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Encyclopedia > Order of Saint Benedict
St Benedict of Nursia (c. 480-543), detail from a fresco by Fra Angelico, San Marco, Florence (c. 1400-1455).
St Benedict of Nursia (c. 480-543), detail from a fresco by Fra Angelico, San Marco, Florence (c. 1400-1455).

The Order of Saint Benedict — full Latin name: Ordo Sancti Benedicti , initials: OSB — sometimes referred to as the Benedictine Order, is a term used to denote the independent Roman Catholic monasteries that observe the Rule of St Benedict, supplemented by later constitutions and modern customaries. The monastery at Monte Cassino in Italy established by Saint Benedict of Nursia ca 529 was the first of the Benedictine monasteries. Most monasteries of the Middle Ages were of the Benedictine Order, even though it has been said Benedict himself did not intend for his Rule to become the standard for Western Monasticism. However, it has also been argued that he made this inevitable because he provided so efficient an institution. In fact, the Benedictine Monasteries made so great contributions to religion, econcomics, education, and government in their day that the years from 550 to 1150 can be called the Benedictine centuries. The original purpose of the monasteries, though, was not to contribute to culture, or even save it perhaps, but to ensure salvation for its members. Therefore, the Black Monks, as well as the Benedictine nuns(monastic women) had to take extremely strict religious vows of Stability (to remain in the monastery), of Conversion of Manners, and of Obedience (to the superior, because (s)he holds the place of Christ in their community) in accordance with ch. 58.17 of the Rule of Saint Benedict of Nursia. The abbots of the monasteries had absolute authority over the other monks; to assign them duties, punish them, and take charge of their comings and goings. All Benedictine monks and nuns are members of the Laity among the Christian Faithful; only those Benedictine monks who have been ordained priests are also members of the Hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church. In daily life, the monks were held to the strictest discipline of unvarying routine. Silence was regular. Image File history File links Benedikt von Nursia (* um 480 in Nursia; † 21. ... Image File history File links Benedikt von Nursia (* um 480 in Nursia; † 21. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... The Blessed Fra Angelico, (c. ... San Marco di Venezia, as seen from the Piazza San Marco St Marks Basilica (Italian: Basilica di San Marco in Venezia) is the most famous of the churches of Venice and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. ... Florences skyline Florences skyline at night from Piazza Michaelangelo Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births December 25 - John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of... ... no changes . ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Buddhist monastery near Tibet A monastery is the habitation of monks. ... St. ... The restored Abbey Monte Cassino is a rocky hill about eighty miles (130 km) south of Rome, Italy, a mile to the west of the town of Cassino (the Roman Cassinum having been on the hill) and about 1700 ft (520 m) altitude. ... Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. ... Diverse women. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are usually depicted as having halos. ... Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ...

Contents

General

The "Order of St Benedict" is fundamentally different from other Western religious orders: there is no legal entity called the "Order of St Benedict", run on similar lines with other Roman Catholic religious orders with their Generalates and Superiors General. Rather, the various autonomous Houses (that is, communities) have formed themselves loosely into Congregations (for example, Cassinese, English, Solesmes, Subiaco, Camaldolese, Sylvestrines) that in turn are represented in the Benedictine Confederation. The Very Reverend Peter Hans Kolvenbach, S.J. serves as the current Superior General. ... See also Rule of Saint Benedict and Benedictine. ...


Benedictines are usually Roman Catholics or members of one of the churches of the Anglican Communion, although they are occasionally found in other Christian denominations as well.


Benedictine monks (monastic men) and Benedictine nuns (monastic women) publicly profess the three Benedictine Vows of Stability (to remain in the monastery), of Conversion of Manners, and of Obedience (to the superior, because (s)he holds the place of Christ in their community) in accordance with ch. 58.17 of the Rule of Saint Benedict of Nursia. According to the Code of Canon Law a Benedictine abbey is a "Religious Institute", and its professed members are therefore members of the "Consecrated Life", commonly referred to as "Religious". All Benedictine monks and nuns are members of the Laity among the Christian Faithful; only those Benedictine monks who have been ordained priests are also members of the Hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church. This article concerns how a man differs from women. ... Diverse women. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are usually depicted as having halos. ... Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ...


Benedictines who are not members of the Consecrated Life (i.e., Oblates) nevertheless endeavour to embrace the spirit of the Benedictine Vows in their own life in the world. An Oblate in Christian monasticism (especially Roman Catholic and Anglican; the Orthodox Christian equivalent is called a Rasophore) is any person who has been offered to God, or have dedicated themselves to His service, in holy religion. ...


Within the Order of Saint Benedict, other religious that use the Rule of Saint Benedict and are generally considered to be of the Benedictine tradition are the Cistercians, Bernardines, and Benedictine Sisters of Grace and Compassion, although these are not part of the Benedictine Confederation. The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... This article chronicles the spread of the Franciscan Order of Roman Catholic friars in Modern Times. ... See also Rule of Saint Benedict and Benedictine. ...


