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Encyclopedia > Order of St Benedict

This article is about the Roman Catholic order; see also Benedictine Confederation and Benedictine. See also Rule of Saint Benedict and Benedictine. ... A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ...

St Benedict of Nursia (c. 480-543), detail from a fresco by Fra Angelico, San Marco, Florence (c. 1400-1455).
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St Benedict of Nursia (c. 480-543), detail from a fresco by Fra Angelico, San Marco, Florence (c. 1400-1455).

The Order of Saint Benedict — full Latin name: Ordo Sancti Benedicti , initials: OSB — is a monastic order within the Roman Catholic Church, sometimes referred to as the Benedictine Order, where the Rule of St Benedict is observed, supplemented by later constitutions and modern customaries. The monastery at Monte Cassino in Italy established by Saint Benedict of Nursia ca 529 was the first of the Benedictine monasteries. Image File history File links Benedikt von Nursia (* um 480 in Nursia; † 21. ... Image File history File links Benedikt von Nursia (* um 480 in Nursia; † 21. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... Il Beato Fra Giovanni Angelico da Fiesole (the Beatified Friar John the Angelic of Fiesole) (Vicchio di Mugello, Florence 1395 – Rome 1455), better known in the English-speaking world as Fra Angelico (the Angelic Friar), or in Continental Europe as Beato Angelico (the Blessed Angelic One) was a famous painter... San Marco di Venezia, as seen from the Piazza San Marco St Marks Basilica (Italian: Basilica di San Marco in Venezia) is the most famous of the churches of Venice and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. ... Founded 59 BC as Florentia Region Tuscany Mayor Leonardo Domenici (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  102 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 356,000 almost 500,000 3,453/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 43°47 N 11°15 E www. ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births December 25 - John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of... // Events February 9 - Wars of the Roses: Richard, Duke of York dismissed as Protector February 23 - Johannes Gutenberg prints the first Bible on a printing press May 22 - Wars of the Roses: First Battle of St Albans - Richard, Duke of York and his ally, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick defeat... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Monasticism (from Greek: monachos—a solitary person) is the religious practice of renouncing all worldly pursuits in order to fully devote ones life to spiritual work. ... A religious order is an organization of people who live in some way set apart from society in accordance with religious devotion. ... The Roman Catholic Church (also known as the Catholic Church) is that Christian Church which is led by the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... The restored Abbey Monte Cassino is a rocky hill about eighty miles (130 km) south of Rome, Italy, a mile to the west of the town of Cassino (the Roman Cassinum having been on the hill) and about 1700 ft (520 m) altitude. ... Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. ...


The order is fundamentally different from other Western religious orders: there is no legal entity within the Church called the "Order of St Benedict", run on similar lines with other Roman Catholic religious orders with their Generalates and Superiors General. Rather, the various autonomous Houses (that is, communities) have formed themselves loosely into Congregations (for example, Cassinese, English, Solesmes, Subiaco, Camaldolese, Sylvestrines) that in turn are represented in the Benedictine Confederation. The Very Reverend Peter Hans Kolvenbach, S.J. serves as the current Superior General. ... Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... See also Rule of Saint Benedict and Benedictine. ...


The Order of Saint Benedict does not include Benedictines who are not Roman Catholic. A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ...


Benedictine monks (nowadays also referred to as monastic men) and nuns (monastic women) profess the three Benedictine Vows of Stability (to remain in the monastery), of Conversion of Manners, and of Obedience (to the superior) in accordance with ch. 58.17 of the Rule of Saint Benedict of Nursia. Benedictines who are not members of the Consecrated Life (i.e., Oblates) nevertheless endeavour to embrace the spirit of the Benedictine Vows in their own life in the world. This article concerns how a man differs from women. ... Image of a woman on the Pioneer plaque sent to outer space. ... In general, the term Saint refers to someone who is exceptionally virtuous and holy. ... Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. ... An Oblate in Christian monasticism (especially Roman Catholic and Anglican) is any person who has been offered to God, or have dedicated themselves to His service, in holy religion. ...


Within the Order of Saint Benedict, other orders that use the Rule of Saint Benedict and are generally considered to be of the Benedictine tradition are the Cistercians, Bernardines, and Benedictine Sisters of Grace and Compassion, although these are not part of the Benedictine Confederation. The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... This article chronicles the spread of the Franciscan Order of Roman Catholic friars in Modern Times. ... See also Rule of Saint Benedict and Benedictine. ...


The Benedictine motto is: pax (Latin: "peace"), traditionally also ora et labora (Latin: "pray and work").

Contents


See also

The abbey today The Abbey of Cluny (or Cluni, or Clugny) was founded on 2 September 909 by the Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Auvergne, William I, who placed it under the immediate authority of Pope Sergius III. The Abbey and its constellation of dependencies soon came to exemplify... Camaldolese Priory on Bielany in Kraków The Camaldolese are part of the Benedictine family of monastic orders founded by St. ... Silvestrines, an order of monks under the Benedictine rule, founded 1231 by St Silvester Gozzolini. ... The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... The Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance, or Trappists, are a Roman Catholic religious order, and follow the Rule of St. ... The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (OFM Cap) is an order of friars in the Roman Catholic Church, the chief and only permanent offshoot of the Franciscans. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Autpert Ambrose (Ambroise) (d. ... Mont-Saint-Michel: sheep graze on the reclaimed pr -sal or salt meadow (2004) Mont Saint Michel is a small rocky islet, roughly one kilometer from the north coast of France at the mouth of the Couesnon River, near Avranches in Normandy, close to the border of Brittany. ...

