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Encyclopedia > Order of battle at Jutland

This is the complete order of battle for the Battle of Jutland in 1916. Note: dates given are those of commissioning.

Contents

British forces

The Battle Fleet

  • First Battle Squadron
    • Marlborough (Flagship of Vice-Admiral Sir Cecil Burney; Captain G. P. Ross; Iron Duke-class battleship; 1914; ten 13.5 inch (343 mm) guns, 25,000 tons)
    • Revenge (Captain E. B. Kiddle; Revenge-class battleship; 1916; eight 15 inch (380 mm) guns, 25,750 tons)
    • Hercules (Captain L. Clinton-Baker; Colossus-class battleship; 1911; ten 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 20,000 tons)
    • Agincourt (Captain H. M. Doughty; non-typical battleship; 1914; fourteen 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 27,500 tons)
    • Colossus (Flagship of Rear Admiral E. F. A. Gaunt; Captain A. D. P. R. Pound; Colossus-class battleship; 1911; ten 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 20,000 tons)
    • Collingwood (Captain J. C. Ley; St Vincent-class battleship; 1910; ten 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 19,250 tons)
    • St Vincent (Captain W. W. Fisher; St Vincent-class battleship; 1910)
    • Neptune (Captain V. H. G. Bernard; Neptune-class battleship; 1911; ten 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 19,900 tons)
  • Second Battle Squadron
    • King George V (Flagship of Vice Admiral Sir Martyn Jerram; Captain F. L. Field; King George V-class battleship; 1913; ten 13.5 inch (343 mm) guns, 23,000 tons)
    • Ajax (Captain G. H. Baird; King George V-class battleship; 1913)
    • Centurion (Captain M. Culme-Seymour; King George V-class battleship)
    • Erin (Captain the Honourable V. A. Stanley; non-typical battleship; 1914; ten 13.5 inch (343 mm) guns, 23,000 tons)
    • Orion (Flagship of Rear Admiral A. C. Leveson; Captain O. Backhouse)
    • Monarch (Captain G. H. Borrett; Orion-class battleship; 1912; ten 13.5 inch (343 mm) guns, 22,500 tons)
    • Conqueror (Captain H. H. D. Tothill; Orion-class battleship)
    • Thunderer (Captain J. A. Fergusson; Orion-class battleship)
  • Fourth Battle Squadron
    • Iron Duke (Fleet Flagship of Admiral Sir John Jellicoe; Captain F. C. Dreyer; Iron Duke-class battleship; 1914; ten 13.5 inch (343 mm) guns, 25,000 tons)
    • Royal Oak (Captain C. Maclachlan; Revenge-class battleship; 1916; eight 15 inch (380 mm) guns, 25,750 tons)
    • Superb (Flagship of Rear Admiral A. L. Duff; Captain E. Hyde-Parker; Bellerophon-class battleship; 1909; ten 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 18,600 tons)
    • Canada (Captain W. C. M. Nicholson; Iron Duke-class battleship; 1914)
    • Benbow (Flagship of Vice Admiral Sir Doveton Sturdee; Captain H. W. Parker; Iron Duke-class battleship; 1914)
    • Bellerophon (Captain E. F. Bruen; Bellerophon-class battleship)
    • Temeraire (Captain E. V. Underhill; Bellerophon-class battleship)
    • Vanguard (Captain J. D. Dick; Bellerophon-class battleship)
  • Third Battlecruiser Squadron (temporarily attached to Grand Fleet)
