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Encyclopedia > Order of Preachers

The Dominican Order, (its formal name, Ordo praedicatorum or the Order of Preachers, is less common in English; in England and some other countries the Dominicans are referred to as Blackfriars on account of the black cowl or cloak they wear over their white habits. In warmer climes (for example Croatia they are known as Whitefriars) founded by Saint Dominic in the early 13th century, is one of the great orders of mendicant friars that revolutionized religious life in Europe during the high middle ages.


Like his contemporary Francis of Assisi, Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, and the quick growth of the Dominicans and Franciscans during their first century confirms that the orders of mendicant friars met a felt need.


Dominic sought to establish a new kind of order, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders like the Benedictines to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities, but with more organizational flexibility than either monastic orders or the secular clergy. His new order was to be a preaching order, trained to preach in the vernacular languages but with a sound background in academic theology.


The organization of the Order of Preachers was approved in 1216 by Pope Honorius III.


The Dominicans were a major force in the development and maintenance of the Inquisition, then later of the Holy Office and the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.


Important Dominicans include:

To be integrated in the article:

Albigensians
nuns
tertiaries

External links

  • Order of Preachers Homepage (http://www.op.org/) - Available in English, French and Spanish
  • Dominican Sisters of St. Cecilia (http://www.nashvilledominicans.org)
  • The English Dominicans (http://english.op.org/)
  • Dominican Preaching Online (http://torch.op.org/)

See also

Chinese Rites controversy


  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Order of Preachers (18372 words)
The Preachers also furnished many delegate judges holding their powers either from the bishops or from the pope, but the order as such had no mission properly so called, and the legislation for the repression of heresy was in particular absolutely foreign to it.
The same solicitude to remove the order from the odium of the inquisitorial office impelled the provincial chapter of Cahors (1244) to forbid that anything should accrue to the friars from the administration of the Inquisition, that the order might not be slandered.
The Preachers, who had been constituted from the beginning as an order of clerics vowed to ecclesiastical duties with a view to supplementing the insufficiency of the secular clergy, were universally accepted by the episcopate, which was unable to provide for the pastoral care of the faithful and the instruction of clerics.
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