Further reading

  • Dom Columba Marmion OSB, Christ the Ideal of the Monk – Spiritual Conferences on the Monastic and Religious Life (Engl. edition London 1926, trsl. from the French by a nun of Tyburn Convent).

Benedictines in popular culture and fiction

  • A stage play based on a book by Hugh Whitemore, The Best of Friends, provides a window on the friendships of Dame Laurentia McLachlan, OSB (late Abbess of Stanbrook) with Sir Sydney Cockerell and George Bernard Shaw through adaptations from their letters and writings.
  • The film "In This House of Brede" (1975, TV), with Dame Diana Rigg in the lead role, presents a portrayal of the progress of a fictitious postulant. The film was inspired by the 1969 novel of the same name written by Rumer Godden.
  • Perhaps the most famous Benedictine monk in all fictiondom is Brother Cadfael. (Friar Tuck does not qualify for this distinction, as he was a Franciscan.) Edith Pargeter, writing under the pen name Ellis Peters, created the character of Brother Cadfael as the detective hero of her series of medieval murder mysteries known as The Cadfael Chronicles.
  • Although the protagonist is a Franciscan, the Umberto Eco novel The Name of the Rose is set in a fictional Benedictine monastery in Italy.
  • Samples of chanting Benedictine monks were used in the song I'm Dying by V.A.S.T., from their album Visual Audio Sensory Theater.
  • Joseph Knecht, the protagonist of Hermann Hesse's novel The Glass Bead Game, is sent as an ambassador of sorts to a Benedictine abbey for his first assignment.

Diana Rigg in her most famous role as Emma Peel. ... Brother Cadfael is a fictional character, the detective in a series of murder mysteries by Edith Pargeter writing under the name Ellis Peters. ... Friar Tuck is a fictional character, a companion of Robin Hood, and one of his Merry Men. Although a common character in the modern Robin Hood legend, Tuck does not appear in the earliest surviving Robin Hood ballads, and only has one major appearance in the ballad tradition, a late... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Edith Mary Pargeter (September 28, 1913 - October 14, 1995) was a prolific British author of works in many categories, especially history and historical fiction, and was also honored for her translations of Czech classics; she is probably best known for her murder mysteries, both historical and modern. ... A detective is an investigator, either a member of a police agency or a private person. ... Sir Galahad, a hero of Arthurian legend From the Greek cognate ηρως, in mythology and folklore, a hero (male) or heroine (female) is an eminent character who quintessentially embodies key traits valued by its originating culture. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Crime Fiction, a feature-length independent film slated for release in 2006, tracks the rise and fall of struggling crime novelist James Cooper. ... Photo of Umberto Eco by Robert Birnbaum Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian freemason, medievalist, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose and his many essays. ... DeFoes Robinson Crusoe, Newspaper edition published in 1719 A novel (from French nouvelle, new) is an extended fictional narrative in prose. ... Picture of the book in the binding provided by the Folio Society The Name of the Rose, a 1980 novel by Umberto Eco, is a murder mystery set in an Italian monastery in the year 1327 during the papacy of Pope John XXII. The book was also made into a... A chant (peace¹) is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, either on a single pitch or with a simple melody involving a limited set of notes and often including a great deal of repetition or statis. ... V.A.S.T. stands for Visual Audio Sensory Theater, and is the brainchild of Los Angeles, California-based singer-songwriter and musician Jon Crosby. ... Visual Audio Sensory Theater is the debut album by V.A.S.T.. The album mixed samples of Benedictine Monks of the Abbey of Saint-Mauer and Le Mystere Des Voix Bulgares, with an 18-piece orchestra, guitars and electronics. ... Hermann Hesse in 1927 Hermann Hesse (2 July 1877 – 9 August 1962) was a German-Swiss poet, novelist, and painter. ... The Glass Bead Game (German: Das Glasperlenspiel) is the last work of noted German author Hermann Hesse; he began it as his magnum opus in 1931, and it was published in 1943. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rule of St Benedict - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3735 words)
Benedict's greatest debt, however, may be to the anonymous Rule of the Master, which he seems to have radically excised, expanded, revised and corrected in the light of his own considerable experience and insight.
Chapter 64 orders that the abbot be elected by his monks and that he be chosen for his charity, zeal, and discretion.
St Benedict's model for the monastic life was the family, with the abbot as father and all the monks as brothers.
Order of Saint Benedict - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (831 words)
The Order of Saint Benedict — full Latin name: Ordo Sancti Benedicti, initials: OSB — sometimes referred to as the Benedictine Order, is a term used to denote the independent Roman Catholic monasteries that observe the Rule of St Benedict, supplemented by later constitutions and modern customaries.
The "Order of St Benedict" is fundamentally different from other Western religious orders: there is no legal entity called the "Order of St Benedict", run on similar lines with other Roman Catholic religious orders with their Generalates and Superiors General.
Within the Order of Saint Benedict, other religious that use the Rule of Saint Benedict and are generally considered to be of the Benedictine tradition are the Cistercians, Bernardines, and Benedictine Sisters of Grace and Compassion, although these are not part of the Benedictine Confederation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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