    • Invincible (Flagship of Rear Admiral the Honourable H. L. A. Hood ; Captain A. L. Cay; Invincible-class battlecruiser; 1908; eight 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 17,250 tons)
    • Inflexible (Captain E. H. F. Heaton-Ellis; Invincible-class battlecruiser)
    • Indomitable (Captain F. W. Kennedy; Invincible-class battlecruiser)
  • First Cruiser Squadron (armoured cruisers)
    • Defence (Flagship of Rear Admiral Sir Robert Arbuthnot; Captain S. V. Ellis; Minotaur-class cruiser; 1908; four 9.2 inch (230 mm) guns + ten 7.5 inch (190 mm) guns, 14,600 tons)
    • Warrior (Captain V. B. Molteno; Warrior-class cruiser; 1907; six 9.2 inch (230 mm) guns + four 7.5 inch (190 mm) guns, 13,550 tons)
    • Duke of Edinburgh (Captain H. Blackett; Duke of Edinburgh-class cruiser; 1905; six 9.2 inch (230 mm) guns + ten 6 inch (200 mm) guns, 13,550 tons)
    • Black Prince (Captain T. P. Bonham; Duke of Edinburgh-class cruiser; 1905)
  • Second Cruiser Squadron (armoured cruisers)
    • Minotaur (Flagship of Rear Admiral H. L. Heath; Captain A. C. S. H. D'Eath; Minotaur-class cruiser; 1908; four 9.2 inch (230 mm) guns + ten 7.5 inch (190 mm) guns, 14,600 tons)
    • Shannon (Captain J. S. Dumaresq; Minotaur-class cruiser; 1908)
    • Hampshire (Captain H. J. Savill; Devonshire-class cruiser; 1905; four 7.5 inch (190 mm) guns + six 6 inch (200 mm) guns, 10,850 tons)
    • Cochrane (Captain E. La T. Leatham; Warrior-class cruiser; 1907; six 9.2 inch (230 mm) guns + four 7.5 inch (190 mm) guns, 13,550 tons)
  • Fourth Light Cruiser Squadron
    • Calliope (Commodore C. E. Le Mesurier)
    • Constance (Captain C. S. Townsend)
    • Caroline (Captain H. R. Crooke)
    • Royalist (Captain the Honourable H. Meade)
    • Comus (Captain A. G. Hotham)
  • Attached light cruisers mainly for repeating signals between units of Battle Fleet
    • Active (Captain P. Withers)
    • Bellona (Captain A. B. S. Dutton)
    • Blanche (Captain J. M. Casement)
    • Boadicea (Captain L. C. S. Woollcombe)
    • Canterbury (Captain P. M. R. Royds)
    • Chester (Captain R. N. Lawson)
  • Fourth Destroyer Flotilla
    • Tipperary (Captain C. J. Wintour)
    • Acasta
    • Achates
    • Ambuscade
    • Ardent
    • Broke
    • Christopher
    • Contest
    • Fortune
    • Garland
    • Hardy
    • Midge
    • Ophelia
    • Owl
    • Porpoise
    • Shark
    • Sparrowhawk
    • Spitfire
    • Unity
  • Eleventh Destroyer Flotilla
    • Castor (light cruiser) (Commodore J. R. P. Hawksley)
    • Kempenfelt
    • Magic
    • Mandate
    • Manners
    • Marne
    • Martial
    • Michael
    • Milbrook
    • Minion
    • Mons
    • Moon
    • Morning Star
    • Mounsey
    • Mystic
    • Ossory
  • Twelfth Destroyer Flotilla
    • Faulknor (Captain A. J. B. Stirling)
    • Maenad
    • Marksman
    • Marvel
    • Mary Rose
    • Menace
    • Mindful
    • Mischief
    • Munster
    • Narwhal
    • Nessus
    • Noble
    • Nonsuch
    • Obedient
    • Onslaught
    • Opal
  • Miscellaneous ships
    • Abdiel (Minelayer)
    • Oak (Destroyer tender to the fleet flagship)

