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Encyclopedia > Order of Merit

For other Orders see Order of Merit (disambiguation). There are several Orders with the name Order of Merit Order of Merit A British Order, possibly the best known. ...



The Order of Merit is a British and Commonwealth Order bestowed by the Monarch. It was established in 1902 by King Edward VII (based on the Prussian Pour le Mérite) as a reward for distinguished service in the armed forces, science, art, literature, or for the promotion of culture. The rarer military awards were distinguished from the civil by having a pair of crossed swords behind the central medallion. Appointments to the Order are in the Sovereign's personal gift and ministerial advice is not required. The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as The Commonwealth, is an association of 53 independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire. ... An Order is a decoration, awarded by a government to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor), born 21 April 1926, is Queen of sixteen independent nations known as the Commonwealth Realms (and has previously been Queen of sixteen others). ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Edward VII (Albert Edward) (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (Old Prussian: Prūsa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad... The Order Pour le Mérite, known informally as the Blue Max, was Prussias highest military order until the end of World War I. The award was first founded in 1740 by Friedrich the Great, named in French, the language of the royal court, for merit. ... The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Science For the scientific journal named Science, see Science (journal). ... Winged Victory of Samothrace exihibited in the Louvre. ... Literature is literally acquaintance with letters as in the first sense given in the Oxford English Dictionary (from the Latin littera meaning an individual written character (letter)). The term has generally come to identify a collection of texts, which in Western culture are mainly prose, both fiction and non-fiction... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ...


The Order is limited to the Sovereign and twenty-four members, but additional foreigners may be added as "honorary members." From the beginning the Order was open to women; Florence Nightingale was the first woman to receive the Order, in 1907. The Order confers no knighthood or other status, but recipients of this single-class Order are entitled to use the post-nominal letters "OM". The badge has the appearance of a red cross surmounted by a golden crown. The ribbon is red and blue. This is a list of British monarchs, that is, the monarchs on the thrones of some of the various kingdoms that have existed on, or incorporated, the island of Great Britain, namely: England (united with Wales from 1536) up to 1707; Scotland up to 1707; The Kingdom of Great Britain... Florence Nightingale, OM (12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910), who came to be known as The Lady with the Lamp, was a pioneer of modern nursing. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Post-nominal letters also called Post-nominal initials or Post-nominal titles are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, educational degree, accreditation, office, or honour. ...

Order of Merit medal of Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, displayed in the Royal Society, London
Order of Merit medal of Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, displayed in the Royal Society, London

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (828x934, 96 KB) Summary Order of Merit medal of Dorothy Hodgkin, displayed in the Royal Society, London, 20 April 2004. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (828x934, 96 KB) Summary Order of Merit medal of Dorothy Hodgkin, displayed in the Royal Society, London, 20 April 2004. ...

