion with a white gold-edged fesse, surrounded by a fillet with the inscription Fortitudini.
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