The Battlecruiser Fleet

  • Flagship
    • Lion (Flagship of Vice Admiral Sir David Beatty; Captain A. E. M. Chatfield; Lion-class battlecruiser; 1912; eight 13.5 inch (343 mm) guns, 26,270 tons)
  • First Battlecruiser Squadron
    • Princess Royal (Flagship of Rear Admiral O. de B. Brock; Captain W. H. Cowan; Lion-class battlecruiser; 1912; eight 13.5 inch (343 mm) guns, 26,270 tons)
    • Queen Mary (Captain C. I. Prowse; Lion-class battlecruiser; 1913; eight 13.5 inch (343 mm) guns, 27,000 tons)
    • Tiger (Captain H. B. Pelly; Tiger-class battlecruiser; 1914; 8 guns 343mm, 28,500 tons)
  • Second Battlecruiser Squadron
    • New Zealand (Flagship of Rear Admiral W. C. Pakenham; Captain J. F. E. Green; Indefatigable-class battlecruiser; 1911; eight 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 18,800 tons)
    • Indefatigable (Captain C. F. Sowerby; Indefatigable-class battlecruiser)
  • Fifth Battle Squadron (fast battleships — 23 knots (43 km/h) — temporarily attached to the battlecruiser fleet)
    • Barham (Flagship of Rear Admiral H. Evan-Thomas; Captain A. W. Craig; Queen Elizabeth class battleship; 1915; eight 15 inch (380 mm) guns, 27,500 tons)
    • Valiant (Captain M. Woollcombe; Queen Elizabeth class battleship)
    • Warspite (Captain E. M. Philpotts; Queen Elizabeth class battleship)
    • Malaya (Captain the Honourable A. D. E. H. Boyle; Queen Elizabeth class battleship)
  • First Light Cruiser Squadron
    • Galatea (Commodore E. S. Alexander-Sinclair)
    • Phaeton (Captain J. E. Cameron)
    • Inconstant (Captain B. S. Thesiger)
    • Cordelia (Captain T. P. H. Beamish)
  • Second Light Cruiser Squadron
    • Southampton (Commodore W. E. Goodenough)
    • Birmingham (Captain A. A. M. Duff)
    • Nottingham (Captain C. B. Miller)
    • Dublin (Captain A. C. Scott)
  • Third Light Cruiser Squadron
    • Falmouth (Flagship of Rear Admiral T. D. W. Napier; Captain J. D. Edwards)
    • Yarmouth (Captain T. D. Pratt)
    • Birkenhead (Captain E. Reeves)
    • Gloucester (Captain W. F. Blount)
  • First Destroyer Flotilla
    • Fearless (light cruiser) (Captain C. D. Roper)
    • Acheron
    • Ariel
    • Attack
    • Badger
    • Defender
    • Goshawk
    • Hydra
    • Lapwing
    • Lizard
  • Ninth and Tenth Destroyer Flotillas (combined)
    • Lydiard (Commander M. L. Goldsmith)
    • Landrail
    • Laurel
    • Liberty
    • Moorsom
    • Morris
    • Termagent
    • Turbulent
  • Thirteenth Destroyer Flotilla
    • Champion (light cruiser) (Captain J. U. Farie)
    • Moresby
    • Narborough
    • Nerissa
    • Nestor
    • Nicator
    • Nomad
    • Obdurate
    • Onslow
    • Pelican
    • Petard
  • Seaplane Carrier
    • Engadine

