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Encyclopedia > Order of St. John (Protestant Continental Europe)

This article refers to several orders of knighthood in continental Europe.

Badge of the Johanniter Order.
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Badge of the Johanniter Order.


The Order of St. John in Germany is known as "der Johanniterorden", and officially known as the Brandenburg Bailiwick of the Knights' Order of the Hospital of St John in Jerusalem (Balley Brandenburg des Ritterlichen Ordens Sankt Johannis vom Spital zu Jerusalem), the German Protestant branch of the Knights Hospitaller. Protestantism is one of three primary branches of Christianity. ... The Knights Hospitaller (also known as Knights of Rhodes, Knights of Malta, Cavaliers of Malta, and the Order of St John of Jerusalem) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine hospitaller Order founded in Jerusalem, following the First Crusade, ca. ...


The "Johanniter Orde in Nederland" based in the Netherlands, and the "Johanniterorden i Sverige" based in Sweden, are semi-autonomous branches of the order. The order also has commanderies or associations in Austria, Finland, France, Hungary and Switzerland.


These are all primarily Protestant, and together with the British Order of Saint John, forms the "Alliance of the Orders of St. John" officially recognizing the modern Catholic branch as a sister organization. This page deals with the order after its revival in the 19th century. ... The Knights Hospitaller (also known as Knights of Rhodes, Knights of Malta, Cavaliers of Malta, and the Order of St John of Jerusalem) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine hospitaller Order founded in Jerusalem, following the First Crusade, ca. ...


History

Following the Protestant Reformation large parts of the German langue of the Knights Hospitaller under the leadership of the Brandenburg bailiwick accepted Lutheran theology, but remained in subordination to the Roman Catholic order and its Grand Master. In 1812 the branch was turned into a merit Order by King Frederick William III of Prussia. The Johanniter Order was restored as a Prussian Order of the Knights Hospitaller in 1852. The Protestant Reformation was a movement in the 16th century to reform the Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... Brandenburg (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states) and lies in the east of the country. ... A bailiwick is the area of jurisdiction of a bailiff. ... Mr wadawits smells Luthers seal Lutheranism is a Christian tradition based upon the main theological insights of Martin Luther. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Grand Master is the typical title of the supreme head of various military orders of knighthood, a type of religious order including the Knights Templar, a class of sectarian order such as the Ancient Order of Hibernians, the Orange Order, but who in the case of a sovereign order such... Frederick William III (German: , August 3, 1770 – June 7, 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. ...


The Johanniter Order and its associated branches in Austria, Finland, France, Hungary, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Sweden became fully independent of the Grand Master in Rome.[citation needed] Under the patronage of the King of Prussia the Johanniter Order had its headquarter at Sonnenburg Castle in Brandenburg's Neumark east of the Oder River (now in Poland). After World War II the headquarters was moved to West Germany. Now it is settled in Potsdam/Berlin after the Berlin Wall came down. City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the Roman People) coordinates: 41°54′N 12°29′E Time Zone: UTC+1 Administration Subdivisions 19 municipi Province Rome Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni ( The Union ) Characteristics Area 1,285 km² Population 2,547,677 (2005 estimate) Density 1983/km... Neumark was a territorial unit created in the Middle Ages by Brandenburg on the border between Pomerania and Great Poland. ... The Oder River (Czech/Polish: Odra, German: Oder, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... Berlin is the capital city and a state of Germany. ... East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, 20 November 1961. ...


Over the course of the 19th and 20th centuries the order became largely a charitable organisation, owning and supporting a plethora of hospitals, ambulance services, and first-aid training.


Today the order is led by its Lord Master, Oskar, Prince of Prussia, a grandnephew of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany. German Emperor Wilhelm (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht, Prince of Prussia 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (de: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. ...


External links

  • Official site of the Johanniter Order in Germany (German)

 
 

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