The Benedictine motto is: pax (Latin: "peace"), traditionally also ora et labora (Latin: "pray and work").


Benedine Monks were nicknamed "Black Monks" because of the color of their habits.


See also

The abbey today The Abbey of Cluny (or Cluni, or Clugny) was founded on 2 September 909 by the Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Auvergne, William I, who placed it under the immediate authority of Pope Sergius III. The Abbey and its constellation of dependencies soon came to exemplify... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Camaldolese Priory on Bielany in Kraków The Camaldolese are part of the Benedictine family of monastic orders founded by St. ... The Sylvestrines are an order of monks under the Benedictine rule forming the Sylvestrine Congregation within the Benedictine Confederation. ... The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... New Melleray Abbey, near Peosta, Iowa. ... Mont Saint-Michel: Sheep graze on the reclaimed pré-salé or salt meadow (2004). ... Autpert Ambrose (Ambroise) (d. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ...

Further reading

  • Dom Columba Marmion OSB, Christ the Ideal of the Monk – Spiritual Conferences on the Monastic and Religious Life (Engl. edition London 1926, trsl. from the French by a nun of Tyburn Convent).

Maredsous Abbey is a Benedictine monastery at Denee near Namur in Belgium. ...

Benedictines in popular culture and fiction

  • A stage play based on a book by Hugh Whitemore, The Best of Friends, provides a window on the friendships of Dame Laurentia McLachlan, OSB (late Abbess of Stanbrook) with Sir Sydney ######### and George Bernard Shaw through adaptations from their letters and writings.
  • The film "In This House of Brede" (1975, TV), with Dame Diana Rigg in the lead role, presents a portrayal of the progress of a fictitious postulant. The film was inspired by the 1969 novel of the same name written by Rumer Godden.
  • Perhaps the most famous Benedictine monk in all fictiondom is Brother Cadfael. (Friar Tuck does not qualify for this distinction, as he was a Franciscan.) Edith Pargeter, writing under the pen name Ellis Peters, created the character of Brother Cadfael as the detective hero of her series of medieval murder mysteries known as The Cadfael Chronicles.
  • Although the protagonist is a Franciscan, the Umberto Eco novel The Name of the Rose is set in a fictional Benedictine monastery in Italy.
  • Samples of chanting Benedictine monks were used in the song I'm Dying by V.A.S.T., from their album Visual Audio Sensory Theater.
  • Joseph Knecht, the protagonist of Hermann Hesse's novel The Glass Bead Game, is sent as an ambassador of sorts to a Benedictine abbey for his first assignment.
  • Benedectine warrior-monks are featured in the Aldenata Series by John Ringo.

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Dame Diana Rigg, DBE (born 20 July 1938), born Enid Diana Elizabeth Rigg, is an English actress. ... Brother Cadfael is the fictional detective in a series of murder mysteries by the late Edith Pargeter writing under the name Ellis Peters. ... Friar Tuck is a fictional character, a companion of Robin Hood, and one of his Merry Men. Although a common character in the modern Robin Hood legend, Tuck does not appear in the earliest surviving Robin Hood ballads, and only has one major appearance in the ballad tradition, a late... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Edith Mary Pargeter, BEM (September 28, 1913–October 14, 1995) was a prolific British author of works in many categories, especially history andhistorical fiction, and was also honoured for her translations of Czech classics; she is probably best known for her murder mysteries, both historical and modern. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... From the Greek , in mythology and folklore, a hero (male) or heroine (female) usually fulfills the definitions of what is considered good and noble in the originating culture. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Sherlock Holmes, pipe-puffing hero of crime fiction, confers with his colleague Dr. Watson; together these characters popularized the genre. ... Umberto Eco Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) and his many essays. ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... The Name of the Rose, a novel by Umberto Eco, is a murder mystery set in an Italian monastery in the year 1327. ... Chant is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, either on a single pitch or with a simple melody involving a limited set of notes and often including a great deal of repetition or statis. ... V.A.S.T. stands for Visual Audio Sensory Theater, and is the brainchild of Los Angeles, California-based singer-songwriter and musician Jon Crosby. ... Visual Audio Sensory Theater is the debut album by V.A.S.T.. The album mixed samples of Benedictine Monks of the Abbey of Saint-Mauer and Le Mystere Des Voix Bulgares, with an 18-piece orchestra, guitars and electronics. ... Hermann Hesse (pronounced ) (2 July 1877 – 9 August 1962) was a German-born poet, novelist, and painter. ... The Glass Bead Game (German: Das Glasperlenspiel) is the last work and magnum opus of the German author Hermann Hesse. ...

External links

  • Catholic Encyclopedia entry for The Benedictine Order
  • Confoederatio Benedictina Ordinis Sancti Benedicti, the Benedictine Confederation of Congregations
  • Links of the Congregations

This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. ...


 
 

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