German forces

The Battle Fleet

  • First Battle Squadron
    • Friedrich der Grosse (Fleet Flagship of Vice Admiral Reinhard Scheer; Captain T. Fuchs; Kaiser-class battleship; 1912; ten 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 24,330 tons)
    • Ostfriesland (Flagship of Vice Admiral E. Schmidt; Captain von Natzmer; Ostfriesland-class battleship; 1911; twelve 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 22,400 tons))
    • Thüringen (Captain H Küsel; Ostfriesland-class battleship)
    • Helgoland (Captain von Kameke; Ostfriesland-class battleship)
    • Oldenburg (Captain Höpfner; Ostfriesland-class battleship)
    • Posen (Flagship of Rear Admiral Engelhardt; Captain Lange; Nassau-class battleship; 1910; twelve 11.1 inch (282 mm) guns, 18,570 tons)
    • Rheinland (Captain Rohardt; Nassau-class battleship)
    • Nassau (Captain H. Klappenbach; Nassau-class battleship)
    • Westfalen (Captain Redlich; Nassau-class battleship)
  • Second Battle Squadron
    • Deutschland (Flagship of Rear Admiral Mauve; Captain H. Meurer; Deutschland-class battleship; 1906; four 11.1 inch (282 mm) guns, 14,200 tons)
    • Pommern (Captain Bölken; Deutschland-class battleship; 1906)
    • Hannover (Flagship of Rear Admiral F. von Dalwigk zu Lichtenfels; Captain W. Heine; Deutschland-class battleship)
    • Schlesien (Captain F. Behncke; Deutschland-class battleship)
    • Schleswig-Holstein (Captain Barrentrapp; Deutschland-class battleship)
    • Hessen (Captain R. Bartels; Braunschweig-class battleship; 1904; four 11.1 inch (282 mm) guns, 13,200 tons)
  • Third Battle Squadron
    • König (Flagship of Rear Admiral Paul Behncke; Captain Brüninghaus; König-class battleship; 1914; ten 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 25,390 tons)
    • Grosser Kurfürst (Captain E. Goette; König-class battleship)
    • Kronprinz Wilhelm (Captain C. Feldt; König-class battleship)
    • Markgraf (Captain Seiferling; König-class battleship)
    • Kaiser (Flagship of Rear Admiral Nordmann; Captain F. von Kayserlink; Kaiser-class battleship; 1912; ten 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 24,330 tons)
    • Kaiserin (Captain Sievers; Kaiser-class battleship)
    • Prinz Regent Luitpold (Captain K. Heuser; Kaiser-class battleship)
  • Fourth Scouting Group (Light Cruisers)
    • Stettin (Broad pendant of Commodore von Reuter; Captain F. Regensburg)
    • München (Captain O. Böcker)
    • Hamburg (Commander von Gaudecker)
    • Frauenlob (Captain G. Hoffmann)
    • Stuttgart (Captain Hagedorn)
  • Destroyers (classified as Torpedo boats)
    • Rostock (Light cruiser) (Broad pendant of Commodore Michelson; Captain O. Feldmann)
    • First Flotilla (half) – 4 boats under Commander C. Albrecht in G39: G40, G38, S32
    • Third Flotilla – 7 boats under Captain Hollmann in S53.
    • Fifth Flotilla – 11 boats under Captain Heinecke in G11.
    • Seventh Flotilla – 9 boats under Captain von Koch in S24.

The Battlecruiser Force

  • First Scouting Group (Battlecruisers)
    • Lützow (Flagship of Vice Admiral Franz von Hipper; Captain Harder)
    • Derfflinger (Captain Hartog)
      • Derfflinger class; 1914; eight 12 inch (300 mm) guns, 26,200 tons)
    • Seydlitz (Captain M. von Egidy)
      • Seydlitz class; 1913; ten 11.1 inch (282 mm) guns, 25,000 tons)
    • Moltke (Captain von Karpf)
      • Moltke class; 1912; ten 11.1 inch (282 mm) guns, 22,600 tons)
    • Von der Tann (Captain Hans Zenker)
      • Von der Tann class; 1911; eight 11.1 inch (282 mm) guns, 19,100 tons)
  • Second Scouting Group (Light Cruisers)
    • Frankfurt (Flagship of Rear Admiral Bödicker; Captain T. von Trotha)
    • Wiesbaden (Captain Reiss)
    • Pillau (Captain Mommsen)
    • Elbing (Captain Madlung)
  • Destroyers (classified as Torpedo boats)
    • Regensburg (Light cruiser) (Broad pendant of Commodore Heinrich; Captain Heuberer)
    • Second Flotilla – 10 boats under Captain Schuur in B98.
    • Sixth Flotilla – 9 boats under Captain Schultz in G41.
    • Ninth Flotilla – 11 boats under Captain Goehle in V28.

  Results from FactBites:
 
World Affairs Board - Battle of Jutland: Could Germany win (1267 words)
Agreed, The majority of the ships involved in the Battle of Jutland were not designed to fire their forward guns at range dead ahead.
Partly because the Kaiser ordered to to risk his precious and expensive dreadnaught in a battle with the Royal Navy until there is parity in numbers.
The german fleet was relegated to using it battle cruisers to shell the English coast.
First World War.com - Battles - The Battle of Jutland, 1916 (630 words)
Thinking themselves involved in a chase that would end with the destruction of the British battle cruisers, they found themselves under bombardment from Jellicoe's battle fleet, which they had thought to be too far north to intervene.
Finally, in the last phase of the battle, in a night of intense fighting, the retreat of the German battleships was covered by their lighter ships, while Jellicoe lost time after turning to avoid a potential torpedo attack.
Despite that, the battle disappointed in Britain, where news of a new Trafalgar had been expected, and the hard fought draw at Jutland was not appreciated until much later, while the Kaiser claimed a German victory.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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