Current members

The recent death of Dame Cicely Saunders OM DBE has dropped the number of members to twenty-three until the Queen appoints a new member. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor), born 21 April 1926, is Queen of sixteen independent nations known as the Commonwealth Realms (and has previously been Queen of sixteen others). ... The Duke of Edinburgh The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (Philip Mountbatten, formerly Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark) (born 10 June 1921) is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself is a king. ... The Reverend William Owen Chadwick, OM, KBE, FBA, FRSE (born 20 May 1916) is a British professor, writer and prominent theologian. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Theology is reasoned discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, word or reason). It can also refer to the study of other religious topics. ... Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley OM FRS (born 22 November 1917, Hampstead, London, England, UK) is a British physiologist and biophysicist, who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work with Alan Lloyd Hodgkin on the basis of nerve action potentials, the electrical impulses that enable the... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Physiology (in Greek physis = nature and logos = word) is the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of living organisms. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... Frederick Sanger, OM, CH, CBE, FRS (born 13 August 1918) is an English biochemist and currently the only person who has been awarded two Nobel prizes in Chemistry. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry of life, a bridge between biology and chemistry that studies how complex chemical reactions give rise to life. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925) is a British politician and a former barrister and chemist. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... This article is about the year. ... In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... Thatcherism is the system of misguided political thought attributed to the governments of Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. ... Dame Joan Sutherland, OM, AC, DBE is an Australian opera singer noted for her contribution to the bel canto revival of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coloratura is an ornate, flowery style in classical singing. ... Look up Soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In music, a soprano is a singer with a voice ranging approximately from the A below middle C to high C two octaves above middle C (i. ... Sir Michael Francis Atiyah, OM (born 22 April 1929) is a mathematician who was born in London. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Algebraic topology is a branch of mathematics in which tools from abstract algebra are used to study topological spaces. ... The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to up to four mathematicians (not over forty years of age) at each International Congress of International Mathematical Union (therefore once every four years), since 1936 and regularly since 1950 at the initiative of the Canadian mathematician John Charles Fields. ... Lucian Freud, OM, CH (born December 8, 1922) is a British painter and printmaker. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Roman-Egyptian funeral portrait of a young boy A portrait is a painting, photograph, or other artistic representation of a person. ... Sir Aaron Klug, OM, FRS (born 11 August 1926 in Zelvas, Lithuania ) is a Lithuanian-born British physicist and chemist, and winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Biophysics (also biological physics) is an interdisciplinary science that applies the theories and methods of physical sciences to questions of biology. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ... Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, Ipswich, was one of Fosters earliest commissions after founding Foster Associates. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 30 St Mary Axe, one of Londons most popular new buildings, towers above its neighbours. ... The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually by the Hyatt Foundation to honor a living architect. ... Sir Denis Rooke OM CBE FRS FREng (born 2 April 1924) is a British industrialist and engineer. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Industrial engineering is the engineering discipline that concerns the design, development, improvement, implementation and evaluation of integrated systems of people, knowledge, equipment, energy, material and process. ... Sir James Whyte Black, OM, FRS (born 14 July 1924) is a Scottish pharmacologist who invented Propranolol, synthesized Cimetidine and received the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1988 for these landmark discoveries. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and logos (λόγος) meaning science) is the study of how chemical substances interact with living systems. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... Sir Anthony Caro, OM (born 8 March 1924) is an English, abstract sculptor whose work is characterised by assemblies of metal using found industrial objects. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... An Italian Futurist sculpture by Umberto Boccioni at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City (MoMA). ... Sir Roger Penrose, OM, FRS (born 8 August 1931) is an English mathematical physicist and Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... A Penrose tiling A Penrose tiling is pattern of tiles, discovered by Roger Penrose and Robert Ammann, which could completely cover an infinite plane, but only in a pattern which is non-repeating (aperiodic). ... Sir Tom Stoppard OM, CBE is a British playwright born in Czechoslovakia on 3 July 1937. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Real Thing is a play by Tom Stoppard, first performed in 1982. ... The Prince of Wales The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor) (born 14 November 1948), is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... The Prince of Wales Feathers. This Heraldic badge of the Heir Apparent is derived from the ostrich feathers borne by Edward, the Black Prince. ... Robert McCredie Bob May, Baron May of Oxford, OM, AC, FRS (born 8 January 1936 in Australia) is a cross-bench member of the British House of Lords and was President of the Royal Society from 2000 to 2005. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... The word ecology is often used in common parlance as a synonym for the natural environment or environmentalism. ... The premises of the Royal Society in London (first four properties only). ... Nathaniel Charles Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, OM, GBE (born 29 April 1936) is a British investment banker, philanthropist and a member of the prominent Rothschild family of Jewish bankers. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Attenborough with a pair of albatrosses in the series Life in the Freezer Sir David Frederick Attenborough, OM, CH, CVO, CBE, FRS (born on May 8, 1926 in London, England) is the presenter of many ground-breaking and award winning BBC wildlife documentaries, and a former senior manager for the... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the tv programme Life on Earth. ... The Right Honourable Betty Boothroyd, Baroness Boothroyd, OM, PC (born 1931 in Dewsbury), is a widely respected British politician. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the United Kingdom, the Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, and is seen historically as the First Commoner of the Land. ... Sir Michael Eliot Howard, OM, CH, KBE, MC (born 29 November 1922) is a retired British military historian, formerly Chichele Professor of the History of War and Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford University. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela IPA: (born July 18, 1918) was the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Petty apartheid: sign on Durban beach in English, Afrikaans and Zulu Apartheid, which means separateness or apart-ness in Afrikaans, was a system of racial segregation that operated in South Africa from 1948 to the early 1990s. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... The Nobel Peace Prize Medal featuring a portrait of Alfred Nobel The Nobel Peace Prize is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Dame Cicely Saunders Dame Cicely Mary Strode Saunders, OM, DBE (22 June 1918–14 July 2005) was a prominent British nurse, physician and writer, involved with many international universities. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ...


See also

The Order of Merit was founded in 1902. ...

External links

  • A history of the Order and a full list of all recipients 1902-2002
British honours system
Current Orders

Garter - Thistle - Bath - Sts Michael and George -
Distinguished Service - Royal Victorian - Merit - Imperial Service - British Empire - Companions of Honour The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement or service to the United Kingdom. ... The Garter is the most recognizable insignia of the Order of the Garter. ... James VII ordained the modern Order. ... Military Badge of the Order of the Bath The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Source: Veterans Affairs Canada The Distinguished Service Order is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and other formerly Commonwealth countries, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. ... Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... The Imperial Service Order was established by King Edward VII in August 1902. ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in decreasing order of seniority: Knight or Dame Grand... The Order of the Companions of Honour is a British and Commonwealth Order (decoration). ...

Old Orders

St Patrick - Royal Guelphic Order - Star of India - Indian Empire - Crown of India The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick is an order of chivalry associated with Ireland. ... The Royal Guelphic Order was a British order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later George IV). ... The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India is an order of chivalry founded by Victoria in 1861. ... The Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire is an order of chivalry founded by Victoria in 1877. ... The Imperial Order of the Crown of India is an order in the British honours system. ...

Other Honours and Appointments

Hereditary peer - Life peer - Baronet - Knight - St John - Other orders and decorations
Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-06-08, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... In the United Kingdom, Life Peers are appointed members of the Peerage whose titles may not be inherited (those whose titles are inheritable are known as hereditary peers). ... A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt), is the holder of an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown, known as a baronetcy. ... The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... This page deals with the order after its revival in the 19th century. ... This article concerns British and Commonwealth orders and decorations awarded by the British Sovereign. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Royal Insight > Focus > The Order of Merit (1734 words)
The Order is administered by the Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood, based at St. James's Palace.
The Order of Merit is one of the rarest of honours.
The first gathering of Members of the Order was held by The Queen on the 75th anniversary of the founding of the Order in 1977, when a Service of Thanksgiving was held in the Chapel Royal at St. James's Palace, followed by lunch at Buckingham Palace.
DPMC - New Zealand Honours: NZ Order of Merit (1035 words)
The Queen is SOVEREIGN and the Governor-General CHANCELLOR of the Order.
The Collar (chain) of the Order is composed of links of the central medallion of the badge and gold Koru (in the form of the letter S) with, in the centre (or front) a representation of the New Zealand Coat of Arms from which the badge of the Order hangs.
The motto of the Order is FOR MERIT, in English, and TOHU HIRANGA, in Maori.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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